Just by looking at someone you can often tell by the look in their eyes how their day is going. If they are tired, sick, angry, sad, happy, or joyful it is all there in plain sight! From the beginning of time, the eyes have been recognized as having great power and meaning – a symbol of greatness, a symbol of greed, and even protection. The eyes, like the genitalia, are considered important in developing a sense of identity. How often have you heard the correlation of the punishment of blinding someone for the crime of lust?
According to the U.S. Census of 2000 the Older population is expected to grow tremendously. Here I have broken it down just for the State of Louisiana for you to see.
Eye see you
EYE SEE YOU<br />Traci Boudreaux, Student Nurse<br />L.E. Fletcher Technical Community College<br />Med- Surge I March 25, 2011<br />
It is often said that the eyes are the windows to someone’s soul…but some believe that the eyes are a map of the human body.<br />Our every emotion and even sickness can be discerned by our eyes!<br />Most of the sensory input to the brain is through the eyes (Swartz).<br />Greek mythology recognized the importance of the eye and has many representations.<br />Age-old link between the genitalia and the eye.<br />They provide so much visible information, yet the eyes are mostly ignored until they become problematic.<br />
Louisiana’s Population of those 60+, according to the U.S. Census<br />
What does this mean for us?<br />Considering that nearly twenty percent or over 800,000 of Louisiana’s population is currently over the age of 60 (and that number is expected to climb) we should be aware of what to look for in our patients’ eyes that can clue us in on the best care to provide!<br />According to Dr. David Quillen , one in every three people over age 65 has an eye condition that may cause vision loss.<br />Based on this, what do we need to be aware of?<br />Common eye disorders <br />Common eye diseases<br />Normal signs associated with the aging process.<br />
Anatomy of the Human Eye<br />Credit astro1.panet.utoledo.edu/~lsa_color/17_eyO.htm<br />
Normal Age – Related Eye Changes<br />Smaller and less responsive pupil<br />Presbyopia – loss of focusing power<br />Yellowing of the lens.<br />Drooping of the eye lids<br />Drying/tearing of the eyes<br />Arcussenilis<br />Picture taken from eyerounds.org<br />
Vision- threatening Eye Disorders.<br />CATARACT – an opacity of the lens.<br />MACULAR DEGENERATION- blurred vision due to the cellular breakdown of the macula<br />GLAUCOMA- fluid pressure within the eye causes damage to the optic nerve<br />Cataract picture from healthbase.com<br />Narrow-angle glaucoma picture from www.drtomcampbell.com<br />
Questions to ask<br /><ul><li>An accurate and thorough family history, medical history, and list of medications.
Many medications can cause adverse effects on the eyes.</li></ul>The major symptoms of eye disease:<br />loss of vision<br />Eye pain <br />Diplopia<br />Tearing or dryness<br />Discharge<br />Redness<br /><ul><li>Did the loss of vision occur suddenly?
Do you have the sensation of something in the eye?
Do you have pain with the movement of the eye?
Do you have pain over the brow?</li></li></ul><li>Signs & Symptoms and their associated causes..<br />Corneal abrasions cause pain with blinking<br />Acute narrow-angle glaucoma is commonly the cause of headaches and eye pain.<br />Brow pain or temporal pain can be a sign of temporal arteritis (chronic inflammation of the arteries of the head).<br />Pain with blinking can be caused by corneal abrasions or with foreign bodies in the eye.<br />Redness has many causes: trauma, infection, allergies, and increased pressure within the eye (as in glaucoma).<br />Eye pain and red eye may be an indication of narrow-angle glaucoma<br />
All it takes is a few minutes… <br />Look <br />Note any abnormalities in shape, color, or responsiveness.<br />Ask<br />Ask the patient about pain, redness, headaches, double vision, blurry vision, or loss of vision.<br />Medications<br />Record a thorough list of all medications.<br />Remember that sometimes the onset of symptoms is so gradual that the patient may not even realize there is a problem. <br />
Works Cited<br />(n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2011, from Iris Diagnosis: http://www.irisdiagnosis.org/new/index.html<br />Census, U. (n.d.). Administration on Aging. Retrieved March 24, 2011, from Dpeartment of Health & Human Services: http://www.aoa.gov/AoARoot/Aging_Statistics/future_growth/future_growth.aspx<br />Rockwell, K. (n.d.). Eye Disorders in the Elderly. Retrieved March 24, 2011, from LiveStrong: http://www.livestrong.com/article/131806-eye-disorders-elderly/<br />Swartz, M. H. (2010). The Eye. In M. H. Swartz, Textbook of Physical Diagnosis (pp. 212-293). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.<br />