Swine Flu H1 N1 Info Symptoms Prevention Treatment Version 2


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Swine Flu H1 N1 Info Symptoms Prevention Treatment Version 2

  1. 1. For more information & articles please visit
  2. 2. • Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs pi y di f pi g caused by Type A i fl d by Typ influenza viruses th t causes regular i that g l outbreaks in pigs. tb k i pigs pig • Swine flu is a type of virus that S e u s ype o us a that i f h infects mainly pigs. It i ly pigs I pig normally does not infect people, lly d t i f t people, p pl but infections t h b t i f ti to human can do d happen. i happen It is a contagious virus h pp t gi i and can spread from one h d df human to a ot e another another. For more information & articles please visit
  3. 3. • V i Various i t international agencies (US Centers for ti l g i ( C t f Disease Control & Prevention, World Health Di C t l Prevention W ld H lth P ti O ga at o ) a e dete Organization) have determined that this swine ed t at t s s e influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious and is i fl ( ) i i t gi di spreading from human to human p di g f h t h human. • WHO has escalated the world Pandemic Phase orld from Phase 3 to Phase 4 (in a 6 scale Phase), f ( 6-scale Phase) ), ) indicating th t i di ti g that a worldwide pandemic due to swine ld id p d i d t i flu fl H1N1 is possible i ppossible. ibl For more information & articles please visit
  4. 4. • Th symptoms of swine flu in The t f i fl i people are similar to the symptoms l i il t th t of regular human flu and include f l h fl di l d fever, cough, fever cough sore throat body aches f gh th t b dy aches, throat, h headache, headache chills and fatigue. fatigue f g • Some p p have reported diarrhea and vomiting people p g associated ith s i e flu I t e past, se e e ill ess associated with swine flu. In the past severe illness t d t flu th t (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have ( i d i t y f il ) d d th h been reported with swine flu infection in p p p people people. • Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of flu, s ine fl may ca se fl orsening g underlying chronic medical conditions. d l i h i di l conditions diti For more information & articles please visit
  5. 5. • Sp d of this swine i fl Spread f hi i influenza A ( (H1N1) virus is thought to be ) g happening in the same way that h i i th th t seasonal flu spreads. l fl spreads p d • Flu viruses are spread mainly from p y p person to p t person th gh coughing through ghi g or sneezing of people with influenza. i f l ith influenza i fl • S Sometimes p pl may become ti people yb infected by touching something with y g g live fl i li flu viruses on it and then d th touching their mouth or nose t hi th i th nose. For more information & articles please visit
  6. 6. • T di g To diagnose swine influenza A infection, i i fl infection i f ti a respiratory specimen would g p y p generallyy need to be collected within the first 4 to dt b ll t d ithi th fi t t 5ddays of ill f illness (when an infected ( h i f t d p person is most likely to be shedding y g virus). virus) ) • Ho e e , some persons especially However, However so e pe so s, especially persons, children, children may shed virus for 10 days or hild h d i f d longer. longer g • Identification as a s ine fl infl en a A swine flu influenza virus requires sending the specimen to a i i di th i t hospital l b t y f testing h pit l laboratory for testing. t ti g For more information & articles please visit
  7. 7. • I f t d p pl may be able to Infected people y b bl t infect th i f t others b gi i g 1 day beginning d y before symptoms d b f t develop and up l d to t 7 or more days after b d ft becoming i sick. sick i k • Th t means that you may b able That th t be bl to t pass on th fl t someone else the flu to l before you know you are sick, as b f y k y sick i k well as while you are sick. ll hil sick i k For more information & articles please visit
  8. 8. • P pl with swine influenza virus infection People i h i i fl i i f i should be considered potentially p y contagious as long as they are g g y symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days y p p p y following ill f ll i g illness onset. onset t • Children, especially younger children, Children, p yy g children, might p t ti lly be contagious for longer ight potentially b t gi f l g pe iods periods. periods d For more information & articles please visit
  9. 9. • B Because the virus is new, there will be no th i i new, th ill b vaccine ready to protect against y p g p d i flu pandemic flu. fl • V Vaccine against Swine Flu virus H1N1 i g i S i Fl i needs at least 6-12 months to be d tl t 6 12 th t b p d produced. E p t d by N produced Expected by Nov – D 2009 d Dec • Seasonal flu vaccine or past flu immunization will not provide protection i i ti ill t p id protection. p t ti For more information & articles please visit
