Visual Dictionary

Uploaded on


More in: Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Visual Dictionary By: Towercrane
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    • Any solid material that blocks the flow of air.
  • 3. Attic Ventilation
    • Provides temperature and moisture control to allow for the best energy efficiency.
  • 4. Soffit Vent
    • An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.
  • 5. Ridge Vent
    • A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
  • 6. Gable Vent
    • A screened, louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic.
  • 7. Roof Turbine
    • Exhaust moist, hot air from your attic.
  • 8. Backhoe/Front End Loader
    • a hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinged boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom. Used to break down and move soil and dirt.
  • 9. Backhoe
    • A bucket attached to the end of a boom with movable jaws
    • This bucket measured approximately 2’ in diameter
  • 10. Front End Loader
    • a loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. Used to move soil, dirt, and other big heavy objects.
  • 11. Batter Boards
    • A temporary framework used to assist in locating the corners when laying out a foundation or excavation.
  • 12. Brick Arches
          • Elliptical Keystone
    • a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on either side of the opening.
  • 13. Brick Arches
    • Jack Arch Centering
  • 14. Brick Bonds
  • 15. Running Bond
    • Stretchers laid continuously in rows one by one.
  • 16. Stack Bond
    • Brickwork consisting of the bricks being laid one on top of the other in an even stack.
  • 17. Rowlocks
    • A brick laid on its edge, with its end exposed in the face of the wall
  • 18. Headers
    • A brick or other masonry unit laid across two wythes with its end exposed in the face of the wall.
  • 19. Soldiers
    • A brick laid on its end, with its narrow face toward the outside of the wall.
  • 20. Sailors
    • Brick laid with full side of brick exposed.
  • 21. Shiners
    • Stretcher Rowlocks, known as Shiners.
  • 22. Brick Sizes
        • Modular Brick Standard
        • 3 ½”x 7 ½”x 2 ¼” 3 5/8”x 8”x 2 ¼”
  • 23. Bulldozer
    • a large, powerful tractor having a vertical blade at the front end for moving earth, tree stumps, rocks, etc.
  • 24. Cladding
            • Wood Shake
    • A material used as the exterior wall enclosure of a building.
  • 25. Cladding Stone- Course Rubble Wood Board Brick EFIS
  • 26. Code Requirements
    • 3’ x 3’ Riser- 7 1/2”
    • 9 sf Tread- 11”
    • Sill Height 24”
    • IBC- Windows 3’ x 3’. IBC- Riser max. of 7 ¾”. Tread min. of 10”
      • Max Clearance 9 sf
      • Sill Height max of 44”
  • 27. Code Requirements
    • Window
    • This window meets IBC, due to its dimensions and area.
    • Also the sill height is below the maximum. So this window
    • meet the IBC Requirements.
    • Stairs
    • The stairs meet IBC, due to its dimensions as well. The
    • riser and tread for these stairs fall within the IBC
    • Requirements.
  • 28. Concrete Joints
    • Control Joint
    • An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces to minimize cracking elsewhere
  • 29. Isolation Joint
    • Allows column to move independent of foundation. (Column from Slab) i.e.
  • 30. Concrete Masonry Unit
    • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block.
    • Typical dimensions- 8” high x 16” long
  • 31. Decorative CMU
          • Split Block Ribbed
      • CMU units with texture, surface patterns, and color that come in unending variations. Used for design appeal.
  • 32. Doors Transom- A small window directly above a door. Sidelight- A tall, narrow window alongside a door. Exterior Flush Door Sidelight Transom Top Rail Panel Stile Lock rail Bottom Rail
  • 33. Electrical Components
  • 34. Power Pole
    • Provides power from the power plant and is then transferred to the transformer, which is then eventually routed to a nearby building.
    Power Pole Transformer
  • 35. Service Head
    • The assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base.
  • 36. Meter
    • A box on which an electric meter is mounted.
  • 37. Service Panel
    • Distributes electricity throughout circuits in a building.
  • 38. Duplex Receptacle
    • Power outlet, used as a source of immediate power.
  • 39. Framing Elements
  • 40. Anchor Bolt #1
    • A bolt embedded in concrete for the purpose of fastening a building frame to a concrete or masonry foundation.
