The economics of place - the value of building communities around people st. louis
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  • 1. The Economics of Place:The Value of Building Communities Around People Livable Network St. Louis August 23, 2012 Dan  Gilmar*n,  CEO  &  Execu*ve  Director   Michigan  Municipal  League  
  • 2. The Way We Were•  Quality of life and of place has declined §  (In 2010, 36th in per capita income—a drop of 18 places in 10 years)•  Manufacturing as we know it is gone•  Not adapting fast enough to the knowledge-based economy•  We’re under-investing in our: §  Universities §  Community colleges §  Infrastructure•  Talented millennials don’t want to live here•  Entrepreneurs not being attracted
  • 3. A Few Facts Detroit St. Louis    Ø  Pop. 713,777 (decrease of 10.3% Ø  Pop. 319,294 (increase of 8% since 2000) since 2000)Ø  Metro Pop. – 4.3 M Ø  Metro Pop. – 2.8 MØ  25-34-year-olds - 18.33% Ø  25-34-year-olds – 19.1%Ø  College attainment – 26.4% Ø  College attainment - 28%Ø  Per capita - Michigan – 36th (a Ø  Per capita – Missouri – 33rd (a drop of 18 places in since 2000) drop of 3 places since 2000)    
  • 4. What we know•  Knowledge-based•  Education counts, degrees matter•  Technology allows people to work anywhere; they are choosing the cities•  Mobile population•  “Place” attracts people•  Young people choose where to live first, then look for work•  World-wide competition for talent
  • 5. “The most valuable resource in the 21st century isbrains. Smart people tend to be mobile. Watchwhere they go! Because where they go, robusteconomic activity will follow.” Rick Karlgaard Publisher, Forbes
  • 6. A decade of higher education cuts - 27% 21-34 yr olds: 17.6% vs. 19.1% Nationally46% of college graduates leave Michigan
  • 7. Shifting Demographics Automotive miles driven by ages 21-30:   13.7% VS. 20.8% in 1995 18.3% in 2001<25% of households considered “traditional”
  • 8. Why urban places matter 24 – 34 year olds: • 1980 – 10% business district • 1990 – 12% • 2010 – 32%  
  • 9. Changing Patterns of Suburban Places•  Young people rent•  Walk less…suburbanites walk less, bike less, and are less physically fit than city dwellers.•  Goal is to engineer more physical activity.•  Trulia/National Association of Realtors §  Just 9 percent of the people surveyed said their ideal home size was over 3,200 square feet. Meanwhile, more than one-third said their ideal size was under 2,000 feet.  
  • 10. Culture Front & Center Zero Emission Public Transit Open Source Government Farm Fresh Food Venture-Capital Mind Set Renaissance NeighborhoodsIncentivized Teachers Car Sharing Smart Energy
  • 11. What do we mean by “Sense of Place?”   “Placemaking is about turning a neighborhood, town, or city from a place you can’t wait to get through into oneyou never want to leave.”   “The difference between great cities and good cities is the quality of their public spaces. Fred Kent Project for Public Spaces  
  • 12. It’s more about place than design•  When focusing on place, you do everything differently•  Build communities around happiness and well-being•  Importance of the ordinary citizen in planning•  Fosters a sense of pride and emotional connectiveness
  • 13. Lighter, Quicker, Cheaper•  Community driven §  Citizens are the experts §  Returning responsibility to the community §  Need “zealous nuts”•  Flexible, yet sustainable•  Use drives design•  Creates centers of energy & collaboration
  • 14. Placemaking & The Power of 10
  • 15. Detroit: Canfield Social Yard – Winner $2,000Muskegon: The Fat Garden – 2nd prize $1,000Detroit: Innovation Square – Runner-up $500Hartland: Old Hartland High School – Runner-up $500
  • 16. Physical Design & Walkability Messaging & TechnologyGreen Initiatives MulticulturalismCultural Economic Development TransitEntrepreneurship Education Center for 21st Century Communities – 21C3
  • 17. Need for strong metro regions
  • 18. Community Engagement Placemaking“Often the best “Civic engagement isideas, the ones that at once motivated byhave preservation and contributing to aand enhancement at sense of place.”their center, comefrom the community.” Micro Governance “Expecting mid-20th century governance structures to handle the challenges of the early 21st century is not realistic.”
  • 19. The Path to Prosperity Bold leadership Global understanding Knowledge-based economy Higher education investment Create quality of place Regional focus
  • 20. Dan GilmartinCEO & Executive DirectorMichigan Municipal LeagueE-mail: dpg@mml.orgTwitter: @dpgilmartinBlog: www.economicsofplace.comFacebook: www.facebook.com/MMLeague