  10. 10. Are th A there medicines to treat swine flu? di i t t t i fl ? • Y Yes. The Yes Th US CDC recommends the use of d th f oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) or zanamivir (Relenza®) for ( f ®)) ( ®) f ) the treatment and/or p prevention of infection with these swine i fl th i influenza viruses. (Pl viruses (Please do not do self i d d self- lf medication, y p medication, any prescription medicine should be taken under di ti ipti di i h ld b t k d supervision of a qualified doctor) f f • A ti i l d Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, i ti di i (pills ( ill liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by q ) fg g f y keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. p g p g y bodyy • If you get sick, a t i al drugs can make your t sick antiviral d ugs ca sick, ti ake you illness milder and make you feel better faster They ill ild d k f l b tt faster. Th f t may also p y prevent serious flu complications complications. p • For treatment, anti iral dr gs work best if started treatment, antiviral drugs ork g soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms) ft tti i k ( ithi d f symptoms). t ) For more information & articles please visit
  11. 11. • Th virus can b spread when a person The i be p d h p touches something that is contaminated t h thi th t i t i t d with the virus and then touches his or her ith th i d th t h hi h eyes, nose, mouth. eyes, nose, or mouth y • Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an p g infected i f t d person move through the air th gh th air. i The i us can t The virus ca the b sp ead when a then be spread he d p person touches respiratory droplets from p y p another person on a surface like a desk, th p f lik desk d k doorknob, hild’ doorknob child’s t d k b child s toy or phone handset h h d t and then touches their o n eyes, mouth to ches own eyes, mo th eyes or nose before washing their hands g hands. For more information & articles please visit
  12. 12. • We kno that some viruses and bacteria can know ir ses live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria g f f tables, doorknobs, d desks tables d k b t bl , doorknobs, and desks. d k • F q Frequent handwashing will help you reduce the th d hi g ill h lp y d th chance of getting contamination from these common surfaces. surfaces f For more information & articles please visit
  13. 13. • C Cover y your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or d th ith ti h y gh sneeze. Th sneeze Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it th ti i th t h ft y it. • W h your h d often with soap and water especially after Wash hands f ih d water, i ll f you cough or sneeze Alcohol b h sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also Al h l based h d l d l effective. effective ff • A id t Avoid touching y hi g your eyes, nose or mouth The virus can eyes, y mouth. Th i th spread this way p d thi way. y • Try to avoid close contact with sick people y people. • If y get sick with i fl you g t i k ith influenza, stay home from work or school influenza, t y h f k h l and limit contact with others t keep from infecting them d li it t t ith th to k p f i f ti g th them. For more information & articles please visit
  14. 14. What i th b t Wh t is the best way to keep from spreading yt k f di g the i th virus through coughing or sneezing? th gh ghi g i g? • If you are sick, limit your contact with other sick li it i k t t ith th people as much as possible. Do not go to work l h possible D ibl tg t k or school if ill. ill • C Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when y th d ith ti h coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those hi sneezing i t th around you from getting sick. Put your used dy f g i g sick P y i k d tissue in the waste basket basket. • C Cover your cough or sneeze if you do not have y gh y d th a tissue Th tissue. Then clean your hands and do so ti Then, l hands, d d h d every time y cough or sneeze. y you g sneeze For more information & articles please visit
  15. 15. What i th b t t h i Wh t is the best technique for washing my f hi g y hands to h d t avoid getting the flu? id g tti g th fl ? • W hi your hands often will help protect you from Washing h d ft ill h l t t f g germs. W h ith germs Wash with soap and water or clean with d t l ith alcohol-based alcohol based hand cleaner. cleaner • Wh y wash your hands -- with soap and warm When you hy h d ith p d water -- th t you wash for 15 to 20 seconds When t that hf t seconds. Wh d soap and water are not available alcohol b p d available, alcohol-based il bl l h l basedd disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers may be p p g y used. You can fi d them in ost supermarkets a d used You ca find t e i most supe a kets and d th t t drugstores. drugstores d g t • If using gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The g gel g y g dry y g doesn't gel doesn t need water to work; the alcohol in it kills ater ork; the th germs on your h dhands. hands For more information & articles please visit
