15th century France and Italy Modern dance broke away from the classical companies Characteristics: Storyline is a fairytale or fable Elaborate costumes Pantomime to show the plot Modern dancers wanted to feel more expression in the upper body, have a better connection with movement, and be able to have a more fluid approach.
Originated in the early 20th century Pioneered a new freer movement style. Favoring bare feet v. pointe shoes. Early subject matter was often political or psychological. Many drew from archaic or exotic sources. Rejected structural formality and sometimes thematic frivolity.
Was Born 1877 in San Francisco Was interested in Greek styles of dance Emancipated woman ahead of her time Given a school by the government of Russia Danced to the rhythm of life, this was Isadoras dance technique. Had a traumatic life which influenced the rest of her dance.
Started with ballet, skirt dancing and the Delsarte technique Characteristics of her new style: Exotic Theatrical Spiritual based
Inspired by the Egyptian Deities Cigarette poster Put more religious and spiritual feelings into classical dance Took movements from Egypt and Asia Radha (1906) East Indian Nautch Dance (1932)
Cigarette Poster: Powerful Stance Was captured by the colorful plants and exotic wildlife Sitting at the foot of the Nile
Was an Influential American dancer, teacher, and choreographer of modern dance Ballets and other works were intended to “reveal the inner man.” Became acquainted with oriental art Enchanted by the religious mysticism of Ruth St. Denis. Performed an Aztec Ballet (Xochitl)
Martha Graham Appalachian Spring http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=XmgaKGSxQVw&feature=youtube_gdata_p layer
In 1953, Merce Cunningham Dance Company was formed. Was a lifetime partner with John Cage. Fused Grahm’s technique with ballet.
He and Cage created many radical innovations. Decided that dance and music should be independent from one another. Most famous and controversial conclusion they had proposed.
Stripped dance of it’s literary and narrative context. Isolated it from it’s musical accompaniment By the end of the 20th century, the barriers between ballet and modern dance were less pronounced.
Influenced by the idea of chance. Located the source of movement in the spine. Bare-footed Embraced the natural movements of running, jumping and falling. Unlikeballet, used noise like breathing or foot scuffles.
Her parents ran a drive- in movie theater. She was exposed to popular culture. Later incorporated this into her dances. Founded Twyla Tharp dance. Combined ballet technique with natural movements like running, walking and skipping.
Wanted to evolve a technique that they felt they owned. Reverted back to simple movements, that they felt belonged to everybody. Created “Deuce Coupe” which used both modern & ballet techniques. This combination was sometimes called the “cross-over” ballet.
Worked less with contemporary music and more with classical, pop, clicking monotones or silence. Audiences loved her physical daring and jazz roots. Caught viewers attention with her 1971 piece, The Fugue. “no costumes, no music, no lights…” Twelve years later she returned to the simplicity of The Fugue with In The Upper Room.
Contemporary (Lyrical): Fusion of Modern, Ballet, and Jazz Conveys emotion of the songs lyrics through body movements Story throughout the song evolves Modern Dance now: Has blended with other forms of dance Less strictly Modern dancers Companies have molded it into their performance art
Modern dance influenced todays ballet companies Contemporary ballet: George Balanchine- founder of the contemporary ballet Less classical tutus, flowing costumes, story less ballets, prominent role of the corps de ballet, developing prominence of the male dancer Ballet dancers wanted more expression, focus to be put on their movements, but were less radical than the modern dancers