The following presentation was compiled by Sinobuhle
Tracy Nkosi with help of other sources (last slide). It aims
at helpi...
INTRODUCTION:


Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of
people in a structured, deliberate manner intend...
SPEAKING SKILLS:


Speaking is natural mode of expression.



Language and manner of our speech change, with the
change ...
ESSENTIAL OF EFFECTIVE SPEAKING:



Understandable



Clarity



Pleasant voice



Expression



Preparation



Taki...
SPEECHES:
1. Informative


This speech serves to provide interesting and useful information to
your audience. Some exampl...
ORGANIZING A SPEECH:
Purpose

of speech

To compose a good speech it is essential to know the purpose
speech.
A speech us...
SELECTING

A TOPIC

RESEARCH
PLANNING

A SCRIPT

THE PRESENTATION
PREPARATION

MAKE
POLISH
PROOF
MAKE

READING

BULLET NOTES

REHEARSE

PREPARATION
VISUALISATION
PREPARATION

PERFORMANCE
PRE-PERFORMANCE
-Sound sleep
-Relaxation
-Breathing
-Hydrate
PERFORMANCE
Dress

well

Using

the microphone

Body

language

Gestures
Voice
AUDIENCE RESEARCH:


Every communication must be in form and style which suits
the audience.



To analyzing the audienc...
STRUCTURING THE SUBJECT MATTER:



A speech has three fundamental parts

1.

Introduction

2.

Main body

3.

Conclusion
...
LANGUAGE AND STYLE:


The style of oral communication is different from the style of
written communication, in any langua...
ENVIRONMENT:

ENVIRONMENT FOR SPEAKING WHILE MAKING PRESENTATION



For effective speaking the venue or the place of deli...
ELEMENTS OF ORAL PRESENTATION:



Preparing notes for the speech or presentation.



Beginning of the speech or presenta...
IMPACT OF A GOOD BEGINNING:


It grabs the attention of the audience.



It establishes rapport with the audience.



I...
PERSONALITY AND BODY
LANGUAGE


Effective use of body language-

1.

Stand with body weight equally balanced on both feet...
MANNER OF SPEAKING:


Words



Expression



Pace of the voice



Pitch of the voice



Power of the voice



Pausin...
VISUALISE
Importance of
Communication



Class Presentations



Field Research



Business Communications



Public Speaking (Po...
Fear of Public Speaking
•

Population

•
•

•

No. 1 fear - Public
Speaking
No. 2 fear - Death

Stage fright
- Being in sp...
OVERCOME STAGE FEAR
“If You want a change 1st
you change”
Acknowledge Your Fear
Act Confident

Channel Nervous Energy
3. Death
2. Snakes
1. Public Speaking

PEOPLE’S BIGGEST
FEARS
Effective Communication


Preparation



Practice



Presence
Effective Communication



Preparation


Know your subject - It is much easier to speak on what you know



Do research...
Effective Communication



Preparation


Research - research the subject



Format - speak on what you know



- Notes...
Effective Communication
•

Presence

- Nervousness - fear is natural
- Body language
- voice/tone

- gestures
- eye contac...
The Pros of PowerPoints


Simple to prepare



Can be easily changed and edited



Can be used again and again



Port...
TheThey can becomePowerPoints
Cons of a crutch



They take time to prepare



They can be a distraction for your audie...
Things You Should Do



Make Eye contact



Don’t read from notes -only glance at them



Use Appropriate gestures to i...
Things You Shouldn’t Do
 Read

directly from notes

 Read

directly from screen

 Turn

your back on audience

 Slouch...
Ten Successful Tips to
Control the “Butterflies”
1)

Know the room - become familiar

with the place of the presentation
2...
Control the “Butterflies”

4)
Relax your body by stretching and breathing to ease the
tension
5)
Visualize giving your spe...
Control the “Butterflies”
7) Remember, people want you to succeed - the
audience is not there to see you fail
8) Don’t apo...
Control the “Butterflies”
9) Concentrate on your message-not the medium.
Focus on the message you are trying to convey
and...
Positive Non-Verbal Feedback

•
•
•
•
•
•

Smiling
• Leaning forward
Nodding
• Sitting on edge of
chair
Eye Contact
• Hand...
Negative Non-Verbal
Feedback


Tight lips



Frowning



Avoid eye contact



Squirming



Doodling



Fidgeting

Fi...
PRESENTATION ETHICS
 NEVER

ARGUE

 NEVER

UNDERESTIMATE

 KEEP

TIME LIMIT

 SMILE

PLEASE

 NEVER
 STOP

SHOW YOUR...
3 P RULE
PRACTICE
PRACTICE
PRACTICE
Effective Communication

“Practice is
Practicethe best of all instruction.”
- practice makes perfect
- getting timing rig...
Practice takes you from this..
TO THIS….
RECAP
PLAN
PREPARE
POLISH
PRACTICE
PRESENT
Reference List:
-Himanshu Soni


