The AMNH Congo ExpeditionThe AMNH Congo Expedition
(1909-1915)(1909-1915)
“The Lang-Chapin Expedition”“The Lang-Chapin Exp...
AMNH Digital Library Project 2
Assessing...“Legacy Data”Assessing...“Legacy Data”
• 3 Billion Specimens in 6,500 natural h...
AMNH Digital Library Project 3
Assessing the Museum EnvironmentAssessing the Museum Environment
• Museum departments and t...
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Some possible definitions…Some possible definitions…
• “Data”: Observations, descriptions o...
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Collections trends at AMNH
Fishes
0
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1810-1...
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Collections trends at AMNH
Herps
0
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1810-1819
1820-1829
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Scientific Senate
Ad Hoc Committee of Data Access
Proposed Institutional Policy and Guideli...
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1892-1996 Records
Source: Department of
Herpetology, California
Academy of Sciences
(1999) ...
AMNH Digital Library Project 9
1892-1996 + 1997-1998
Records
Source: Department of
Herpetology, California
Academy of Scie...
AMNH Digital Library Project 10
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AMNH Digital Library Project 13
AMNH Digital Library ProjectAMNH Digital Library Project
March 1999: Andrew W. Mellon
Foun...
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J.P. Morgan
William Rockefeller
Augustus Juilliard
Morris K. Jesup
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AMNH Digital Library Project 19
James Chapin Herbert Lang
AMNH Digital Library Project 20
ArcView® GIS plot of collecting sites for the Lang-Chapin Expedition
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AMNH Digital Library Project 22
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ArcView® GIS plot of collecting sites for the Lang-Chapin Expedition
AMNH Digital Library Project 24
ArcView® GIS plot of collecting sites for the Lang-Chapin Expedition
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AMNH Digital Library Project 26
Forminière [1909-1913]
in Archives,
Tervuren Museum
Brussels, Belgium
Geological site map
...
AMNH Digital Library Project 27
Source: Voss
& Emmons,
AMNH Bull.
No. 230, 1996
(by permission:
T. Erwin)
Recent site
map ...
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Biodiversity AssessmentBiodiversity Assessment
• Specimen Records
• Collecting/Observation...
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Lang-ChapinLang-Chapin
Biological Collections at AMNHBiological Collections at AMNH
• Mamm...
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AMNH Digital Library Project 33
Source: Voss &
Emmons,
AMNH Bull.
No. 230, 1996
(by permission)
Collecting Methods
AMNH Digital Library Project 34
Fishing Owl
The Congo
AMNH Library Special Collections
Ceratogymna atrata / BLACK-CASQUED HORNBILL
(Male in breeding season)
http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~parker/Parkerweb/media/pict...
AMNH Digital Library Project 36
Source: Voss
& Emmons,
AMNH Bull.
No. 230, 1996
(by permission)
CollectingCollecting
Metho...
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Collecting Effort
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Collecting Effort
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AMNH Digital Library Project 40
AMNH Digital Library Project 41
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AMNH Digital Library Project 43
SPATIAL
NOMINAL
CHRONOLOGIC
CONTEXT FOR
NATURAL HISTORY INFORMATION
AMNH Digital Library Project 44
“Darwin Core” – Access Points
1. ScientificName
2. Kingdom
3. Phylum
4. Class
5. Order
6. ...
AMNH Digital Library Project 45
For resource discovery in specimen databases:For resource discovery in specimen databases:...
AMNH Digital Library Project 46
Barambo Chief
Hand-colored “Lantern Slide”
taken from a Lang Negative
AMNH Library Special...
AMNH Digital Library Project 47
Mangebetu
Hairpins
Anthropology
Collection
Anthropological Artifacts
AMNH Digital Library Project 49
Watercolor by
James Chapin
Ornithology Archives
AMNH Digital Library Project 50
James Chapin in the field
AMNH Library Special Collections
AMNH Digital Library Project 51
Field Notes from the Lang-
Chapin Expedition
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AMNH Digital Library Project 53
AMNH Digital Library Project 54
AMNH Digital Library Project 55
AMNH Digital Library Project 56
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!-- edited with XML Spy v3.0.7 (http://www.xmlspy.com) by John Aubr...
AMNH Digital Library Project 57
<treatment_body>
<diagnosis>Diagnosis:
<morph>Major worker. AL 0.84-1.64, HL 0.86-1.42, HW...
