Curitiba, Brazil. The first Bus RapidTransit (BRT) System: 1974BRT is a high-quality bus-based transit system thatdelivers fast, comfortable, and cost-effective urbanmobility through the provision of segregated right-of-way infrastructure, rapid and frequent operations, andexcellence in marketing and customer service
Curitiba, Brazil. The first Bus RapidTransit (BRT) System: 1974
A gold-standard BRT corridor has all ofthe most important elements of BRT
Why we need a standardRapidRide: Seattle, WA Select Bus Service: Fordham Road, Bronx, NY
What are the goals that BRT sets out to accomplish?1. To save passengers time: Time savings is the most important factor in a traveler’s choice to take transit.2. To provide a higher service quality: A high quality of service can make a transit mode more attractive to riders who might otherwise drive.
Secure bike parking at BRT stations Los Angeles Orange Line
Top U.S. BRT corridorsCleveland Los Angeles Las Vegas Eugene PittsburghBronze Bronze Bronze Bronze Bronze Top international BRT corridorsBogota, Guangzhou, Lima, Peru Johannesburg, Mexico City,Colombia China South Africa MexicoGold Gold Gold Silver Silver
Cleveland: the most full-featured BRT in the US
Lower capital costs of BRT allow for a broader network 426 kilometres of BRT 40 kilometres of LRT 14 kilometres of elevated rail 7 kilometres of subway
Necessary Ingredients1. The right corridor • Is there developable land? • Is the corridor in or near mixed-use areas or a downtown? • Does the corridor have any natural features?
Necessary Ingredientshe right corridor: Las Vegas choose an excellent corridor for Strip Downtown Express line Downtown, Las Vegas, Nevada
Necessary Ingredients2. Zoning • Is the corridor zoned for high-density, mixed-use development? • Does this kind of zoning apply citywide or is it constrained to a few corridors? • If it is not currently zoned for high-density development, is it possible to change the zoning?
Necessary IngredientsZoning: White Flint Sector Plan in North Bethesda, MDproposes zoning changes favorable to transit White Flint, North Bethesda, Maryland
Necessary Ingredients3. Incentives for development • Can the city offer tax incentives to developers? • Will the city improve the streetscape?
Necessary IngredientsIncentives for development : Cleveland offered tax incentivesfor redeveloping historic buildings on Euclid Ave and alsoinvested in a full streetscaping project Euclid Ave, Cleveland, Ohio
Necessary IngredientsWith these ingredients, a mass transit investment is likelyto have positive development impacts.But what kind of mass transit investment?
It’s the quality, not the modeCleveland’s HealthLine Seattle’s Light Rail