The mad world of ebooks apla 2008


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The mad world of ebooks apla 2008

  1. 1. The Mad World of Ebooks Tony Horava University of OttawaAPLA presentation, May 9, 2008
  2. 2. Agenda The ‘madness’ and scope of ebooks Selection and collection development Budgeting Acquisitions and cataloguing Providing access to ebooks Assessing usage of ebooks Ontario’s approach to ebooks The future of ebooks
  3. 3. The ‘madness’ and scope of ebooks Ebooks turn our traditional procedures & paradigms upside down- how are they sold, acquired, budgeted, catalogued, made accessible What is an ebook anyway? No clear equivalent to print book Could include: Book series; reports; reference works; scanned print books; born digital texts ; special issues of journals; theses; government publications. Ebooks can be segmented by chapters (PsycBOOKS) or incorporated with other content (SpringerLink) The discourse on what constitutes publishing
  4. 4. Selection and collection development Tools: Vendor systems such as Coutts, Blackwell, and YBP. Aggregators such as Ebrary, EBL and NetLibrary Publisher sites How to choose between these tools?? Selection: Selecting title by title, or package by package? Do you duplicate print with electronic? How do approval plans integrate the ebook? Who does the selection? Collection development policies Faculty and end user input
  5. 5. Budgeting The many ways of paying for ebooks…. On book funds by subject On a serials or continuations fund On an electronic resources fund On a consortial fund On a special allocation Combination of any of the above
  6. 6. Assessment of ebooks We need to demonstrate cost-effectiveness and value for what we spend What value do ebooks add in relation to print books, or other library materials? How do ebooks contribute to learning outcomes and are they integrated into instruction and the teaching process? Many ways of measuring value: usage statistics, focus groups, user studies
  7. 7. Acquisitions issues Acquisitions practices and procedures based on traditional formats A lot of data required to acquire ebooks: vendor info, budget code, type of order, vendor code, payment options, licensing agreement, MARC records, purchase order, etc What order code is available for ebooks? Innovative Interfaces: ‘ebook’ or ‘ebook renewal’ Training of staff
  8. 8. A smorgasbord of licensing &acquisition models One-time cost + annual access fee One-time cost + one-time platform fee One-time cost with no annual access fee (closed collection) One-time cost + MARC records fee One-time cost with multiple payment plan Annual cost (subscription fee)
  9. 9. Licensing hot button issues Subscribing vs ownership (perpetual access) Unlimited access vs concurrent number of users Fixed collections vs expanding collections Restrictions imposed by DRM (digital rights management) systems: limits on printing, downloading, and coursepacks Exclusion of interlibrary loans Option to local load on ones own platform Portability: being able to migrate the content to new formats
  10. 10. University of Ottawa order form An e-resources order form to capture all the data (is used for ebook collections) Is submitted to an e-resources list that includes Acquisitions staff, Cataloguing, and e-resources unit Ensures key players receive the same information Includes: cost, term, fund code, location, requestor, order type, cataloguing instructions, license information, and type of resource
  11. 11. Cataloguing issues Ensuring title-level access in the catalogue is essential for promoting visibility and usage Creating a viable workflow and regular maintenance, as for print titles Direct links or OpenURL links from a link resolver? MARC records: from the vendor, or OCLC? How to handle records for titles offered by multiple aggregators, eg NetLibrary, ebrary Customizing records, eg URL batch changes The big challenge: Keeping the catalogue up-to- date!
  12. 12. Cataloguing issues (cont’d) Sampling records for accuracy, eg print ISBN; original OCLC number; GMD [“electronic resource”]; supplementary materials notes The reproduction model – print record used as the model….what happens with born-digital ebooks? The advent of FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records) will change things What about sharing vendor records with OCLC? What are the implications of not doing this?
