Calorex. What We do, We Do Well

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Welcome to Calorex. This is what we do.

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Calorex. What We do, We Do Well

  1. 1. World Leaders in Heat Pump Technology
  2. 2. Agenda • Company Profile • Why heat pumps? • Heat pump market • What is a heat pump? • How do they work? • Ground and Air Source Heat Pumps • Installing the equipment • Running costs and carbon emissions • Case Studies • Other Products in the Calorex range
  3. 3. • UK manufacturer and market leader of heat pump technology • Established 30 years • Sold and Installed more Heat pumps in UK than any other manufacturer • Manufactured over 250,000 heat pumps to date • 1,000,000 hours of measured performance data from UK domestic heating installations! • We were the FIRST manufacturer accredited under MCS (Microgeneration Certification Scheme) Calorex Profile
  4. 4. Company Profile • Based at 80,000 sq ft facility in Maldon Essex • Currently producing circa 10,000 units pa • Export circa 65% of finished goods • £2m invested in R&D since 2005; ongoing £0.75m p.a. • Comprehensive GSHP and ASHP domestic ranges designed for UK market conditions and practices • New flow line production facility for heat pump manufacture to allow for output increase
  5. 5. Calorex Heat Pumps Indoor Swimming Pools Environmental Climate Control Systems. Heat Recovery & Dehumidification Outdoor Swimming Pools Air source heat pumps Portable Equipment Building Dryers Air Conditioners Air Movement Domestic Heating Ground & Air source Heat pumps Dehumidification Dehumidifiers Humidifiers Heat Recovery Calorex Product Applications
  6. 6. Climate Change Agenda
  7. 7. Climate Change Agenda
  8. 8. Climate Change Agenda
  9. 9. Micro-generation Renewable Options • Heat Pumps – GSHP technology proven throughout Europe – ASHP advances in technology have overcome the problems associated with earlier installations • Solar Thermal • Solar PV • Wind • Bio-Mass Boilers • Micro - CHP units still only in limited field trials - Performance & Reliability have been a problem, also noise • Fuel cells not yet beyond laboratory trials – Commercialisation not before 2011?
  10. 10. What is a Heat Pump?
  11. 11. How Does it Work?
  12. 12. Hot and Cold
  13. 13. Electricity in Heat out1 kW 4 kW 3 kW Solar energy from the earth COP (Co-efficient Of Performance) = 4
  14. 14. COP – Coefficient of Performance COP = Total Heat Output Energy Consumed e.g. 8 kW Heat Energy Out 2 kW Energy Consumed COP = 4 Efficiency = 400%
  15. 15. COP = Coefficient of Performance COP = Total Heat Output Energy Consumed
  16. 16. Products in Calorex Range
  17. 17. Renewable Energy Heat Pumps & Domestic Installations • Heat Pumps are one of the fastest emerging technologies in the Western world. • Able to satisfy all renewable requirements / planning caveats of housebuilder and/or social housing provider • UK Market rapidly gathering pace • Calorex are market leaders in UK domestic heat pump technology with circa 1000 installations
  18. 18. Technology • Heat Pumps are a fully developed technology. • Markets in France, Germany and Austria have grown strongly over last decade. • Moving trend from GSHP to ASHP in main European markets • UK market set to follow European trends
  19. 19. GSHP or ASHP? GSHP’s • Ultimate heat pump performance • Expensive ground works • Best suited to new build • Maintenance free operation • Quiet and unobtrusive ASHP’s • At least 75% of GSHP performance for ~ 50% of the cost • New build or refurbishment • Easier to install than GSHP’s • Retro-fit for immediate carbon savings • Can be used in high rise dwellings
  20. 20. Air & Ground Source Heat Pumps and swimming pools Applications • Indoor pool - supply LPHW to AHU • Indoor pool – pool water heating • Outdoor pool – pool water heating
  21. 21. AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMPS
  22. 22. Air Source
  23. 23. CALOREX ASHP PRODUCT FEATURES
  24. 24. Air Source Heat Pumps • 4.5 kW • 9.0 kW • 12.0 kW • 3-phase units to 100kW available Range Designed Specifically for UK Climatic conditions
  25. 25. Calorex ASHP product features • Dual temperature, simple controls, twin compressors for larger units, single phase electrical installation, comprehensive fault detection system: all as for GSHP’s - Plus • Oversized evaporator, optimised fin spacing and Calorex designed control system resulting in a reverse cycle defrost only 4 minutes per hour (93% heating time) compared to typical average of 15 minutes (75% heating time)
  26. 26. Calorex ASHP product features • No freezing in damp conditions – an endemic problem with imported models designed for dry Northern European climates • Large diameter low speed fan leading to exceptionally low noise levels • Epoxy coated evaporator fins to protect against air borne pollutants • Plastisol coated cabinet with lifetime guarantee • WRAS approved heat exchangers