  16. 16. • If y live in areas where swine influenza cases have been you identified d b id tifi d and become ill with i fl ith influenza-like symptoms, influenza lik symptoms like t including fever b dy aches i l di g fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat, f h y nose throat th t nausea, nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact g diarrhea, y y their health th i h lth care provider, particularly if you are worried p id , p ti l ly y provider i d about your symptoms Y b t symptoms. Your h lth care provider will t health id ill determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed f g needed. • If y are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with you sick, y y ot e people other people as much as possible to keep from sp ead g th uch possible t keep f o spreading b di y your ill illness to others t others. th • If y become ill and experience any of the following you p y g warning signs (next 2 slides) seek emergency medical care. arning g (ne t slides), g ( ), emergency g care For more information & articles please visit
  17. 17. In hild I children emergency warning signs that g y i g ig th t need urgent medical attention include: d g t di l tt ti i l d • Fast breathing trouble breathing F t b thi g or t bl b thi g • Bluish ki Bl i h skin colorl • Not drinking enough fluids g g • Not N t waking up or not interacting ki g p ti t ti g • Being B i g so i it bl that the child d irritable th t th hild does not want t b h ld t t to be held • Flu like symptoms improve but then Flu-like sy pto s p o e u e t e return with f t ith fever and worse cough d gh • F Fever with a rash ith h For more information & articles please visit
  18. 18. In adults, I adults emergency warning signs that d lt g y i g ig th t need urgent medical attention include: d g t di l tt ti i l d • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath y g • Pain or ppressure in the chest or abdomen • Sudden dizziness S dd di i • Confusion C f i • Severe or persistent vomiting S i t t iti g For more information & articles please visit
  19. 19. • Th Throw away tissues and other di p y ti d th disposable items used by the bl it d by th sick person in the trash. Wash your h d after touching i k i th trash W h t h hands ft t hi used tissues and similar waste waste. • Keep surfaces ( p bedside tables, surfaces in the p (esp tables, ba bathroom, children toys, bathroom children’s toys, pho e ha d es, d k obs) clea b th oo , child e ’s toys phone handles doorknobs) clean d handles, doo dl b ) by i i th b wiping them down with a household disinfectant d ith h h ld di i f t t according to directions on the product label. g p label • Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who Linens, g utensils, tensils g g ho are sick d not need to b cleaned separately, but i k do t d t be l d separately b t t l importantly th i p t tly these ititems should not b shared without h ld t be h d ith t washing thoroughly first. g g y first For more information & articles please visit
  20. 20. ( (Contd.) (Contd (C td ) • W h li Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) by using ( h b d h d l ) by i g household laundry soap and tumble dry on a hot setting y p y setting. g Avoid “hugging” laundry prior to washing it to prevent A id “hhugging” l i d i t hi t t contaminating yourself. Clean your hands with soap and t i ti g yourself Cl y lf y h d ith d water or alcohol based hand rub right after handling dirty alcohol-based g g y laundry. laundry l dy • E ti utensils should b washed either i a di h Eating t il h ld be h d ith in dishwasher or h by hand i h by h d with water and soap d soap. p For more information & articles please visit
  21. 21. ‘Dadi Maa ka Nuskha’ ‘D di M k N kh ’ Dadi Nuskha (Grandma (Grandma’s home e edy) (G a d a’s ho e remedy) d ) • Th There has b h been recommendation from Ay d ti f Ayurveda d that taking 5 7 Tulsi leaves empty stomach early 5-7 morning every day, k p the flu at bay i g y day keeps h fl d y, bay. b y • T made from L Tea d f Laxmi T i Taru (b t i l name: ( (botanical Simarouba) leaves, T l i A l and A Si b )l leaves Tulsi Amla d Amrut Tulsi, t ( (Giloy) t (Gil y) acts as an i ) immunity enhancer ity enhancer. h Alternatively & additionally, Ginger and Turmeric additionally ( (haldi) p d (h ldi) powder mixed with either lime juice or ) i d i h i h li j i honey can also be taken twice a day h y l b t k t i d y For more information & articles please visit