  13. 13. How many doors to ebooks &ebook collections? Via the OPAC Via an A-Z Database page listing Via subject pages Via an ebooks publicity page Via OpenURL links (eg SFX, Serials Solutions) Via course management systems (eg WebCT or Blackboard) – durable links Via electronic reserves
  14. 14. “Approaches such as creating Web pages focusingon e-books, including e-books on subject guides,and publicizing new e-books on library homepagesare just a few ways to alert patrons to the availabilityof ebooks. Because searching online catalogs for e-books often has limited success, libraries shouldstrongly consider enhancing or improving thefunctionality of search mechanisms that are used bypatrons to locate all types of electronic resources”“Accessing E-Books through Academic Library Websites” Andrea Dinkelman and Kristine Stacy-Bates.College & Research Libraries 68 (1) 45-58 Jan 2007
  15. 15. Usage statistics What are we measuring and how do these metrics compare? For example, number of downloads, number of searches, number of sessions, combination of various metrics Vendors present data in many different ways How does this vary by discipline or type of resource? (current; historical; chapters; full works) Are there parallels with reserves usage?
  16. 16. Challenges in interpreting usage Certain subjects lend themselves better to e-book format Does the heavy use of ebooks reflect lack of print books in various subject areas, or a need for extra copies? Are print & e-books used for different purposes? What is the effect of promotion/publicity & technology barriers on usage? Incongruity in comparing ebook access (short) versus print book circulation (long) Do core e-book titles represent large percentage of use?
  17. 17. Canadian Public Policy Collection & Canadian HealthResearch Collection – about 8,000 documents
  18. 18. More statistics… Eighteenth Century  ACLS Humanities Collection Online: Ebook Project: Jan – Dec 2007 Sept 2006-Aug 2007 108,423 searches 1,525 searches 10,098 sessions 12,398 page views
  19. 19. Ontario’s approach to ebooks OCUL: Ontario Council of University Libraries Twenty universities, ranging from the very large (Univ of Toronto – 64,831) to the very small (Royal Military College – 1,941) 381,000 FTE (full-time equivalent) students Approximately 180 products licensed Total annual spend of about 11M Voluntary model Includes ejournal collections, index databases, reference tools, and ebooks, and software (eg RefWorks)
  20. 20. OCUL-IR Ebooks committee Established in response to a need to deal with the complexity of ebook offerings Ebook proposals are evaluated/prioritized by the committee Information gathering and negotiation Creates efficiencies in communication and pooling of knowledge Use of model license Co-chairs: Warren Holder (U Toronto) and myself. Three other members (Mary Ann Jameson, Janice Adlington, and Carol Stephenson)
  21. 21. Accomplishments to date Setting standards for a consortial ebook agreement: a structured process and clear objectives Leveraging our collective power in the wild marketplace of ebooks Acceptance of local hosting on OCULs ebook platform Springer ebook agreement (all 20 schools) covering 2005-2008 Elsevier ebook agreement; several schools participated Ongoing negotiations with OVID re LWW ebooks (nursing & medicine)
  22. 22. The Future of ebooks…. Will certainly grow in response to various factors: Better integration with course delivery Better usability of platforms Better ebook readers More access points and visibility Business models that favour the online vs the print (eg Springer) A shakedown in licensing models The Google effect Greater acceptance of digital content in some disciplines than others; will eclipse print eventually
  23. 23. US Trade Wholesale Electronic Book Sales (Source: International Digital Publishing Forum, Statistics)                                                                                                                                
  24. 24. A few caveats… The data above represent United States revenues only The data above represent only trade eBook sales via wholesale channels. Retail numbers may be as much as double the above figures due to industry wholesale discounts. The data above represent only data submitted from approx. 12 to 15 trade publishers The data does not include library, educational or professional electronic sales The numbers reflect the wholesale revenues of publishers The definition used for reporting electronic book sales is "All books delivered electronically over the Internet OR to hand- held reading devices" The IDPF and AAP began collecting data together starting in Q1 2006
  25. 25. Ebooks in Asia South Korea: The countrys e-book market this year is expected to amount to 140 billion won (US$144 million), a surge of 220 per cent from last year, according to the latest edition of eBook Today Japan: The Digital Content Association of Japan projects that mobile phone sales of e-books will increase to 11.7 billion yen (US$99 million) in 2007, compared to a projected 9.4 billion yen (US$79 million) for Internet sales. The convergence of mobile device technology and delivery of ebook content is a key factor
  26. 26. Amazon’s Kindle
  27. 27. Thanks for listening. Any questions or comments? Tony Horava (613) 562-5800 ext3645