Open Sesame: Open Data, Data     Liberation and New  Opportunities for Libraries                   CLA 2012       Margaret...
Introductions  CLA 2012Margaret Haines June 1, 2012
Part 1      The Data Liberation Initiative:        Kind-of-Sort-of Open DataA look at the way Data Liberation (DLI)    sta...
Why Should We Care About Data? • We use data to understand the world in   which we live • Gives us evidence for decision a...
What is the Data Liberation Initiative?  • Program to provide affordable access to    Statistics Canada’s public datafiles...
Why and How Did It Start? • Canadian universities unable to afford   StatCan data • Used US data or simply did without • 1...
What Does It Include? • All public Statistics Canada databases   – Tables, graphs, time-series aggregate data • Geographic...
Statistics and Data  • Statistics are data that have been    organized  • Data are raw numbers that must be    processed t...
Statistics and Data – an analogy  • Using statistics is like buying a postcard    – Someone else defines the view  • Data ...
What Are DLI’s Benefits? • Dedicated and knowledgeable team at   Statistics Canada • One-stop-shop for all data and statis...
Transition to Free Statistics Canada Data• No change for DLI   – Stopped paying for data in 2000• All about data managemen...
Data Liberation’s Relations
Programs/Projects as a Result of DLI  • Research Data Centre Network    http://www.rdc-cdr.ca/    – network of 27 research...
Remember, librarians built theinfrastructure for DLI, <odesi>, Equinox         and much much more!            Over to Ernie
Part 2A view from the Developing World            CLA 2012           Ernie Boyko           June 1, 2012
A view from the Developing World • AKA: Data Liberation International   - Different set of challenges for developing     c...
Data and Development • The value of data to guide economic and   social development has been recognized a   long time ago ...
Barriers to Use of Sound Data • Relevance   - Aligned to national or sponsors’ priorities ?   - Optimal timing and sequenc...
Barriers   Cont’d  • Accessibility    - Legal, technical, political, psychological issues  • Usability    - Poor documenta...
Barriers   Cont’d  • Accessibility     Legal, technical, political, psychological issues  • Usability     Poor documenta...
The Marrakech Action Plan
The Marrakesh Action Plan  • Established the     • PARIS21 Secretariat under OECD umbrella as a       consortium of develo...
But measuring developmentprogress is still difficult…       Marrakech Action Plan for Statistics
International Household Survey Network IHSN is a partnership of international organizations • For better data collection  ...
Microdata Management Toolkit• Document data according to international  XML standards and good practices• Availability in ...
Microdata Management Toolkit   A specialized metadata editor fordata documentation and quality control   Automatic generat...
Accelerated Data Program (ADP)Providing support to countries to :  •   Establish national microdata archives  •   Document...
A web-based database of surveys,  searchable by region/country,    type of survey, year, etc.   Advanced search (by topic)...
Survey DescriptionFor each survey,   information   is provided in four pages:  description,     content,documentation,   a...
Conclusions • Data need to be transformed from their raw   state to make them more useable • The key to success for IHSN, ...
Thanks to Olivier Dupriez and Neil Fantom   from World Bank/IHSN for program                   slides             Over to ...
Part 3Open Data in Canada &Why we need Librarians            CLA 2012        Tracey P. Lauriaulttlauriau@gmail.com, datali...
Citizens & Open Data
Open NorthPublic Participation Budget                                   Budget Plateau       http://opennorth.ca/   http:/...
Open NorthDemocratic Engagement    http://mamairie.ca/   http://represent.opennorth.ca/
Zone ConeAvoiding ConstructionDonnées sourcesAu niveau municipal, lesdonnées sont accessiblesindirectement sur le site de ...
RecreationPatiner Montréal          http://patinermontreal.ca/rinks/74-saint-simon-apotre                   http://montrea...
Open NorthTransparency – Gov. Contracting                  http://documents.montrealgazette.com
RAPLIQAccessibility – Auditing Physical SpaceWhether a location isaccessible depends on    more than the presence of a ram...
Accessibility Audit Prototype Map    Qu’est-ce que c’est?This is a prototype of a map of   accessible businesses in  Montr...