  27. 27. • Designed to operate in UK ‘s temperate humid climates • Small footprint units optimising space • Simple and easy to install • Single phase 240v supply • Very low starting currents • Twin compressors in larger models – Optimised efficiency • Very low noise levels - super quiet Calorex Product Features
  28. 28. • Use R134A gas – Low operating pressure. • Operate from -150C • No defrost above 40C • Reverse cycle 4 minute defrost (higher average COP) • Provide space heating at 350C to 550C • Units deliver DHW at 650C without electrical back up. • Work with radiators or underfloor heating • Standard Central heating Controls Calorex Product Features Independently tested to EN 14511 by BSRIA
  29. 29. Calorex Product Range Ground source heat pumps Air source heat pumps Output COP brine on 0oC; output to water 35oC Output COP air on 7oC; output to water 35oC 3.5kW 4.53 4.50kW 3.43 5.0kW 4.53 9.0kW 3.54 8.0kW 4.14 12.0kW 3.65 12.0kW 4.31 Above COP’s include full defrost cycles EN14511* standard 3.50 EN14511* standard 3.20 * UK Microgeneration certification scheme standard Source:- BSRIA
  30. 30. V2 ModelV2 and V1 Models
  31. 31. INSTALLING THE EQUIPMENT
  32. 32. ASHP Installation
  33. 33. Siting the unit >0.15m>3.0m
  34. 34. GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMPS
  35. 35. Hot and Cold
  36. 36. Range 3.5kW 5.0kW 8.0kW 12.0kW 25.0kW
  37. 37. Ground Source
  38. 38. Electricity in Heat out1 kW 4 kW 3 kW Solar energy from the earth COP (Co-efficient Of Performance) = 4
  39. 39. Ground Source Heat Pumps • Amplified/ Upgraded - Heat from the Earth! • Available EVERYWHERE in the UK • Totally Renewable • Totally Sustainable • Replenished naturally via Solar energy • Proven technology
  40. 40. Types of Ground Systems • Open loop • Water extracted from ground and discharged back at second point • Closed loop • Water circulated • Evaporator installed direct in ground, refrigerant circulated
  41. 41. Loop Configurations
  42. 42. Ground Source Heat Pump with a swimming pool AHU
  43. 43. • GSHP providing LPHW at 55oC in place of conventional boiler • Output of LPHW coils reduced, usually flow temperature 80oC. • 50% of rated output!! • Need to check changed capacity against building and pool heat loads • Calorex are only company that can offer complete 100% heat pump only solution for an indoor pool • Good viable solution, particularly off gas network Ground Source Heat Pump with a swimming pool AHU
  44. 44. GSHP & Variheat
  45. 45. ASHP & Variheat
  46. 46. GSHP for Indoor Pool Water Heating • Operational heat losses of pool made up from recovered energy if using heat pump heat recovery AHU • Only water heat load comes from back wash of filters and dilution for chemical treatment • Heat up from cold done rarely • Cost prohibitive to size GSHP for rapid heat up time. • Limited usage if installed just for limited pool water heat load • GSHP combined with other loads e.g. pool hall air heating, main dwelling space heating would be OK
  47. 47. GSHP for Outdoor Pool • Summer Season; March - October • Use Air Source Heat Pump; e.g. Calorex 29 or 31 range • COP of GSHP fixed at 4 • COP of ASHP variable from 4 when air at 10oC to 6 with air at 25oC • Installation cost of ASHP cheaper than GSHP • Running cost of ASHP cheaper than GSHP • Conclusion - Install ASHP
  48. 48. Funding • Microgeneration Certification scheme - MCS – Approved product + approved installer – ASHP £900 – GSHP £1200 • CERT – Energy supplier • Carbon Trust Loan – Interest free loan over 4 years – Payback based on energy saving achieved
  49. 49. Borehole
  50. 50. Ground Loop
  51. 51. Installing the Ground Loop
  52. 52. Installing the Ground Loop
  53. 53. Pressure Test
  54. 54. Grouting
  55. 55. Grouting the Borehole
  56. 56. Horizontal Ground Loop • Requires more space • More suited to new build • Less stable ground temperature; can be less efficient • Cost saving if site contractor lays the pipes • 5kW = 2 x 40m trenches at 5m spacing
  57. 57. Horizontal Slinky
  58. 58. Horizontal Loops 25kW GSHP 8 x 50m trenches all 5m apart
  59. 59. GSHP System Characteristics • Building - Thermal characteristics and user load requirements for heating and DHW • Heat Pump - Output matched to load requirements of building • Ground Loop - Designed to provide renewable energy in line with requirements of the building load and heat pump
  60. 60. GSHP System Schematic
  61. 61. 12kW Installation 3 x 65m boreholes
  62. 62. External retro fit Installation
  63. 63. Air Source Heat Pumps Range • 4.5 kW • 9.0 kW • 12.0 kW • Up to 70kW 3-ph Range designed specifically for UK climatic conditions
  64. 64. Pro Pac Range
  65. 65. Summary • 1kWh of electricity can deliver over 4kWh of renewable energy from the ground • Proven technology with case studies to back up performance • The lowest running cost system for “off gas” network areas • Huge savings on running costs • Huge savings on CO2 emissions • Long life, low maintenance, sustainable technology.
