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EFA 2.0 - How minorities, autonomists and independentists use social media and archivists face the challenges of preservation

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Lecture at the ECMI Workshop "Ethnic Minorities and New Social Media", 4 November 2011 (ECMI Flensburg)

Lecture at the ECMI Workshop "Ethnic Minorities and New Social Media", 4 November 2011 (ECMI Flensburg)

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  • 1. EFA 2.0 Tom Cobbaert * ECMI workshop * 04-11-2011 How minorities, autonomists and independentists use social media and archivists face the challenges of preservation
  • 2. /tomcobbaert
    • graduated:
      • master in history @ KUL, 2003
      • master in archival sciences @ VUB, 2004
    • work:
      • archives & IT manager @ ADVN (2004-…)
      • board member VVBAD-AHD (2009-…)
      • member « Archief 2.0 » thinktank (2007-...)
  • 3. ADVN (1)
    • founded in 1984, Antwerp (BE)
    • private and independent
    • scientific institute
    • recognized and funded by Flemish government
    • archival and research assignment
    • nationalism and national movements in general
    • Flemish nationalism, Flemish movement
  • 4. ADVN (2)
    • collects, preserves and describes all sorts of historical sources
    • research on all theoretical, general and specialized topics in the field of nationalism
    • database projects: ODIS, Archiefbank, NISE
    • conferences, exhibitions and publications
    • scientific journal: Wt
  • 5. www.ADVN.be
  • 6. NISE (1)
    • National movements & Intermediary Structures in Europe
    • Objective: « creating a database, a heuristic guide and an archival instrument for transnational comparative research into the national movements in Europe »
    • L. Boeva, Rien de plus international, Antwerp, ADVN, 2010.
  • 7. NISE (2)
    • Tools:
      • database: national movements (organisations, parties, individuals), archival guide, directory (heritage and research institutes), bibliography, compendium (regions, peoples, languages, …)
      • public activities: helpdesk, conferences and workshops, publications, discussion platform
  • 8. NISE (3)
    • Organisation:
      • Coordination Centre: ADVN
      • Scientific Council: European scholars
      • Network: heritage and research institutes dealing with national movements
    • Website: www.NISE.eu
  • 9.  
  • 10. EFA
    • European Free Alliance (°1981)
    • European political party which unites progressive, nationalist, regionalist and autonomist parties in the European Union
    • 41 member parties with more than 200 elected representatives at European, national and regional levels
    • www.E-F-A.org
  • 11. Social Media
    • ‘ the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into interactive dialogue’
    • Blogs (Blogger) and microblogs (Twitter)
    • Social networking (Facebook, LinkedIn)
    • Content communities (YouTube, Flickr)
    • Virtual worlds (WoW, Second Life)
    • Collaborative projects (Wikipedia)
  • 12. EFA & social media
    • Out of 41 member parties:
    • 33 have at least a classic website
    • 29 have a blog (in the broadest sense)
    • 4 have only a blog (Wordpress, Blogger, …)
    • 20 provide an RSS-feed
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. EFA & social media
    • 31 member parties are on
      • 23 have a fan page
      • 5 have a classic group (to be removed)
      • 1 has an open group (new format)
      • 2 use a ‘personal’ profile
      • some have fan pages and/or groups and/or profiles and/or community pages
  • 17. EFA & social media
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. EFA & social media
    • 15 member parties are on
      • from 1 up to 4257 tweets
      • from 17 up to 8755 followers
      • mainly based on rss feeds from websites, blogs and YouTube
      • little interaction (replies, RT’s) with followers, although good exceptions
  • 23. EFA & social media
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27. EFA & social media
    • 15 member parties are on
      • from 4 up to 694 videos
      • content: speeches at congresses, manifestations and other meetings, interventions in parliament, interviews, propaganda presentations, debates, recorded tv-broadcasts, archive footage, …
  • 28. EFA & social media
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31. EFA & social media
    • 7 member parties are on
      • from 200 up to 2064 images
      • content: pictures from events, persons, campaigns, history, …
  • 32. EFA & social media
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. EFA & social media
    • Other social media:
      • FNP: Hyves (the Dutch Facebook)
      • N-VA, Alands Framtid: LinkedIn, a professional network of party members
      • Plaid Cymru: social media aggregator
  • 36.  
  • 37. EFA & social media
    • Building identity:
    • language
  • 38.  
  • 39. EFA & social media
    • Building identity:
    • language
    • sports
  • 40.  
  • 41. EFA & social media
    • Building identity:
    • language
    • sports
    • top-level domain (TLD)
  • 42.  
  • 43. EFA & social media
    • Building identity:
    • language
    • sports
    • top-level domain (TLD)
    • diaspora communities
  • 44.  
  • 45. EFA & social media
    • Building identity:
    • language
    • sports
    • top-level domain (TLD)
    • diaspora communities
    • cross-border cooperation
  • 46.  
  • 47. EFA & social media
    • Parties use social media to:
    • inform: news, activities, etc
    • promote: electoral campaigns
    • connect: with members and other (EFA) parties
    • visualize cause & build identity: region, minority
  • 48. EFA & social media
    • Remarks:
    • Bottom-up vs top-down:
      • community driven (LS) vs the feedflood
      • youth vs party establishment vs (UDB)
    • Interconnecting parties: supporting cause vs conflicting ideas
    • Activism: easy to join vs low commitment
  • 49. Extra: social media preservation
  • 50. Social media preservation
    • What do we need to preserve?
    • All vs storage costs and retrieval issues
    • Value: « do we need to preserve? »
      • Social media duplicates: feeds
      • Unique content: user generated content, conversations, social media enrichment
      • Archival value: legal, informational, cultural, re-use
      • Research value: what do researchers want?
  • 51. Social media preservation
    • How? The challenges archivists face
    • Providing access: accesible, indexed and search-enabled
    • Public content vs privacy
    • Copyright in the « cloud »
    • Linked nature of social media
    • API’s, real time capture, authorization
  • 52. Social media preservation
    • Existing initiatives
    • International:
      • Internet Archive
      • Library of Congress & Twitter
      • ArchivePress
    • Private: Backupify
  • 53.  
  • 54. EFA 2.0 Tom Cobbaert * ECMI workshop * 04-11-2011 Questions? http://tomcobbaert.eu