AMNH Digital Library Project 58
<comment>Comments: The species belongs to the larger Bornean species of Cladomyrma. At the...
AMNH Digital Library Project 59
<biology_ecology>Biology and Distribution: The species has been found colonizing the endem...
AMNH Digital Library Project 60
<materials_examined>Material Examined: type: INDONESIA, South Kalimantan, Poulo Laut, Dohe...
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AMNH Digital Library Project 62
AMNH Digital Library Project 63
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Bakango Fish Trap
AMNH Library Special Collections
AMNH Digital Library Project 77
Congo River
Fishing Platform
AMNH Library Special Collections
AMNH Digital Library Project 78
CORC: Cooperative Online
Resource Catalog
Access to museum
information through
standards a...
AMNH Digital Library Project 79
ITIS*ca - Canadian version of
ITIS
Integrated Taxonomic Information
System
Taxon-based bio...
AMNH Digital Library Project 80
AMNH Digital Library Infrastructure
• Hardware
– SUN 250
• OS
– Solaris Sun OS 2.6
• Datab...
AMNH Digital Library Project 81
A . W . M e l l o n F o u n d a t i o n
A M N H D i g i t a l L i b r a r y P r o j e c t
...
Digital Library Process
Theme(s)
Content
Ownership(IPR)
Acquisition
Format Definitions
Conversion
Transcription
Arrangemen...
AMNH Digital Library Project
AMNH
Digital Library
Fundamental Tasks
Mark-up
Content-Formats
Metadata-Tags
Integrating Mech...
AMNH Digital Library Project 84
AMNH DL: Publishing EnvironmentsAMNH DL: Publishing Environments
Digital Publishers
(Digit...
AMNH Digital Library Project 85
Metadata is:Metadata is:
“Information which qualifies other
information”
OR
“Data about ot...
AMNH Digital Library Project 86
AMNH DL: Cataloging EnvironmentAMNH DL: Cataloging Environment
Metadata Standards:
• MARC
...
MARC Record
ID 10507973BASE DG STS n REC am ENC I DCF a ENT 960314
INT REP GOV CNF 0 FSC 0 INX 1 CTY onc ILS ab
MEI FIC 0 ...
AMNH Digital Library Project 88
CIMI: Consortium for the Computer Interchange
of Museum Information
From Guide to Best Pra...
AMNH Digital Library Project 89
CIMI: Consortiumfor the Computer Interchange of MuseumInformation
Guide to Best Practice: ...
AMNH Digital Library Project 90
TAXONOMIC
ITIS ca
??
GEO-REFERENCING
Alexandria?
Getty TGN?
SUBJECT
THESAURI
(Controlled
V...
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AMNH DL: Indexing EnvironmentAMNH DL: Indexing Environment
Subject Thesauri
• Aq. Sci. & F...
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Digital @ the American Museum of Natural History: ZBIG Meeting University of Kansas(?) 1998 (?)

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1998 (?)

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Digital @ the American Museum of Natural History: ZBIG Meeting University of Kansas(?) 1998 (?)

