Gandhi-Acting Up for Social Change


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Gandhi-Acting Up for Social Change

  1. 1. Mohandas Gandhi 1869-1948 “You must be the change you wish to see in the world”
  2. 2. -Married wife at age 13 through a traditional Indian marriage -Moved to London at age 18 to study law at University College London
  3. 3. Gandhi’s Trip to South Africa
  4. 4. South Africa • Accepted a contract position with Dada Abdulla & Company in 1893 • Gandhi’s “First Crusade”
  5. 5. South Africa Events that made Gandhi • Beaten on stagecoach • Thrown off a train • Ordered to remove his turban in court THESE EVENTS TRANSFORMED GANDHI INTO A SOCIAL ACTIVIST
  6. 6. 1906 First Satyagraha Satyagraha- A determined but non-violent resistance to evil
  7. 7. Gandhi on Satyagraha “I have also called it love-force or soul-force. In the application of satyagraha, I discovered in the earliest stages that pursuit of truth did not admit of violence being inflicted on one’s opponent but that he must be weaned from error by patience and compassion. For what appears to be truth to the one may appear to be error to the other. And patience means self-suffering. So the doctrine came to mean vindication of truth, not by infliction of suffering on the opponent, but on oneself.”
  8. 8. Gandhi’s move back to India • Moved back to India in 1915 • Started movement to free India from British rule • Led the Non-Cooperation movement
  9. 9. Non-Cooperation Movement • Asked followers to not purchase any British goods • Impacted British financially “I wanted to acquaint India with the method I had tried in South Africa and I desired to test in India the extent to which its applications might be possible. So my companions and I selected the name Satyragraha Ashram as conveying both our goal and our method of service.”
  10. 10. Dandi March • Led the Dandi march in which Gandhi walked 240 miles in 24 days • Marched to make his own salt, free of British tax • Millions followed Gandhi to produce illegal salt • Many arrested for illegal salt production • Followers sung the song below on march
  11. 11. Inspired by Gandhi’s actions Here what he had to say
  12. 12. Martin Luther King Jr. “Like most people, I had heard of Gandhi, but I had never studied him seriously. As I read I became deeply fascinated by his campaigns of nonviolent resistance. I was particularly moved by his Salt March to the Sea and his numerous fasts. The whole concept of Satyagraha (Satya is truth which equals love, and agraha is force; Satyagraha, therefore, means truth force or love force) was profoundly significant to me. As I delved deeper into the philosophy of Gandhi, my skepticism concerning the power of love gradually diminished, and I came to see for the first time its potency in the area of social reform.”
  13. 13. Acting up for Social Change Tony Grabowski Fall 2010 DePaul SNL