  66. 66. Calorex ASHP product features • Designed to operate in UK ‘s temperate humid climate • Oversized evaporator, optimised fin spacing and Calorex designed control system resulting in a reverse cycle defrost only 4 minutes per hour (93% heating time) • Typical average defrost of 15 minutes (75% heating time) • Dual temperature – CH (radiators or underfloor) & DHW • Simple controls - standard central heating controls • Twin compressors for larger units – optimised efficiency • Single phase electrical installation - low starting currents • Large diameter low speed fan leading to exceptionally low noise levels - super quiet
  67. 67. System Design Considerations Heating Requirement • Accurate assessment of design day heat loss of dwelling required • SAP calculation for new build and major refurbishment • Refurbishment project - Insulate first • Latest Part ‘L’ Buildings coming out at 35-40 W/m2
  68. 68. System Design Considerations Heating system design • Flow temperature - Range: 35 to 55oC • Radiator sizes; Reduced output DT30; factor = 0.51 • Under-floor; design outputs – 50-60W/m2 • Flow rates - Vital to HP performance • Heat Pump cycling - System water volumes • Buffer Tanks
  69. 69. Installation Issues • Location of Heat Pump – air flow or access to ground loop • Location of cylinders – DHW & buffer • Electrical power supply – Starting loads – single or 3-phase • Conventional plumbing components • Controls – integration of other heat sources and renewables • Circulating pump sizing
  70. 70. Under-floor Installation
  71. 71. Bi-Valent System
  72. 72. Dual Heat Pumps
  73. 73. RUNNING COST AND EMISSIONS SAVINGS
  74. 74. Cost Comparisons Energy Costs • Gas = 3.3 p/kWh • Elec = 10.2 p/kWh • Oil = 37p/litre = 3.7p/kWh COP against 93% efficient gas boiler Heat = 3.3/0.93 = 3.55 p/kWh COP = 10.2/3.55 = 2.87 COP against 60% efficient oil boiler Heat = 3.7/0.6 = 6.17 p/kWh COP = 10.2/6.17 = 1.65
  75. 75. Performance of Heat Pump Type Air/Water on Water off Heat Output COP 12kW ASHP 5oC 40oC 11.2kW 3.2 12kW ASHP 5oC 55oC 10.3kW 2.4 12kW GSHP 3oC 40oC 13.5kW 4.2 12kW GSHP 3oC 55oC 13.0kW 3.1 Estimated seasonal performance
  76. 76. Running Cost savings Source:- EON Avaerage Annual Fuel Cost Comparison 100m2 New Build. - Underfloor Heating - Calorex August 2008 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 G SHP G SHP(E7) ASHP ASHP (E7) Electric Elec.(E7) G as(Cond) O il LPG Solid FuelCost(£pa) Space Htg HWS Cooking Ltg.+Pwr
  77. 77. Carbon Emissions savings Source:- EON Comparison of Average Annual CO2 Emissions - 100m2 New Build. - Underfloor Heating - Calorex August 2008 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 7500 8000 8500 9000 9500 10000 10500 11000 11500 12000 G SHP G SHP(E7) ASHP ASHP (E7) Electric Elec.(E7) G as(Cond) O il LPG Solid AnnualCO2Emissions(kg) Space Htg HWS Cooking Ltg.+Pw r
  78. 78. Why use a heat pump? • Environmentally friendly • Lower running costs • COP always greater than 1 • Energy efficient means of heating • Will operate from domestic power supplies • Simple Installation • Reliable – Long working life • Very low maintenance
  79. 79. Advantages of Heat Pump v Boiler • Energy efficient • Easy to install • No flues or ducting • No oil tank or LPG cylinder • No fumes odours or smoke • Simple controls • Low maintenance requirements • Corrosion resistant construction • Reliable • Long working life
  80. 80. Funding • Microgeneration Certification scheme - MCS – Approved product + approved installer – Domestic properties – ASHP £900 & GSHP £1200, max £2500 per property • CERT – carbon emission reduction target – Funding via energy suppliers – Applies to GSHPs only, not currently ASHPs – Up to 85% subsidy depending on Carbon saving e.g. coal fired boiler • Carbon Trust Loan – Interest free loan over 4 years – Payback based on energy saving achieved
  81. 81. Case Studies
  82. 82. Metropolitan Housing Trust Nottingham Braddock Row Development • New sheltered housing scheme • 10 individual 2-bed properties • High standard of insulation, better than part L • Borehole for each property • Heating via under-floor system • Heat pump also providing hot water
  83. 83. Metropolitan Housing Trust Nottingham
  84. 84. Penwith District Council Penzance, Cornwall Project summary • Refurbishment of existing housing stock • Conversion from coal fired boiler to GSHP • Insulation standard of properties improved
  85. 85. Penwith District Council
  86. 86. Penwith District Council Heat Pump Location
  87. 87. Penwith District Council Hot Water Cylinder Location
  88. 88. Westlea Housing Assoc. Withybed, Wiltshire Project Summary • New Build • Well insulated • Six houses • Semi- detached • Under-floor heating • Calorex 5000DT 5.0kW GSHP • 2 x 50m boreholes per property • Providing space & water heating
  89. 89. Flintshire County Council Caerwys, N. Wales • 15 x 2 bed bungalows • Upgraded insulation • 5kW GSHP • Radiators • Central Oil boiler • Community Centre with 9kW ASHP • Providing space & hot water heating
  90. 90. Project Summary • Retrofit Project • 15 x 1-bed semi-detached bungalows • Floor area 40m2 • Heat loss 2.8kW • Calorex 3500 3.5kW GSHP • Single 80m borehole per property • Replaced electric heating • Project specified and managed by NPS Property Consultants Mid-Suffolk District Council Stradbrooke, Suffolk
  91. 91. Case Study - ASHP Westleigh Developments North Luffenham • New Build • Social housing • CfSH level 3 • 3-bed Semi • Single 9kW ASHP • Heating by Radiators • All CH & DHW
  92. 92. Westleigh Developments North Luffenham
  93. 93. Case Study - ASHP David Wilson Homes Horley, Surrey • Social Housing - New build • 2-bed flats • CfSH – Code level 3 • Ground & 1st Floor – ASHP • Heating by Radiators & DHW • 2nd Floor – Solar Thermal
  94. 94. David Wilson Homes Horley, Surrey
  95. 95. St Cedds School Chelmsford • 3 Classroom Block • 12kW GSHP • 3 x 65m Boreholes • Underfloor heating • DHW for toilets • Alternative was gas main across school to local boiler
  96. 96. GSHP or ASHP? GSHP’s • Ultimate heat pump performance • Expensive ground works • Best suited to new build • Maintenance free operation • Quiet and unobtrusive ASHP’s • At least 75% of GSHP performance for ~ 50% of the cost • New build or refurbishment • Easier to install than GSHP’s • Retro-fit for immediate carbon savings • Can be used in high rise dwellings
  97. 97. Summary • Manufactured in UK by British Company • Designed specifically for UK Domestic market • Provides both space and water heating without the need for supplementary water heating • Works with under floor heating or radiators • Controlled using central heating programmer • Compatible with both new build and existing homes - dependent on thermal specification • Technical & Service support from existing Calorex field service engineers
  98. 98. Heat Pumps
  99. 99. Dehumidifiers
  100. 100. Traditional Successful Markets Hire. • Flood damage drying out. • Building drying-i.e. plaster, Floor screed etc. • Tank drying. • Drying out of products-i.e. timber , food and Hygroscopic materials when required. • Temporary environmental control for conditioning Materials before process production. • ?