  1. 1. The AMNH Congo ExpeditionThe AMNH Congo Expedition (1909-1915)(1909-1915) “The Lang-Chapin Expedition”“The Lang-Chapin Expedition” Colobus guereza or “Black & White Colobus” DIGITAL @ AMNH The Library American Museum of Natural History
  2. 2. AMNH Digital Library Project 2 Assessing...“Legacy Data”Assessing...“Legacy Data” • 3 Billion Specimens in 6,500 natural history museums (Nature, 1998) • Provides essential baseline for biodiversity • Major support available for national & regional biodiversity studies (World Bank/GEF) • Museum data has not been comprehensively applied/used (with a few exceptions…)
  3. 3. AMNH Digital Library Project 3 Assessing the Museum EnvironmentAssessing the Museum Environment • Museum departments and their collections are defined by discipline (Anthropology,, Botany, Entomology, Paleontology, etc.) • Museums are often decentralized & seldom organized in multi-disciplinary ways • Data capture and processing typically occurs at individual-researcher or departmental level
  4. 4. AMNH Digital Library Project 4 Some possible definitions…Some possible definitions… • “Data”: Observations, descriptions or measurements recorded and reported in some standard way… • “Information”: Reasonable associations of data • “Experience”: Personal or collective recollection and interpretation of events • “Knowledge”: Rational assumptions derived from information and experience, presumed to be “true”and “reliable” • “Expertise”: Individual or collective knowledge that is considered reliable by virtue of accomplishment
  5. 5. AMNH Digital Library Project 5 Collections trends at AMNH Fishes 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 1810-1819 1820-1829 1830-1839 1840-1849 1850-1859 1860-1869 1870-1879 1880-1889 1890-1899 1900-1909 1910-1919 1920-1929 1930-1939 1940-1949 1950-1959 1960-1969 1970-1979 1980-1989 1990-1999 2000- Decades 1810-2000 SpecimensAcquired
  6. 6. AMNH Digital Library Project 6 Collections trends at AMNH Herps 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 1810-1819 1820-1829 1830-1839 1840-1849 1850-1859 1860-1869 1870-1879 1880-1889 1890-1899 1900-1909 1910-1919 1920-1929 1930-1939 1940-1949 1950-1959 1960-1969 1970-1979 1980-1989 1990-1999 2000- Decades 1810-2000 SpecimensAcquired
  7. 7. AMNH Digital Library Project 7 Scientific Senate Ad Hoc Committee of Data Access Proposed Institutional Policy and Guidelines on Access to Collection-based Information Preamble Through their collections natural history institutions house a permanent record of the world's biodiversity, earth history, and cultural change, as well as, in their libraries and archives, a written record pertaining to these subjects. These collections serve as essential resources for a broad user community, from scientists and other scholars who seek to understand and interpret the natural world, to those concerned with preserving biological and cultural diversity, to countries and peoples attempting to promote their well-being through sustainable use and conservation of their natural resources, to societies in general through educational outreach. Because of the critical services that collections-based information provides to society, the curatorial staff of the American Museum of Natural History endorses a policy that makes data freely available in a timely way to the user community, with restrictions to be noted below. Collection-based information For the purposes of this document, collection information is defined to be those data (whether in electronic form or not) directly linked to the Museum's scientific collections, including but not necessarily limited to specimen or object identification, provenance, and disposition, such as is provided by catalogs, label information, images and field notes deposited with collections, and other associated descriptors. Excluded by this definition are unverified and preliminary data or notes as well as interpretive data and conclusions that are derived from specimens/objects in the normal course of scientific and scholarly research. It is assumed that free, open, and timely access to these kinds of data will result from standard avenues of scholarly publication and dissemination.
  8. 8. AMNH Digital Library Project 8 1892-1996 Records Source: Department of Herpetology, California Academy of Sciences (1999) (by permission)
  9. 9. AMNH Digital Library Project 9 1892-1996 + 1997-1998 Records Source: Department of Herpetology, California Academy of Sciences (1999) (by permission)
  10. 10. AMNH Digital Library Project 10
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  12. 12. AMNH Digital Library Project 13 AMNH Digital Library ProjectAMNH Digital Library Project March 1999: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Awards AMNH “Digital Library” Grant – Grant involves an 18 month “pilot phase” focused on the AMNH “Lang-Chapin” Congo Expedition (1909- 1915) – second phase -- extends an additional 42 months and involves multiple “themes”
  13. 13. AMNH Digital Library Project 15
  14. 14. AMNH Digital Library Project 16
  15. 15. AMNH Digital Library Project 17 J.P. Morgan William Rockefeller Augustus Juilliard Morris K. Jesup
  16. 16. AMNH Digital Library Project 18
  17. 17. AMNH Digital Library Project 19 James Chapin Herbert Lang
  18. 18. AMNH Digital Library Project 20 ArcView® GIS plot of collecting sites for the Lang-Chapin Expedition
  19. 19. AMNH Digital Library Project 21
  20. 20. AMNH Digital Library Project 22
  21. 21. AMNH Digital Library Project 23 ArcView® GIS plot of collecting sites for the Lang-Chapin Expedition
  22. 22. AMNH Digital Library Project 24 ArcView® GIS plot of collecting sites for the Lang-Chapin Expedition
  23. 23. AMNH Digital Library Project 25
  24. 24. AMNH Digital Library Project 26 Forminière [1909-1913] in Archives, Tervuren Museum Brussels, Belgium Geological site map sketched in Congo during Lang-Chapin era.