Sanjaya k. Mallik



MR. ANTONIO V. MILLER



Jawid Qaumi

• HTTP://WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET...
•

http://www.slideshare.net/McCrindle
Research/mccrindle-research-publicspeaking-skills?qid=248b6b6a-be9944b8-999ebe733d4...
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skills that will help deliver and present effective speeches and presentations

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Publicspeakingoralpresentation 110130092848-phpapp02

  1. 1. The following presentation was compiled by Sinobuhle Tracy Nkosi with help of other sources (last slide). It aims at helping the future leaders improve their speaking and presenting skills in public. They will be able to deliver effective public speeches.
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION:  Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners.  Public speaking have several components that embrace such things as motivational speaking, leadership/personal development, business, customer service, large group communication, and mass communication.
  3. 3. SPEAKING SKILLS:  Speaking is natural mode of expression.  Language and manner of our speech change, with the change in our audience and speaking situation.  The matter and the manner both change from one speech activity to another speech activity.  Speaking is not all a verbal activity.
  4. 4. ESSENTIAL OF EFFECTIVE SPEAKING:  Understandable  Clarity  Pleasant voice  Expression  Preparation  Taking main points to consideration
  5. 5. SPEECHES: 1. Informative  This speech serves to provide interesting and useful information to your audience. Some examples of informative speeches: 2. Demonstrative Speeches  This has many similarities with an informative speech. A demonstrative speech also teaches you something. The main difference lies in including a demonstration of how to do the thing you’re teaching. 3. Persuasive  A persuasive speech works to convince people to change in some way: they think, the way they do something, or to start doing something that they are not currently doing . 4. Entertaining  The after-dinner speech is a typical example of an entertaining speech. The speaker provides pleasure and enjoyment that make the audience laugh or identify with anecdotal information.
  6. 6. ORGANIZING A SPEECH: Purpose of speech To compose a good speech it is essential to know the purpose speech. A speech usually has one of four basic purposes: 1. To in inform 2. To persuade 3. To encourage 4. To entertain
  7. 7. SELECTING A TOPIC RESEARCH PLANNING A SCRIPT THE PRESENTATION PREPARATION MAKE
  8. 8. POLISH PROOF MAKE READING BULLET NOTES REHEARSE PREPARATION
  9. 9. VISUALISATION PREPARATION PERFORMANCE
  10. 10. PRE-PERFORMANCE -Sound sleep -Relaxation -Breathing -Hydrate
  11. 11. PERFORMANCE Dress well Using the microphone Body language Gestures Voice
  12. 12. AUDIENCE RESEARCH:  Every communication must be in form and style which suits the audience.  To analyzing the audience, there are some important factor to be consider: 1. Age factor 2. Socio-culture 3. Educational background 4. Economic background 5. Expectation of audience
  13. 13. STRUCTURING THE SUBJECT MATTER:  A speech has three fundamental parts 1. Introduction 2. Main body 3. Conclusion In fact composition of main body determines the nature of introduction as well as the conclusion.
  14. 14. LANGUAGE AND STYLE:  The style of oral communication is different from the style of written communication, in any language .  The following tips should be considered by the speaker : i. Avoid difficult word which can create confusion ii. Using of technical terms . iii. Using of socially unpleasant words iv. Repeating phrases like; you see, you know etc.
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENT FOR SPEAKING WHILE MAKING PRESENTATION  For effective speaking the venue or the place of delivering the speech plays a very important role .  The speaker should must be aware of the following factors: 1. Room size where the speech has to deliver. 2. Room should well ventilated. 3. Determine of seating layout .
  16. 16. ELEMENTS OF ORAL PRESENTATION:  Preparing notes for the speech or presentation.  Beginning of the speech or presentation.  End of the speech or presentation.  Question-answer session.
  17. 17. IMPACT OF A GOOD BEGINNING:  It grabs the attention of the audience.  It establishes rapport with the audience.  It earns the trust and belief of the audience in the speakers.  It gives a preview of the main body.  It generates a feel of significance of the speech to the audience.  It creates the first impression of the speech.  It effects a smooth transition of the audience towards main body
  18. 18. PERSONALITY AND BODY LANGUAGE  Effective use of body language- 1. Stand with body weight equally balanced on both feet. 2. Avoid too much walking around. 3. Gestures and facial expression should always accompany speech. 4. Physical appearance should be suitable for the occasion. 5. Confidence is necessary for good personality.