  101. 101. Traditional Successful Markets FIXED-Storage and Keep Dry • Material storage-warehouse-Museums • Paper-steel-plasterboard-timber • Process drying • Timber-food-Pharmaceutical production, when specialist manufacturing require specific relative humidity/control for a given product being manufactured. • Keep dry • Sports halls/gyms-Electrical sub-stations-Clothes drying rooms-cellars and basements.
  102. 102. Hire Applications Flood Damage Drying out after flood
  103. 103. Hire Applications Keep Dry - Storage
  104. 104. Applications for Refrigerant Dehumidifiers Storage Paper Leather Wood Metals Vintage cars Museums Artefacts – Manuscripts - Paintings General Offices – Laundry – Kitchens Electrical Switchroom
  105. 105. Applications • Condensation Pumping stations - Basements • Drying Rooms Fire stations - Outdoor activities • Process Drying Timber - Ceramics - Confectionery • Swimming Pools Domestic – Commercial - Municipal
  106. 106. Storage Storage Condition 55%RH • Finished Products • Raw materials • Paper • Cardboard • Leather • Textiles • Wood • Metals
  107. 107. Steel Storage Corrosion will almost completely stop at humidity levels of 50 %RH or less.
  108. 108. Car Storage
  109. 109. Storage Sizing Small Unheated Storage Areas Maintained at 60% RH or Less For Well Constructed Buildings, Not Extremely Exposed To Prevailing Winds Up to 75m³ (2,648ft³) DH 15 AX or FD15 Up to 150m³ (5,297ft³) DH 30 AX or FD 30 AX Up to 350m³ (12,359ft³) DH 60 AX or HD 500 AX Up to 500m³ (17,655ft³) DH 75 AX Up to 750m³ (26,483ft³) DH 110 AX Up to 1000m³ (35,310ft³) DH150 AX
  110. 110. Museums
  111. 111. Electrical Switchgear
  112. 112. Condensation Pumping Stations
  113. 113. Drying Rooms
  114. 114. Drying Rooms  Outdoor Activity Centres  Water Sports Centres  Police Stations  Council Depots  Building Sites
  115. 115. Drying Room Sizing Typical unit selections for a fire station drying room Dehumidifier Number of People using Drying Room Calorex DH15AX up to approx 6 - 7 sets of clothing Calorex DH30A up to approx 12 - 15 sets of clothing Calorex DH60A up to approx 25 - 30 sets of clothing These unit selections are based on the following assumptions: - Drying Time; Overnight period of 12-16 hours Room Temperature; Heated to a minimum of 18oC Ventilation; No additional mechanical ventilation. NB small extract fan to be fitted for dilution of odours
  116. 116. Product Drying
  117. 117. Portable Dehumidifiers PD 150 AX PD 300 AX PD 600 AX
  118. 118. • DH150GXF • DH600BY
  119. 119. OTW15 •Wall Mounted •Tamper Proof Controls •Inbuilt Hygrostat •Inbuilt air filter •Hot Gas defrost as standard •Through wall version
  120. 120. DH30/60 •Wall or floor Mounted •LPHW or Electrical heating optional •Hot Gas defrost optional •Through wall version •Robust attractive cabinet
  121. 121. DH75/110 •Floor Mounted •Hot Gas defrost standard •Optional LPHW heating •Optional remote control •Through wall version •IP45 rated attractive, aluminium cabinet •Hygrostat included
  122. 122. DH150/300/600 •Hot Gas defrost standard •Adjustable air supply turning ducts •Hygrostat included •IP45 rated attractive, aluminium cabinet •Optional LPHW heating •Optional remote control •Optional return air filters •Optional Condensate pump •Electrical soft-start kits •Floor Mounted •Compressor time delay •Fully automatic controls
  123. 123. Generic  Humidity of less than 35%RH  Low dew point conditions  Low temperatures, especially combined with low humidity.  Single pass air flow applications Applications for Desiccant Dehumidifiers
  124. 124. Applications for Desiccant Dehumidifiers • Pharmaceutical production, packaging, storage, testing and research • Photographic/film archive stores • Pneumatic conveying of powders • Pumping stations • Confectionary production and packing • Food production • Clean rooms • Electronics manufacture • Cold stores • Seed storage • Drying & corrosion prevention inside power station turbines • Injection moulding machines • Tank drying
  125. 125. Pharmaceutical Clean room
  126. 126. Food Production Production Areas Packing Areas
  127. 127. Process Industries
  128. 128. Electronics Manufacture
  129. 129. DehuTech Family
  130. 130. DehuTech 8000 Capacities range from 0.6kg/h to over 126kg/h Custom built units also available to clients design requirements
  131. 131. Advantages of Heat Pump v Boiler • Energy efficient • Easy to install • No flues or ducting • No oil tank or LPG cylinder • No fumes odours or smoke • Simple controls • Low maintenance requirements • Corrosion resistant construction • Reliable • Long working life
  132. 132. Heat Pumps for Outdoor Swimming Pools
  133. 133. Domestic Pools
  134. 134. Air to Water
  135. 135. Running Costs
  136. 136. Hotel Pools
  137. 137. Pro Pac 8-12-16-22
  138. 138. Pro Pac Range
  139. 139. Pro Pac Outdoor Units • Key features at a glance • Capacities from 43kW to 140kW • Fully automatic operation • Zero ozone depleting R407C refrigerant – ensures reliable, efficient • operation regardless of air temperature • Reverse cycle defrost option available • Soft start option available • Scroll compressors • Water flow switch • Comprehensive circuit protection • Designed and manufactured in the EU to CE & ISO 9001 standards • Upflow fans/top discharge • Digetal close control thermostat
