Librarians and support staffhttp://www-new.onu.edu/academics/heterick_memorial_library/staff
What you can expect from HML Knowledgeable degreed librarians on duty over 60 hours per week Friendly faces ready to help 101.5 hours per week Access to the resources you need both on and off campus Resources available in a timely manner
What we expect you to know WorldCAT 1.8 billion items OhioLINK Ca. 20,000,000 items POLAR Ca. 400,000 items
+ even more! 248 Databases About 500 print periodical subscriptions 10s of thousands electronic journal titles Juvenile collection Audiovisuals – physical and streaming
Creating a research strategy STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC STEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 3: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES (if appropriate for the assignment) STEP 4: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES STEP 5: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND STEP 6: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHER STEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FINDSeven Steps of the Research ProcessAmended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University
What should I do first?• Finding the right search term• Start big and then use patterns you see in the results list to narrow your topic• Most resources will have built into their system a “thesaurus” or “subject” or suggested topics links, use them• Ask a librarian or your professor for suggestions
What do I do next?Use library resources to continue your backgroundresearch.
Background Research Definitions Oxford Reference or any of the subject specific Oxford reference books available electronically
Background Research -- Books•Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Emphasis on precision•Preparation relatively labor-intensive•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
Find a Book -- POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology
Find a Book -- POLAR If a book is available, go get it. Otherwise request via your other two options; OhioLINK or SearchOhio.
Research Tools - Catalogs Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record•Looks in one place – subject•Usually requires an exact matchbetween your term and a pre-setlist of terms•Precise•Can be used after keyword searchhas identified specific subjects
Find a Book ∞ OhioLINK Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
Find a Book ∞ OhioLINK 1. Make sure copies are available at other libraries2. Click on requestbutton
Find a Book ∞ OhioLINK 3. Select Ohio Northern 4. Enter your first and last name and all 11 digits exactly as they appear on your ID 5. Be sure to select Heterick as your pick up location and then click submit. 6. An email will be sent when the item is ready for pickup
Find a Book ∞ SearchOhio Access to several Ohio public libraries Access via OhioLINK An option when item wanted is not available at ONU or through OhioLINK
Find a Book ∞ Ebooks A small but growing part of the collection are Ebooks Click to link to content
My Library Account Allows you to see what you have checked out and requested. Allows you to renew online (if possible). Allows you to see charges on your account.
My Library Account Enter first and last name and all 11 digits on university ID
My Library Account For more information visit the Library Information page
Primary vs. Secondary Sources What is a primary source? The definition of a primary source varies depending upon the academic discipline and the context in which it is used. In the humanities, a primary source could be defined as something that was created either during the time period being studied or afterward by individuals reflecting on their involvement in the events of that time. Using Primary Sources on the Web
Annotated Bibliography Allows you to see what is out there Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials Aids in developing the thesis Makes you a better scholar
Internet ToolsGoogle and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research and at the optimum point.
Internet Tools Google ScholarNote: Ifworking ONU buysoff Full-text database Google askscampus to link toplease see contentthe OhioLINK Permits“google Google to Run Googlescholar” link to full-text Scholartab at the SearchResearchGuide for ONU user sees licensed full-textWriting articlesSeminar
Critically analyzing web sources Currency Timeliness of the information. Relevance/Coverag Depth and importance of e the information. Source of the information. Authority Reliability of the Accuracy information Possible bias present in
Managing Information -RefWorks Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life! See: http://0- www.refworks.com.polar.onu.edu/ Write n’ Cite interfaces with MS Word Excellent Tutorials Help available at Heterick Research Guide for Writing Seminar for instructions on how to get your free-for- a-life-time account
Day 2… Review WWW, okay for research or just a bunch of crazy? Using databases to find scholarly research Field Research
ResearchDatabases “Pay to Internet (Search Engines) Play” Material from numerous sources, individual. Government, etc. Usually created by a single publisher Search engines must work with material prepared without regard for Content pre-arranged for easy specific software use Quality of material varies Quality/ content control thru editorial staff Generally do not access for-profit information Content usually available only to subscribers Content often anonymous and undated Content source usually identified and dated
What do I do next?Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
Research Tools∞Databases Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full text Divided by subject area offered at ONU Begin with a general database, Academic Search Complete JSTOR
Find an ArticlePeriodical means the same as MagazineUsually magazines are more “popular” Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for this and other Handouts
Research Tools∞DatabasesA. Academic Search Complete, Masterfile PremierB. JSTORC. Lexis-NexisD. Opposing ViewpointsE. Social Science Citation Index
General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
How to use JSTOR JSTOR was founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. Today, we enable the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these resources. Began adding current issues for some 170+ titles but mostly consists of back issues HML subscribes to the full-text component BUT also shows links to articles outside the library. You must pay attention to what you find. There is no “FIND IT” button Easiest way to work with JSTORis to get a free account and go from there.
Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Use when you need a book or article that is not available online, not owned by ONU or available via OhioLINK No charge/ limit on requests Most requests take 5-7 days to fill Use ILL form on library web
Field Research Field research can be considered either as a broad approach to qualitative research or a method of gathering qualitative data. The essential idea is that the researcher goes “into the field” to observe the phenomenon in it’s natural state or in situ. As such, it is probably most related to the method of participant observation. The field researcher typically takes extensive field notes which are subsequently coded and analyzed in a variety of ways (Trochimn, B 1999)
Field Research What is qualitative research? Qualitative research is a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and further contexts. Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in- depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. The qualitative method investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where, when. Hence, smaller but focused samples are more often needed, rather than large samples. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualitative_research
Field Research Observation Participant Direct Interview Survey Print Person Mail/Email Phone
Field Research More info on qualitative research http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/ qual.php http://www.qsrinternational.com/what-is- qualitative-research.aspx http://wilderdom.com/research/Qualitative VersusQuantitativeResearch.html http://carbon.ucdenver.edu/~mryder/itc/pra ct_res.html
QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail email@example.com Use Chat Help feature or the IM IM feature Tfirstname.lastname@example.org
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