Potentially useful terminology: Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Arterial routeways North South divide Catchment area Limiting the friction of distance Positive / negative multiplier effect Multiples Central Business District Export Zones Social Premium Sweat shop Disposable income Greenfield site Pedestrianisation Trade Unions Death of the high street
Where several marks are available, develop your answer! Don’t rely on brief responses, however flashy ‘export zone’ , ‘greenfield site’ or ‘social premium’ may sound. Make it obvious that you know what you’re talking about and what relevance these ideas have to the question
Be prepared to provide an answer by annotating a map.e.g. Reasons why this site was chosen for The Mall
If you are asked to describe a location on the map - use your tools!: Compass points Scale Road numbers Junction number Built up / non built up (key) Arterial routeways Motorway network
Who would like The Mall there? Great shopping venue near to me Could I get a job there? More employment = more taxes = more local spending on sevices More employment = local positive multiplier effect for local businesses Cheap and easy land to develop - lots of profits Will put us on the map, and may increase the CBD’s catchment area too
Easy access off M5 J17. Large catchment area due to limiting friction of distance, access to motorway network Greenfield site - no demolition or de-contamination necessary (cheap to develop) 8km from CBD - land cheaper with distance from CBD Main arterial routeway from built up city areas -A4148.Easy access Near built up areas - customer base AND prospective employees Motorway junction / main road location good for delivery vehicles Roads less conjested here than in city centre
Who would not like The Mall there? Loads of people encouraged to use their cars Rural habitats destroyed I’ve lost my lovely view of the fields Roads round here will get really clogged up What about ‘ death of the high street’ and its impacts?
Simon and Purdeep’s data : No hypothesis or enquiry question Equal sample sizes (Simon - proof?) Tax discs - good, safe idea (but info may be out of date?) 10SR field work task
Potential enquiry questions: Which shopping centre has the greater catchment area? Does the effect of ‘friction of distance’ mean that shopper numbers decline with distance from the shopping centre?
Simon’s presentation: Mapped - good for visual catchment area / distances travelled (visual) Key - groupings good idea Groupings uneven X 19+ group not adequate X Counties not named for comparison with Purdeep’s data X Density shading not well used X Not same presentation as Purdeep’s for comparisons X Purdeep’s presentation: Obviously surveyed 100 tax discs Clearly shows no. of cars from each county No visual sense of catchment area / distance travelled at all X No use of density shading X Not same presentation as Simon’s for comparison
“ Where would you rather shop?” - would have benefited from a more ‘neutral’ survey location
Where were 10SR’s clothes made? (secondary industry)
More south of N/S divide line
Focus SE Asia (low wages in low wage economies, no trade unions, environmental and social legislation absent or not monitored, government incentives / export zones, some highly skilled / educated (e.g. China)
Boycotting products (but could be counter productive)
Making our feelings known by letter writing, petitions etc (threaten multi national with bad publicity)
Our Example of a Product web Starbucks coffee Coffee beans – Ethiopia- PRIMARY Cleaning Centre – Ethiopia Auction – Ethiopia Exported from Djibouti Roasted - Netherlands Sold in Starbucks - UK
A Consumer Landscape is simply a place where people shop!
Definition of an ‘extreme environment’: Definition of an Extreme Environment: “Exhibits harsh and challenging environmental conditions such as climate and landscape, far outside the boundaries of what a human can comfortably tolerate”
Greenland and Antarctica Similarities: Both land-based High latitude / below freezing temps Ice sheets Coastal areas warmer Winter darkness / summer daylight Used for scientific climate change research
Greenland and Antarctica Differences: Antarctica - Thicker ice sheets Antarctica - no indigenous people / permanent residents Antarctica - more extreme cold (Vostok - coldest recorded temps of less than -85 degrees (higher latitude) Antarctica - drier (desert) More inaccessible
If you are asked about: Depends on Antarctic Treaty future AND Depends on Global Warming Mass tourism? Mineral exploitation? (will we still want / need these resources?) International conflict? Whaling? Krill fishing? Futures
Fair Trade - the key ideas: BUT: Many farmers can’t afford to provide the environmental safeguards Some supermarkets cream off extra profits Doesn’t change overall unfair global trading practice Doesn’t help development of secondary industry, with its ‘value added’