  140. 140. Sizing of Heat Pump Heat Pumps are sized to maintain the required water temperature at coldest time of year pool is to be used • Questionnaire • Pool surface area • Water temperature • Pool cover • Usage • Hours per day • Length of year
  141. 141. Indoor Pools
  142. 142. Fundamental Requirements of any swimming pool • WATER HEATING Replenish pool water heat losses • AIR HEATING Replenish/maintain pool air above pool temperature • DEHUMIDIFICATION Remove moisture from pool hall air • FRESH AIR Ventilate at minimum acceptable rates to dilute CO & airborne chemical build up ( also to create negative pressure) • SUMMERTIME COOLING To remove solar heat gains
  143. 143. What do indoor swimming pools require? 1. A pool temperature of between 28ºC and 30ºC (for leisure use) to make swimming pools suitable for swimmers 2. Pool hall air at 1ºC above pool temperature to minimise evaporation of pool water to minimise transmission loss to air to provide a comfortable condition for occupants 3. Relative Humidity of 55-65%RH to prevent condensation and damage to building to provide a comfortable condition for occupants 4. Ventilation at 10 litres/sec/person or 3 litres/sec/m2 pool area Dilute CO2 build up reduce airborne chemical build up eliminate odours
  144. 144. Affects of Uncontrolled Humidity • Personal discomfort • Structural damage • Damage to fabric, fixtures and fittings • Mildew and mould growth • Condensation • Increased operation costs
  145. 145. Calorex Systems • Based on heat pump dehumidifiers • Recovery of Latent heat • Recovered heat returned to air or water • Air re-circulated • Fresh air introduced when required • Units available for all pool sizes from small domestic to Olympic sized public pools • Stand alone units to fully packaged AHUs
  146. 146. Fridge dehum schematic
  147. 147. Advantages of Calorex • Specifically designed for swimming pools • Wide product range • Comprehensive range of options • Established reputation • High quality and reliability • Excellent product support, before & after sale • Continuous product development • All units factory tested prior to despatch
  148. 148. Indoor Domestic Pools
  149. 149. DH 33 Vaporex DH33
  150. 150. DH 55 Vaporex DH55
  151. 151. Monitair DH44
  152. 152. Monitair DH66
  153. 153. Monitiar DH44/66 dehumidifier features • Super Quiet!!! • Family design • Horizontal Scroll compressor • High efficiency – low running costs • Air outlet grille can be fixed in horizontal or vertical position • Easy to transport
  154. 154. DH 44/66 features … • Replaceable drip tray • Flexible drip tray and electric connections • LPHW models now include the heating valve and 12 V remote thermostat connection • Wall mounting or floor standing – unit supplied with wall brackets and floor standing kit with adjustable feet. • Premium product for the high-end of the market
  155. 155. Monitair DH75 & 110
  156. 156. DH75 & 110 Options • 8.9kW LPHW Air Heater • ‘Through The Wall’ model Features • Integral humidistat • Low temperature operation, hot gas defrost as standard • Latest HFC R407c refrigerant • High efficiency • Low noise levels
  157. 157. Domestic Pools - Ducted Systems
  158. 158. Ducted Systems • Larger domestic pools • Smaller commercial pools e.g. hotels, leisure clubs • Ducted air distribution systems • Additional features included • Packaged units for easy installation
  159. 159. Air Distribution
  160. 160. Variheat Series 3 Vertical Configuration
  161. 161. Calorex Variheat Series 3
  162. 162. Variheat Series 3 • High efficiency and heat recovery • R407c refrigerant • Air to air & air to water models • Wide range of capacities - larger than Series II • Flexible design suitable for most plant rooms • Heating & fresh air options • Remote control panel • Removable drip tray for easy cleaning • Ability to operate in a variety of indoor temps.
  163. 163. The model range • AA - Air to Air units • simple air to air heat pump dehumidifiers • dehumidification with heat recovery to air • model range: AA600/900/1200/1500 • air heating and fresh air options • single & three phase options • AW - Air to Water units • air to water heat pumps • dehumidification with heat recovery to air & water • primary heating coils • model range: AW600/900/1200/1500 • air heating and fresh air options • single & three phase options
  164. 164. Flexible design Refrigeration module consists of: complete refrigeration cct. primary water heat exch. Fan module consists of: main fan primary air heat exch. fresh air module elec. resistance air heating module Additional modules (extra cost) External condensing units (extra cost) inc. mods. to Variheat plus remote condensing unit Modular design Modular design allows: • vertical & horizontal configurations • dimensions allow easy access through doorways • large choice of outlet options • ability to add optional modules after installation
  165. 165. Vertical configuration Front, rear, top, and side outlets possible Bottom outlet (downdraft)
  166. 166. Horizontal configuration Front, rear, top, bottom, and side outlets possible
  167. 167. Fresh air option • Air flow rates from 150m³/hr. to 300m³/hr. • Powered extract fan & dampers controlled by thermostat & humidistat • Damper settings create slight negative pressure in pool hall • Fitted at machine air inlet • Can be rotated to suit connection to duct work • 20Pa external fan pressure
  168. 168. 12V Remote control panel• Power switch • Fresh air flow switch to control damper settings • Controllers with L.E.D. displays for air ºC & %RH, water ºC* • Neon indication lamps • Time-clock with battery back-up • Multi-pin electrical connection inside Variheat
