Writing Seminar O'Connell

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Writing Seminar O'Connell

  1. 1. ENGL 1221 Dr. O’Connell Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Assistant ProfessorHeterick Memorial Library
  2. 2. Introduction WelcomeProfessor Moritz, t-moritz@onu.eduFeel free to visit or emailLibrarians on duty 8-4:30, 6-9 Mon – Thurs, 8-4:30 Friday and 10-3:30 on SundaysIM and Chat Reference available certain times
  3. 3. How am I suppose toremember all this stuff? 
  4. 4. Libraries at ONU •Taggert Law HeterickLibrary Memorial Library•Library for Lawschool, Undergraduateaccessible to all Library, accessi ble to all
  5. 5. ONU card = Library ID  Remember to always use all 11 digits!
  6. 6. What we’ll do today How to do researchHow to use library resources to do researchWhat resources to use when doing research
  7. 7. How to do Research Seven Steps of the Research Process Amended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPICSTEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATIONSTEP 3: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES (ifappropriate for the assignment)STEP 4: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLESSTEP 5: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FINDSTEP 6: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHERSTEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FIND
  8. 8. Start at the beginning IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC  •State your topic as a question •Identify main concepts or keywords •Test the topic -- Look for keywords and synonyms and related terms for the information sought Subject headings in catalogs Built-in thesauri in many databases Reference sources Textbooks, lecture notes, readingsSTEP Internet Librarians, Instructors 1
  9. 9. Researching FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 2
  10. 10. •Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Emphasis on precision•Preparation relatively labor-intensive•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
  11. 11. Find a Book -- POLAR 
  12. 12. Books - ShortcutsHold on, I’ve got an idea!
  13. 13. Books - Shortcuts   More to come in a minute
  14. 14. Background Research -- Books Click on the POLAR tab or Seach POLAR link
  15. 15. Find a Book -- POLAR 
  16. 16. Find a Book -- POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology
  17. 17. Find a Book -- POLAR 
  18. 18. Find a Book -- POLAR  If a book is available, go get it. Otherwise request via your other two options; OhioLINK or SearchOhio.
  19. 19. Find a Book -- OhioLINK  Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
  20. 20. Find a Book -- OhioLINK Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public librariesCa. 10 million itemsLink from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home pageMost requests arrive in 3-5 working daysNo chargeLimited to 100 items at a timeMay keep up to 84 days
  21. 21. SearchOhio Access to several Ohio public libraries Access via OhioLINK  An option when item wanted is not available at ONU or through OhioLINK
  22. 22. Find a Book -- POLAR  A small but growing part of the collection are Ebooks Click tolink to content
  23. 23. What about Google?  Does the information located satisfy the research need? Is the information factual and unbiased? See handout “Critically Analyzing Information Sources” the WritingSTEP Seminar Research Guide 3
  24. 24. What about Google? Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
  25. 25. Google Scholar Google ScholarNote: Ifworking ONU buysoff Full-text database Google askscampus to link toplease see contentthe OhioLINK Permits“google Google to Run Googlescholar” link to full-text Scholartab at the SearchResearchGuide for ONU user sees licensed full-textWriting articlesSeminar
  26. 26. CRAAP test  Timeliness of theCurrency  information.  Depth and importance of theRelevance/Coverage information.  Source of the information.Authority  Reliability of the informationAccuracy  Possible bias present in thePurpose/Objectivity information.
  27. 27. Databases  Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text ofSTEP articles 4 Heterick has 250+
  28. 28. Academic Search CompleteLexis-NexisJSTOR : the Scholarly Journal ArchiveSearch by Subject/Discipline for subject specific databases
  29. 29. Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full textDivided by subject area offered at ONUBegin with a general database, Academic Search Premier
  30. 30. Periodical means the same as MagazineUsually magazines are more “popular”Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed
  31. 31. Academic SearchComplete
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35.  KeywordSubject
  36. 36. What if it’s not available PDF or HTML?Always hit the “find it” icon and see what happens next.
  37. 37.  in EJC, the OhioLINK Could be available electronic database.
  38. 38. And could be available in print
  39. 39. Reserve means the periodical/journal is held at the front desk.Current means the issue is new and is available on the open shelves beside the computer lab.All others are upstairs and arranged alphabetically by title.Bound means it’s out of the buildingArrived means it’s on the open shelvesExpected means it’s not here yet
  40. 40. Evaluating resources Annotated Bibliography  to see what is Allows you out there Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials Aids in developing the thesisSTEP Makes you a better scholar 5
  41. 41. Pulling it all together  Managing the resources found:  Printing  Saving  Exporting
  42. 42. Pulling it all together STEP STEP 6 6
  43. 43. Cite what you find using standard formats  There are 3 citation styles that are in frequent used at ONU. They are: •MLA (Modern Language Association) •APA (American Psychological Association) •CMS (Chicago Manual of Style)STEP 7
  44. 44. Research Ethics ACADEMICINTEGRITY
  45. 45. Research Ethics Copyright - intended to promote the arts and the sciences. It does this by providing authors of original literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works the ability to control how their work is used by others.
  46. 46. Research Ethics Plagiarism - “...the wrongful appropriation or purloining, and publication as one’s own, the ideas or the expression of the ideas (literary, artistic, musical, mechanical, etc.) of an other.” – see Heterick Help Page and Student Code of Conduct
  47. 47. Research Ethics In other words, to plagiarize is to copy someone else’s work without giving him/her credit.Plagiarism is not always intentional. You can do 1 it by accident, but it is still against the law. If you ever have a question about whether something is plagiarized, please ask! 1. How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
  48. 48. Research Ethics 2 How may I avoid plagiarizing?  Identify any information that would not be considered common knowledge Unless in direct quotes, make sure you paraphrase what the original author said Use a quote if you can’t think of a way to paraphrase the information always, Always, ALWAYS cite the source of any information in your paper which is not considered common knowledge. If you are unsure if something is common knowledge, cite it! 2 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
  49. 49. HELP  Traci Welch Moritz, MLS Public Services Librarian Assistant ProfessorReference Heterick Memorial Library reference@onu.eduLibrarians on t-moritz@onu.eduduty 419-772-24738a-4:30p Mon-Fri 419-772-21856p-9p Mon-Thur10a-3:30pSundays

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