FS 4: Episode 2


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What's the Curriculum Made of?

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FS 4: Episode 2

  1. 1. Name of FS Student: Ma. Cristina D. PanganoranCourse & Year: BSE-3 EnglishResource Teacher: Mrs. Rosalina Manaloto Signature: ________________ Date Signed: ______________Cooperating School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Instructor: Mrs. Gloria A. SilvaDate of Submission: August 02, 2011Date Submitted: August 02, 2011
  2. 2. Resource Teacher: Mrs. Rosalina ManalotoCooperating School: Holy Cross College High School DepartmentDate of Interview: July 28, 2011Vision:A community of men and women imbued with deep faith and trust in God, love for truth andjustice and committed to service to God, country and fellowmen.Mission:HCC has a SPECIAL mission, its commitment to the education of the youth towards: Spirituality Personhood Excellence Concern Integrity Achievement Leadership for serviceGoals/Objectives:Holy Cross College adopts aims and objectives in the pursuit of her mission:1. To provide training to every student on the moral and intellectual aspects so he maybecome an efficient and well-rounded person with integrated personality who will play a rolein the economic, technical and cultural growth of the country.2. To offer socially and morally oriented education to every student relevant to the particularcommunity and to the country in general.3. To make education accessible to the youth regardless of socio-economic status, creed andcolor.HCC High School Goals and Objectives HCC High School endeavors to pursue the optimum development of the young Filipinosof Sta. Ana, Pampanga and her environs by discovering and cultivating their potential to thefullest so as to mold them into a Thinking, Feeling, Knowing, Valuing, Participating and Doingmember of their immediate community and of the Filipino society.The department strives to graduate a Crucian who could contribute to: The SCHOOL, in promoting its Christian ideals and moral principles and excellence in educational undertakings. The CHURCH, in propagating the Catholic doctrines through active participation or involvement in liturgical activities and service programs. The HOME, in utilizing the learnings he has acquired from the school for the spiritual, moral, social and economic upliftment and prosperity of his family.
  3. 3. The COMMUNITY, by being an agent of change of the undesirable traits, attitudes, beliefs, values of the greater mass of residents which hinder progress, economic and social stability. The COUNTRY, in promoting and preserving Filipino cultural heritage and Filipino ideals and aspirations for the attainment of the nation’s progress and well-being. Specifically, the department directs its efforts to attain the following aims for the bestinterest and welfare of the students it serves: To foster the virtues of faith and love of God. To develop Christian attitudes, values and behavior. To help students acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for further education and employability. To teach them to think clearly, logically and critically. To develop their physical abilities and interests through worthy programs and activities. To cultivate friendly interactions among themselves and with other people with diverse backgrounds and to foster them the willingness to understand and respect one another. To foster appreciation of the Filipino cultural heritage and values, and To develop social, economic, political and ecological awareness necessary to reach the community. Analysis:1. What is the importance of the school’s vision, mission and goals or objectives in designinga curriculum? In everything we do, we must have a purpose. No matter how small the job or functionit has a reason why it is needed to be done. Why do I eat? Why do you bathe? Why do we goto school? What is our purpose in doing these things? We can’t say “I’m doing it for nothing.”Because we absolutely have our own reasons when it comes to what we do in our lives. It isalso the same with schools. If we have a reason to attend class, then the school mustabsolutely have its reasons why it wants to educate students and they must have ways on howthey would go about it. As mentioned from the previous pages, one of the aims of the school is for the studentsto be a God loving, model citizen of the country. Without a vision of what we want our futureto look like, we won’t even have the right to utter this sentence, “This is how we will do thingsaround here so we can achieve a better community for Sta. Ana.” The school would go indifferent directions and there will be no unity because without the vision, mission and goals,the scenario of teaching would be “Anything goes for this day.” Why? Because the actions ofthe school do not have an actual sequence and finish line. Without objectives all is in vain. This is where everything is based. Just as how important it is to have a plan of action, itis even more important to have an actual aim for all these plans to be effective. The school’svision & mission are the foundation in doing everything or accomplishing something at the endof a period, school week or school year. As the High School principal said during her interviewwith me, “These goals are the framework and guiding factors in achieving the schools dream”.I trust that this is the driving force or motive for the school to provide “top quality education”.