  25. 25. AMNH Digital Library Project 27 Source: Voss & Emmons, AMNH Bull. No. 230, 1996 (by permission: T. Erwin) Recent site map from Peru depicting elements of “collecting effort”
  26. 26. AMNH Digital Library Project 28 Biodiversity AssessmentBiodiversity Assessment • Specimen Records • Collecting/Observational Events • “Collecting [sampling] Effort” in itself ( i.e. null results are significant) – pattern of sampling – comprehensive effort (collecting methodology)
  27. 27. AMNH Digital Library Project 29 Lang-ChapinLang-Chapin Biological Collections at AMNHBiological Collections at AMNH • Mammalogy 5800 • Ornithology 6200 • Herpetology 4800 • Ichthyology 6000 • Invertebrates 100,000+ • Botany (???)
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  31. 31. AMNH Digital Library Project 33 Source: Voss & Emmons, AMNH Bull. No. 230, 1996 (by permission) Collecting Methods
  32. 32. AMNH Digital Library Project 34 Fishing Owl The Congo AMNH Library Special Collections
  33. 33. Ceratogymna atrata / BLACK-CASQUED HORNBILL (Male in breeding season) http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~parker/Parkerweb/media/pictures/bchmale.hot.jpg Recording courtesy of Dr. Hans Slabbekoorn Ctr for Trop. Res., San Francisco State University
  34. 34. AMNH Digital Library Project 36 Source: Voss & Emmons, AMNH Bull. No. 230, 1996 (by permission) CollectingCollecting Methods
  35. 35. AMNH Digital Library Project 37 Collecting Effort
  36. 36. AMNH Digital Library Project 38 Collecting Effort
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  41. 41. AMNH Digital Library Project 43 SPATIAL NOMINAL CHRONOLOGIC CONTEXT FOR NATURAL HISTORY INFORMATION
  42. 42. AMNH Digital Library Project 44 “Darwin Core” – Access Points 1. ScientificName 2. Kingdom 3. Phylum 4. Class 5. Order 6. Family 7. Genus 8. Species 9. Subspecies 10. InstitutionCode 11. CollectionCode 12. CatalogNumber 13. Collector 14.Year 15.Month 16.Day 17.Country 18.State/Province 19.County 20. Locality 21. Longitude 22. Latitude 23. BoundingBox 24. Julian Day Dave Vieglais Species Analyst 4/20/2000 http://habanero.nhm.ukans.edu/presentations/Gainesville_May2000_files/v3_document.htm
  43. 43. AMNH Digital Library Project 45 For resource discovery in specimen databases:For resource discovery in specimen databases: aa common denominatorcommon denominator zoologicalzoological Specimen RecordSpecimen Record Core descriptive elements: Collector [Person] Date [Chronologic] Place [Spatial] Name [Taxonomic] Institution/Collection [Instit. Address] Field Collection Code [discrete alphanum. string] Accession (Catalog) Code[discrete alphanum. string] Bibliographic [DOI/SICI?]
  44. 44. AMNH Digital Library Project 46 Barambo Chief Hand-colored “Lantern Slide” taken from a Lang Negative AMNH Library Special Collections
  45. 45. AMNH Digital Library Project 47 Mangebetu Hairpins Anthropology Collection Anthropological Artifacts
  46. 46. AMNH Digital Library Project 49 Watercolor by James Chapin Ornithology Archives
  47. 47. AMNH Digital Library Project 50 James Chapin in the field AMNH Library Special Collections
  48. 48. AMNH Digital Library Project 51 Field Notes from the Lang- Chapin Expedition
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  53. 53. AMNH Digital Library Project 56 <?xml version="1.0"?> <!-- edited with XML Spy v3.0.7 (http://www.xmlspy.com) by John Aubry (American Museum of Natural History) --> <document xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="G:DigitalLibraryIT Working GroupXMLSample_treatment.xsd"> <treatment taxon_level="species"> <nomenclature> <taxon_name>Dimorphomyrmex andrei</taxon_name> <authority>Emery, 1894: 73.</authority> <history>(Later combinations: Aphomomyrmex andrei Emery, 1899: 494; Cladomyrma andrei, Emery, 1925: 45). Syntype queen, BORNEO: Indonesia, South Kalimantan, Poulo Laut, Doherty; MCSN [examined]. Cladomyrma cryptata Agosti, 1991: 304.Holotype queen, BORNEO: East-Malaysia, Sabah, Poring Hot Springs, 815, Ulrich Maschwitz, ex Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii; BMNH. New syn.</history></nomenclature>
