Research Strategies


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Research Strategies

  1. 1. Research Strategies Professor Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Heterick Memorial Library
  2. 2. WELCOME to the LIBRARY
  3. 3. Introduction • Welcome • Professor Moritz, • Feel free to visit or email • Librarians on duty 8-4:30, 6-9 Mon – Thurs, 8-4:30 Friday and 10-3:30 on Sundays
  4. 4. Librarians and support staff Professor Baril Professor Logsdon Ms. Kobiela Professor Donley Professor Moritz
  5. 5. What you can expect from HML • Knowledgeable degreed librarians on duty over 60 hours per week • Friendly faces ready to help 101.5 hours per week • Access to the resources you need both on and off campus • Resources available in a timely manner
  6. 6. What we expect you to know WorldCAT 1.4 billion items OhioLINK POLAR Ca. 20,000,000 items Ca. 400,000 items
  7. 7. + even more! • 250 Databases • About 700+ print periodical subscriptions • 10s of thousands electronic journal titles • Juvenile collection • Audiovisuals – physical and streaming
  8. 8. The next two class sessions • • • • • • • Learn about Research Guides Create a RefWorks account Learn how to construct a research strategy Identify and locate print resources Learn how to navigate databases “Last resort” option Evaluate web resources
  9. 9. How am I suppose to remember all this stuff?
  10. 10. Libraries at ONU •Taggert Law Library •Library for Law school, accessible to all • Heterick Memorial Library Undergraduate library, accessible to all
  11. 11. ONU card = Library ID Remember to always use all 11 digits!
  12. 12. How to do Research Seven Steps of the Research Process Amended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC STEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 3: USE CATALOGS TO FIND BOOKS AND MEDIA STEP 4: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES (if appropriate for the assignment) STEP 5: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES STEP 6: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND STEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FIND
  13. 13. Start at the beginning IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC •State your topic as a question •Identify main concepts or keywords •Test the topic -- STEP 1 Look for keywords and synonyms and related terms for the information sought Subject headings in catalogs Built-in thesauri in many databases Reference sources Textbooks, lecture notes, readings Internet Librarians, Instructors
  14. 14. Background Research FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 2
  15. 15. Background Research Oxford Reference or any of the specific Oxford reference available electronically subject books
  16. 16. Background Research -- Books USE CATALOGS TO FIND BOOKS AND MEDIA STEP 3
  17. 17. Find a Book -- POLAR
  18. 18. Books - Shortcuts Hold on, I’ve got an idea!
  19. 19. Books - Shortcuts • More to come in a minute
  20. 20. Background Research -- Books •Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats •Implies heavy human involvement •Emphasis on precision •Preparation relatively labor-intensive •Implies a learning curve to use successfully
  21. 21. Catalogs • POLAR -- Accessing items located at HML (physical and electronic) as well as Law Library • OhioLINK -- Next Step if you can’t find what you want in the HML collection • ILL -- option of last resort
  22. 22. Find a Book -- POLAR
  23. 23. Find a Book -- POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology
  24. 24. Find a Book -- POLAR
  25. 25. Find a Book -- POLAR If a book is available, go get it. Otherwise request via your other two options; OhioLINK or SearchOhio.
  26. 26. Find a Book -- OhioLINK • Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries • Ca. 10 million items • Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page • Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days • No charge • Limited to 100 items at a time • MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
  27. 27. Find a Book -- OhioLINK
  28. 28. Find a Book -- OhioLINK 1. Make sure copies are available at other libraries 2. Click on request button
  29. 29. Find a book -- OhioLINK 3. Select Ohio Northern 4. Enter your first and last name and all 11 digits exactly as they appear on your ID 5. Be sure to select Heterick as your pick up location and then click submit. 6. An email will be sent when the item is ready for pickup
  30. 30. Find a book -- SearchOhio • Access to several Ohio public libraries • Access via OhioLINK • An option when item wanted is not available at ONU or through OhioLINK
  31. 31. Find a Book -- Ebooks • A small but growing part of the collection are Ebooks • Click to link to content
  32. 32. Public terminal on third floor
  33. 33. My Library Account Allows you to see what you have checked out and requested. Allows you to renew online (if possible). Allows you to see charges on your account.