Hacking HealthWinners from the judging     competition We’re proud to announce   our top winners from   Hacking Health. Ea...
Hackathons http://www.opendataday.org/francais.html  1. Windsor         7. Edmonton  2. London            8. Vancouver  3....
Random Hacks of Kindness              http://www.rhok.org/
Hackathon                                    http://www.livinglabmontreal.org/Tran                                        ...
Open Data Cities    http://datalibre.ca/• OpenData Framework; Municipal Open         •    Ville de Montréal Portails donné...
Open Data BC          http://www.data.gov.bc.ca/
Open Data Canada    http://www.data.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=F9B7A1E3-1
Where we need librarians: • Point to these data & apps • Point citizens to related resources • Examine & evaluate portals ...
Community & Locally based Data
FCM Quality of Life Reporting System              Participating Member Communities:       •   City of Calgary             ...
FCM QoLRS Domains                   http://www.municipaldata-    donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Reporting/en/reporting_tool.php
FCMQuality of Life Reporting System                        http://www.municipaldata-         donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Re...
Public Health - Saskatoon      http://www.communityview.ca/index.html
Santé Publique - Montréal         http://emis.santemontreal.qc.ca/
Cities         www.toronto.ca/wellbeing
Community Based ResearchSocial Planning Council of Winnipeg  http://www.spcw.mb.ca
Community Based ResearchSocial Planning and Research Council of Hamilton      http://www.sprc.hamilton.on.ca/CommunityMapp...
Community Based ResearchCommunity Development Halton                                                 0              http:/...
Community Data Program Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD)                                                     1...
Community Data ProgramCanadian Council on Social Development (CCSD)             http://communitydata-donneescommunautaires...
Community Data CanadaNGOs, Cities, Federal Govt.                   http://cdc-dcc.info/mandate.php
Social Data Portals   Data are inaccessible to researchers                                              FCM Municipal Data...
Where we need librarians: • Add these resources to your collection • Point to these data & apps • Create a local blog • Vo...
Research Data
Atlas of the Risk of HomelessnessGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre & FCM                                         ...
City of Toronto, GCRC, & FCMAging Social Housing Stock        https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Atlases
Atlas of AntarcticaGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre                                      http://atlases.gcrc.car...
ISIUOP – Participatory Data CollectionGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre                              Data & Softw...
Nunaliit iPad Data Capture appGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre                              • Community:        ...
Inuit Siku (sea ice) AtlasGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre             http://sikuatlas.ca/sea_ice_map.html?modu...
Lake Huron Treaty AtlasGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre              http://atlas.gcrc.carleton.ca/lakehurontrea...
International Polar Year (IPY)( IPY Research funding and data management)            http://www.ipy-api.gc.ca/pg_IPYAPI_05...
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)                             http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca                                  ...
Antarctic Digital Database (ADD)       http://www.add.scar.org:8080/add/WMSmap.js                             p
Where we need librarians: • Archival & gov’t documents • Point to portals • Discovery of scientific & historical data • Wo...
Q&AThank you!
Open Sesame: Open Data, Data Liberation and Opportunities for Librarians
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Open Sesame: Open Data, Data Liberation and Opportunities for Librarians

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A call to librarians to use their library powers in the community beyond the walls of their institutions as the open data folks need their knowledge!

Title:
Open Sesame: Open Data, Data Liberation and New Opportunities for Libraries

Abstract:
Cities and data producers are quickly embracing Open Data, albeit unevenly. The Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) has been a pioneer in broadening access to data for nearly two decades. This session will examine the relevance of Data Liberation in terms of Open Data and explore how librarians can step up to the plate to make Open Data/Open Government as successful as DLI.