  19. 19. MANNER OF SPEAKING:  Words  Expression  Pace of the voice  Pitch of the voice  Power of the voice  Pausing  Clarity in the articulation  Speaking with the required loudness  Hamming
  20. 20. VISUALISE
  21. 21. Importance of Communication  Class Presentations  Field Research  Business Communications  Public Speaking (Politics)
  22. 22. Fear of Public Speaking • Population • • • No. 1 fear - Public Speaking No. 2 fear - Death Stage fright - Being in spotlight - Being unprepared - Being inexperienced
  23. 23. OVERCOME STAGE FEAR “If You want a change 1st you change” Acknowledge Your Fear Act Confident Channel Nervous Energy
  24. 24. 3. Death 2. Snakes 1. Public Speaking PEOPLE’S BIGGEST FEARS
  25. 25. Effective Communication  Preparation  Practice  Presence
  26. 26. Effective Communication  Preparation  Know your subject - It is much easier to speak on what you know  Do research to support your thesis  Notes - outline the main points or create a PowerPoint presentation
  27. 27. Effective Communication  Preparation  Research - research the subject  Format - speak on what you know  - Notes - outline main points - Note cards vs. full sized paper “Most people are more deeply influenced by one clear, vivid, personal example than by an abundance of statistical data.”  Eliot Aronson, Social Psychologist
  28. 28. Effective Communication • Presence - Nervousness - fear is natural - Body language - voice/tone - gestures - eye contact - Positive attitude
  29. 29. The Pros of PowerPoints  Simple to prepare  Can be easily changed and edited  Can be used again and again  Portable  Impressive and Entertaining
  30. 30. TheThey can becomePowerPoints Cons of a crutch   They take time to prepare  They can be a distraction for your audience members  What could go wrong? (and other famous last words!)
  31. 31. Things You Should Do  Make Eye contact  Don’t read from notes -only glance at them  Use Appropriate gestures to illustrate a point  Use Rhetorical questions to involve the audience
  32. 32. Things You Shouldn’t Do  Read directly from notes  Read directly from screen  Turn your back on audience  Slouch  Fill with hands in pockets pauses with um, ah, okay  Repetitive  Talk nervous gestures too fast or too quietly
  33. 33. Ten Successful Tips to Control the “Butterflies” 1) Know the room - become familiar with the place of the presentation 2) Get to know the audience - greet or chat with the audience before hand. It’s easier to speak to friends than strangers 3) Know your material - increased nervousness is due poor preparation
  34. 34. Control the “Butterflies” 4) Relax your body by stretching and breathing to ease the tension 5) Visualize giving your speech from start to finish. By visualizing success, you are more likely to be successful 6) Gain experience-experience builds confidence, which is key to effective public speaking
  35. 35. Control the “Butterflies” 7) Remember, people want you to succeed - the audience is not there to see you fail 8) Don’t apologize - by mentioning your nervousness or apologizing, you’ll only be calling the audience’s attention to mistakes which they might otherwise not be aware of
  36. 36. Control the “Butterflies” 9) Concentrate on your message-not the medium. Focus on the message you are trying to convey and not on your anxieties 10) Turn nervousness into positive energynervousness increases adrenaline, transform it into vitality and enthusiasm
  37. 37. Positive Non-Verbal Feedback • • • • • • Smiling • Leaning forward Nodding • Sitting on edge of chair Eye Contact • Hands in open Relaxed Posture position Facing you directly Unbuttoned jackets
  38. 38. Negative Non-Verbal Feedback  Tight lips  Frowning  Avoid eye contact  Squirming  Doodling  Fidgeting Fiddling with hands Turning away Slumping posture Sitting or leaning back • Crossed legs or arms • Yawning • • • •
  39. 39. PRESENTATION ETHICS  NEVER ARGUE  NEVER UNDERESTIMATE  KEEP TIME LIMIT  SMILE PLEASE  NEVER  STOP SHOW YOUR BACK TO THE AUDIENCE SPEAKING BEFORE AUDIENCE FINISHED LISTNENING
  40. 40. 3 P RULE PRACTICE PRACTICE PRACTICE
  41. 41. Effective Communication “Practice is Practicethe best of all instruction.” - practice makes perfect - getting timing right - making revisions
  42. 42. Practice takes you from this..
  43. 43. TO THIS….
  44. 44. RECAP PLAN PREPARE POLISH PRACTICE PRESENT
  45. 45. Reference List: -Himanshu Soni  Sanjaya k. Mallik  MR. ANTONIO V. MILLER  Jawid Qaumi • HTTP://WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET/PU BLICSPEAKINGCOACHASIA/5PUBLIC-SPEAKING-PRESENTATIONSKILLS-SECRE?QID=248B6B6ABE99-44B8-999EBE733D4DD239&V=DEFAULT&B=& FROM_SEARCH=18
  46. 46. • http://www.slideshare.net/McCrindle Research/mccrindle-research-publicspeaking-skills?qid=248b6b6a-be9944b8-999ebe733d4dd239&v=default&b=&from_ search=16 • http://www.slideshare.net/benball/publicspeakingskillstrainingcoursesbenjaminballassociates?q id=248b6b6a-be99-44b8-999ebe733d4dd239&v=default&b=&from_search=19 • http://www.slideshare.net/eoxamendi/art-of-publicspeaking-conversational-skills?qid=248b6b6a-be9944b8-999ebe733d4dd239&v=default&b=&from_search=23

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