  54. 54. AMNH Digital Library Project 57 <treatment_body> <diagnosis>Diagnosis: <morph>Major worker. AL 0.84-1.64, HL 0.86-1.42, HW 0.76-1.32, EL 0.16-0.30, SL 0.38-0.68, CI 89-98, EI 21-42, SI 44-53 (n = 8). Generally larger body size; pilosity and dorsum of alitrunk and gaster variable, generally short and not very dense; generally reddish dark brown to dark brown; clypeus angulate; gastral pubescence thin, hair at least as long as distance between their insertions.</morph> <morph>Minor worker. AL 0.64-1.00, HL 0.59-1.04, HW 0.52-0.78, EL 0.13-0.22, SL 0.29-0.46, CI 83-95, EI 23-27, SI 55-66 (n = 8). Generally larger body size; pubescence on gaster dense, short, and appressed; metapleural gland orifice large.</morph> <morph>Queen. AL 2.08-2.56, HL 1.30-1.46, HW 1.02-1.24, EL 0.47-0.54, SL 0.61-0.78, CI 76-86, EI 40- 47, SI 58-66 (n = 17). Large body size (AL &lt; 2.0 mm); body color usually dark brown to black (rarely uniform yellowish); head distinctly bicolored with genae and clypeus lighter than reminder of the head capsule; metapleural gland orifice large but covered with a bunch of hairs inserted ventral to the opening; petiole low and dorsally truncate; gaster with many long, erect hairs scattered all over the tergites and generally appressed, widely set pubescence. paratype: Queen AL 2.28, HL 1.36, HW 1.14, SL 0.68, EL 0.53, CI 84, EI 46, SI 60. </morph></diagnosis>
  55. 55. AMNH Digital Library Project 58 <comment>Comments: The species belongs to the larger Bornean species of Cladomyrma. At the same time, it is the most variable in size, in head shape from a very short to a medium long head, an almost black body color to brown (rarely uniform yellowish [one collection]), and long to short gastral hairs. The synonymy with cryptata indicates that the status of this species is similar to that of petalae (see below). Though there might be several species included, it is at the very moment impossible to separate them.The typical cryptata and andrei differ somewhat in the fine chagrinate sculpture on the head and the matte surface, which is very distinct in cryptata as opposed to the brilliant shining and completely smooth surface in andrei. The type series of cryptata includes one queen with a short head and one with an elongate head, which is similar to the type of andrei.Another variation includes workers from Poring Hot Springs (J. Moog, 95-018 and 95-017) which have a slightly elongated head, and very conspicuous long, heterogeneous hairs (some longer than others) on the dorsum of the alitrunk. In contrast, the workers of the typical andrei have subhomogeneous shorter setae. This variation is also the only population of andrei living in Drypetes longifolia (Euphorbiaceae). One collection (J. Moog, 93-061) shows a uniform yellowish-colored queen that closely resembles andrei (cryptata form) in most characters except body color. We observed a very slight difference in the density of the pubescence on the anterior and lateral parts of the mesonotum but since this character exhibits some variation in andrei, it was not used to erect a new species. Considerable variation in body color of queens may be a rather common phenomenon in Cladomyrma (see under petalae). </comment>