  22. 22. List f Hospitals for treatment of Swine Flu Li t of H it l f t t t f S i Fl Chennai Ch i • Ki g Institute of P e e ti e Med ci e ( / Se ice) G i d Che ai King I stitute of Preventive Medicine (24/7 Service) Guindy Chennai di S ) Guindy, C Gu dy, - 32 (044) 22501520 22501521 & 22501522 ( ) 22501520, • Comm nicable Diseases Hospital Thondiarpet Chennai (044) Communicable p Thondiarpet, p ( ) 25912686/87/88, 25912686/87/88, 9444459543 • GGovernment G General Hospital OOpp. Central Railway Station Chennai Opp C Station, C S - 03 (044) 25305000 25305723 25305721 25330300 ( ) 25305000, 25305723, 25305721, Pune Pune • N id Hospital N L 'M idi , R j B h d Mill, GPO, P Naidu H pit l Nr Le'Meridian Raja Bahadur Mill, GPO, Pune - Le Meridian, 01 (020) 26058243 • National Institute of Virology 20A Ambedkar Road Pune - 11 (020) Road, 26006290 Kolkata K lk t • ID H pit l 57,B li gh t , B li gh t R d, Kolkata - 10 (033) Hospital 57,Beliaghata, Beliaghata Road K lk t Beliaghata Road, ( ) 23701252 For more information & articles please visit
  23. 23. List of Hospitals for treatment of Swine Flu -2 2 Coimbatore C i b t • G Government Gt General Hospital T i hy R d, Coimbatore - 18 (0422) l H pit l Trichy Road C i b t Road, ( ) 2301393, 2301394, 2301395, 2301393 2301394 2301395 2301396 Hyderabad • Govt General and Chest Diseases Hospital, Erragadda Govt. Hospital Erragadda, Hyderabad ( Hyd b d (040) 23814939 ) Mumbai M b i • Kastu ba G dhi Hospital A thu Road N M Joshi Ma g, J Kasturba Gandhi Hospit l Arthur Road, t b Ga d ta t Road, d J hi Marg Jacob Jos Marg, b Circle, Circle Mumbai - 11 (022) 23083901 23092458 23004512 ( ) 23083901, 23092458, • Si J J H pit l J J M g By ll M b i - 08 (022) 23735555 Sir Hospital Marg, Byculla, Marg Byculla Mumbai ( ) 23735555, 23739031, 23760943, 3 23739031, 23760943 23768400 / 23731144 / 5555 / 23701393 / 3 3 3 3 3, 3 3 3 3 3 1366 • Haffkine Instit te Acharya Donde Marg Parel M mbai - 12 (022) Institute Acharya Marg, Parel, Mumbai g ( ) 24160947, 24160961, 24160947, 24160961, 24160962 For more information & articles please visit
  24. 24. List of Hospitals for treatment of Swine Flu -3 3 Kochi K hi • Go e Government Medical College Gandhi Nagar P O Kottayam - 08 (0481) e t ed ca Co ege Ga d aga O, ottaya (0 8 ) 2597311,2597312 2597311,2597312 • Government Medical College Vandanam P O Allapuzha - 05 (0477) 2282015 O, • Taluk Hospital R il T l kH it l Railway St ti Road Al Station R d Alwaye E k l Road, Alwaye, Ernakulam (0484) 2624040 S th jit - Sathyajit 09847840051 • Taluk Hospital P T l kH it l Perumbavoor PO E k l b PO, Ernakulam 542 (0484) 2523138 Vi i - Vipin 09447305200 Gurgaon & Delhi G • AIIMS, Ansari N AIIMS A i Nagar A bi d M Nagar, Aurobindo Marg Ri Road New Delhi - 29 (011) 26594404, Ring R d N Road, D lhi 26594404 26861698 • Prof. Prof P f R C D k - 9868397464 N ti Deka National I tit t for Communicable Diseases 22 l Institute f C i bl Di 22, Sham N th M Sh Nath Marg New Delhi - 54 (011) 23971272 /060/ 344/ Marg, N D lhi • Dr. Dr R D Ram M Manohar L hi H pit l Kh k Si gh M g New Delhi - 01 (011) h Lohia Hospital Kharak Singh Marg NMarg, D lhi ( ) 23741640, 23741649, 23741640 23741649 23741639 • Dr. Dr D N K Ch t Chaturvedi - 9811101704 V ll bh i P t l Ch t I tit t U i di Vallabhai Patel Chest Institute University Enclave ity Enclave, E l New Delhi 07 (011) 27667102, 27667441, 27667667, 27666182 Delhi- ( ) 27667102, 27667441, 27667667, For more information & articles please visit
  25. 25. List of Hospitals for treatment of Swine Flu -4 4 Bangalore B g l • Vi t i H pit l K R Market, K l ip l y , B g l Victoria Hospital Market Kalasipalayam, M k t, Kalasipalayam Bangalore - 02 (080) ( ) 26703294 Dr Gangadhar - 94480 49863 Dr. 94480-49863 • SDS Tuberculosis & Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Chest Diseases H Di Hosur R d, H b g d N g , Bangalore - 29 (080) Road, Road Hombegowda Nagar B g l Nagar, ( ) 26631923 Dr Shivaraj - 99801 48780 Dr. 99801-48780 For more information & articles please visit
  26. 26. • Swine Fl S i Flu – Sy pt Symptoms & Prevention P ti • How t H dl a S i Flu Pandemic H to Handle Swine Fl P d i • CDC Recommendations f S i Flu R d ti for Swine Fl • Risk F t Ri k Factors f S i Flu for Swine Fl • Treatment f Swine Flu T t t for S i Fl • Difference Bet ee Swine Flu a d Diffe e ce Between S i e Flu and t Seasonal Allergiesg • Eff ti Effectiveness of M k I Swine Flu f Mask In S i Fl • Recommendations for Travel to Areas Reporting N R p ti g Novel H1N1 Flu l Fl For more information & articles please visit
  27. 27. If you have any Questions or any help you y h yQ ti yh l y need y may visit d you y i it www.topdoctorsonline.com y www topdoctorsonline com & you can use t pd t li Q & A, Live consultancy, or other A Li consultancy l y h modules as per your convenience. d l p y convenience i Thanking You Th ki g Y , You, Team T pD t O li com T TopDoctorsOnline.com TopDoctorsOnline For more information & articles please visit