(attracting, screening, and selecting a qualified
person for a job.)
The recruitment and selection is the major function of
the human resource department and recruitment
process is the first step towards creating the
competitive strength and the strategic advantage for
the organizations. Recruitment process involves a
systematic procedure from sourcing the candidates to
arranging and conducting the interviews and requires
many resources and time.
What Book Say………….
The recruitment industry has four basic
types of firms.
1). Employment agencies deal with clerical, trades, temporary and
temporary to hire employment opportunities.
2). Recruitment websites and job search engines used to gather as
many candidates as possible by advertising a position over a wide
3). Headhunters for executive and professional positions. These
firms are either contingency or retained. Although advertising is
used to keep a flow of candidates these firms rely on networking as
their main source of candidates.
4). Niche agencies specialize in a particular industrial area of
staffing. The stages in recruitment include sourcing candidates by
networking, advertising or other methods. Utilizing professional
interviewing techniques to understand the candidate’s skills.
Social recruiting is the use of social media for recruiting
An employee referral program is a system where existing employees
recommend prospective candidates for the job offered, and if the
suggested candidate is hired, the employee who referred receives a
Under pressure to reduce costs, both large- and medium-
sized employers tend to undertake their own in-house recruitment,
using their human resources department.
Executive research firms and passive candidate sourcing firms
These firms are the new hybrid firms in the recruitment world able
to combine the research aspects (discovering passive candidates) of
recruiting and combine them with the ability to make hires for their
Identifying the vacancy: The recruitment process begins
with the human resource department receiving requisitions
for recruitment from any department of the company. These
Posts to be filled
Number of persons
Duties to be performed
Preparing the job description and person specification.
Locating and developing the sources of required number and
type of employees (Advertising etc).
Short-listing and identifying the prospective employee with
Arranging the interviews with the selected candidates.
Conducting the interview and decision making
1. Identify vacancy
2. Prepare job description and job specification
3. Advertising the vacancy
4. Managing the response
6. Arrange interviews
7. Conducting interview and decision making
The recruitment process is immediately followed by the
selection process i.e. the final interviews and the
decision making, conveying the decision and the