  56. 56. AMNH Digital Library Project 59 <biology_ecology>Biology and Distribution: The species has been found colonizing the endemic woody climbers Callerya (formerly Millettia) nieuwenhuisii (Maschwitz et al., 1989), Spatholobus oblongifolius (both Papilionaceae) and the tree genus Neonauclea (Rubiaceae). In general, liana saplings usually possess a primary stem diameter too thin to allow ant inhabitation. However, saplings of these host lianas (Callerya,Spatholobus) provide some stem internodes with distinctly enlarged diameter (ant domatia) to permit colonization by foundress queens (Moog et al., in press).</biology_ecology> <distribution> In Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, samples of this species have been obtained on a canopy walkway from a huge Callerya, about 40m above ground. Its supposed that andrei is distributed over all of Borneo since the type specimen was collected in South Kalimantan (Poulo Laut). Most records are, however, from Sabah and Sarawak, but Kalimantan is poorly sampled.</distribution>
  57. 57. AMNH Digital Library Project 60 <materials_examined>Material Examined: type: INDONESIA, South Kalimantan, Poulo Laut, Doherty, MCSN, queen. other specimens: E-MALAYSIA, Sabah, Ranau, Poring Hot Springs, 11/14/1992, Brigitte Fiala, 0052, ex: Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii; Sabah, Ranau, Poring Hot Springs, 1/22/1989, Ulrich Maschwitz, 0815, ex: Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii; Sabah, Ranau, Poring Hot Springs, 1/28/1993, Joachim Moog, 93-061, ex: Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii, alt.: ca. 600 m, colony size: 11 workers; Sabah, Ranau, Poring Hot Springs, 1/26/1995, Joachim Moog, 95-017, ex: Drypetes longifolia, young colony: ca. 200 workers in total, alt.: ca. 800 m; Sabah, Ranau, Poring Hot Springs, 1/26/1995, 95-018, Joachim Moog, ex: Drypetes longifolia, mature colony, alt.: ca. 800 m; Sabah, Ranau Poring Hot Springs, 5/2/1987, Burckhardt and Lobl; Sarawak, Lambir NP, Miri, 2/25/1992, Ulrich Maschwitz, 92-222, ex: Spatholobus oblongifolius; Sarawak, Lambir NP, Miri, 2/25/1992, Ulrich Maschwitz, 92-224, 92-224a and 92-224c, ex: Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii; Sarawak, Lambir NP, Miri, 2/25/1992, U. Maschwitz, 92-227, ex: Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii; Sarawak, Lambir NP, Miri, 2/17/1995, Joachim Moog, 95-060, ex: Spatholobus oblongifolius, mature colony. INDONESIA, Kalimantan, 11/14/1992, Brigitte Fiala, 0126, ex: Callerya (=Millettia) nieuwenhuisii; Kalimantan, Balikpapan, 11/16/1992, Brigitte Fiala, 0182, ex: Spatholobus oblongifolius.</materials_examined></treatment_body></treatment>
  58. 58. AMNH Digital Library Project 61
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  73. 73. AMNH Digital Library Project 76 Bakango Fish Trap AMNH Library Special Collections
  74. 74. AMNH Digital Library Project 77 Congo River Fishing Platform AMNH Library Special Collections
  75. 75. AMNH Digital Library Project 78 CORC: Cooperative Online Resource Catalog Access to museum information through standards and international cooperation.
  76. 76. AMNH Digital Library Project 79 ITIS*ca - Canadian version of ITIS Integrated Taxonomic Information System Taxon-based biological information system
  77. 77. AMNH Digital Library Project 80 AMNH Digital Library Infrastructure • Hardware – SUN 250 • OS – Solaris Sun OS 2.6 • Database Environment – ORACLE 8i • Interface – Web/XML – CD/DVD? • Production/Scanning • Indexing/Cataloging – Metadata Standards • Bibliographic Utility – OCLC/(CORC) • Bibliographic Indices – Zoological Record • Integrated Online Library System(IOLS) – Innovative Interfaces • (MOU on R&D)
