Visual Dictionary


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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary By: Towercrane
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Any solid material that blocks the flow of air. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Provides temperature and moisture control to allow for the best energy efficiency. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Soffit Vent <ul><li>An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ridge Vent <ul><li>A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gable Vent <ul><li>A screened, louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Roof Turbine <ul><li>Exhaust moist, hot air from your attic. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Backhoe/Front End Loader <ul><li>a hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinged boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom. Used to break down and move soil and dirt. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Backhoe <ul><li>A bucket attached to the end of a boom with movable jaws </li></ul><ul><li>This bucket measured approximately 2’ in diameter </li></ul>
  10. 10. Front End Loader <ul><li>a loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. Used to move soil, dirt, and other big heavy objects. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Batter Boards <ul><li>A temporary framework used to assist in locating the corners when laying out a foundation or excavation. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Arches <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elliptical Keystone </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on either side of the opening. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brick Arches <ul><li>Jack Arch Centering </li></ul>
  14. 14. Brick Bonds
  15. 15. Running Bond <ul><li>Stretchers laid continuously in rows one by one. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Stack Bond <ul><li>Brickwork consisting of the bricks being laid one on top of the other in an even stack. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rowlocks <ul><li>A brick laid on its edge, with its end exposed in the face of the wall </li></ul>
  18. 18. Headers <ul><li>A brick or other masonry unit laid across two wythes with its end exposed in the face of the wall. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Soldiers <ul><li>A brick laid on its end, with its narrow face toward the outside of the wall. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sailors <ul><li>Brick laid with full side of brick exposed. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Shiners <ul><li>Stretcher Rowlocks, known as Shiners. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Brick Sizes <ul><ul><ul><li>Modular Brick Standard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 ½”x 7 ½”x 2 ¼” 3 5/8”x 8”x 2 ¼” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Bulldozer <ul><li>a large, powerful tractor having a vertical blade at the front end for moving earth, tree stumps, rocks, etc. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Cladding <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wood Shake </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A material used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Cladding Stone- Course Rubble Wood Board Brick EFIS
  26. 26. Code Requirements <ul><li>3’ x 3’ Riser- 7 1/2” </li></ul><ul><li>9 sf Tread- 11” </li></ul><ul><li>Sill Height 24” </li></ul><ul><li>IBC- Windows 3’ x 3’. IBC- Riser max. of 7 ¾”. Tread min. of 10” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Max Clearance 9 sf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sill Height max of 44” </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Code Requirements <ul><li>Window </li></ul><ul><li>This window meets IBC, due to its dimensions and area. </li></ul><ul><li>Also the sill height is below the maximum. So this window </li></ul><ul><li>meet the IBC Requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Stairs </li></ul><ul><li>The stairs meet IBC, due to its dimensions as well. The </li></ul><ul><li>riser and tread for these stairs fall within the IBC </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint </li></ul><ul><li>An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces to minimize cracking elsewhere </li></ul>
  29. 29. Isolation Joint <ul><li>Allows column to move independent of foundation. (Column from Slab) i.e. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. </li></ul><ul><li>Typical dimensions- 8” high x 16” long </li></ul>
  31. 31. Decorative CMU <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Split Block Ribbed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CMU units with texture, surface patterns, and color that come in unending variations. Used for design appeal. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Doors Transom- A small window directly above a door. Sidelight- A tall, narrow window alongside a door. Exterior Flush Door Sidelight Transom Top Rail Panel Stile Lock rail Bottom Rail
  33. 33. Electrical Components
  34. 34. Power Pole <ul><li>Provides power from the power plant and is then transferred to the transformer, which is then eventually routed to a nearby building. </li></ul>Power Pole Transformer
  35. 35. Service Head <ul><li>The assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Meter <ul><li>A box on which an electric meter is mounted. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Service Panel <ul><li>Distributes electricity throughout circuits in a building. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Duplex Receptacle <ul><li>Power outlet, used as a source of immediate power. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Framing Elements
