1. Gertrude Stein By: Torrie Licht 5/2/08 Period 3 “ Everything is so dangerous that nothing is really very frightening.” -Gertrude Stein February 3, 1874 - July 27, 1946
2. Early Life
3. Gertrude Stein, the youngest of five children, was born on February 3, 1874 in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. In 1888, her mother, Amelia Stein died, and in 1891, her father, Daniel Stein died Her eldest brother Michael Stein took care of all of the family’s needs. He arranged for Gertrude and her sister Bertha to live with their mom’s family in Baltimore Gertrude attended Radcliffe College from 1893-1897, and studied automatic writing under William James. After studies at Johns Hopkins medical school, Gertrude Stein moved to Paris without taking the M.D. degree .
4. Paris “ Masculine, in her voice, in all her walk. Fat, short, massive, beautiful head, strong, with noble features, accentuated regular, intelligent eyes." - How Picasso's lover Fernande Bellevallée described Gertrude
5. At first she lived in Paris, with her brother Leo, and later her with her life companion, Alice B. Toklas. Alice was a cook for the salon's guests at the 27 Rue de Fleurus flat. Her salon attracted artists to discuss new ideas for art. At this time Stein and her brother started to collect Matisse and Picasso masterpieces, who later described her as his only woman friend. Picasso first met Stein at an informal art gallery established by Clovis Sagot, a former clown. He painted a portrait of Stein in a brownish-gray monochrome
6. Literature Works "A rose is a rose is a rose is a rose." In Stein’s 'Poetry and Grammar'
7. <ul><li>Q.E.D. (1903), remained unpublished until after her death thought to be because of its intimate, lesbian nature </li></ul><ul><li>- Three Lives (1909) debut premier as a writer </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to connect theories of Cubism to literature </li></ul><ul><li>The Making of Americans (written 1906-1908 but not published until 1925) </li></ul><ul><li>The poetry collection Tender Buttons (1914) </li></ul><ul><li>Miss Furr and Miss Skeene (1922), this book focused on the “gay” side of life, which came known as “Vanity Fair” when republish. </li></ul><ul><li>The operas: Four Saints in Three Acts (1934), The Mother of us all (1947). </li></ul><ul><li>The Autobiography Of Alice B. Toklas </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody’s Autobiography (1937) </li></ul><ul><li>Wars I Have Seen (1945) </li></ul>
8. World War II “ America is my country and Paris is my home town and it is as it has come to be," Stein had once said. "After all anybody is as their land and air is. Anybody is as the sky is low or high, the air heavy or clean and anybody is as there is wind or no wind there. It is that which makes them and the arts they make and the work they do and the way they eat and the way they drink and the way they learn and everything"
9. <ul><li>Toklas and Stein were both Jews </li></ul><ul><li>They remained in Paris until the start of the war </li></ul><ul><li>They then left to America </li></ul><ul><li>They later returned to Paris in December 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrude said, “We cannot retrace our steps, going forward may be the same as going backwards. We cannot retrace our steps, retrace our steps. All my long life, all my long life, we do not retrace our steps, all my long life, but.” </li></ul>
10. The end of her life
11. <ul><li>She suffered from Cancer the last few years of her life. </li></ul><ul><li>She died on 27 July 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>Toklas however lived on until 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Her memoirs, What is Remembered , appeared in 1963 </li></ul>
12. Red Faces By: Gertrude Stein Red flags the reason for pretty flags. And ribbons. Ribbons of flags And wearing material Reason for wearing material. Give pleasure. Can you give me the regions. The regions and the land. The regions and wheels. All wheels are perfect. Enthusiasm