Speakers:
- Wendy Watkins, Data Librarian, Carleton University
- Ernie Boyko, Adjunct Data Librarian, Carleton University
- Tracey P. Lauriault, Post Doctoral Fellow, Carleton University (tlauriau@gmail.com)
- Margaret Haines, University Librarian, Carleton University

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Open Sesame: Open Data, Data Liberation and Opportunities for Librarians

  1. 1. Open Sesame: Open Data, Data Liberation and New Opportunities for Libraries CLA 2012 Margaret Haines, Wendy Watkins, Ernie Boyko, Tracey P. Lauriault June 1st, 1:30 Session E37 RM 205, Ottawa Convention Centre
  2. 2. Introductions CLA 2012Margaret Haines June 1, 2012
  3. 3. Part 1 The Data Liberation Initiative: Kind-of-Sort-of Open DataA look at the way Data Liberation (DLI) started a move toward open data CLA 2012 Wendy Watkins June 1, 2012
  4. 4. Why Should We Care About Data? • We use data to understand the world in which we live • Gives us evidence for decision and policy making – Individuals – Corporations – Governments • Good data are essential for good governance
  5. 5. What is the Data Liberation Initiative? • Program to provide affordable access to Statistics Canada’s public datafiles and databases to academics • Not really open – subscription based • Partnership between Statistics Canada and Canadian post-secondary institutions • Housed in academic libraries – Logical place on campus because of service orientation and campus-wide coverage – Used to administering licences
  6. 6. Why and How Did It Start? • Canadian universities unable to afford StatCan data • Used US data or simply did without • 1992 paper suggested a solution • 1996 government adopted the plan • Expected 30 universities to join – 50 became members within the 1st year – Far exceeded expectations
  7. 7. What Does It Include? • All public Statistics Canada databases – Tables, graphs, time-series aggregate data • Geographic files at every level – National – Provincial – Sub-provincial • 350 Public Use Microdata files – Anonymized records of individual responses – “Designer data”
  8. 8. Statistics and Data • Statistics are data that have been organized • Data are raw numbers that must be processed to make sense
  9. 9. Statistics and Data – an analogy • Using statistics is like buying a postcard – Someone else defines the view • Data have the power of a camera – Researcher makes decisions on content
  10. 10. What Are DLI’s Benefits? • Dedicated and knowledgeable team at Statistics Canada • One-stop-shop for all data and statistical products • Ready help via the listserv • Annual regional training programs • National training (every 4 years) • Boot camps for new members (as needed) • Community of data professionals
  11. 11. Transition to Free Statistics Canada Data• No change for DLI – Stopped paying for data in 2000• All about data management – Robust metadata – Quality control• One licence per institution for the collection – non-DLI – one licence per PUMF per person – Not a workable solution for academic libraries• Access to valuable data NOT available outside DLI – Canadian Centre for Health Information (CIHI) microdata Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) – Other important microdata under negotiation
  12. 12. Data Liberation’s Relations
  13. 13. Programs/Projects as a Result of DLI • Research Data Centre Network http://www.rdc-cdr.ca/ – network of 27 research centres with secure access to Statistics Canada’s confidential data • <odesi> http://odesi.ca – a digital repository for social science data – data exploration, extraction and analysis tool – built by academic data librarians • Data Liberation International
  14. 14. Remember, librarians built theinfrastructure for DLI, <odesi>, Equinox and much much more! Over to Ernie
  15. 15. Part 2A view from the Developing World CLA 2012 Ernie Boyko June 1, 2012
  16. 16. A view from the Developing World • AKA: Data Liberation International - Different set of challenges for developing countries than Canadian DLI - But the principles are transferable - This presentation will outline the path followed by developing countries to reach the goal of data to support research and learning in the context of their economic and social development
  17. 17. Data and Development • The value of data to guide economic and social development has been recognized a long time ago - World census of population and agriculture program - UN Statistics Division coordination - Periodic household surveys sponsored by international donors - A greater focus on macro financial time series after the ‘Mexican Peso Crisis’
  18. 18. Barriers to Use of Sound Data • Relevance - Aligned to national or sponsors’ priorities ? - Optimal timing and sequencing ? • Data Quality • Reliability • Comparability - Over time, and across countries
  19. 19. Barriers Cont’d • Accessibility - Legal, technical, political, psychological issues • Usability - Poor documentation  risk of misuse
  20. 20. Barriers Cont’d • Accessibility  Legal, technical, political, psychological issues • Usability  Poor documentation  risk of misuse Lesson: Even if data are open, one must pay attention to quality and accessibility issues
  21. 21. The Marrakech Action Plan
  22. 22. The Marrakesh Action Plan • Established the • PARIS21 Secretariat under OECD umbrella as a consortium of development agencies • International Household Survey Network (IHSN) to develop tools and policies • Accelerated Data Program (ADP) to work with countries
  23. 23. But measuring developmentprogress is still difficult… Marrakech Action Plan for Statistics
  24. 24. International Household Survey Network IHSN is a partnership of international organizations • For better data collection - Coordination for better survey planning - Harmonization of recommendations • For better use of existing survey data - Tools and guidelines for better data documentation, dissemination, preservation (Microdata Management Toolkit).
