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Camfed- Zambia
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  • 1. An organisation working to reduce the development gap- Zambia
  • 2. Life expectancy 38 yrs GNP $1,500 Literacy Rate 80% Male Literacy Rate 84% Female Literacy Rate 74% Average time spent in school 7 yrs Secondary School enrolment - Male 30% Secondary School enrolment - Female 25% GNP spent on education 2%
  • 3. Why is education an issue in LEDC countries?
    • Universal primary education is guaranteed as a human right, but
    • Schools may not be available, particularly in isolated rural areas.
    • Secondary education may involve fees, or payment for equipment such as books and uniforms.
    • Children may need to work to help support their families.
  • 4. Why do girls suffer from a lack of education?
    • Males tend to be given priority for education because
    • Traditionally males provide for the family, therefore are worth the expense of education to improve employment opportunities.
    • Women marry into new families, therefore any investment is lost.
    • Women traditionally take the role of nurturing children and looking after the home- no education is needed for this!
    • In some areas of the World education for women is not seen as a priority- Taliban, Afghanistan.
  • 5. Campaign for Female Education in Zambia Support females in primary, secondary and tertiary education, i.e. Fees, uniform, mentors. Provide business training, non-repayable grants for start-ups. Loans to expand successful businesses. CamFed Association (CAMA)- past graduates of the scheme. CAMA provide training and mentoring.
  • 6. Camfed Benefits in Zambia 193,000 children in 646 schools supported. 1,488 female teachers trained, particularly in rural areas where role models are needed. 1,424 women provided with grants to set-up businesses. 305 provided with loans to expand. 571 CAMA members trained as community health advisors, focusing on HIV.
  • 7. Why educate girls? Educate girls Improved employment prospects- earn 25% more. More likely to invest in their family to improve their prospects. Improved knowledge of health- 3 times less likely to contract HIV. Have fewer healthier children, 40% more like to five past the age of five.
  • 8. Question- Describe one named strategy that is attempting to narrow/reduce the global development gap and explain how it attempts to do so.