  78. 78. AMNH Digital Library Project 81 A . W . M e l l o n F o u n d a t i o n A M N H D i g i t a l L i b r a r y P r o j e c t A M N H W e b P r o g r a m ( C o m m . & M a r k e t i n g ) E x t e r n a l D i g i t a l L i b r a r y A d v i s o r s / P a r t n e r s / C o l l a b o r a t o r s A M N H D i g i t a l L i b r a r y W o r k i n g G r o u p s M i c h e l l e K o o G I S S p e c i a l i s t ( C o n t r a c t o r ) A M N H L i b r a r y A s s e s s m e n t & E v a l u a t i o n S a r a h Y e a t e s / M a r y D e J o n g G o r d y S l a c k C o n t e n t D e v e l o p e r ( C o n t r a c t o r ) A M N H L i b r a r y W e b D e s i g n ( M . D e j o n g ) A n t h r o p o l o g y D i g i t i z a t i o n P r o j e c t ( O t h e r A M N H D i g i t a l P r o j e c t s ) A M N H M e t a d a t a / C a t a l o g i n g ( R .B r u n o / D . S h i h ) A t o n i a L o p e z d e V i c t o r i a T r a n s c r i p t i o n / D a t a E n t r y A s s t . A M N H N e t w o r k S y s t e m s D a n K a n i a r a s s e r i l W e b / S e r v e r M a n a g e r J o h n A u b r y D a t a B a s e M a n a g e r I s a b e l M e n d e l s o h n F r a n P o l l i t t T e c h n i c a l A s s i s t a m t s M i k e M c C a f f r e y W e b D e s i g n e r / J u n i o r P r o g r a m m e r A n t h o n y T r o n c a l e D i g i t a l C o l l e c t i o n s L i b r a r i a n S u s a n R a p p a p o r t A s s t . D i r e c t o r T e c h n i c a l S e r v i c e s T o m M o r i t z B o e s c h e n s t e i n D i r e c t o r L i b r a r y S e r v i c e s P r i n c i p a l I n v e s t i g a t o r
  79. 79. Digital Library Process Theme(s) Content Ownership(IPR) Acquisition Format Definitions Conversion Transcription Arrangement Storage Mark-up Metadata Semantic Standards (“authorities”) Tagging User Needs Assessment Surveys Focus Groups Analysis Data Modelling Databasing “Business Plan” WorldWideWeb, CD-ROM, DVD [Pre-processed & On-demand] FTP printed reports and Publications Information Technology Infrastructure
  80. 80. AMNH Digital Library Project AMNH Digital Library Fundamental Tasks Mark-up Content-Formats Metadata-Tags Integrating Mechanisms Access-Interfaces Conversion to Digital Clearances-IPR WWW
  81. 81. AMNH Digital Library Project 84 AMNH DL: Publishing EnvironmentsAMNH DL: Publishing Environments Digital Publishers (Digital Publishing Environments) • BioOne (AIBS/SPARC/ ARL/ Allen Press/Univ. Kansas) • Highwire Press (Stanford) • Columbia University Press ? Digital Archives • JSTOR
  82. 82. AMNH Digital Library Project 85 Metadata is:Metadata is: “Information which qualifies other information” OR “Data about other data”
  83. 83. AMNH Digital Library Project 86 AMNH DL: Cataloging EnvironmentAMNH DL: Cataloging Environment Metadata Standards: • MARC • DC (CIMI) • GILS • FGDC • [ZR?/ “Dialog”?]
  84. 84. MARC Record ID 10507973BASE DG STS n REC am ENC I DCF a ENT 960314 INT REP GOV CNF 0 FSC 0 INX 1 CTY onc ILS ab MEI FIC 0 BIO MOD CSC d CON b LAN eng PD 1995 006 p <CAS> 015 C95-980201-0 <DG> 020 0660130734 : $c $45.00 Can. <DG,CAS> 040 VXG $c VXG $d CUV <DG> 040 VXG $c VXG $d CSFA <CAS> 041 0 engfre <DG,CAS> 043 n-cn--- <DG,CAS> 082 0 574.5/0971 $2 20 <DG> 100 1 Mosquin, Theodore, $d 1932- <DG,CAS> 245 10 Canada's biodiversity : $b the variety of life, its status, economic benefits, conservation costs, and unmet needs / $c by Ted Mosquin, Peter G. Whiting, and Don E. McAllister ; prepared for the Canadian Centre for Biodiversity, Canadian Museum of Nature. <DG,CAS> 246 1 $i Title on diskette: $a Biodiversit_e du Canada : $b _etat actuel, avantages _economiques, co_uts de conservation et besoins non satisfaits <CAS> 260 Ottawa, ON, Canada : $b Canadian Museum of Nature, $c c1995. <DG,CAS> 300 xxiv, 293 p. : $b ill., maps ; $c 21 x 26 cm. <DG> 300 xxiv, 293 p. : $b ill., maps ; $c 21 x 26 cm. + $e 1 computer disk (3 1/2 in.) <CAS> 440 0 Henderson book series ; $v no. 23 <DG,CAS> 500 "French text provided on diskette"--P. [4] of cover. <CAS> 504 Includes bibliographical references (p. 259-286) and index. <DG,CAS> 538 System requirements for diskette: WordPerfect 5.1, version MS-DOS. <CAS> 650 0 Biological diversity $z Canada <DG,CAS> 650 0 Biological diversity conservation $z Canada <DG,CAS> 700 1 Whiting, Peter G. <DG,CAS> 700 1 McAllister, D. E. <DG,CAS> 710 2 Canadian Centre for Biodiversity <DG,CAS> CAS: 901 $aO$b34363082$cCAW 902 $a19960618224327.0 903 $aCAS 904 $a19960618$b19960618$b19960618 Hol: 920 $aCAWR 922 $aZCAS 924 $aCSFA 926 $aBiodiv 930 $aQH106$b.M67 1995 932 $aRef. 935 1$lLI.96.100 DG: 901 $aV$b1374AKO$cDAVD 902 $a19980713093351.0 903 $aDG 904 $a19980713$b19980713 910 $aocm34363082 Hol: 920 $aCUVA 922 $aUCD 924 $aCU-A 926 $aShields 930 $cQH106.M67 1995
