Annotated Bibliography & Research Strategies Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian/ Assistant Professor Heterick Memorial Library PLSC 366
What today is all about To get you started Aid in constructing research strategy for finding resources for annotated bibliography Find resources in library catalog and databases available Everything shown today is available at Research Guides for HONR 231
Research Guide for PLSC 366 http://libguides.onu.edu/historiography
Writing an analytical research paper Ask a question DO: Exploring the topic Research the topic Explain the topic Critically evaluate Use primary and secondary resources DO NOT: Take a stance Be persuasive Worry about your definitive research question too soon
What do I do first?
Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question.
Most databases now use an implied boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started.
Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search
See Research Guide for PLSC 336.
Start big doing background reading
Narrow your topic for a more focused product
Research narrowed topic using subject specificdatabases
Keep track of bibliographic citations to avoid trouble down the road.
Ask a question
Annotated Bibliography Allows you to see what is out there Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials Aids in developing the thesis Makes you a better scholar
Managing Information - RefWorks Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life! See: http://0-www.refworks.com.polar.onu.edu/ Write n’ Cite interfaces with MS Word Excellent Tutorials Help available at Heterick Research Guide for HONR 231 for instructions on how to get your free-for-a-life-time account
Bibliographic Citation Software REFWORKS
Internet Tools Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
Internet Tools FIND INTERNET RESOURCES Subject portals:
Librarians' Index to the Internet
WWW Virtual Library
Comprehensive search engines:
Multi-engine searching: MetaCrawler Vivisimo WIKIPEDIA
Internet Tools Google Scholar Note: If working off campus please see the “google scholar” tab at the Research Guide ONU buys Full-text database Google asks to link to content OhioLINK Permits Google to link to full-text Run Google Scholar Search ONU user sees licensed full-text articles
Critically analyzing web sources What? is the page/site about Who? created and maintains this site Where? Is the information coming from Why? Is the information presented on the web When? Was the page created or last updated How? Accurate or credible is the page Used with permission by the library staff at Wisconsin
What do I do next? Use library resources to continue your background research.
FIND A BOOK∞POLAR
FIND A BOOK∞POLAR
Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents)
Does not require an exact match
Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise)
Good if you are not familiar with terminology
Look for the same or similar words which keep appearing
FIND A BOOK∞POLAR Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record
Looks in one place – subject
Usually requires an exact match between your term and a pre-set list of terms
Can be used after keyword search has identified specific subjects
Find a Book∞OhioLink Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
What do I do next? Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
Research Tools∞Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text of articles Heterick has over 250
Research Tools∞Databases Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full text Divided by subject area offered at ONU Begin with a general database, Academic Search Complete JSTOR
Find an Article Periodical means the same as Magazine Usually magazines are more “popular” Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed See Research Guide for HONR 231 for this and other Handouts
Primary v. Secondary Primary Secondary In the humanities, a primary source could be defined as something that was created either during the time period being studied or afterward by individuals reflecting on their involvement in the events of that time. Secondary Sources analyze or interpret an historical event or artistic work. Secondary sources often base their theories and arguments on the direct evidence found in primary sources. A secondary work for a subject is one that discusses the subject but is written after the time contemporary with it. Primary Sources: Definitions. Lafayette College Libraries & Academic Information Resources. <http://ww2.lafayette.edu/~library/guides/primarysources/definitions.html> Accessed August 8, 2007. Secondary Sources defined. Ellen George. University of British Columbia Library http://toby.library.ubc.ca/webpage/webpage.cfm?id=579#footnotes1>.Access August 8, 2007
Research Tools∞Databases Academic Search Complete JSTOR Lexis-Nexis Worldwide Political Science Abstracts International Political Science Abstracts
General Database Academic Search Complete Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
General Database JSTOR Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
Newspapers at Heterick Ada Herald Akron Beacon Journal The Blade -- Toledo Chicago Tribune Chronicle of Higher Education Cincinnati Enquirer Columbus Dispatch Courier -- Findlay Courier Journal -- Louisville Dayton Daily News Kenton Times Lima News Los Angeles Times New York Times Plain Dealer -- Cleveland Wall Street Journal Washington Post Until microform arrives 30 days 30 days 30 days Until microform arrives 30 days 30 days 30 days 30 days 30 days 30 days 30 days 30 days Until microform arrives 30 days Until microform arrives 30 days Lexis NexisAcademicWall Street JournalHistorical New York TimesNewspaper databases at HML
Subject Specific Database
Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Use when you need a book or article that is not available online, not owned by ONU or available via OhioLINK No charge/ limit on requests Most requests take 5-7 days to fill Use ILL form on library web pages.
QUESTIONS? Ask at the Reference Desk Phone the Reference Desk – 2185 Contact us by E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org Use Chat Help feature or the IM IM feature