http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aid_recipients._$_per_capita,_2007.PNG International Aid Recipients. Darker colour the higher the aid.
Top International Aid Recipients. % of GNP/HDI Solomon Islands 67% 0.5 Somalia 58% ? Liberia 54% 0.3 São Tomé and Príncipe 47% 0.6 Burundi : 46% 0.3
Provided after or during a disaster. Also called emergency aid. Emergency temporary shelters after an earthquake . http://www.flickr.com/photos/britishredcross/4307320741/
Purpose is to develop the quality of life of individuals and communities over time. Also called development aid. CAMFED ‘s work in Zambia improving female literacy.
Funded by the public through NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations). Supporting Oxfam’s work by direct debit.
When one country provides resources to another. If conditions are attached, loans that can only be spent on the resources or services of the donor country, it is called tied aid . In 1991 the UK provided £234 million pounds of funding for the Pergau River Dam in Malaysia, in return Malaysia spent £1 billion on British arms. Tied aid is now illegal in the UK.
Donations are pooled from a number of countries and distributed through an international organisation, such as the World Bank . This may also be conditional. The World Bank usually requires market liberalisation in return for development loans.