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The cloud and the commons

The cloud and the commons






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    The cloud and the commons The cloud and the commons Presentation Transcript

    • The Cloud and the Commons
      Tom Ipri
      University of Nevada, Las Vegas
      The Monterey Area Cooperative Library System
      April 8, 2010
    • Vegas as Place
    • Presentation Spaces
    • Library As Place
    • Library As Place
    • Commons
      “a cluster of network access points and associated IT tools situated in the context of physical, digital, human, and social resources organized in support of learning”
      “organized in collaboration with learning initiatives sponsored by other academic units, or aligned with learning outcomes defined through a cooperative process”
      -Donald Beagle, 2006
    • The cloud removes the physical location from the equation
      The idea of the library commons is all about the
      physical location
      What does this have to do with cloud computing?
    • Notes from the Past
      “Staff in the School of Information Systems at the University…say that within five years they will not need a physical library. All their requirements will be met by the Web.”
      -David Baker, 1998
    • Notes from the Past
      “A scenario gaining increasing currency is that the arrival of information superhighways, together with the development of ever more user-friendly software and cheaper hardware spells the end of the need for libraries and librarians. It is an endless debate — unless it eventually happens.”
      -Ross Shimmon, 1995
    • Notes from the Past
      “A library could take shape within a computer where users literally enter through the doors of a virtual building, see stacks and books on the shelves, browse the catalogue, select a volume, open and read a text, converse with a librarian at a remote location and finally check out their chosen material.”
      -Jonathan Willson, 1995
    • Second life
    • Predictions
      Close physical libraries
      Integrate into virtual reality
      “The idea of a learning commons…is pretty mainstream now. But if you had suggested such a thing four or five years ago, people would have said ‘You want to do what with my space?’ Today, you’re in trouble if you don’t have one.”
      -Joseph Branin, April 2008
    • Who Needs Libraries When Everything is on the Web?
      National Center for Education Statistics
    • Who Needs Libraries When Everything is on the Web?
      National Center for Education Statistics
    • The Big Question
      Does Cloud Computing Present a Similar Threat to the Future of Libraries?
    • The Big Answer
    • Service Orientation
      Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
      Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
      Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)
    • Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
      Software on demand
      Google Docs
    • Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
      focus on providing a hosted platform on which a specific application can be deployed. This platform is often some provisioned space and computing resources from a hosting company running a pre-configured set of tools. Organizations can deploy a locally developed or managed application on the platform but do not manage the underlying server infrastructure.
    • Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
      Google AppEngine
      Bungee Connect
    • Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)
      allow users to provision servers, storage space, and networking components to meet their computing needs.
      • Google App Engine
      • Heroku
      • Joyent
      • Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
    • The Big Example
    • Who Needs Libraries When Everything is in the Cloud?
      “[Library] Buildings will move more fully into their current dual nature, that of warehouse and gathering place, while our services and our content will live in the cloud, away from any physical place.”
      -Jason Griffey Oct 2008
    • References
      “Academic Libraries: 2008 First Look.” National Center for Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2010/2010348/index.asp
      “Academic Libraries: 2006 First Look.” National Center for Education Statistcs. http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2008337
      Baker, David. “The Multimedia Librarian in the Twenty-First Century.” Librarian Career Development 6.10 (1998): 3.
      Beagle, Donald Robert. The Information Commons Handbook. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 2006
      Griffey, Jason. “Stranger Than We Know.” Library Journal. 15 Oct 2008. http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6599046.html
    • References
      Keene, Chris. “What Is a Platform As a Service?” Javalobby. 23 Mar 2009. http://java.dzone.com/articles/what-platform-service-paas
      Martell, Charles. “The Absent User: Physical Use of Academic Library Collections and Services Continues to Decline 1995-2006. The Journal of Academic Librarianship. 34.5 (2008) 400.
      Mitchell, Erik. “Using Cloud Services for Library IT Infrastructure.” The Code4Lib Journal 9 (22 Mar 2010).
      Shimmon, Ross. “The Librarian at the End of the Galaxy.” New Library World 96.1120 (1995): 43.
      Willson, Jonathan. “Enter the Cyberpunk Librarian: Future Directions in Cyberspace.” Library Review 44.8 (1995): 63.
    • slideshare.net/tombrarian