Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
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Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection

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A presentation in pictures, all taken by the author, on how sustainable forestry is evolving in Riau, Indonesia on the Bukit Batu concession area and how APP/Sinar Mas's work is evolving.

A presentation in pictures, all taken by the author, on how sustainable forestry is evolving in Riau, Indonesia on the Bukit Batu concession area and how APP/Sinar Mas's work is evolving.

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  • 1. Deforesta)on  and  Forest  Protec)on  in   Indonesia   A  presenta)on  in  pictures,  with  notes     All  photographs  taken  by  Tobias  Webb  from  Jan   30  to  Feb  4  2014  in  Sumatra,  Indonesia  on  a  trip   with  APP/Sinar  Mas  forestry     Author,  the  Smarter  Business  Blog  at:   Tobiaswebb.blogspot.com      
  • 2. Just  a  few  kilometers  from  Pekanbaru,  Sumatra,  localised  deforesta)on  is  clearly  visible  from   the  roadside.  Indonesia  has  lost  nearly  half  its  forests  due  to  logging  and  palm  oil  plan)ng  
  • 3. Devasta)on  up  front,  oil  palm     at  the  back  
  • 4. Legal  cuNng  of  an  acacia  planta)on  by  Sinar  Mas  forestry,  AKA  Asia  Pulp  &  Paper.  These  trees   are  approximately  five  years  old,  and  produce  around  140  tonnes  of  wood  per  hectare.  This     Planta)on  also  serves  as  a  ‘buffer  zone’  to  protect  natural  forest  set  aside  by  the  company  
  • 5. Protected  zone  in   green  within  yellow   buffer  zone  
  • 6. Acacia  wood,  when  cut,  is  moved  by  canals  cut  into  the  forest  
  • 7. Heading  into  the  forest  with   Indonesian  ecologists  to  map   species  
  • 8. With  a  “high  conserva)on  value”   assessment  team  in  the  forest  
  • 9. Into  the  peat  forest:  Most  of  the  set  aside  forest  area  in  the  midst  of  a  Sinar  Mas     concession  is  accessible  only  by  track,  canal,  river  or  helicopter.  This  forest   may  have  been  selec)vely  logged  in  the  past,  according  to  experts  
  • 10. Despite  slim-­‐ish  trunks,  some  natural  forest  has   trees  which  reach  over  sixty  meters  in  height  
  • 11. On  a  recent  trip  the  author  saw  fish  eagles,  monitor     Lizards,  macaque  monkeys,  hornbills  and  a  plethora   of  other  wildlife  in  this  reserve  now  protected  by     Asia  Pulp  &  Paper  /  Sinar  Mas  
  • 12. This  forest  o]en  floods  more  than  three  meters   above  this  level.  Crocs  lurk  somewhere  beneath,     and  fish  eagles  and  hornbills  fly  above  
  • 13. Riau  Rubber  tapper  on  the  edge   Of  protected  forest.  He  makes     80  US  cents  per  kilo  he  collects.     Oil  Palm  is  o]en  more  lucra)ve    
  • 14. Local  communi)es  like  this  one  in  Riau,  o]en  on  the  edge  of  protected  forest,  as  here,  o]en   burn  secondary  forest  to  plant  oil  palm  
  • 15. Secondary  forest,  as  here  in  the  background,  protects   carbon  locked  up  in  peat  from  being  released,  and    supports  biodiversity  
  • 16. Oil  palm  fruit:  Valuable  to  poor  villagers  who  are  o]en  migrant  communi)es    
  • 17. Village  life:  boat  building  
  • 18. Village  oil  palm:  Seen  as  essen)al  
  • 19. Protected  forest  viewed  from  a  helicopter.  APP/Sinar  Mas  works  to  conserve  this  with   the  help  of  local  communi)es:  But  when  migrant  communi)es  want  to  cut  forest,  what  then?  
  • 20. Just  as  the  scale  of  deforesta)on  is  shocking,  forest   held  back  from  destruc)on  is  stunning  to  see.  The     haze  is  caused  by  illegal  forest  burning  across  Riau  
  • 21. Shows  the  contrast  between  what  was,  and  what  is  
  • 22. Illegal  burning  of  peatland  to  clear  forest  for  oil  palm  in  a  protected  na)onal  park,  next  to   an  APP  concession.  Government  protected  areas  lack  capacity  and  will  to  enforce  the  law.   When  APP  finds  encroachment,  they  seek  to  persuade  local  police  to  help  prevent  forest   destruc)on.  A  far  cry  from  recently,  when  the  company  was  responsible  for  much     deforesta)on  across  Indonesia.  Some  campaigners  say  as  much  as  half  the  past  losses  are  due     to  APP/Sinar  Mas.  Now  the  company  is  commiged  to  saving  what  is  le]  
  • 23. Lost  forest  is  very  hard,  if  not  impossible  to  restore.  APP/Sinar  Mas  has  commiged  to     saving  what’s  le]  in  its  own  concessions  and  ‘sphere  of  influence’.  A  year  into  its  commitments   not  to  cut  down  any  more  natural  forest,  its  agreement  with  The  Forest  Trust  and  Greenpeace  is     holding  and  the  firm  is  star)ng  to  try  and  win  back  customers  lost  during  10  years  of  campaigning    against  it  
  • 24. APP  /  Sinar  Mas  seeks  to  improve  acacia  produc)vity  to  more  than  200  tonnes  per  hectare   so  that  the  company  can  be  self-­‐sufficient  in  planta)on  fibre.  Meanwhile  rival  APRIL  says  it   will  use  natural  forest  fibre  un)l  2019  and  is  now  in  the  crosshairs  of  campaign  groups