$200This president decreased the physical size ofthe government and lowered taxes. He wasgenerally popular with his people, but hefailed to ease tension with Britain and France,ultimately bringing the nation closer to war.
$300In the Supreme Court case of Marbury v.Madison, justice ____________ set aprecedent for the power of the Supreme Courtto conduct ____________ and rule on theconstitutionality of congressional actions.
$400Which of the following was not publicly cited bythe War Hawks as a justification for war?a.British impressment of American sailorsb.British failure to recognize neutralityc.The need for expansion into Canadad.Commercial interests of New England
$500 During his presidency, how did ThomasJefferson stay true to his Republicanideals and how did he deviate fromthem?
$500In general, Jefferson had an informal leadership style and seemed to embodyrepublicanism. As he had promised during his campaign, Jefferson repealed theFederalists’ Alien and Sedition Acts and greatly reduced the physical size of thegovernment, especially the military. He also repealed all direct taxes and made thegovernment dependent on customs revenue instead. On the other hand, the LouisianaPurchase was one instance where Jefferson’s Republican conviction seemed to waver. Firstly, the president himself believed it was probably unconstitutional to purchase theland, but he went through with it anyway. Many congressmen criticized his plan for thegoverning of the new territories, calling it autocratic and un-democratic. Jefferson andhis party also ignored constitutionality when they attempted to dismiss federal judgeswithout trial and when Jefferson appropriated funds for the Lewis & Clark expedition. Finally, Jefferson’s approach to the economy was not as laissez-faire as he previouslysaid it would be. The Embargo Act greatly limited the American economy and allowedthe government to supervise all trade very closely.
$500Why and in what ways was Jacksonconsidered to be the leading figure in thedemocratic push of the 1820s?
$500Jackson was considered to be the common, everyday manscandidate, so in this way he appealed to the general majority ofpeople, helping make democracy more and more appealing to thenormal person. A democrat was thought of by most as a "normalman" and Jackson embodied this perfectly. Jacksons lack ofeducation really helped show that he was a terrific representative forthe entire South and West, gaining him large amounts of popularityduring the democratic movement. Also, the other potential leader ofthis cause was John Quincy Adams, who was seen as an"overeducated aristocrat", pretty much making him the opposite ofwhat most people thought of as a democrat.
$100In 1848, the Seneca Falls Convention convened tospur the women’s rights movement. Prompted bythe abolition movement, women including LucretiaMott and Elizabeth Stanton, a leader in thewomen’s rights movement, came together for theDeclaration of Sentiments and the beginning of thewomen’s rights movement.
$200Presbyterian evangelist who led the mostdramatic/successful revival in Rochester, NY.Preached every man and woman had the power tochoose Christ and a godly life. Broke church’straditional belief of predestination. Held daily prayermeetings and put intense pressure on those who hadnot experienced salvation. Focused on religiousconversion and moral uplift of individuals. Hisinfluence resulted in the doubling of churchmembership during his stay.
$300The _________ believed in sexual equality.They led simple lives without the outsideworld and performed dance-like ceremonies.
$400Who founded the American and ForeignAnti-Slavery Society?a)Theodore Dwight Weldb)Lewis Tappanc)William Lloyd Garrisond)Charles Finney
$400B: After Garrison’s radical ideas forabolition split the American Anti-SlaverySociety, Tappan founded the American andForeign Anti-Slavery Society. Though itwasn’t nearly as successful, it weakenedGarrison and his organization.
$500How did the Second Great Awakening differbetween the North and the South? Usespecific examples to support your answer.
$500 In the South and lower Midwest, camp meetings became a regular feature of religiouslife. They met religious as well as social needs while providing an emotional outlet for ruralpeople. The meetings were run primarily by Methodists or Baptists, although sometimes byPresbyterians. Camp meetings were the only way for people on the frontier to get baptized,married, or have a communal religious experience. They also promoted a sense of communityand social discipline. Conversions (usually from antisocial behavior such as drinking) werecommon results of the meetings. As local evangelical churches became more popular and campmeetings were deemphasized, church membership (especially Baptist and Methodist) grewrapidly as well as the influence in community life. The churches discouraged social reform. In the North, evangelists were mostly Congregationalists and Presbyterians stronglyinfluenced by New England Puritan traditions. Their successes were in small to medium sizedtowns and cities rather than rural/frontier areas. Their revivals were much less emotional than inthe South and more focused on social reform. Evangelism in the North resulted in formation ofsocieties devoted to the redemption of the human race in general and American societyspecifically. A younger generation of Congregational ministers reformed Calvinism into a newevangelical Calvinism that deemphasized the idea of predestination by contending that everyindividual was a free agent who had the ability to overcome a natural inclination to sin. Strongradical reform was led mostly in Rochester, New York by Charles G. Finney who soughtinstantaneous conversion, which sparked dispute between evangelicals who saw his emotionalconversion methods as disturbing.
