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Writing Seminar Rogers


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  • 1. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY & RESEARCH STRATEGIES Writing Seminar Dr. Scott Rogers Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian/Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial LibrarySpring 2013
  • 2. What today is all about Aid in constructing research strategy for finding resources for annotated bibliography Field research Primary vs. Secondary Resources Using RefWorks
  • 3. Welcome to Heterick MemorialLibrary
  • 4. Librarians and support staff
  • 5. What you can expect from HML Knowledgeable degreed librarians on duty over 60 hours per week Friendly faces ready to help 101.5 hours per week Access to the resources you need both on and off campus Resources available in a timely manner
  • 6. What we expect you to know WorldCAT 1.8 billion items OhioLINK Ca. 20,000,000 items POLAR Ca. 400,000 items
  • 7. + even more! 248 Databases About 500 print periodical subscriptions 10s of thousands electronic journal titles Juvenile collection Audiovisuals – physical and streaming
  • 8. How am I suppose to remember allthis stuff?
  • 9. Creating a research strategy STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC STEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 3: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES (if appropriate for the assignment) STEP 4: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES STEP 5: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND STEP 6: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHER STEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FINDSeven Steps of the Research ProcessAmended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University
  • 10. What should I do first?• Finding the right search term• Start big and then use patterns you see in the results list to narrow your topic• Most resources will have built into their system a “thesaurus” or “subject” or suggested topics links, use them• Ask a librarian or your professor for suggestions
  • 11. What do I do next?Use library resources to continue your backgroundresearch.
  • 12. Background Research Definitions  Oxford Reference or any of the subject specific Oxford reference books available electronically
  • 13. Research Tools-- POLAR
  • 14. Background Research -- Books•Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Emphasis on precision•Preparation relatively labor-intensive•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
  • 15. Books - ShortcutsHold on, I’ve gotan idea!
  • 16. Books - Shortcuts  More to come in a minute
  • 17. Libraries at ONU  Heterick Memorial•Taggert Law LibraryLibrary•Library for Law  Undergraduateschool, Library, accessibleaccessible to all to all
  • 18. ONU ID is Library card EVA Eva Maglott 00021559801 Eva Maglott Please use all digits in your student ID number.
  • 19. POLARThink of the call number asthe street address of thebook on the library shelves
  • 20. Find a Book ∞ POLAR
  • 21. Find a Book -- POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology
  • 22. Find a Book -- POLAR
  • 23. Find a Book -- POLAR If a book is available, go get it. Otherwise request via your other two options; OhioLINK or SearchOhio.
  • 24. Research Tools - Catalogs Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record•Looks in one place – subject•Usually requires an exact matchbetween your term and a pre-setlist of terms•Precise•Can be used after keyword searchhas identified specific subjects
  • 25. Public terminal onthird floor
  • 26. Find a Book ∞ OhioLINK Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
  • 27. Find a Book ∞OhioLINK
  • 28. Find a Book ∞ OhioLINK 1. Make sure copies are available at other libraries2. Click on requestbutton
  • 29. Find a Book ∞ OhioLINK 3. Select Ohio Northern 4. Enter your first and last name and all 11 digits exactly as they appear on your ID 5. Be sure to select Heterick as your pick up location and then click submit. 6. An email will be sent when the item is ready for pickup
  • 30. Find a Book ∞ SearchOhio  Access to several Ohio public libraries  Access via OhioLINK  An option when item wanted is not available at ONU or through OhioLINK
  • 31. Find a Book ∞ Ebooks A small but growing part of the collection are Ebooks Click to link to content
  • 32. My Library Account Allows you to see what you have checked out and requested. Allows you to renew online (if possible). Allows you to see charges on your account.
