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  • 1. Form-Based Codes Atul Sharma - Torti Gallas and PartnersWashington, DC, USA | Silver Spring, Maryland, USA | Los Angeles, California, USA | Istanbul, Turkey
  • 2. Outline:• Benefits of Form Based Codes• Applicability of Form BasedCodes• Structure of Form Based Codes• Examples of Form Based Codes
  • 3. Why Form Matters
  • 4. Why Form Matters
  • 5. Why Form Matters
  • 6. Why Form Matters
  • 7. Why Form Matters
  • 8. Why Form Matters
  • 9. Why Form Matters Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change by Peter Calthorpe
  • 10. It Is Not Complicated!
  • 11. Tradition of Form Based Town Planning
  • 12. Developer as Town Founder
  • 13. Illegal
  • 14. Employment Retail Center Center Multifamily Single Family Detached
  • 15. Mixed-Use Citizen Compact Participation Building Design PredictableDevelopment Housing Decisions ChoicesTransportation Walkable Choices Regional Sense of Balance Place Open Space
  • 16. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional Zoning
  • 17. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningA Clear Vision Based Separated Uses as The on Consensus vs. Organizing Element Employment Retail Center Center Multifamily Single Family Detached
  • 18. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningFocus on the Public Placeless Sprawl Realm vs. Patterns
  • 19. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional Zoning Predictability of Not Much Detail Outcome vs.
  • 20. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningEasy to Understand Over-Technical Guidelines vs. Standards
  • 21. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningA Balanced Approach to Over Emphasis on Implementation vs. Density / Use
  • 22. Applicability of Form Based Codes
  • 23. 
 New Communities 
 Walkable Streets
 Vibrant Public Realm
 Mix of Uses
 Civic Uses
Character Derived from Local Context
 Architecture Appropriate to Place

  • 24. Sprawl RepairCompact Development Patterns
  • 25. Sprawl Repair Strategies Sprawl Repair Strategy Characteristics1. Segregated Land Uses 1. Mixed-Use Zoning, Interconnected Streets2. Low Density 2. Increase Density, Smaller Setbacks & Yards3. Auto Dependancy 3. Mixed-Use, Walk-able Streets, + Density, Bike4. Lack of Connectivity 4. Require Street Connections5. Jobs Housing Mismatch 5. Mixed-Use Zoning, Create Centers6. Lack of Housing Choices 6. Permit Mix of House Types, Reduce Unit Sizes7. Loss of Rural or Ag. Lands 7. TDR, Growth Boundary, + Density8. Lack of Significant Centers 8. Create Mixed-Use Centers9. Visual Clutter/ Pkng. Dominates 9. Have Form Reqs., Pkng. to Rear of Bldgs,10. Pedestrian Hazardous Shared Pkng., Reduced Pkng. Req. 10. Street Connections, Sidewalks, Pkng. To Rear
  • 26. Commonly used names•  P arallel Code•  S mart Code•  D eveloper Code•  O verlay Zone•  D esign Guidelines•  S ector Plan/Specific Plan
  • 27. Structure of Form Based Codes
  • 28. Design CodingUnderstanding the Context
  • 29. Regulated AspectsA. Allocation of Growth SectorsB. Base Residential DensityC. Block SizeD. Public FrontagesE. Civic Open SpaceF. Lot OccupationG. Building SetbackH. Building DispositionI. Private FrontagesJ. Building HeightK. Building Function
  • 30. A. Allocation of Growth SectorsB. Base Residential Density
  • 31. Block Size
  • 32. Public Frontages
  • 33. Civic Open Space
  • 34. Lot Occupation
  • 35. Building Setback
  • 36. Building Disposition
  • 37. Private Frontages
  • 38. Building Height
  • 39. Building Function
  • 40. The Pattern Book Format1. How To Use Book (Leed, Plan, Transect, Reg. Plan)2. Styles Set Up as Principle Based Title Rule of Thumb Why? – We do this Because… * Plan Diagrams of T1-T6 Settings What Matters & What Doesn t Matter Photos: style variations3. Massing Principles by T-Zone4. Shelter from Parking – all configurations5. Details: Doors and Windows Chimneys Porch Principles Water Collection & Storage Piers Down Spouts Columns Dormers Capitals Roof Slopes Bases Fences Porch Beams Awnings Railings Fountains Roofs Lighting Eaves Signs*Need to couch in terms of health and wellness(ex. To promote good ventilation, to minimize sick building syndrome)
  • 41. Principle Based
  • 42. The Town Architect
  • 43. Examples of Form Based Codes
  • 44. Brookview
  • 45. Design Coding Vision
  • 46. Design Coding
  • 47. Design Coding
  • 48. Design Coding
  • 49. Design Coding
  • 50. Design Coding
  • 51. Design Coding Authority Land Use Urban StandardsThoroughfares Open Space Architecture Definitions
  • 52. Village Centers
  • 53. Town of Babylon
  • 54. Miramar Town Center
  • 55. Capitalize on a need for a newCity Hall and leverage its value
  • 56. The City of Miramar had the foresight torecognize, and engage a representativeof, one of the key stakeholder groups that it would take to make it happen – The Development Community
  • 57. Sequence of Open Spaces
  • 58.
  • 59. Torti Gallas and Partners, Inc. Atul Sharma SmartCode Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company Pattern Book Urban Design Associates All Other Projects & Graphics Torti Gallas and Partners Loudoun Metro: Torti Gallas and Partners