$100It was a belief that the U.S. was the most perfectcountry in the world and that God wanted the U.S.to continue expanding. By doing so, the lessfortunate people in the Western hemisphere couldenjoy the blessing of a democratic institution
$200He was a democratic president from Tennessee who was verydedicated to his work. During his presidency, he lowered tariffs,re-established the independent Treasury, and obtained Oregon andCalifornia. He supported Young America, Manifest Destiny andobtained Oregon and annexed Texas. He was one of the mostsuccessful one-term presidents in U.S. history. He had a 4-pointprogram (achieved in less than four years), which was, lowering thetariff of 1842 from 32% to 25% (Walker Tariff, 1846), restorationof the Independent Treasury System (1846), acquisition ofCalifornia, and settlement of the Oregon dispute. He was importantbecause he represented of the values of the era and furtherdeveloped the ideas of the time period.
$300The ________________________treaty gave over one half of the disputedterritory between Canada and the U.S.and established solid borders withCanada.
$400All of the following contributed to the conflictbetween Mexico’s government and settlers in Texasin the early 1830s EXCEPTa. The collection of import dutiesb. The support for annexation by John Tyler andJames Polkc. Mexico’s decision to abolish slavery in itsterritoryd. Mexico’s law requiring acceptance of the Catholicfaithe. The coming of power of General Santa Anna
$500How did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgoshow the idea of Manifest Destiny (keep inmind O’Sullivan’s points)?
$500 In the treaty, Mexico succeeded New Mexico, Arizona,California, Utah and Nevada for $15 million and establishedborders with the US. This shows the idea of Manifest Destinybecause the US obtained a vast amount of territory (500,000square miles) that they thought they deserved because of thethree points of John O’Sullivan. These points were as follows:God supported American expansionism, free development ledto more American freedom and America needed more landbecause of population growth in order to prevent a classsystem.
$100What were the advantages anddisadvantages of using short staplecotton?
$100Made slavery much more profitable & abundant.Better than the original long-staple cotton, it couldbe grown almost anywhere south of Virginia andKentucky. However, its bolls had seeds that wereharder to extract by hand than long staple cotton, butthe cotton gin resolved this difficulty.
$200An escaped slave who led a huge antislaveryrebellion. Claimed that his orders to rebelagainst slavery came from God. Killed over60 whites. All rebels and slaves suspectedcomplicit all executed.
$300 _____________ was a prominent white___________ who wrote the abolitionistpaper ___________ who then became thevoice of the abolitionist crusade. Anotherman who joined in the abolitionist crusadewas __________ , an escaped slave turnedeloquent orator and writer.
$300William Llyod Garrison, abolitionist, theLiberator, Frederick Douglass
$400The majority of the Southern population were yeomenthat... a. Supported large plantation owners with large slavesocieties b. Contributed to Jacksonian democrats who opposedslaveryc. Opposed both Northern abolitionists and largeplantation ownersd. Lived in the backcountry and didn’t care if slaverywas in place or note. None of the above
$500Explain the role and importance of slavereligion and family.
$500The most important part of the developing African American Culture was BlackChristianity. The Slave religion was kept secret from the whites. They meet at night toreaffirm the joy of life and to preach about the day slaves will be free. These churcheswere highly emotional with a lot of singing and dancing. Much of it was an adaptationof African religious beliefs and customs. This “invisible institution” allowed AfricanAmericans a chance to create and control a world of their own. It also helped create asense of community. African American family was an extremely important andstrong institution for slaves. Most slave families split up, but individuals far fromhome were “adopted” into new kinship networks without prejudice. Kinship provideda model for personal relationships and the basis for a sense of community. Afteremancipation the African American culture would combine with the tradition of openprotest that was created by slaves and abolitionists to inspire struggles for equality.Overall, slave religion and family played a huge role in not only in developing theAfrican American Culture but also giving the slaves hope for freedom. It also madethe slaves feel as though they were members of a community, not just a collection ofindividuals victimized by oppressors.