Be the first to like this
Of all the slides, #7 could use some additional information:
Assorted grammar issues:
1. You’re / your: You’re is the contraction for ‘you are’
Your is a pronoun.
Too often people use ‘your’ when they should use you’re:
“Your going to like this new program.’
2. “Suppose to”, “use to”, “half to”. Written phonetically. The proper spelling includes a ‘d’ at the end. (Using the past participle of the verb.) So, you should write (and speak):
“Supposed to”, “Used to”, “Have to”
3. They’re / their / there:
‘They’re’ is the contraction for ‘they are’
‘Their’ is a possessive pronoun; indicates that multiple people own something
‘There’, depending on its use, can be an adverb, a pronoun, a noun, or other element.
4. It’s/ its:
It’s is the contraction for ‘it is’ or ‘it has’
Its is a possessive pronoun. Used to refer to a facet of an object. (“Its tail got caught in the car door.”) Note that this word never has an apostrophe. Think of ‘hers’ – the possessive pronoun for females. You don’t write her’s.
5. Who’s / whose
Who’s is a contraction for ‘who is’ and ‘who has’
Whose is a possessive pronoun. “Whose checkbook is lying on the table?”
6. He / she / their
My intent here is to stress that the subject and pronoun must agree in number. Too often writers an speakers use ‘their’ because it is gender neutral. A single subject or object requires a pronoun in the singular format.
“The customer sold his home for a loss.”
To use ‘their’ properly, write in the plural:
“Customers are selling their homes for a loss.”
Changing to the passive voice, you can eliminate the subject and pronoun
“Homes are being sold for a loss.”
Finally, understand that it is perfectly acceptable to use a male or female pronoun when it applies. Let’s say you just got off the phone with a female customer. When speaking to a coworker you could say, “This customer wondered whether her account is overdrawn.”
You don’t need to hide behind ‘their’; indeed, using it is technically incorrect:
“This customer wondered whether their account is overdrawn.”
7. Equal / equally
You’ve seen and heard this many times: “All (whatever) are not created equal.”
The problem is that the sentence calls for an adverb. Therefore it should say,
“All (X) are not created equally.”
Yes, I know that the U.S. Declaration of Independence contains just this type of error:
“All men are created equal.”
Just remember: In this construction, you need an adverb.