An organisation working to reduce the development gap- Zambia
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/za.html Life expectancy 38 yrs GNP $1,500 Literacy Rate 80% Male Literacy Rate 84% Female Literacy Rate 74% Average time spent in school 7 yrs Secondary School enrolment - Male 30% Secondary School enrolment - Female 25% GNP spent on education 2%
Why is education an issue in LEDC countries? <ul><li>Universal primary education is guaranteed as a human right, but </li></ul><ul><li>Schools may not be available, particularly in isolated rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary education may involve fees, or payment for equipment such as books and uniforms. </li></ul><ul><li>Children may need to work to help support their families. </li></ul>
Why do girls suffer from a lack of education? <ul><li>Males tend to be given priority for education because </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally males provide for the family, therefore are worth the expense of education to improve employment opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Women marry into new families, therefore any investment is lost. </li></ul><ul><li>Women traditionally take the role of nurturing children and looking after the home- no education is needed for this! </li></ul><ul><li>In some areas of the World education for women is not seen as a priority- Taliban, Afghanistan. </li></ul>
Campaign for Female Education in Zambia Support females in primary, secondary and tertiary education, i.e. Fees, uniform, mentors. Provide business training, non-repayable grants for start-ups. Loans to expand successful businesses. CamFed Association (CAMA)- past graduates of the scheme. CAMA provide training and mentoring.
Camfed Benefits in Zambia 193,000 children in 646 schools supported. 1,488 female teachers trained, particularly in rural areas where role models are needed. 1,424 women provided with grants to set-up businesses. 305 provided with loans to expand. 571 CAMA members trained as community health advisors, focusing on HIV.
Why educate girls? Educate girls Improved employment prospects- earn 25% more. More likely to invest in their family to improve their prospects. Improved knowledge of health- 3 times less likely to contract HIV. Have fewer healthier children, 40% more like to five past the age of five.
Question- Describe one named strategy that is attempting to narrow/reduce the global development gap and explain how it attempts to do so.