ENGL 1231              Pitts   Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian   Assistant ProfessorHeterick Memorial Library
Introduction                   WelcomeProfessor Moritz, t-moritz@onu.eduFeel free to visit or emailLibrarians on duty...
How am I suppose toremember all this stuff?        
Libraries at ONU                    •Taggert Law        HeterickLibrary              Memorial Library•Library for Lawsch...
ONU card = Library ID                       Remember to               always use all               11 digits!
What we’ll do today             How to do researchHow to use library resources to do researchWhat resources to use whe...
How to do Research     Seven Steps of the Research Process     Amended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and U...
Start at the beginning   IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC                               •State your topic as a question   ...
Researching    FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION               STEP 2
•Highly structured information environment   Way individual records are arranged   Subject headings   Catalog software op...
Background Research -- Books Click on Library Catalog box at the home  page of the library
Find a Book -- POLAR
Find a Book -- POLAR  •Looks in several locations  (usually subject, article title,  abstracts or contents)  •Does not req...
Find a Book -- POLAR         
Find a Book -- OhioLINK                        Materials owned by all Ohio  colleges, universities, several public libra...
Find a Book -- OhioLINK                       Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public librari...
What about Google?                Does the information located     satisfy the research need?    Is the information fac...
What about Google?                    Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpo...
Google Scholar                                     Google ScholarNote: Ifworking               ONU buysoff                ...
CRAAP test                       Timeliness of theCurrency                                         information.        ...
Databases                       Often tools for locating journal      and newspaper articles     Most are subject-speci...
Academic Search CompleteLexis-NexisJSTOR : the Scholarly Journal ArchiveSearch by Subject/Discipline for subject spec...
Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full textDivided by subject area offered at ONUBegin with a general database, Ac...
Periodical means the  same as MagazineUsually magazines are  more “popular”Journals  Scholarly or Professional  Peer rev...
Academic SearchComplete



              KeywordSubject
What if it’s not available PDF or HTML?Always hit the “find it” icon and see what happens next.
 in EJC, the OhioLINK Could be available electronic database.
And could be available in print
Reserve means the periodical/journal is held at the front desk.Current means the issue is new and is available on the o...
Evaluating resources       Annotated Bibliography                to see what is        Allows you         out there     ...
Pulling it all together                          Managing the resources found:   Printing   Saving   ExportingSTEP 6
Pulling it all together             STEP 6
Pulling it all together                             Accuracy. If your page lists the author       and institution that pu...
Pulling it all together                    page is current and       Currency. If your       updated regularly (as stated...
Cite what you find using        standard formats                     There are 3 citation styles that are in frequent use...
Research Ethics        ACADEMICINTEGRITY
Research Ethics                  Copyright - intended to promote the arts and the sciences. It does this by providing au...
Research Ethics                  Plagiarism - “...the wrongful appropriation or purloining, and publication as one’s own...
Research Ethics                                 In other words, to plagiarize is to copy someone else’s work without giv...
Research Ethics                                                                2           How may I avoid plagiarizing?  ...
HELP                                        Traci Welch Moritz, MLS                   Public Services Librarian          ...
Writing Seminar Pitts Spring 2012
Writing Seminar Pitts Spring 2012
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Writing Seminar Pitts Spring 2012

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Writing Seminar Pitts Spring 2012