  25. 25. Microdata Management Toolkit• Document data according to international XML standards and good practices• Availability in several languages and open source• Benefits: - Preserve institutional memory - Data quality control - Better documentation  lower risk of misuse - Easy dissemination (html, PDF output)
  26. 26. Microdata Management Toolkit A specialized metadata editor fordata documentation and quality control Automatic generation of user friendly outputs
  27. 27. Accelerated Data Program (ADP)Providing support to countries to : • Establish national microdata archives • Document, disseminate existing data • Analyze existing data for selected key issues • Assess reliability, relevance, comparability • Support new survey programs • Sponsor lots of training
  28. 28. A web-based database of surveys, searchable by region/country, type of survey, year, etc. Advanced search (by topic) being developed.
  29. 29. Survey DescriptionFor each survey, information is provided in four pages: description, content,documentation, and dataset
  30. 30. Conclusions • Data need to be transformed from their raw state to make them more useable • The key to success for IHSN, ADP is standards based tools and out reach • Tools and infrastructure for managing data can be shared (tool kit etc. are open source) • Data and information specialists need to work with data producers in this process • There is a role for professional librarians in making data more accessible
  31. 31. Thanks to Olivier Dupriez and Neil Fantom from World Bank/IHSN for program slides Over to Tracey
  32. 32. Part 3Open Data in Canada &Why we need Librarians CLA 2012 Tracey P. Lauriaulttlauriau@gmail.com, datalibre.ca June 1, 2012
  33. 33. Citizens & Open Data
  34. 34. Open NorthPublic Participation Budget Budget Plateau http://opennorth.ca/ http://budgetplateau.com/
  35. 35. Open NorthDemocratic Engagement http://mamairie.ca/ http://represent.opennorth.ca/
  36. 36. Zone ConeAvoiding ConstructionDonnées sourcesAu niveau municipal, lesdonnées sont accessiblesindirectement sur le site de laville de Montréal. En dautrestermes, ces données nont pasété prévues pour être utiliséesde manière directe mais sontaffichées sur une carte dans lasection Info-Travaux.Au niveau provinciale, lesdonnées viennent duMinistère des transports duQuébec et de sonservice Québec 511. Là aussi leMTQ se démarque de seshomologues canadiens en étanta priori le premier à proposerdes données GPS pour lalocalisation des chantiers. http://zonecone.ca/
  37. 37. RecreationPatiner Montréal http://patinermontreal.ca/rinks/74-saint-simon-apotre http://montrealouvert.net/a-propos/
  38. 38. Open NorthTransparency – Gov. Contracting http://documents.montrealgazette.com
  39. 39. RAPLIQAccessibility – Auditing Physical SpaceWhether a location isaccessible depends on more than the presence of a ramp. RAPLIQ audits a building on several dozen criteria important to people with different disabilities. http://www.rapliq.org/2011/06/09/journee-de-laccessibilite-dans-le-vieux-montreal/
  40. 40. Accessibility Audit Prototype Map Qu’est-ce que c’est?This is a prototype of a map of accessible businesses in Montreal, based on datacompiled over the last several years by RAPLIQ. Were interested in finding potential partners or sponsors. Qui sommes-nous? This prototype was built by Michael Lenczner, JoshVanwyck, Keharn Yawnghwe, and Michael Mulley Catherine Roy: ecrire@catherine-roy.net http://montrealaccessible.ca/
  41. 41. Hacking HealthWinners from the judging competition We’re proud to announce our top winners from Hacking Health. Each team will receive $400and will be invited by BDCfor a consultation on how to take their projects forward into viable startups. Health Innovationmost likely to succeed: Montréal Accessible http://www.hackinghealth.ca/
  42. 42. Hackathons http://www.opendataday.org/francais.html 1. Windsor 7. Edmonton 2. London 8. Vancouver 3. Ottawa 9. Victoria 4. Montréal 10. Guelph 5. Toronto 11. Halton 6. Calgary http://opendataapps.org/