  • 41. Sill Plate #2
    • Strip of wood that lies on top of a concrete or masonry foundation in wood frame construction; horizontal bottom portion of a window or door.
  • 42. Floor Joist #3
    • A joist that supports the floor.
  • 43. Subflooring #4
    • Load bearing surface beneath a finish floor
  • 44. Sole Plate #5
    • The horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall in a light frame building.
  • 45. Stud #6
    • One of an array of small, closely spaced, parallel wall framing members.
  • 46. Top Plate #7
    • Horizontal member at the top of a stud wall.
  • 47. Ceiling Joist #8
    • Joist that supports a ceiling.
  • 48. Rafter #9
    • A framing member that runs up and down the slope of a steep roof.
  • 49. Roof Decking #10
    • Structural surface to which roofing materials are attached.
  • 50. Sheathing #11
    • Rough covering applied to the outside of the roof, wall, or floor framing of a light frame structure
  • 51. Stringer #12
    • Sloping wood or steel member that supports the treads of a stair.
  • 52. Front End Loader
    • a loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. Used to move soil, dirt, and other big heavy objects.
  • 53. Gypsum Board
    • An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard. (Type X)
  • 54. Heat Pump
    • A device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or to cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or the evaporating coils, respectively. Inside AC Unit. Advantage- Heat or Cools building quickly. Disadvantage- Loud. Air handling Unit inside.
  • 55. Insulation Batt Loose Fill
  • 56. Lintel
    • A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening. Steel Lintel.
  • 57. Mortar # 1
    • Substance used to join masonry units, consisting of cement materials, fine aggregate, and water. This mortar joint is 3/8”. Used on Church Building. Troweled Joint. Type of Mortar (S).
  • 58. Mortar #2
    • Substance used to join masonry units, consisting of cement materials, fine aggregate, and water. This mortar joint is ¾”. Used on column. Tooled Joint. Mortar Type (S).
  • 59. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
    • A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bounded together under pressure. Non-veneered panel product.
  • 60. Plumbing
    • Lavatory
    • Size piping used to drain lavatory is approximately 1 ½”- 2”. Bathroom Sink- Drop in sink.
  • 61. Water Closet
    • Size piping used to drain a water closet is approximately 3”.
  • 62. Shower/Tub
  • 63. Plumbing Roof Vent
    • Pipes that maintain a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air (VTR).
  • 64. Plywood
    • A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bounded together under pressure. Veneer panel product.
  • 65. Radiant Barrier
    • A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy.
  • 66. Rebar
    • A short expression for steel reinforcing bars in concrete or masonry. ½” diameter. # 4 Rebar.
  • 67. Steep Roof Drainage
  • 68. Gutter
    • A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.
  • 69. Downspout
    • A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level
  • 70. Splash-block
    • A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
  • 71. Steep Roof Materials
  • 72. Underlayment
    • Layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing.
  • 73. Clay Tile Roof
  • 74. Shingle
    • Shingle- a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. Wood Shingles. At the AU Chapel.
    Wood Shingle
  • 75. Metal Panel Roof
    • Materials used are usually galvanized or aluminized steel.
  • 76. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Gambrel
  • 77. Steep Roof Shapes Hip Roof Mansard
  • 78. Steep Roof Terms Eave-horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof . Ridge- level intersection of two roof planes in a roof. Rake- sloping edge of a steep roof. Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
  • 79. Steep Roof Terms No Fascia Soffit- the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building. Fascia- the exposed vertical face of an eave.
  • 80. Stone # 1
        • Coursed Rubble Random Rubble
  • 81. Stone # 2
        • Random Ashlar Coursed Ashlar
  • 82. Vapor Retarder
    • A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly; also called, less accurately, vapor barrier. Side of insulation usually placed on warm in winter side.
  • 83. Waterproofing
    • An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation to keep water out of the building. Liquid Applied.
  • 84. Weep Hole
    • A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
  • 85. Welded Wire Fabric
    • A grid of still rods that welded together, used to reinforce a concrete slab. 6” x 6”
  • 86. Windows Awning- projects toward the outside Casement- Window pivots on axis near vertical edge of sash. Fixed- Fixed in position