A LESSON PLAN IN GRAMMAR FOR FOURTH YEAR STUDENTSI. OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: a. Differentiate active and passive voice; b. Identify the voice of the verb in each sentence; c. Rewrite the sentence changing the voice from active to passive voice & vice versa; d. Appreciate the lesson by showing active participation towards the lesson.II. SUBJECT MATTER Topic: Active and Passive Voice Reference: English Expressways pp 247-248 Materials: Visual Aids, PicturesIII. PROCEDURE A. Pre-Lesson Activities 1. Prayer 2. Checking of Attendance B. Motivation 1. Let the students see the pictures on the board & then ask them these questions: a. What is the boy doing? b. What happened to the ball? c. What is the girl doing? d. What happened to the book? 2. Write their answer on the board and then let them point out the subject, verb and object. C. Presentation 1. Show more examples and then analyze the sentences with the students. Active (Present) Passive She collects stamps. Stamps are collected by her. Dora explores the city. The city is explored by Dora. A mouse eats cheese. Cheese is eaten by a mouse. Laura teaches English. English is taught by Laura. They observe classes. Classes are observed by them. Active (Past) Passive Dawn checked the items. The items were checked by Dawn. Batman saved Robin. Robin was saved by Batman. They offered drinks. Drinks were offered by them. The chef prepared a meal. A meal was prepared by the chef. The manager rejected the proposal. The proposal was rejected by the manager. Active (Future) Passive The last guest will eat left-overs. Left-overs will be eaten by the last guest. Frank shall buy the tickets. The tickets shall be bought by Frank. Mr. Smith will attend the premiere. The premiere will be attended by Mr. Smith. Barbie will use the room below. The room below will be used by Barbie. Ken shall drive a used car. A used car shall be driven by Ken.
2. Voice is the quality of a verb that shows whether the subject is the doer or receiver of theaction. The Active Voice is used to indicate that the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action while thePassive Voice indicates that the subject is the receiver of the action. Why use the passive voice? (If the doer isunknown, if the doer is not as important as the action carried out and for the element of surprise.) 3. Ask the students a. What are the subjects in each sentence? (These subjects were the ones doing the action in the sentence.) b. What verbs were used? (Those verbs are transitive verbs with direct objects, thus when the subject of the sentence does the action and the verb has a direct object, we say that the verb is in the active voice.) 4. To change the sentences from active to passive we just make the direct object the subject ofthe sentence. Show S-V-O pattern change. (The pronoun I is not used.) Notice how the verbs were written. (Beverb + past participle of the main verb) Do you see the difference from the previous verbs? In changing asentence from active to passive, the direct object becomes the subject and/or the doer is placed with the “by-phrase”/ “by-agent”. D. Application 1. Let the students orally identify the voice of the verb in each sentence then change the form. Items: Answer: They will watch a movie. Active – A movie will be watched by them. She reads the newspaper. Active – The newspaper is read by her. These vases were molded by Chinese potters. Passive – Chinese potters molded these vases. Alan will teach the children. Active – The children will be taught by Alan. A journal was written by Terry. Passive – Terry wrote a journal. Vic measures the area. Active – The area is measured by Vic. Houses were destroyed by the earthquake. Passive – The earthquake destroyed houses. The telescope was invented by Hans Lippershey. Passive – Hans Lippershey invented the telescope. The fans carried a big banner. Active – A big banner was carried by the fans. Jim uploads videos every week on YouTube. Active – Videos are uploaded by Jim every week on YouTube. E. Generalization 1. Therefore when can you say that a sentence is in the active or in passive voice?A verb that has direct objects is in the active voice. If the subject is acted upon, the verb is in the passive voice. 2. How will you change the passive from active to passive voice?In changing a sentence from active to passive, the direct object becomes the subject and/or the doer is placedwith the “by-phrase”/ “by-agent”.
IV. Evaluation (Ask the students to get a piece of one half crosswise sheet of paper. Administer the quiz below for the students.) A. Write A in the blanks before the number if the sentence is active and P if passive. __A____1.Rommel presents an interesting report. __A____2.He will submit the annual report. __P____3.The town was destroyed by fire. __P____4.That building will be finished in 2014. __P____5.The project was passed by team A. B. Rewrite each sentence changing the verb from active to passive.Active Passive1. Jamie bakes a lot of cookies. A lot of cookies are baked by Jamie.2. Many people admired Ninoy Aquino. Ninoy Aquino was admired by many people.3. The pretty girl sewed the dress. The dress was sewed by the pretty girl.4. The doctor examines the patient. The patient is examined by the doctor.5. She will sponsor the education of many poor The education of many poor students will bestudents. sponsored by her. C. Rewrite each sentence changing the verb from passive to active.Passive Active1. The decision will be made by my boss. My boss will make the decision.2. The change was proposed by us last week. We proposed the change last week.3. A message is delivered by John. John delivers the message.4. The meeting shall be coordinated by Dan in Paul’s Dan shall coordinate the meeting in Paul’s absence.absence.5. The shells were collected by James. James collected the shells.V. Assignment A. Using both Active and Passive voice of verbs, write a paragraph about your favorite TV series.Encircle the verbs in the active voice and underline the verbs in the passive voice.