Geography of Pakistan• The Islamic republic of Pakistan is situated between 24.50 and 36.75 latitude north and 61 to 75.5 longitudes east• country located in the mountainous region adjoining central Asia and the middle east• 796,096 sq km, Pakistan is the world’s 36th largest country• Neighboring countriesAfghanistan , Iran, China ,India ,up to about 6,774 km (4,334.1 mi) in length land bordered and coastline is about 1046 km• Neighboring Countries Afghanistan• To the west of Pakistan, has deep historical and geographical ties with Pakistan , linked together in religious, racial and cultural bounds, Bordered is 2250 Km long , fixed in 1893 by British government ,called DURAND LINE• Islamic Republic of Iran• To south west ,brotherly relations• Both country cooperate in defense and economic• The boundary with Iran is 912 km (566.7 mi) fix In 1957
• Republic of china To the north of Pakistan,Friendly relations. Silk road is constructed to strengthen the relation. Border is 510 km (316.9 mi). was decided 03-03-1963. To the west of china boundary meets with Afghanistans area at ‘wakhan’ which separates Pakistan and the Muslim republic of Tajikistan.• India• to the east of Pakistan. the relations between the two are not cordial.injustice in partition creates tension about states of Jammu & Kashmir .Boundary is 2912 kilometers long and not straight and natural• Arabian sea• To the south of Pakistan . coastline is 1046 km long. links Pakistan with the Arab countries and international politics• Climate• Pakistan has four seasons: - a cool, dry winter from December through February; - a hot, dry spring from March through May - the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; - the retreating monsoon period of October and November.Rainfall can vary radically from year to year, and successive patterns of flooding and drought are also not uncommon
Geo-Political Importance• Pakistan enjoys immense importance in the community of nations because of its geographical location. Some of its aspects are given below:A Protagonist of the Unity of Muslim Ummah. A Check to Russian Expansionism. Oil Politics and Pakistan. Israeli Aggression and Pakistan. Indian Designs and Pakistan• A Protagonist of the Unity of Muslim Ummah:• Geographically, Pakistan is situated at the centre of the Islamic countries of Africa and Asia. It is linked to these Muslim states through land and sea routes and thus not only its ideological background, but its geographical centrality necessities that it supports the unity of Muslim world. Prior to the cessation of East Pakistan, it was the largest Islamic state and naturally was in the vanguard of the movement for Islamic unity. Even afterwards, it actively works for the mutual alliance and unity of the Muslims.• A Check to Russian Expansionism:• To the north of Pakistan is Russia which for centuries has planned to penetrate towards the south in search of warm waters. The invasion of Afghanistan by Russian forces was a part of this plan. However, Pakistan due to religious and cultural bonds with Afghan people gave its full support and thus frustrated the Russian designs. In this way, Pakistan for quite half a century has posed a great obstacle in the way of Russian expansionism.
Geo-Political Importance• Oil Politics and Pakistan:• The Middle East has attracted the whole world because of its wealth of oil resources. The Gulf War has shown the importance of this region. Pakistan is Adjacent to Middle East and its closeness with Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea has worked to enhance its significance. During the Cold War, this played a significant part in Western block’s help to Pakistan as West feared Russian penetration in Middle East.• Israeli Aggression and Pakistan:• Due to the spiritual and geographical closeness of Pakistan with Islamic countries, Pakistan provides services of its army officers to these brotherly countries. She also gives education of engineering, medicine and military training to the Arabs. In this way, Pakistan has played a significant role in protecting Arab countries from Israeli aggression. Indian Designs and Pakistan:• India dreams of becoming a mini-super power of the region but she is afraid of Pakistan. That is the reason that the other countries of South Asia (Srilanka and Bangladesh etc.) feel a little secured and India is forced to give them their due status in SAARC.
Front Line country in war against Terrorism• Front Line country in war against Terrorism: The western world is now a day is frightened by terrorism. They have branded Al-Qaida and Taliban as the champions of terrorism and they have waged a war against these forces. This war could not succeed without the cooperation of Pakistan. And USA and NATTO admire it officially many times
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