  43. 43. Random Hacks of Kindness http://www.rhok.org/
  44. 44. Hackathon http://www.livinglabmontreal.org/Tran spoCampMTL http://blog.opendataottawa.ca/ http://montrealouvert.net/2011/11/23/compte- rendu-du-3e-hackathon-montreal-ouvert/?lang=en
  45. 45. Open Data Cities http://datalibre.ca/• OpenData Framework; Municipal Open • Ville de Montréal Portails données ouvertes Government Framework (QC), Montréal Ouvert – Citizen Led• City of Burlington (ON), Pilot • City of Nanaimo (BC)• City of Calgary (AB) • City of Niagara Falls (ON)• City of Edmonton (AB) • District of North Vancouver (BC) GeoWeb• City of Fredericton (NB) • City of Ottawa (ON), Citizens’ APP Group –• Gatineau Ouverte – Citizen Led OpenData Ottawa; Apps• City of Guelph (ON), Guelph Coffee and • Region of Peel (ON) Code – Citizen Led • Ville de Québec Catalogue de données, / Capitale• City of Hamilton (Transit Feed) (ON), Ouverte (QC)- Citizen Led in Ville de Québec Open Data Hamilton – Citizen Led • City of Prince George (BC) catalog• OpenHalton (ON) – Citizen Led • City of Regina (SK) Open Gov & Open Data site• City of London (ON), OpenData London – • City of Surrey (BC) GIS Catalog Citizen Led • City of Toronto (ON); DataTO – Citizen Group• Township of Langley (BC) • City of Vancouver (BC); Open Data Wiki• City of Mississauga – Mississauga Data (ON) • Region of Waterloo (ON) – Citizen Led • City of Windsor (ON) Open Data Catalog
  46. 46. Open Data BC http://www.data.gov.bc.ca/
  47. 47. Open Data Canada http://www.data.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=F9B7A1E3-1
  48. 48. Where we need librarians: • Point to these data & apps • Point citizens to related resources • Examine & evaluate portals • Cataloguing expertise • Data & app curation • Be a citizen librarian at hackfest & hackathons • Contribute expertise in public consultations • Advise your city, prov. & fed gov’ts
  49. 49. Community & Locally based Data
  50. 50. FCM Quality of Life Reporting System Participating Member Communities: • City of Calgary • Regional Municipality of Waterloo • Region of Durham • Halifax Regional Municipality • City of Edmonton • Regional Municipality of Niagara • Ville de Gatineau • Communauté métropolitaine de • Halton Region Montréal • City of Hamilton • City of Ottawa • City of Kingston • Region of Peel • Ville de Laval • City of Regina • City of London • City of Saskatoon • City of Toronto • City of Greater Sudbury • City of Vancouver • City of Surrey • Metro Vancouver • City of Winnipeg • York Regionhttp://fcm.ca/home/programs/quality-of-life-reporting-system/program-resources.htm/home
  51. 51. FCM QoLRS Domains http://www.municipaldata- donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Reporting/en/reporting_tool.php
  52. 52. FCMQuality of Life Reporting System http://www.municipaldata- donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Reporting/en/reporting_tool.php
  53. 53. Public Health - Saskatoon http://www.communityview.ca/index.html
  54. 54. Santé Publique - Montréal http://emis.santemontreal.qc.ca/
  55. 55. Cities www.toronto.ca/wellbeing
  56. 56. Community Based ResearchSocial Planning Council of Winnipeg http://www.spcw.mb.ca
  57. 57. Community Based ResearchSocial Planning and Research Council of Hamilton http://www.sprc.hamilton.on.ca/CommunityMappingService.php
  58. 58. Community Based ResearchCommunity Development Halton 0 http://www.cdhalton.ca/lens/index.htm
  59. 59. Community Data Program Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD) 1. Calgary 2. Edmonton 3. Halton Region 4. Hamilton 5. Kingston 6. London 7. Montréal 8. Saint John, New Brunswick 9. Newfoundland (In Discussions) 10. Niagara (In Discussions) 11. Ottawa 12. Peel Region 13. Peterborough 14. Regina (In Discussions) 15. Saskatoon (In Discussions) 16. Sault Ste. Marie 17. Simcoe County 18. Sudbury 19. Thunder Bay 20. Toronto 21. Vancouver 22. Victoria 23. Waterloo 24. Winnipeghttp://communitydata-donneescommunautaires.ca/home 25. York Region