  169. 169. Control functions • Interface with boiler for LPHW demand • Interface with filtration pump for operation with dehumidification demand • Night set back air temperature for energy savings • Facility for connecting a remote override switch • Hot gas defrost mechanism 1/ allowing lower unoccupied pool air temps. and the resultant energy savings 2/ enables use in non-pool applications e.g. industrial/commercial storage
  170. 170. Specifications
  171. 171. Commercial Pools
  172. 172. Commercial Pools • E.g. Hotel, school and leisure club pools • Higher usage • Longer hours • More occupants • Greater requirement for fresh air
  173. 173. Calorex Delta System
  174. 174. Delta - internal view
  175. 175. Fresh air openings
  176. 176. Municipal swimming pools Public Pools
  177. 177. Public Pools • Large surface area • High usage • Long hours • Additional water features • Large number of occupants • Spectators • Greater requirement for fresh air
  178. 178. Calorex HRD
  179. 179. HRD – internal view
  180. 180. HRD Schematic
  181. 181. HRD at Kimbolton School
  182. 182. Benefits of HRD • HRD controls air temp, water temp, humidity and fresh air introduction • Pool hall air re-circulated • Fresh air modulated to keep to minimum • Fresh air volume dependant on air temp, humidity or occupancy (AQ/CO2) sensor • Fresh air volume of up to 72% of re-circulated volume • Energy saving due to latent heat recovery • Heat recovery to water and air • Heat recovery to water sufficient to make up all of operational pool water heat losses • Save 30-40% of running cost compared to recuperator based system with variable fresh air • Significant reduction in associated CO2 emissions
  183. 183. Benefits of HRD • Compact size • Fully packaged unit including controls • Controls can be stand alone or utilise local BMS controller • Smaller LPHW air heater required due to lower fresh air volumes • Boiler capacity required therefore reduced compared to AHU with recuperator • Associated project costs lower:- • Boiler • Controls • Plant room space
  184. 184. Sizing of Heat Pump Dehumidifier Dehumidifiers are sized to cope with the average evaporation from a pool over a 24 hour period and maintain the correct humidity, usually 60%RH. Fresh air is used to assist with humidity loads at times of peak usage. Factors that influence selection are:- • Pool surface area • Water temperature • Air temperature • Pool hall volume • Building heat losses and gains • Pool cover • Usage
  185. 185. Renewable Energy Heat Pumps & Domestic Installations • Heat Pumps are one of the fastest emerging technologies in the Western world. • Able to satisfy all renewable requirements / planning caveats of housebuilder and/or social housing provider • UK Market rapidly gathering pace • Calorex are market leaders in UK domestic heat pump technology with circa 1000 installations
  186. 186. Technology • Heat Pumps are a fully developed technology. • Markets in France, Germany and Austria have grown strongly over last decade. • Moving trend from GSHP to ASHP in main European markets • UK market set to follow European trends
  187. 187. GSHP or ASHP? GSHP’s • Ultimate heat pump performance • Expensive ground works • Best suited to new build • Maintenance free operation • Quiet and unobtrusive ASHP’s • At least 75% of GSHP performance for ~ 50% of the cost • New build or refurbishment • Easier to install than GSHP’s • Retro-fit for immediate carbon savings • Can be used in high rise dwellings
  188. 188. Air & Ground Source Heat Pumps and swimming pools Applications • Indoor pool - supply LPHW to AHU • Indoor pool – pool water heating • Outdoor pool – pool water heating
  189. 189. AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMPS
  190. 190. Air Source
  191. 191. CALOREX ASHP PRODUCT FEATURES
  192. 192. Air Source Heat Pumps • 4.5 kW • 9.0 kW • 12.0 kW • 3-phase units to 100kW available Range Designed Specifically for UK Climatic conditions
  193. 193. Calorex ASHP product features • Dual temperature, simple controls, twin compressors for larger units, single phase electrical installation, comprehensive fault detection system: all as for GSHP’s - Plus • Oversized evaporator, optimised fin spacing and Calorex designed control system resulting in a reverse cycle defrost only 4 minutes per hour (93% heating time) compared to typical average of 15 minutes (75% heating time)
  194. 194. Calorex ASHP product features • No freezing in damp conditions – an endemic problem with imported models designed for dry Northern European climates • Large diameter low speed fan leading to exceptionally low noise levels • Epoxy coated evaporator fins to protect against air borne pollutants • Plastisol coated cabinet with lifetime guarantee • WRAS approved heat exchangers
  195. 195. • Designed to operate in UK ‘s temperate humid climates • Small footprint units optimising space • Simple and easy to install • Single phase 240v supply • Very low starting currents • Twin compressors in larger models – Optimised efficiency • Very low noise levels - super quiet Calorex Product Features
  196. 196. • Use R134A gas – Low operating pressure. • Operate from -150C • No defrost above 40C • Reverse cycle 4 minute defrost (higher average COP) • Provide space heating at 350C to 550C • Units deliver DHW at 650C without electrical back up. • Work with radiators or underfloor heating • Standard Central heating Controls Calorex Product Features Independently tested to EN 14511 by BSRIA
