Some questions to think about...
Where is piracy a problem in the World?
Why has Somalia been a fertile ground for piracy?
What impact does piracy have on us?
How can merchants prevent hijackings?
Piracy and me...
Payments for ransoms Increased security
Increased insurance Longer journeys-
payments therefore more fuel
Large number of armed and There is a well developed
experienced warlords from welfare system in the
the civil war. country.
Failed state- government is
Stable government which is
not in full control.
in control of the country.
High returns from ransoms
Average income in Somalia is
paid for ships and crews-
$600 dollars per capita.
average $2 million.
Where is Somalia?
There are few employment
Huge coastal area makes it
opportunities in Somalia.
uneasy to police.
Why is piracy an
Most ransoms are unlikely to
Much of the population is
reliant on food aid.
Employment opportunities Large coastal area.
are widely available.
Large number of ex-
fisherman that know the
Strong international support
for the Somali government.
Pirates are viewed as heroes
Small coastal area.
by the local population.
Pirates are shunned by the Illegal fishing of Somali
local population. waters has put fisherman
out of business.
Impact on Somalia
Wealthy pirates Local prices increase
Local farmers and
encourage the due to influx of
fishermen leave to join
consumption of drugs dollars- quality of life
alien to local culture decreases for locals as
Ransom money is
reinvested in more Pirates take multiple
sophisticated wives from poorer
weaponry making nomadic tribes- this
governance of the area impacts on rural
more difficult traditional life
Other nations enter Somalia
to track and capture pirates-
undermining the national
and trade in the
Blue lines show
A global issue?
Countries with active pirate crews
How well organised are the pirates of Somalia?
Local Contacts in
knowledge the local
of the coast. ports.
Fast speed Boarding
GPS and ladders and
armed, machine guns
How effective would these measures be against piracy?
Secure ship- Razor wire Bridge and
alarm- to inform
electric fence around accommodation
around the ship accessible parts to be secured
delivering a of the ship
9,000 volt shock
hoses and water
Tracking device Trailing ropes
24 hour look outs powered flood
for ship and cargo nets
Advice given to cargo ships in pirate waters