  4. 4. 2. What methods and strategies were employed by the school to realize these goals? As teachers, we always have to know how to “walk the talk”. In other words, we shouldpractice what we preach. If the vision says so, then the mission must do so. If you promise toachieve something it must not only be spoken but it must also reflect your actions. Thestrategies and methods are very much wide in variety and these are not used in concentrationbut in combination. As we have all learned before, there is no single best method. I dostrongly believe that this is true. The same applies for the strategies too of course. Thesemethods and strategies help in realizing the goals of the school that’s why these are verycrucial for a successful institution. The teaching method is how the teacher delivers content material. These were some ofthe methods mentioned by the teachers, inductive and deductive method. Some also usewhole class discussion method or brainstorming method. Some answered that they usedemonstration, recitation and combination of lecture and discussion strategies. Thesemethods and strategies help the teachers make the students achieve academic success. Mostof these are used in combinations. For example the goal of the teacher is to cultivate verbal fluency in English; she will thenuse role playing as the strategy so the students will be able to apply their skills in speaking. Theteacher uses certain situations that may be contrived or real. But it works better with real lifescenarios. During discussion, the method used is inductive so the students will be able togeneralize a certain rule in the proper uses of the sentences they formulated in the role play.This is where the grammatical competency comes in. I agree with the teacher because I have learned that in the English subject, there are 6different types of syllabi. I only have space to talk about 2 of them; we have the structuralsyllabus which focuses on sentence structure. This only tackles about the form andgrammatical usage of the English language wherein the teacher used the sentences providedby the students as the focus of their grammar lesson. This can be attached to another type ofsyllabus which is called the situational syllabus where the teacher gives a certain situation forthe students to create or modify a conversation so it will relate to their life. In the process, allthe types of approach to the lesson were touched and different strategies were used incombination with the method. In selecting the strategies and methods it was also mentioned by the teachers that weneed to consider the level of the child, their social background and their learning styles. And ateacher must engrave a moral lesson to their students that will help them become responsibleadults in the future. This is also part of the school’s vision where the teacher plays a big role ofachieving it. Depending on how the teacher molded the student will really have a great effectin the future.3. How did the students manifest that they have internalized their vision, mission and goals? According to the principal, she sees a lot of change with the senior students from thetime when they were only freshmen. The first change was before they don’t attend mass, nowthey always attend mass and participate in the liturgical activities of the community. She seestheir creativity, resourcefulness and discipline. They also have improved their associationswith other students, teachers, superiors, non-teaching staff and community. Their personalityhas improved and hidden talents were enhanced.
  5. 5. I observed students who are very respectful. They also entertain me when I try tointerview them. They are very pleasant to talk to. I must say they have good manners. Whenthey participate in class I would agree with the principal that students’ really changed theirbehavior for the better. The change of behavior due to experiences is really observed in theattitudes that the students show in and out of the classroom. Though only 2 out of 10 high school students (most of them were freshmen) know theirschool’s vision and mission, 8 of them knew where the vision and mission were posted. It isfine; we can let it slide for now. Even without memorizing these things I hope they will bemolded into good and productive people of our nation. And besides it is the duty of theteachers to put the vision in motion. As long as the school knows the vision and mission byheart, the students are in good hands. Though it would be nice if the students also knew whatis expected of them. But for now, I would take the principal’s word for it. In conclusion, thetotal development of the students’ moral, social, intellectual and spiritual aspects haveimproved.Portfolio:A. Lesson Plan Analysis 1. What are the objectives? The first one is, to appreciate a poem about the African continent. The second is, to beable to state the tone of the literary piece in one’s own words. 2. What is the subject matter/content? “Africa” by: David Diop /“Afro-Asian Literature” 3. What strategies/methods of teaching are utilized? After analyzing the lesson plan, I would say that the method was inductive, seeing thatthe procedure was the same in sequence when we used to write our detailed lesson plan lastsemester. Though there was no review, the lesson has unlocking of difficulties. Because it is anew lesson in literature, the motivation included questions that could arouse the interest ofthe students, such as using the word “Dark Continent” that will trigger the students to think ifthere is really a dark continent. Or they might think, why was it called Dark Continent? Thepresentation was reading the poem with feelings and expressions. Questions for discussionswere given and ofcourse there was also generalization and application. The strategies includedwere discussion, recitation and group reading. 4. What evaluation procedure is used? The evaluation used was performance evaluation procedure. The evaluation contained asingle question to be answered in a piece of paper cut crosswise. Since the objectivementioned that the students must be able to state the tone of the literary piece in one’s ownwords. Literary tone is a literary technique which asks for the students’ reaction on the tackledliterary piece. I asked the teacher and she said she used rubrics to determine the score of thestudents. Though everyone is entitled to their opinion, the poem had sufferings of the Africans
