Ice Breakers & SongsPurpose:For a group to feel comfortable as well as familiar with each other. Breaks the ice between peoplewho have not met before. Creates an atmosphere that reduces inhibitions and increasesawareness.Types:1. Openers and Warm-ups: Used in any type of setting. They can be stimulating,challenging, and motivating. They are most effective when used to begin a program,prime the group after a break or when shifting the focus of the group.2. Getting Acquainted: This category offers the opportunity for participants to get to knoweach other in a non-threatening manner. They are ideal for starting workshops. Theyusually volunteer general info about the participants.3. Games and Brain teasers: These ice breakers encourage creative thinking and theexamination of basic ideas. These often offer a competitive environment by pittingindividuals or teams against each other.4. Energizers and Tension Redcaps: These will shift the emotional nature of the group.They are most effective when participants appear flat or anxious. Mild physical contact isinvolved.5. Feedback and Disclosure: These ice breakers exist for the purpose of getting to know thegroup members on a personal level, these often deeply explore personal thoughts,feelings and reactions.In order to be a leader one must take risks whether or not they like it. Without people taking risksin a group, no one would take the lead. It also encourages the development of friendships; youhave to open yourself up!Three risk levels of Ice Breakers:Low Risk - Involves everyone in the group, helps to forma base of trust among strangers andeases the tension.Medium Risk - When group members are still apprehensive about what others will think of them.High Risk - Contains a small amount of people who have interacted with each other previously onseveral occasions and feel at ease with each other.Ice BreakersM&MsRisk Level: LowGroup Size: 8 - 10 peopleTime: 10-15 minutesMaterials: A bag of M&MsProcess: Have each person sit. Pass the bag of M&Ms around. Give explicit instructions to takethe amount of candy they want and not to eat them. After everyone has their M&Ms, they have toshare on characteristic of themselves.Trust FallRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: at least 2 peopleTime: Depends upon the number of people in the groupMaterial: noneProcess: Pair up participants. Let them get to know each other. Announce trust fall. One personstands up, one falls backwards so that the other person can catch the one falling. Make sureeach person does it!
Hug A BalloonRisk Level: HighGroup Size: at least 20 peopleTime: At least 5 - 8 minutesMaterials: BalloonsPhysical setting: wide areaProcess: Split into an even number of groups. Give explicit instructions of the game explained.Two people run to a destination point and receive a balloon and put it between them and pop theballoon. After popping the balloon, have the couple run back to where there group is. First groupto have successfully popped all the balloons required will win the game.BarnyardRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: at least 15 people (Depending on the size of the group, divide animal sounds ingroups of 5, 10, 15 of each.)Time: 5 - 8 minutesMaterials: Hand out animal sounds at registration by having it written on the back of the nametags or on a separate slip of paper.Physical setting: open spaceProcess: Use monkey, pig, dog, cat, horse, chicken, bird, duck, turkey, rooster, tiger, etc. Upon acommand tell everyone to make their specific animal sound. As they are making their sound, theyshould form a group with the others making the same sound. When all the groups are formed themembers exchange names, school, something they like to do, etc.Variations: Use songs instead of animal sounds (Mary Had a Little Lamb, Row your Boat, LondonBridge, ABC song, Twinkle star, Jingle Bells)Intro GrapevineRisk Level: LowGroup Size: If it is a large group divide them into smaller manageable groups.Time:Materials:Physical setting:Process: The first person in the group says their name and one special thing they like. The nextperson introduces him/herself, states what they like, and repeats what the first person said. Thiscontinues around the group until the last person introduces them self and repeats everyone elsesintro. Assistance can be given along the way.Variations: Use their favorite song or animal instead of what they like, or their school name or aword that best describes them.Association CircleRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials:Physical setting: Form a circle so that everyone can see each other easily.Process: One person begins by stating his name to the whole group, using a word beginning withthe same letter describe how you feel. Example: I am John and I feel jovial. The person seated tothe left will go next and will first repeat what that person said and then add their own. Continuearound the circle. The last person will have to say everyone’s.
