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  • 1. Professor Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Heterick Memorial Library
  • 2. What today is all aboutAid in constructing researchstrategy for finding resources forannotated bibliographyFind resources in library catalogand databases available •Everything shown today is available at Research Guide for Comparative Politics
  • 3. Research Guide
  • 4. Writing an analytical research paper Ask a question DO: DO NOT: Exploring the topic Take a stance Research the topic Be persuasive Explain the topic Worry about your definitive research Critically evaluate question too soon Use primary and secondary resources
  • 5. What do I do first? Take a look at your topic and identify key search terms, Ask a question. Most databases now use an implied Boolean logic search scheme so a keyword search will get you started. Boolean logic is the use of AND, NOT, OR to narrow or expand your search See Research Guide WHO
  • 6. Research Strategy•Start big doing backgroundreading•Narrow your topic for amore focused product•Research narrowed topicusing subject specificdatabases Ask a question•Keep track of bibliographiccitations to avoid troubledown the road.
  • 7. Managing Information - RefWorks Licensed state-wide, access free to Ohio students for the rest of your life! See: http://0-www.refworks.com.polar.onu.edu/ Write n’ Cite interfaces with MS Word Excellent Tutorials Help available at Heterick Research Guide for instructions on how to get your free-for-a-life-time account
  • 8. Bibliographic Citation Software REFWORKS
  • 9. What do I do next?Use library resources to continue your backgroundresearch.
  • 10. •Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Emphasis on precision•Preparation relatively labor-intensive•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
  • 11. Find a Book -- POLAR
  • 12. Books - ShortcutsHold on, I’ve gotan idea!
  • 13. Books - Shortcuts More to come in a minute
  • 14. Background Research -- Books Click on the POLAR tab or Search POLAR link
  • 15. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR
  • 16. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology •Look for the same or similar words which keep appearing
  • 17. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR •Looks in one place – subject •Usually requires an exact match between your term and a pre-set list of terms •Precise •Can be used after keyword search has identified specific subjects • See Research Guide for suggestions • Click on the “Find Similar Items” link found on each item record
  • 18. Find a Book∞OhioLink
  • 19. Find a Book∞OhioLinkMaterials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities,several public librariesCa. 10 million itemsLink from POLAR permits you to submit requests.Available from Heterick home pageMost requests arrive in 3-5 working daysNo chargeLimited to 100 items at a timeMAY RENEW UP TO 6 TIMES
  • 20. SearchOhioAccess to several Ohio public librariesAccess via OhioLINKAn option when item wanted is not available at ONU or through OhioLINK
  • 21. Internet ToolsGoogle and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
  • 22. Internet ToolsNote: If Google Scholarworking off ONU buyscampus please Full-textsee the database Google asks“google to link toscholar” tab at contentthe Research OhioLINKGuide for Permitsinformation on Google to Run Googlehow to set link to full-text Scholaryour “scholar Searchpreferences” ONU user sees licensed full-text articles
  • 23. Critically analyzing web sourcesWhat? is the page/site aboutWho? created and maintains this siteWhere? Is the information coming fromWhy? Is the information presented on the webWhen? Was the page created or last updatedHow? Accurate or credible is the page Used with permission by the library staff at Wisconsin
  • 24. Other research guides to consult
  • 25. Primary v. SecondaryPrimary Secondary Secondary Sources analyze or interpret In the humanities, a primary source an historical event or artistic work. could be defined as something that Secondary sources often base their was created either during the time theories and arguments on the direct evidence found in primary sources. A period being studied or afterward by secondary work for a subject is one that individuals reflecting on their discusses the subject but is written involvement in the events of that after the time contemporary with it. time.Primary Sources: Definitions. Lafayette College Libraries & Academic Information Resources.<http://ww2.lafayette.edu/~library/guides/primarysources/definitions.html> Accessed August 8, 2007.Secondary Sources defined. Ellen George. University of British Columbia Libraryhttp://toby.library.ubc.ca/webpage/webpage.cfm?id=579#footnotes1>.Access August 8, 2007
  • 26. What do I do next?Use databases to find articles based on your search strategy
  • 27. Find an ArticlePeriodical means thesame as MagazineUsually magazines aremore “popular”JournalsScholarly or Professional See Research GuidePeer reviewed for HONR 231 for this and other Handouts
  • 28. Research Tools∞DatabasesOften tools for locating journal andnewspaper articlesMost are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinaryMany give access to full text of articlesHeterick has over 250
  • 29. Research Tools∞DatabasesOver 20,000 journals indexed, mostare full textDivided by subject area offered atONUBegin with a general database,•Academic Search Complete•JSTOR
  • 30. Research Tools∞DatabasesA. JSTORB. Lexis-Nexis AcademicC. International Political Science AbstractsD.Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO)E. Academic Search Complete/Masterfile Premier
  • 31. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  • 32. General Database Scholarly journals, peer reviewed articles
  • 33. Newspapers at HeterickAda Herald Until microform arrivesAkron Beacon Journal 30 daysThe Blade -- Toledo 30 daysChicago Tribune 30 daysChronicle of Higher Education Until microform arrivesCincinnati Enquirer 30 daysColumbus Dispatch 30 daysCourier -- Findlay 30 daysCourier Journal -- Louisville 30 daysDayton Daily News 30 daysKenton Times 30 daysLima News 30 daysLos Angeles Times 30 daysNew York Times Until microform arrivesPlain Dealer -- Cleveland 30 daysWall Street Journal Until microform arrivesWashington Post 30 daysLexis Nexis Academic Wall Street Journal HistoricalNew York Times Newspaper databases at HML
  • 34. Lexis Nexis Academic
  • 35. Subject Specific Database • International Organizations • IPSA • CIAO
  • 36. Interlibrary Loan (ILL)Use when you need a book or articlethat is not available online, notowned by ONU or available viaOhioLINKNo charge/ limit on requestsMost requests take 5-7 days to fillUse ILL form on library web pages.
  • 37. QUESTIONS?Ask at the Reference DeskPhone the Reference Desk – 2185Contact us by E-mail reference@onu.edut-moritz@onu.edu for personal referenceappointments