  197. 197. Calorex Product Range Ground source heat pumps Air source heat pumps Output COP brine on 0oC; output to water 35oC Output COP air on 7oC; output to water 35oC 3.5kW 4.53 4.50kW 3.43 5.0kW 4.53 9.0kW 3.54 8.0kW 4.14 12.0kW 3.65 12.0kW 4.31 Above COP’s include full defrost cycles EN14511* standard 3.50 EN14511* standard 3.20 * UK Microgeneration certification scheme standard Source:- BSRIA
  198. 198. V2 ModelV2 and V1 Models
  199. 199. INSTALLING THE EQUIPMENT
  200. 200. ASHP Installation
  201. 201. Siting the unit >0.15m>3.0m
  202. 202. GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMPS
  203. 203. Hot and Cold
  204. 204. Range 3.5kW 5.0kW 8.0kW 12.0kW 25.0kW
  205. 205. Ground Source
  206. 206. Electricity in Heat out1 kW 4 kW 3 kW Solar energy from the earth COP (Co-efficient Of Performance) = 4
  207. 207. Ground Source Heat Pumps • Amplified/ Upgraded - Heat from the Earth! • Available EVERYWHERE in the UK • Totally Renewable • Totally Sustainable • Replenished naturally via Solar energy • Proven technology
  208. 208. Types of Ground Systems • Open loop • Water extracted from ground and discharged back at second point • Closed loop • Water circulated • Evaporator installed direct in ground, refrigerant circulated
  209. 209. Loop Configurations
  210. 210. Air & Ground Source Heat Pumps and swimming pools Applications • Indoor pool - supply LPHW to AHU • Indoor pool – pool water heating • Outdoor pool – pool water heating
  211. 211. Ground Source Heat Pump with a swimming pool AHU
  212. 212. • GSHP providing LPHW at 55oC in place of conventional boiler • Output of LPHW coils reduced, usually flow temperature 80oC. • 50% of rated output!! • Need to check changed capacity against building and pool heat loads • Calorex are only company that can offer complete 100% heat pump only solution for an indoor pool • Good viable solution, particularly off gas network Ground Source Heat Pump with a swimming pool AHU
  213. 213. GSHP & Variheat
  214. 214. ASHP & Variheat
  215. 215. GSHP for Indoor Pool Water Heating • Operational heat losses of pool made up from recovered energy if using heat pump heat recovery AHU • Only water heat load comes from back wash of filters and dilution for chemical treatment • Heat up from cold done rarely • Cost prohibitive to size GSHP for rapid heat up time. • Limited usage if installed just for limited pool water heat load • GSHP combined with other loads e.g. pool hall air heating, main dwelling space heating would be OK
  216. 216. GSHP for Outdoor Pool • Summer Season; March - October • Use Air Source Heat Pump; e.g. Calorex 29 or 31 range • COP of GSHP fixed at 4 • COP of ASHP variable from 4 when air at 10oC to 6 with air at 25oC • Installation cost of ASHP cheaper than GSHP • Running cost of ASHP cheaper than GSHP • Conclusion - Install ASHP
  217. 217. Funding • Microgeneration Certification scheme - MCS – Approved product + approved installer – ASHP £900 – GSHP £1200 • CERT – Energy supplier • Carbon Trust Loan – Interest free loan over 4 years – Payback based on energy saving achieved
  218. 218. Summary • 1kWh of electricity can deliver over 4kWh of renewable energy from the ground • Proven technology with case studies to back up performance • The lowest running cost system for “off gas” network areas • Huge savings on running costs • Huge savings on CO2 emissions • Long life, low maintenance, sustainable technology.
  219. 219. Summary • Manufactured in UK by British Company • Designed specifically for UK Domestic market • Provides both space and water heating without the need for supplementary water heating • Works with under floor heating, radiators or pool units • Controlled using central heating programmer • Compatible with both new build and existing homes - dependent on thermal specification • Technical & Service support from existing Calorex field service engineers
  220. 220. Borehole
  221. 221. Ground Loop
  222. 222. Installing the Ground Loop
  223. 223. Installing the Ground Loop
  224. 224. Pressure Test
  225. 225. Grouting
  226. 226. Grouting the Borehole
  227. 227. Horizontal Ground Loop • Requires more space • More suited to new build • Less stable ground temperature; can be less efficient • Cost saving if site contractor lays the pipes • 5kW = 2 x 40m trenches at 5m spacing
  228. 228. Horizontal Slinky
  229. 229. Horizontal Loops 25kW GSHP 8 x 50m trenches all 5m apart
  230. 230. GSHP System Characteristics • Building - Thermal characteristics and user load requirements for heating and DHW • Heat Pump - Output matched to load requirements of building • Ground Loop - Designed to provide renewable energy in line with requirements of the building load and heat pump
  231. 231. GSHP System Schematic
  232. 232. 12kW Installation 3 x 65m boreholes
  233. 233. External retro fit Installation
  234. 234. Air Source Heat Pumps Range • 4.5 kW • 9.0 kW • 12.0 kW • Up to 70kW 3-ph Range designed specifically for UK climatic conditions
  235. 235. Air Source
  236. 236. Annual Ground and Air Temperature fluctuations - UK Source; Earth Energy Ltd
  237. 237. Defrosting issues This products designed to work at -20oC in their home climate! However, installed in UK can’t cope with January day Defrosting 48 min in every hour!!