  1. 1. ENGL 1231 Pitts Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Assistant ProfessorHeterick Memorial Library
  2. 2. Introduction WelcomeProfessor Moritz, t-moritz@onu.eduFeel free to visit or emailLibrarians on duty 8-4:30, 6-9 Mon – Thurs, 8-4:30 Friday and 10-3:30 on SundaysIM and Chat Reference available certain times
  3. 3. How am I suppose toremember all this stuff? 
  4. 4. Libraries at ONU •Taggert Law HeterickLibrary Memorial Library•Library for Lawschool, Undergraduateaccessible to all Library, accessi ble to all
  5. 5. ONU card = Library ID  Remember to always use all 11 digits!
  6. 6. What we’ll do today How to do researchHow to use library resources to do researchWhat resources to use when doing research
  7. 7. How to do Research Seven Steps of the Research Process Amended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPICSTEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATIONSTEP 3: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES*STEP 4: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLESSTEP 5: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FINDSTEP 6: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHERSTEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FIND
  8. 8. Start at the beginning IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC  •State your topic as a question •Identify main concepts or keywords •Test the topic -- Look for keywords and synonyms and related terms for the information sought Subject headings in catalogs Built-in thesauri in many databases Reference sources Textbooks, lecture notes, readingsSTEP Internet Librarians, Instructors 1
  9. 9. Researching FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 2
  10. 10. •Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Emphasis on precision•Preparation relatively labor-intensive•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
  11. 11. Background Research -- Books Click on Library Catalog box at the home page of the library
  12. 12. Find a Book -- POLAR
  13. 13. Find a Book -- POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology
  14. 14. Find a Book -- POLAR 
  15. 15. Find a Book -- OhioLINK  Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
  16. 16. Find a Book -- OhioLINK Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public librariesCa. 10 million itemsLink from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home pageMost requests arrive in 3-5 working daysNo chargeLimited to 100 items at a timeMay keep up to 84 days
  17. 17. What about Google?  Does the information located satisfy the research need? Is the information factual and unbiased? See handout “Critically Analyzing Information Sources” the WritingSTEP Seminar Research Guide 3
  18. 18. What about Google? Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
  19. 19. Google Scholar Google ScholarNote: Ifworking ONU buysoff Full-text database Google askscampus to link toplease see contentthe OhioLINK Permits“google Google to Run Googlescholar” link to full-text Scholartab at the SearchResearchGuide for ONU user sees licensed full-textWriting articlesSeminar
  20. 20. CRAAP test  Timeliness of theCurrency  information.  Depth and importance of theRelevance/Coverage information.  Source of the information.Authority  Reliability of the informationAccuracy  Possible bias present in thePurpose/Objectivity information.
  21. 21. Databases  Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text ofSTEP articles 4 Heterick has 250+
  22. 22. Academic Search CompleteLexis-NexisJSTOR : the Scholarly Journal ArchiveSearch by Subject/Discipline for subject specific databases
  23. 23. Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full textDivided by subject area offered at ONUBegin with a general database, Academic Search Premier
  24. 24. Periodical means the same as MagazineUsually magazines are more “popular”Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed
  25. 25. Academic SearchComplete
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.  KeywordSubject
  30. 30. What if it’s not available PDF or HTML?Always hit the “find it” icon and see what happens next.
  31. 31.  in EJC, the OhioLINK Could be available electronic database.
  32. 32. And could be available in print
  33. 33. Reserve means the periodical/journal is held at the front desk.Current means the issue is new and is available on the open shelves beside the computer lab.All others are upstairs and arranged alphabetically by title.Bound means it’s out of the buildingArrived means it’s on the open shelvesExpected means it’s not here yet
  34. 34. Evaluating resources Annotated Bibliography  to see what is Allows you out there Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials Aids in developing the thesisSTEP Makes you a better scholar 5
  35. 35. Pulling it all together  Managing the resources found:  Printing  Saving  ExportingSTEP 6
  36. 36. Pulling it all together STEP 6
  37. 37. Pulling it all together  Accuracy. If your page lists the author and institution that published the page and provides a way of contacting him/her and… Authority. If your page lists the author credentials and its domain is preferred (.edu, .gov, .org, or .net), and, … Objectivity. If your page provides accurate information with limited advertising and it is objective in presentingSTEP the information, and… 6
  38. 38. Pulling it all together  page is current and Currency. If your updated regularly (as stated on the page) and the links (if any) are also up-to-date, and… Coverage. If you can view the information properly--not limited to fees, browser technology, or software requirement, then… You may have a Web page that could be of value to yourSTEP research! 6
  39. 39. Cite what you find using standard formats  There are 3 citation styles that are in frequent used at ONU. They are: •MLA (Modern Language Association) •APA (American Psychological Association) •CMS (Chicago Manual of Style)STEP 7
  40. 40. Research Ethics ACADEMICINTEGRITY
  41. 41. Research Ethics Copyright - intended to promote the arts and the sciences. It does this by providing authors of original literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, a nd certain other intellectual works the ability to control how their work is used by others.
  42. 42. Research Ethics Plagiarism - “...the wrongful appropriation or purloining, and publication as one’s own, the ideas or the expression of the ideas (literary, artistic, musical, mechanical, etc.) of an other.” – see Heterick Help Page and Student Code of
  43. 43. Research Ethics In other words, to plagiarize is to copy someone else’s work without giving him/her credit.Plagiarism is not always intentional. You can do 1 it by accident, but it is still against the law. If you ever have a question about whether something is plagiarized, please ask! 1. How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
  44. 44. Research Ethics 2 How may I avoid plagiarizing?  Identify any information that would not be considered common knowledge Unless in direct quotes, make sure you paraphrase what the original author said Use a quote if you can’t think of a way to paraphrase the information always, Always, ALWAYS cite the source of any information in your paper which is not considered common knowledge. If you are unsure if something is common knowledge, cite it! 2 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
  45. 45. HELP  Traci Welch Moritz, MLS Public Services Librarian Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial LibraryReference t-moritz@onu.eduLibrarians on 419-772-2473duty 419-772-21858a-4:30p Mon-Fri6p-9p Mon-Thur10a-3:30pSundays

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