  60. 60. Community Data ProgramCanadian Council on Social Development (CCSD) http://communitydata-donneescommunautaires.ca/home
  61. 61. Community Data CanadaNGOs, Cities, Federal Govt. http://cdc-dcc.info/mandate.php
  62. 62. Social Data Portals Data are inaccessible to researchers FCM Municipal Data Collection Tool http://www.municipaldata- donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Collection/enhttp://hifis.hrsdc.gc.ca/index-eng.shtml /index.php
  63. 63. Where we need librarians: • Add these resources to your collection • Point to these data & apps • Create a local blog • Volunteer in a local org. & help w/their data resources (e.g., librarians w/out borders) • Apply cataloguing expertise • Data & app curation • Develop a local advisory/reference group for non profits
  64. 64. Research Data
  65. 65. Atlas of the Risk of HomelessnessGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre & FCM FCM & Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework ( BSD) - Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) Statistics Canada (Restricted use) - FCM QoLRS (Viewing only) - City Neighbourhood framework data files (Viewing only) - Toronto Community Housing (Viewing only) https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Atlases
  66. 66. City of Toronto, GCRC, & FCMAging Social Housing Stock https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Atlases
  67. 67. Atlas of AntarcticaGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre http://atlases.gcrc.carleton.ca/antar ctic/territorial/territories.xml.htmlhttp://atlases.gcrc.carleton.ca/antarctic/intro/intro.xml.html#intro duction
  68. 68. ISIUOP – Participatory Data CollectionGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD) - Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use) - Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights) - More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentally sensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only - Data part of IPY Canadahttps://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/ISIUOP/Inuit+Sea+Ice+Use+and+Occupancy+Project+(ISIUOP)
  69. 69. Nunaliit iPad Data Capture appGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre • Community: • Wished access was faster and atlas and data were housed in community • Wished adding content was easier • Needed flexibility for types of data and metadata to be saved and how to present it • Nunaliit: • Distributed network of replicating nodes, including nodes in communities, and on mobile • Simplified data collection app replaces half a dozen devices for offline data collection • Document oriented database with data and applications loosely connected via flexible schema system
  70. 70. Inuit Siku (sea ice) AtlasGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre http://sikuatlas.ca/sea_ice_map.html?module=1
  71. 71. Lake Huron Treaty AtlasGeomatics and Cartographic Research Centre http://atlas.gcrc.carleton.ca/lakehurontreaties/
  72. 72. International Polar Year (IPY)( IPY Research funding and data management) http://www.ipy-api.gc.ca/pg_IPYAPI_052-fra.html
  73. 73. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca / http://www.geobase.cahttp://geodiscover.cgdi.ca http://www.geoconnections. org/fr/resourcelibrary/keySt udiesReports
  74. 74. Antarctic Digital Database (ADD) http://www.add.scar.org:8080/add/WMSmap.js p
  75. 75. Where we need librarians: • Archival & gov’t documents • Point to portals • Discovery of scientific & historical data • Work with indigenous groups & help to manage knowledge resources • Apply cataloguing expertise • Data & app curation • Help researchers find specialist librarians
  76. 76. Q&AThank you!
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