  34. 34. My Library Account Enter first and last name and all 11 digits on university ID
  35. 35. My Library Account • For more information visit the Library Information page
  36. 36. Library App • fm
  37. 37. What do I do next? FIND INTERNET RESOURCES Comprehensive search engines: •Alta Vista • •Excite STEP 4 •Scholar.Google •Hotbot •Lycos •Wisenut Subject portals: •Librarians' Index to the Internet •WWW Virtual Library Multi-engine searching: MetaCrawler Vivisimo
  38. 38. What about Google? Image by Kimberly Butler
  39. 39. CRAAP test • Currency • Timeliness of the information. • Relevance/Coverage • Depth and importance of the information. • Authority • Source of the information. • Accuracy • Reliability of the information • Purpose/Objectivity • Possible bias present in the information.
  40. 40. Google Scholar STEP 4
  41. 41. Google Scholar Note: If working off campus please see the “google scholar” tab at the Research Guide for Writing Seminar Google Scholar ONU buys Full-text database OhioLINK Permits Google to link to full-text ONU user sees licensed full-text articles Google asks to link to content Run Google Scholar Search
  42. 42. Web Research vs Library Databases Internet (Search Engines) Databases “Pay to Play” • Material from numerous sources, individual. Government, etc. • Search engines must work with material prepared without regard for specific software • Quality of material varies • Generally do not access forprofit information • Content often anonymous and undated • Usually created by a single publisher • Content pre-arranged for easy use • Quality/ content control thru editorial staff • Content usually available only to subscribers • Content source usually identified and dated
  44. 44. Databases • Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles • Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary • Many give access to full text of articles • Heterick has 250+
  45. 45. What is an academic article? • Academic articles or scholarly journal articles or peer reviewed journal articles are all found in scholarly journals. • A scholarly journal Scholarly Journals are journals which are respected for the research and information they provide about the topic they cover. • They are written by and for people who have experience in a discipline or field. • They usually have a more serious look than most popular magazines and contain graphs and charts but do not usually have many pictures. • Scholarly journals cite their sources using footnotes or bibliographies. Although some scholarly journals have advertisements they are not prominent and usually relate directly to the topic of the journal.
  46. 46. Find an Article • Periodical means the same as Magazine Usually magazines are more “popular” • Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed
  47. 47. Parts of an academic journal article
  48. 48. Click on “Databases”
  49. 49. Find an Article General Databases • Academic Search Complete • JSTOR • Opposing Viewpoints • Subject specific 49
  50. 50. Find an Article
  51. 51. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  52. 52. Find an Article
  53. 53. Find an Article Some articles available full-text html or pdf
  54. 54. Find an Article • What if it’s not available PDF or HTML? • Always hit the “find it” icon and see what happens next.
  55. 55. Find an Article • It may have to be requested ILL
  56. 56. Find an Article • It may be available Full text from OhioLINK or another database
  57. 57. Find an Article • And could be available in print
  58. 58. InterLibrary Loan Fill in the blanks
  59. 59. How to keep track of articles
  60. 60. Save, Print, Export
  61. 61. Bibliographic Citation Software
  62. 62. Manage Information - RefWorks • Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life! • See “RefWorks” tab at Research Guide • Excellent Tutorials • Help available at Heterick
  63. 63. RefWorks
  64. 64. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  65. 65. How to use JSTOR • JSTOR was founded in 1995 to build trusted digital archives for scholarship. Today, we enable the scholarly community to preserve their work and the materials they rely upon, and to build a common research platform that promotes the discovery and use of these resources. • Began adding current issues for some 170+ titles but mostly consists of back issues • HML subscribes to the full-text component BUT also shows links to articles outside the library. You must pay attention to what you find. • There is no “FIND IT” button • Easiest way to work with JSTOR is to get a free account and go from there.
  66. 66. Head right to “Advanced Search”
  67. 67. Advanced Searching You will want to uncheck the “only content I can access box and leave the other checked.
  68. 68. JSTOR results list Still happy because you can get articles just need to “click through”
  69. 69. Managing results list in JSTOR
  70. 70. Exporting to RefWorks
  71. 71. Subject Specific Database
  72. 72. Annotated Bibliography EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND • Allows you to see what is out there • Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials • Aids in developing the thesis • Makes you a better scholar STEP 6
  73. 73. How to manage all you find STEP 6
  74. 74. Log in to your account
  75. 75. Access ILL forms
  76. 76. ILL -- Fill in the blanks Article will appear in ONU email as a pdf attachment
  77. 77. How to do Research CITE WHAT YOU FIND There are 3 citation styles that are in frequent used at ONU. They are: •MLA (Modern Language Association) •APA (American Psychological Association) •CMS (Chicago Manual of Style) STEP 7
  78. 78. HELP Reference Librarians on duty 8a-4:30p Mon-Fri 6p-9p Mon-Thur 10a-3:30p Sundays Traci Welch Moritz, MLS Public Services Librarian Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial Library 419-772-2473 419-772-2185