Consider this article. I’m reading through it and right away know I need to look up some things.I know what a cuneiform tablet is and I some things about Babylonia but nothing about their mathematics.So what am I going to do? Head to Wikipedia and Google.
EXDS 2001 Global
Professor Traci Welch Moritz
Public Services Librarian
What we’ll do today
• Resources for research
• Primary, secondary, tertiary
• Hints, tips and tricks for the
• Citing in powerpoints
Primary resources in the
sciences most often
consists or original
• the work researchers
do in the laboratory
and then write up and
publish in formal lab
research articles .
• Primary sources
• A detailed description
• References to other
scientists in the field
• Source material
for latest findings
Secondary sources in the
sciences are those that
discuss the original research
• analyze material found in
primary source research.
provide context for
the Primary Source
• Summaries of
• A tertiary source discuses
or summarizes material
published in Primary and
– Almanacs, dictio
– Indexes, bibliogr
– Text books
– Newspaper, mag
How to conduct research
• Consider the information sought
• Who cares?
Who would write about it?
Who would read what they
Where would you expect this
information to be published?
What about the web?
to be used at
time for the
Sherlock Holmes in
• Cuneiform tablet
• Otto Neugebauer
• Abraham Sachs
Wiki + Biography Reference Bank + Oxford
• Article-level searching for all
• Article-level searching for a variety
of other databases: JSTOR,
Hoover’s, AccessPharmacy, etc.
• Title-level searching for most other
databases: IEEE, CIAO, Proquest
Nursing & Allied Health
• OhioLink central catalog
• Plagiarism - “...the wrongful
appropriation or purloining, and publication
as one’s own, the ideas or the expression
of the ideas
(literary, artistic, musical, mechanical, etc.)
of an other.” – see Heterick Help
Page, Also Student Code of Conduct
• Copyright - intended to promote the
arts and the sciences. It does this by
providing authors of original
literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and
certain other intellectual works the ability to
control how their work is used by others.
• In other words, to plagiarize is
to copy someone else’s work
without giving him/her credit.
• Plagiarism is not always intentional.
You can do it by accident, but it is
still against the law. If you ever have
a question about whether something
is plagiarized, please ask!
1. How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
• Identify any information that would not be
considered common knowledge
• Unless in direct quotes, make sure you
paraphrase what the original author said
• Use a quote if you can’t think of a way to
paraphrase the information
• always, Always, ALWAYS cite the source of any
information in your paper which is not
considered common knowledge. If you are
unsure if something is common knowledge, cite
2 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
How may I avoid plagiarizing?2
Things that are found in a number of
places, and are likely to be known by a large
number of people.
– The sky is blue
– Grass is usually green
– George Washington was the 1st president of the
So what is common knowledge
3 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
Main Entry: para·phrase
1 : a restatement of a text,
passage, or work giving the
meaning in another form
What does paraphrase mean?
When you paraphrase something, it is
different than putting it in your own words.
When you put something in your own
words, you are making a statement about
the information you have found, rather
than just restating the information. Usually
there is an opinion of some sort in
something “in your own words”
What does it mean to put something
in my own words?
4 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
• Main Entry: quote
1 a : to speak or write (a
passage) from another usually
with credit acknowledgment b :
to repeat a passage from,
especially in substantiation or
What is a quote?
• A citation is how you indicate where your
information came from.
• There are four citation styles that are in frequent
use at the college level. They are:
• MLA (Modern Language Association)
• APA (American Psychological Association)
• CMS (Chicago Manual of Style)
• Turabian (Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of
Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 6th ed.,
• Each style has a way to do in-text citations, a way
to do a bibliography, and a way to do footnotes
• Always confirm with each instructor the style
• You need to learn how to do citations, etc., but
there is a citation software management tool
available to all ONU students, faculty and staff…
What is a citation?
• Whenever you use information that is
not common knowledge
• Whenever you use information that you
did not know before doing the research
• Whenever you quote another person’s
ideas or word, whether they are written
• Whenever you paraphrase another
person’s written or spoken words or
When should I cite my sources?
5 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
How to cite in a ppt
• Commonly accepted practices
– A citation within a slide
– A citation in the notes field of each
slide for which you need to note
– A slide at the end with appropriate
• Always ask the instructor if
preferences are not noted in the
• Communications Skills Center
• firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Heterick Memorial Library
Need a little extra help with your research?
Finding plenty of resources, but not exactly what you are looking for?
Has it been suggested by instructor to meet with a librarian?
An in-depth research consultation with the librarian of your choice is available
Sessions may run for 30-60 minutes and are designed to assist students with
finding and evaluating resources
Schedule an appointment by visiting