  85. 85. AMNH Digital Library Project 88 CIMI: Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information From Guide to Best Practice: Dublin Core (DC 1.0 = RFC 2413) Final Version 12 August 1999 The 15 Dublin Core Elements Resource Type Format Title Description Subject and Keywords Author or Creator Other Contributor Publisher Date Resource Identifier Source Relation Language Coverage Rights
  86. 86. AMNH Digital Library Project 89 CIMI: Consortiumfor the Computer Interchange of MuseumInformation Guide to Best Practice: Dublin Core (DC1.0 =RFC2413) Final Version (12 August 1999) Example D-4 Record Describing a Natural History Specimen <?xml version=”1.0” ?> <dc-record> <type>physical object</type> <type>original</type> <type>natural</type> <title>Prosorhynchoides pusilla</title> <description>Specimen fixed in Berland's fluid and preserved in 80% alcohol.</description> <description>Preparedby: Taskinen, J.</description> <description>Determiner: Gibson, D.I. </description> <description>Determination date: 1993-08-21</description> <subject>parasite</subject> <subject>fluke</subject> <subject>animal</subject> <creator>Gibson D.I.</creator> <contributor>Taskinen, J.</contributor> <publisher>The Natural History Museum, London</publisher> <date>1993-08-21</date> <identifier>NHM1994.1.19.1.</identifier> <relation>IsPartOf Bucephalidae</relation> <relation>Requires Esox lucius</relation> <coverage>Battle River</coverage> <coverage>Fabyan</coverage> <coverage>Alberta</coverage> <coverage>Canada</coverage> <rights>http://www.nhm.ac.uk/generic/copy.html</rights> </dc-record>
  87. 87. AMNH Digital Library Project 90 TAXONOMIC ITIS ca ?? GEO-REFERENCING Alexandria? Getty TGN? SUBJECT THESAURI (Controlled Vocabularies) CONTENT??? CIMI: Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information Guide to Best Practice: Dublin Core (DC 1.0 = RFC 2413) Final Version (12 August 1999) Example D-4 Record Describing a Natural History Specimen <?xml version=”1.0” ?> <dc-record> <type>physical object</type> <type>original</type> <type>natural</type> <title>Prosorhynchoides pusilla</title> <description>Specimen fixed in Berland's fluid and preserved in 80% alcohol.</description> <description>Prepared by: Taskinen, J.</description> <description>Determiner: Gibson, D.I. </description> <description>Determination date: 1993-08-21</description> <subject>parasite</subject> <subject>fluke</subject> <subject>animal</subject> <creator>Gibson D.I.</creator> <contributor>Taskinen, J.</contributor> <publisher>The Natural History Museum, London</publisher> <date>1993-08-21</date> <identifier>NHM 1994.1.19.1.</identifier> <relation>IsPartOf Bucephalidae</relation> <relation>Requires Esox lucius</relation> <coverage>Battle River</coverage> <coverage>Fabyan</coverage> <coverage>Alberta</coverage> <coverage>Canada</coverage> <rights>http://www.nhm.ac.uk/generic/copy.html</rights> </dc-record>
  88. 88. AMNH Digital Library Project 91 AMNH DL: Indexing EnvironmentAMNH DL: Indexing Environment Subject Thesauri • Aq. Sci. & Fish. Abs. (ASFIS) • Art & Arch. Thesaurus (Getty) • Conservation Thesaurus (IUCN) • CABI • GEOREF • Zoological Record Taxonomy • ITIS(US/Canada) Geo-Referencing (Gazetteer) • Alexandria Project (UCSB NCGIA [NSF/DLI 1&2] ) • TGN (Getty)
  89. 89. AMNH Digital Library Project 92

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