  • 33. My Library Account Enter first and last name and all 11 digits on university ID
  • 34. My Library Account For more information visit the Library Information page
  • 35. Library App cfm
  • 36. Primary vs. Secondary Sources What is a primary source? The definition of a primary source varies depending upon the academic discipline and the context in which it is used. In the humanities, a primary source could be defined as something that was created either during the time period being studied or afterward by individuals reflecting on their involvement in the events of that time. Using Primary Sources on the Web
  • 37. Annotated Bibliography  Allows you to see what is out there  Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials  Aids in developing the thesis  Makes you a better scholar
  • 38. What about Google?Image by Kimberly Butler
  • 39. Internet ToolsGoogle and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research and at the optimum point.
  • 40. Internet Tools Google ScholarNote: Ifworking ONU buysoff Full-text database Google askscampus to link toplease see contentthe OhioLINK Permits“google Google to Run Googlescholar” link to full-text Scholartab at the SearchResearchGuide for ONU user sees licensed full-textWriting articlesSeminar
  • 41. Critically analyzing web sources Currency  Timeliness of the information. Relevance/Coverag  Depth and importance of e the information.  Source of the information. Authority  Reliability of the Accuracy information  Possible bias present in
  • 42. Bibliographic Citation Software REFWORKS
  • 43. Managing Information -RefWorks Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life! See: http://0- Write n’ Cite interfaces with MS Word Excellent Tutorials Help available at Heterick Research Guide for Writing Seminar for instructions on how to get your free-for- a-life-time account
  • 44. Day 2… Review WWW, okay for research or just a bunch of crazy? Using databases to find scholarly research Field Research
  • 45. ResearchDatabases “Pay to Internet (Search Engines) Play”  Material from numerous sources, individual. Government, etc. Usually created by a single publisher  Search engines must work with material prepared without regard for Content pre-arranged for easy specific software use  Quality of material varies Quality/ content control thru editorial staff  Generally do not access for-profit information Content usually available only to subscribers  Content often anonymous and undated Content source usually identified and dated
  • 46. What do I do next?Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
  • 47. Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
  • 48. Research Tools∞Databases Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full text Divided by subject area offered at ONU Begin with a general database, Academic Search Complete JSTOR
  • 49. Find an ArticlePeriodical means the same as MagazineUsually magazines are more “popular” Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for this and other Handouts
  • 50. Research Tools∞DatabasesA. Academic Search Complete, Masterfile PremierB. JSTORC. Lexis-NexisD. Opposing ViewpointsE. Social Science Citation Index
  • 51. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  • 52. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  • 53. How to use JSTOR JSTOR was founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. Today, we enable the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these resources. Began adding current issues for some 170+ titles but mostly consists of back issues HML subscribes to the full-text component BUT also shows links to articles outside the library. You must pay attention to what you find. There is no “FIND IT” button Easiest way to work with JSTORis to get a free account and go from there.
  • 54. Head right to “AdvancedSearch”
  • 55. Advanced Searching You will want to uncheck the “only content I can access box and leave the other checked.
  • 56. JSTOR results list Still happy because you can get articles just need to “click through”
  • 57. Managing results list inJSTOR
  • 58. Exporting to RefWorks
  • 59. General Database
  • 60. Subject SpecificDatabase
  • 61. Subject SpecificDatabase
  • 62. Subject SpecificDatabase
  • 63. Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Use when you need a book or article that is not available online, not owned by ONU or available via OhioLINK No charge/ limit on requests Most requests take 5-7 days to fill Use ILL form on library web
  • 64. Field Research Field research can be considered either as a broad approach to qualitative research or a method of gathering qualitative data. The essential idea is that the researcher goes “into the field” to observe the phenomenon in it’s natural state or in situ. As such, it is probably most related to the method of participant observation. The field researcher typically takes extensive field notes which are subsequently coded and analyzed in a variety of ways (Trochimn, B 1999)
  • 65. Field Research What is qualitative research? Qualitative research is a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and further contexts.[1] Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in- depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. The qualitative method investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where, when. Hence, smaller but focused samples are more often needed, rather than large samples.
  • 66. Field Research  Observation  Participant  Direct Interview  Survey  Print  Person  Mail/Email  Phone
  • 67. Field Research More info on qualitative research qual.php qualitative-research.aspx VersusQuantitativeResearch.html ct_res.html
  • 68. QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail Use Chat Help feature or the IM IM feature