  6. 6. in it so the work of the students was still in a limited range so it is easier to check and give thescore of the content. 5. Do the 4 components match with one another? Explain Yes, they do match, because all the objectives were touched during the lesson. Thesubject matter was the center of the entire lesson and the activities were very much related tothe poem. Even the unlocking of difficulties was in sync with the lesson because thevocabulary words were taken from the poem they were dealing with. The evaluation was verymuch congruent with the objectives because writing about the poem’s literary tone can neverbe done by the students if they do not appreciate it. Stating the tone of the literary piece inone’s own word is the second objective and was on the evaluation which shows itscongruency. I also assumed that the lesson was subject-centered for it followed the sequenceof the lesson from the book. I attached a copy of the reference material used in the lessonplan.B. Interview with the Principal. 1. What kind of curricular approach is she using? The principal said that she uses all the approaches it all depends on what the situationcalls for. With her position as the principal, she mentioned that most cases need themanagerial approach. 2. Why does she say so? Explain. The managerial approach is needed most of the time because she handles the teachersof the high school department every day. Unlike with other cases where the other approachesare seldom used. She uses the managerial approach because the teachers differ in personalityand she must know how to handle their differences in levels of skills and capabilities. She alsomentioned that every teacher needs different instructions. She must know them individuallyso she will know how to manage the teachers well without causing conflict. Some teachersmay sometimes disagree with her but it is part of the job. Part of her job is to observe teachersand encourage innovation and change little by little, so all the changes in their departmentundergoes her supervision. She says she just enjoys her job and never gives up finding thesolutions to any predicament that may occur.Reflection:1. What insights did you gain from this episode? How will you apply your learning in yourfuture teaching? It is very important for the school to have its mission and vision because it is the guidinglight to the path of success not only for the school but also for the community and country.Have these engraved in the hearts of teachers and students so they won’t be able to forget thereason why they are in the same institution. Working together towards those goals is not justfor compliance or salary but must also be felt as self-fulfilling. I also looked back again at the methods and strategies of teaching and found out that,“Wow, what do you know? I can actually analyze a lesson plan.” I’m glad to find out that Ihaven’t forgotten the times of the rigorous writing, racing against the clock to finish my
  7. 7. detailed lesson plan. Remembering those days made me realize that I really did learnsomething meaningful. I believe I’m ready for the next step. In the future I will make sure to know the vision and mission of the school. I want to be apart of my future students’ success. I will also remember to keep my objectives, subjectmatter, strategies and evaluation in sync. I wish to someday teach the lesson not only to writeit down on a piece of paper but to actually make it come to life when I become a teacher. Teachers teach all other professions. Where will the doctors, nurses, engineers bewithout the teachers? The education department holds a very great responsibility in the futureof our country and I hope we’ll all do a great job. Analysis of the Scope and Sequence The document is meant to be the general standard for the first year in the 1 st quarter ofthe school year under the subject of Music & Arts. This was based from 2010 SEC CurriculumDocuments. Beginners may find it a bit vague but with understanding comes the knowledge.The documents are designed for the teachers to base their lesson regarding on what should bethe content of their lesson on the particular quarter. It mentions the expected performance ofthe learner during the entire quarter such as, using the elements and principles of art tocommunicate ideas, experiences and stories or creating an example of Philippines folk art andapplying knowledge of media techniques such as carving, pottery, weaving and physicalornaments making. Though not mentioned, this will definitely include hands-on activities. Assessment includes creativity, critical thinking and insight of the learner because theywill need to create examples of Philippine folk art representing the different regions. Theartwork will be evaluated on the based on the following criteria: Authenticity Clarity of message CreativityWhile on the other activity wherein the learners need to critique 2 different versions of aspecific artwork as regards to media techniques and principles used, materials, ideas andhistorical & cultural context, the following criteria will be used to evaluate their work: Critical Insightful Revealing Appropriateness Though only the activities for the evaluation were mentioned in detail, I think thefollowing activities will be suitable to prepare the students for evaluation such as, readingabout the history of the artwork in the Philippines, discuss concepts and terms about carving,pottery, weaving and physical ornaments making, hands-on activities or “do it yourself”activities in carving, or ornament making. It depends upon the resources available to theteacher. The document may only be a small part of the curriculum that will help concretizeone of the goals of the school which is to make the students have aesthetic values and topromote cultural identity and expansion of the learner’s world vision.