Plsc 336


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Plsc 336

  1. 1. Annotated Bibliography & Research Strategies<br />Traci Welch Moritz<br />Public Services Librarian/<br />Assistant Professor<br />Heterick Memorial Library<br />PLSC 366<br />
  2. 2. What today is all about <br />To get <br />you started<br />Aid in constructing research strategy for finding resources for annotated bibliography<br />Find resources in library catalog and databases available<br />Everything shown today is available at Research Guides for HONR 231<br />
  3. 3. Research Guide for PLSC 366<br /><br />
  4. 4. Writing an analytical research paper<br />Ask a question<br />DO:<br />Exploring the topic<br />Research the topic<br />Explain the topic<br />Critically evaluate<br />Use primary and secondary resources<br />DO NOT:<br />Take a stance<br />Be persuasive<br />Worry about your definitive research question too soon<br />
  5. 5. What do I do first?<br /><ul><li>Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question.
  6. 6. Most databases now use an implied boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started.
  7. 7. Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search
  8. 8. See Research Guide for PLSC 336.</li></ul>WHO CARES?<br />
  9. 9. Research Strategy<br /><ul><li>Start big doing background reading
  10. 10. Narrow your topic for a more focused product
  11. 11. Research narrowed topic using subject specificdatabases
  12. 12. Keep track of bibliographic citations to avoid trouble down the road.</li></ul>Ask a question<br />
  13. 13. Annotated Bibliography<br />Allows you to see what is out there<br />Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials<br />Aids in developing the thesis <br />Makes you a better scholar<br />
  14. 14. Managing Information - RefWorks<br />Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life!<br />See:<br />Write n’ Cite interfaces with MS Word<br />Excellent Tutorials<br />Help available at Heterick <br />Research Guide for HONR 231 for instructions on how to get your free-for-a-life-time account<br />
  15. 15. Bibliographic Citation Software<br /> REFWORKS<br />
  16. 16. Internet Tools<br />Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.<br />
  17. 17. Internet Tools<br />FIND INTERNET RESOURCES<br />Subject portals:<br /><ul><li>Librarians' Index to the Internet
  18. 18. WWW Virtual Library</li></ul>Comprehensive search engines:<br /><ul><li>Alta Vista
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Excite
  21. 21. Scholar.Google
  22. 22. Hotbot
  23. 23. Lycos
  24. 24. Wisenut</li></ul>Multi-engine searching:<br />MetaCrawler<br />Vivisimo<br />WIKIPEDIA<br />
  25. 25. Internet Tools<br />Google Scholar<br />Note: If working off<br />campus please see the “google scholar” tab at the Research Guide<br />ONU buys<br />Full-text<br />database<br />Google asks<br />to link to<br />content<br />OhioLINK<br />Permits<br />Google to<br />link to full-text<br />Run Google Scholar<br />Search<br />ONU user sees <br />licensed full-text<br />articles<br />
  26. 26. Critically analyzing web sources<br />What? is the page/site about<br />Who? created and maintains this site<br />Where? Is the information coming from <br />Why? Is the information presented on the web <br />When? Was the page created or last updated<br />How? Accurate or credible is the page<br />Used with permission by the library staff at Wisconsin<br />
  27. 27. What do I do next?<br />Use library resources to continue your background research.<br />
  28. 28. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR<br />
  29. 29. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR<br /><ul><li>Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents)
  30. 30. Does not require an exact match
  31. 31. Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise)
  32. 32. Good if you are not familiar with terminology
  33. 33. Look for the same or similar words which keep appearing </li></ul>KEYWORD <br />
  34. 34. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR<br />Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record<br /><ul><li>Looks in one place – subject
  35. 35. Usually requires an exact match between your term and a pre-set list of terms
  36. 36. Precise
  37. 37. Can be used after keyword search has identified specific subjects</li></ul>SUBJECT <br />
  38. 38. Find a Book∞OhioLink<br />Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries<br />Ca. 10 million items<br />Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page<br />Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days<br />No charge <br />Limited to 100 items at a time<br />MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES<br />
  39. 39. What do I do next?<br />Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy<br />
  40. 40. Research Tools∞Databases<br />Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles<br />Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary<br />Many give access to full text of articles<br />Heterick has over 250<br />
  41. 41. Research Tools∞Databases<br />Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full text<br />Divided by subject area offered at ONU<br />Begin with a general database, <br />Academic Search Complete<br />JSTOR<br />
  42. 42. Find an Article<br />Periodical means the same as Magazine<br />Usually magazines are more “popular” <br />Journals<br />Scholarly or Professional<br />Peer reviewed<br />See Research Guide for HONR 231 for this and other Handouts<br />
  43. 43. Primary v. Secondary<br />Primary<br />Secondary<br />In the humanities, a primary source could be defined as something that was created either during the time period being studied or afterward by individuals reflecting on their involvement in the events of that time.<br />Secondary Sources analyze or interpret an historical event or artistic work. Secondary sources often base their theories and arguments on the direct evidence found in primary sources. A secondary work for a subject is one that discusses the subject but is written after the time contemporary with it.<br />Primary Sources: Definitions. Lafayette College Libraries & Academic Information Resources. <> Accessed August 8, 2007. <br />Secondary Sources defined. Ellen George. University of British Columbia Library>.Access August 8, 2007<br />
  44. 44. Research Tools∞Databases<br />Academic Search Complete<br />JSTOR<br />Lexis-Nexis<br />Worldwide Political Science Abstracts<br />International Political Science Abstracts<br />
  45. 45. General Database<br />Academic Search Complete<br />Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles<br />
  46. 46. General Database<br />JSTOR<br />Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles<br />
  47. 47. Newspapers at Heterick <br />Ada Herald<br />Akron Beacon Journal<br />The Blade -- Toledo<br />Chicago Tribune<br />Chronicle of Higher Education<br />Cincinnati Enquirer<br />Columbus Dispatch<br />Courier -- Findlay<br />Courier Journal -- Louisville<br />Dayton Daily News<br />Kenton Times<br />Lima News<br />Los Angeles Times<br />New York Times<br />Plain Dealer -- Cleveland<br />Wall Street Journal<br />Washington Post<br />Until microform arrives<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />Until microform arrives<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />30 days<br />Until microform arrives<br />30 days<br />Until microform arrives<br />30 days<br />Lexis NexisAcademicWall Street JournalHistorical New York TimesNewspaper databases at HML<br />
  48. 48. Subject Specific Database<br />
  49. 49. Interlibrary Loan (ILL)<br />Use when you need a book or article that is not available online, not owned by ONU or available via OhioLINK<br />No charge/ limit on requests<br />Most requests take 5-7 days to fill<br />Use ILL form on library web pages.<br />
  50. 50. QUESTIONS?<br />Ask at the Reference Desk<br />Phone the Reference Desk – 2185<br />Contact us by E-mail<br />Use Chat Help feature or the IM<br />IM feature<br />