Interesting FactsRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials: paper, pencilPhysical setting: Sit in a circleProcess: Give each person a slip of paper. Have them write one interesting thing that they havedone or an interesting place they have been. The papers are collected and redistributed. Eachperson must question the others to find the person who wrote the interesting event.Kool KidsRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials: chairs for each participant but onePhysical setting: Form a circle so that everyone can see each other easily.Process: The leader stands in the center of a group seated in chairs in a circle around him. Theleader makes a statement such as "Kool Kids wear braces". If this statement applies to anymembers of the group, they must stand up and try to find a different seat among those others.The leader tries to take one of their seats and force someone else to be in the center.Toilet PaperRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials: toilet paper, pensPhysical setting:Process: Distribute rolls of toilet paper to the rows of people. Ask each person to tear off as muchpaper as he/she wants and then pass it on to the next person. When everyone has finished,collect the rolls. Then tell them that on each sheet they are to write one sentence about them self.When everyone has finished, each person is to stand up and read what they have written. Thisserves as an introduction to the other members of the group and generates some laughter whensomeone has decided to take 30 sheets as opposed to someone who took one.Bounce the BallRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials: ballPhysical setting: Form a circle so that everyone can see each other easily.Process: A soft nerf-type ball is bounded from person to person with the catcher holding the ballwhile telling a brief history/highlight about them self. The comfort level is elevated because theprop is comfortable and soft and a tension reliever.HaRisk Level: HighGroup Size: up to 20 peopleTime:Materials:Physical setting: Open space to lie downProcess: Volunteers from the group lie down in a circle with each person placing the back thetheir head on the previous persons lap. The group them proceeds to say "HA". The first persononce, the second person twice, and so on till everyone has done it.
Honey Do You Love Me?Risk Level: MediumGroup Size: up to 25-30 peopleTime: 10 minutesMaterials:Physical setting: Form a circle so that everyone can see each other easily.Process: One person starts and picks an opponent. The leader walks up to them, kneels andsays "Honey do you love me?" The opponent then has to reply "I love you honey, but I just cantsmile"--without smiling! If opponent smiles he/she is out. If he/she doesnt smile he/she gets topick an opponent and play continues until there is one survivor. (The person who doesnt smile.)Going on a TripRisk Level: LowGroup Size: up to 25 peopleTime:Materials:Physical setting: Group members are seated in a classroom or in rows.Process: The leaders says " Im going on a trip and Im taking.....", filling in the blank with acreative choice. The first person in the row says, " " Im going on a trip and Im taking.....",repeating what the leader said and then adding his/her own. Continue around the room tilleveryone has added to the list.Chair DustingRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 5 min.Materials: chairsPhysical setting: Everyone is seated in chairs.Process: Begin by asking everyone to please slide to the extreme right side of the chair. Hold itthere a minute. Now have them slide to the extreme left side of the chair and hold it. Now returnto the middle of the chair. Then say, "Thank you. I did not have time to dust off the chairs beforeyou arrived."Broom JumpRisk Level: LowGroup Size: 10 to 20 peopleTime: 15-20 min.Materials: broomPhysical setting: Open spaceProcess: Divide into two teams. Team members should stand two abreast. First couple musteach grab one end of a broom and run back through their team. Broom is held just above thefloor. Everyone in the line must jump over the broom. When the couple reaches the back of theline they must pass the broom to the front of the line over their heads holding the broomhorizontally. No throwing. First team with the original couple back at the front of the team wins.
Passing the CoinRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 10 min.Materials: coinPhysical setting: Open spaceProcess: A coin is given to someone in the group. The players do not know which person has it.The leader announces that the one holding the coin will give it to the fifth person shaking handswith him/her. As group members shake hands they must introduce themselves to each other.Continue passing the coin in this manner for several times.Add a WordRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 10 - 15 min.Materials: chalk and boardPhysical setting:Process: Students are divided into two teams. The teams will work at a chalkboard. A leader putsa word on the board for each team. One person at a time must come to the chalkboard and add aword to the sentence until all the team members have had a chance. The sentences that areformed can be very entertaining.The ScreamRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 5 - 8 min.Materials:Physical setting: Space to standProcess: Participants stand and close their eyes. They are told to breathe slowly and deeply.Then all members of the group breathe in unison. Continuing to breathe together, they reach theirhands up as high as they can. Bring their hands down, jump up and down three times and thenscream as loudly as they can.Tiptoe through the TulipsRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials:Physical setting: open area to moveProcess: Participants stand on their tiptoes and walk about while singing "Tiptoe through theTulips." Then sing "walking through the tulips" and add appropriate movements, then "running"then " stomping."MachineRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: up to 25 peopleTime:15- 20 min.Materials:Physical setting: Space in center of room or at the front.Process: One person goes to the center of the room and acts out the repetitive motion and soundof a part of a machine. Others add parts to the machine, one by one, until the entire group isinvolved.