  238. 238. Calorex ASHP product features • Designed to operate in UK ‘s temperate humid climate • Oversized evaporator, optimised fin spacing and Calorex designed control system resulting in a reverse cycle defrost only 4 minutes per hour (93% heating time) • Typical average defrost of 15 minutes (75% heating time) • Dual temperature – CH (radiators or underfloor) & DHW • Simple controls - standard central heating controls • Twin compressors for larger units – optimised efficiency • Single phase electrical installation - low starting currents • Large diameter low speed fan leading to exceptionally low noise levels - super quiet
  239. 239. System Design Considerations Heating Requirement • Accurate assessment of design day heat loss of dwelling required • SAP calculation for new build and major refurbishment • Refurbishment project - Insulate first • Latest Part ‘L’ Buildings coming out at 35-40 W/m2
  240. 240. System Design Considerations Heating system design • Flow temperature - Range: 35 to 55oC • Radiator sizes; Reduced output DT30; factor = 0.51 • Under-floor; design outputs – 50-60W/m2 • Flow rates - Vital to HP performance • Heat Pump cycling - System water volumes • Buffer Tanks
  241. 241. Installation Issues • Location of Heat Pump – air flow or access to ground loop • Location of cylinders – DHW & buffer • Electrical power supply – Starting loads – single or 3-phase • Conventional plumbing components • Controls – integration of other heat sources and renewables • Circulating pump sizing
  242. 242. ASHP Monovalent System
  243. 243. Under-floor Installation
  244. 244. Bi-Valent System
  245. 245. Bi-Valent System
  246. 246. Dual Heat Pumps
  247. 247. RUNNING COST AND EMISSIONS SAVINGS
  248. 248. Cost Comparisons Energy Costs • Gas = 3.3 p/kWh • Elec = 10.2 p/kWh • Oil = 37p/litre = 3.7p/kWh COP against 93% efficient gas boiler Heat = 3.3/0.93 = 3.55 p/kWh COP = 10.2/3.55 = 2.87 COP against 60% efficient oil boiler Heat = 3.7/0.6 = 6.17 p/kWh COP = 10.2/6.17 = 1.65
  249. 249. Performance of Heat Pump Type Air/Water on Water off Heat Output COP 12kW ASHP 5oC 40oC 11.2kW 3.2 12kW ASHP 5oC 55oC 10.3kW 2.4 12kW GSHP 3oC 40oC 13.5kW 4.2 12kW GSHP 3oC 55oC 13.0kW 3.1 Estimated seasonal performance
  250. 250. Running Cost savings Source:- EON Avaerage Annual Fuel Cost Comparison 100m2 New Build. - Underfloor Heating - Calorex August 2008 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 G SHP G SHP(E7) ASHP ASHP (E7) Electric Elec.(E7) G as(Cond) O il LPG Solid FuelCost(£pa) Space Htg HWS Cooking Ltg.+Pwr
  251. 251. Carbon Emissions savings Source:- EON Comparison of Average Annual CO2 Emissions - 100m2 New Build. - Underfloor Heating - Calorex August 2008 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 7500 8000 8500 9000 9500 10000 10500 11000 11500 12000 G SHP G SHP(E7) ASHP ASHP (E7) Electric Elec.(E7) G as(Cond) O il LPG Solid AnnualCO2Emissions(kg) Space Htg HWS Cooking Ltg.+Pw r
  252. 252. Why use a heat pump? • Environmentally friendly • Lower running costs • COP always greater than 1 • Energy efficient means of heating • Will operate from domestic power supplies • Simple Installation • Reliable – Long working life • Very low maintenance
  253. 253. Advantages of Heat Pump v Boiler • Energy efficient • Easy to install • No flues or ducting • No oil tank or LPG cylinder • No fumes odours or smoke • Simple controls • Low maintenance requirements • Corrosion resistant construction • Reliable • Long working life
  254. 254. Funding • Microgeneration Certification scheme - MCS – Approved product + approved installer – Domestic properties – ASHP £900 & GSHP £1200, max £2500 per property • LCBP – low carbon building programme – Community groups, public and non-profit sector – Up to 50% of installation costs – Applies to ASHP & GSHP up to 300kW heat output – Now open to all MCS registered products and installers, as of 1st July 09 • CERT – carbon emission reduction target – Funding via energy suppliers – Applies to GSHPs only, not currently ASHPs – Up to 85% subsidy depending on Carbon saving e.g. coal fired boiler • Carbon Trust Loan – Interest free loan over 4 years – Payback based on energy saving achieved
  255. 255. Case Studies
  256. 256. Metropolitan Housing Trust Nottingham Braddock Row Development • New sheltered housing scheme • 10 individual 2-bed properties • High standard of insulation, better than part L • Borehole for each property • Heating via under-floor system • Heat pump also providing hot water
  257. 257. Metropolitan Housing Trust Nottingham
  258. 258. Penwith District Council Penzance, Cornwall Project summary • Refurbishment of existing housing stock • Conversion from coal fired boiler to GSHP • Insulation standard of properties improved
  259. 259. Penwith District Council
  260. 260. Penwith District Council Heat Pump Location
  261. 261. Penwith District Council Hot Water Cylinder Location
  262. 262. Westlea Housing Assoc. Withybed, Wiltshire Project Summary • New Build • Well insulated • Six houses • Semi- detached • Under-floor heating • Calorex 5000DT 5.0kW GSHP • 2 x 50m boreholes per property • Providing space & water heating
  263. 263. Flintshire County Council Caerwys, N. Wales • 15 x 2 bed bungalows • Upgraded insulation • 5kW GSHP • Radiators • Central Oil boiler • Community Centre with 9kW ASHP • Providing space & hot water heating
  264. 264. Project Summary • Retrofit Project • 15 x 1-bed semi-detached bungalows • Floor area 40m2 • Heat loss 2.8kW • Calorex 3500 3.5kW GSHP • Single 80m borehole per property • Replaced electric heating • Project specified and managed by NPS Property Consultants Mid-Suffolk District Council Stradbrooke, Suffolk
  265. 265. Case Study - ASHP Westleigh Developments North Luffenham • New Build • Social housing • CfSH level 3 • 3-bed Semi • Single 9kW ASHP • Heating by Radiators • All CH & DHW
  266. 266. Westleigh Developments North Luffenham
  267. 267. Case Study - ASHP David Wilson Homes Horley, Surrey • Social Housing - New build • 2-bed flats • CfSH – Code level 3 • Ground & 1st Floor – ASHP • Heating by Radiators & DHW • 2nd Floor – Solar Thermal
  268. 268. David Wilson Homes Horley, Surrey
  269. 269. St Cedds School Chelmsford • 3 Classroom Block • 12kW GSHP • 3 x 65m Boreholes • Underfloor heating • DHW for toilets • Alternative was gas main across school to local boiler
  270. 270. GSHP or ASHP? GSHP’s • Ultimate heat pump performance • Expensive ground works • Best suited to new build • Maintenance free operation • Quiet and unobtrusive ASHP’s • At least 75% of GSHP performance for ~ 50% of the cost • New build or refurbishment • Easier to install than GSHP’s • Retro-fit for immediate carbon savings • Can be used in high rise dwellings
  271. 271. Summary • Manufactured in UK by British Company • Designed specifically for UK Domestic market • Provides both space and water heating without the need for supplementary water heating • Works with under floor heating or radiators • Controlled using central heating programmer • Compatible with both new build and existing homes - dependent on thermal specification • Technical & Service support from existing Calorex field service engineers
  272. 272. Heat Pumps

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