  40. 40. Anchor Bolt #1 <ul><li>A bolt embedded in concrete for the purpose of fastening a building frame to a concrete or masonry foundation. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Sill Plate #2 <ul><li>Strip of wood that lies on top of a concrete or masonry foundation in wood frame construction; horizontal bottom portion of a window or door. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Floor Joist #3 <ul><li>A joist that supports the floor. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Subflooring #4 <ul><li>Load bearing surface beneath a finish floor </li></ul>
  44. 44. Sole Plate #5 <ul><li>The horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall in a light frame building. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Stud #6 <ul><li>One of an array of small, closely spaced, parallel wall framing members. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Top Plate #7 <ul><li>Horizontal member at the top of a stud wall. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Ceiling Joist #8 <ul><li>Joist that supports a ceiling. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Rafter #9 <ul><li>A framing member that runs up and down the slope of a steep roof. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Roof Decking #10 <ul><li>Structural surface to which roofing materials are attached. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Sheathing #11 <ul><li>Rough covering applied to the outside of the roof, wall, or floor framing of a light frame structure </li></ul>
  51. 51. Stringer #12 <ul><li>Sloping wood or steel member that supports the treads of a stair. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Front End Loader <ul><li>a loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. Used to move soil, dirt, and other big heavy objects. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard. (Type X) </li></ul>
  54. 54. Heat Pump <ul><li>A device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or to cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or the evaporating coils, respectively. Inside AC Unit. Advantage- Heat or Cools building quickly. Disadvantage- Loud. Air handling Unit inside. </li></ul>Condenser
  55. 55. Insulation Batt Loose Fill
  56. 56. Lintel <ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening. Steel Lintel. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Mortar # 1 <ul><li>Substance used to join masonry units, consisting of cement materials, fine aggregate, and water. This mortar joint is 3/8”. Used on Church Building. Troweled Joint. Type of Mortar (S). </li></ul>
  58. 58. Mortar #2 <ul><li>Substance used to join masonry units, consisting of cement materials, fine aggregate, and water. This mortar joint is ¾”. Used on column. Tooled Joint. Mortar Type (S). </li></ul>
  59. 59. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) <ul><li>A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bounded together under pressure. Non-veneered panel product. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory </li></ul><ul><li>Size piping used to drain lavatory is approximately 1 ½”- 2”. Bathroom Sink- Drop in sink. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Water Closet <ul><li>Size piping used to drain a water closet is approximately 3”. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Shower/Tub
  63. 63. Plumbing Roof Vent <ul><li>Pipes that maintain a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air (VTR). </li></ul>
  64. 64. Plywood <ul><li>A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bounded together under pressure. Veneer panel product. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Rebar <ul><li>A short expression for steel reinforcing bars in concrete or masonry. ½” diameter. # 4 Rebar. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Steep Roof Drainage
  68. 68. Gutter <ul><li>A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Downspout <ul><li>A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level </li></ul>
  70. 70. Splash-block <ul><li>A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout. </li></ul>
  71. 71. Steep Roof Materials
  72. 72. Underlayment <ul><li>Layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. </li></ul>
  73. 73. Clay Tile Roof
  74. 74. Shingle <ul><li>Shingle- a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. Wood Shingles. At the AU Chapel. </li></ul>Wood Shingle
  75. 75. Metal Panel Roof <ul><li>Materials used are usually galvanized or aluminized steel. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Gambrel
  77. 77. Steep Roof Shapes Hip Roof Mansard
  78. 78. Steep Roof Terms Eave-horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof . Ridge- level intersection of two roof planes in a roof. Rake- sloping edge of a steep roof. Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
  79. 79. Steep Roof Terms No Fascia Soffit- the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building. Fascia- the exposed vertical face of an eave.
  80. 80. Stone # 1 <ul><ul><ul><li>Coursed Rubble Random Rubble </li></ul></ul></ul>
  81. 81. Stone # 2 <ul><ul><ul><li>Random Ashlar Coursed Ashlar </li></ul></ul></ul>
  82. 82. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly; also called, less accurately, vapor barrier. Side of insulation usually placed on warm in winter side. </li></ul>
  83. 83. Waterproofing <ul><li>An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation to keep water out of the building. Liquid Applied. </li></ul>
  84. 84. Weep Hole <ul><li>A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>A grid of still rods that welded together, used to reinforce a concrete slab. 6” x 6” </li></ul>
  86. 86. Windows Awning- projects toward the outside Casement- Window pivots on axis near vertical edge of sash. Fixed- Fixed in position