Bunny HopRisk Level: LowGroup Size: up to 25 or 30 peopleTime: 10 min.Materials:Physical setting: space of moveProcess: The leader explains to the group they will be doing the Bunny Hop steps to the song theFarmer in the Dell. Repeat at least five times."The farmer in the dell" (kick right foot to the right two times, touching heel to the floor)"The farmer in the dell" (kick left foot to the left two times, touching heel to the floor)"Hi Ho" (hop one step forward with both feet together)"the dairy-o" (hope one step backward with both feet together)"The farmer in the dell" (hop forward three times with feet together)Card RelayRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: 10 to 30 peopleTime: 10 - 15 min.Materials: two decks of cardsPhysical setting: space to set up two linesProcess: Divide the group into two rows of equal participants. The two rows of participants shouldface each other and be an arms length away from the person directly in font o them. The teamconsists of the people who are in the opposite line and diagonal from each other. (i.e. Team oneconsists of the first, third, fifth person in row 1 and the second, fourth, and sixth person in row 2)The first person in each row is given a deck of 52 cards. The first person passes one card at atime to their team member diagonally from them who passes it to the third team member and soone. No one may accept a card until they passed a card except the first and last team member.The last team member holds the cards until all 52 are received. The winner is the first team tocollect all 52 cards. Any cards dropped along the way must be picked up by the person whodropped it.MarionetteRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 10-15 min.Materials:Physical setting: open spaceProcess: This energizer is intended to loosen up and relax bodies. Participants are to stand andspread out so that each of them will have space in which to move freely. The leader explains thatthe members will be imagining that they are string puppets. When the group members are inplace, the leader asks them to perform the following actions as they imagine a marionette woulddo them.• shake hands with an imaginary person• do a dance step• swim the back stroke• flag down an airplane• change a light bulb• pet a dog
Newspaper ShuffleRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time:Materials: newspapersPhysical setting:Process: Group members form a circle. The leader gives each person a newspaper that is all indisarray. They are to put the pages of the newspaper in proper order. The person to complete thetask first wins.Variation: Make teams or groups that must work together to put together the newspaper.Think FastRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 15-20 min.Materials: object to tossPhysical setting: open spaceProcess: Members form a circle. A volunteer starts in the center of the circle as the leader. Theleader closes his/her eyes and keeps them closed. Members in the circle start to pass a smallobject (tennis ball). When the leader calls out a letter the person holding the object must namethree nouns that begin with that letter within 5 seconds. If the member could not name threenouns in five seconds, they move into the center and the object starts passing again.RhythmRisk Level: LowGroup Size: up to 30 peopleTime: 25 min.Materials: chairsPhysical setting:Process: Group members form a circle. The leader demonstrates the rhythm. Pat knees twotimes with both hands, clap hands two times, and then snap fingers two times. Practice the beatuntil the group is synchronized. One member randomly starts the game as the beat goes on, bystating a category (like "Food"). The person to his/her right names an item like "broccoli" on thesnap part of the beat. On the next snap the next person to the right says a food item and so onuntil someone cant think of one. If the participant cant think of an item in that category they cansay "Category" and the next person to their right calls out a new category. All responses occur onthe snap part of the beat.CornersRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: up to 40 peopleTime:Materials:Physical setting: open space and cornersProcess: Have the group count off in fours. Send all the ones to one corner, the twos to another,and so on. The leader will give instructions on what the members are to do.• Skip to the opposite corner.• High five everyone you pass as you walk to the opposite corner.• Slide to the corner on your right.• Duck walk to the corner opposite.
Getting to Know YouRisk Level: LowGroup Size:Time: 10 min.Materials:Physical setting: space to moveProcess: Have the participants match up with others as you call out similarities. Each time theymove to someone they are to introduce them self.• Hair color• Wearing the same type of shoe• Wearing the same colors• Favorite color• Odd or even number of letters in first name• Sophomore, junior or senior• etc.Back to BackRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: dependent on space availableTime: 8 min.Materials:Physical setting: open spaceProcess: Sit on the floor back to back with a partner. Interlock arms. Try to stand up.KnotsRisk Level: MediumGroup Size: Groups of 6, 8, 10, or 12Time: 25-30 min.Materials:Physical setting: Open spaceProcess: Form a circle. Create a knot by all members placing their hands in the center. Grab acouple of hands without holding both hands of the same person or of anyone standing next toyou. Untie the knot without breaking hands.Spider WebRisk Level: LowGroup Size: 10 to 25 peopleTime: 15-20 min.Materials: yarn ballPhysical setting:Process: Begin activity by stating your name and something you like to do. Then, while holdingonto the end of a ball of yarn, toss the yarn to someone else in the room. This process continuesuntil all have shared and a web has formed. Now, reverse the process by stating the name andactivity of the person who tossed you the yarn, tossing the yarn ball back to him/her, and windingup the slack as you do.
CardsCards with questions are picked randomly from a box. Delegates must answer the questionposed to them in a one or two sentence response.If you were:- a vehicle what would you be and why?- An M & M what color would you be and why?- A business owner what type of business would you own and why?- A pen, what would you write and why?- A box, what would you contain and why?Individuality and AlikeRead the following characteristics; find someone who matches or someone who is the opposite(as directed): When you match someone, introduce yourself.• Are you a hamburger or a hotdog?• Are you a Beavis or a Butthead?• Are you an ocean or a pond?• Are you a mountain or are you the beach?• Are you Seinfeld or are you Kramer?• Are you leather or are you silk?• Are you winter or are you summer?• Are you a Mercedes or a VW rabbit?