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Deforesta)on	
  and	
  Forest	
  Protec)on	
  in	
  
Indonesia	
  
A	
  presenta)on	
  in	
  pictures,	
  with	
  notes	
 ...
Just	
  a	
  few	
  kilometers	
  from	
  Pekanbaru,	
  Sumatra,	
  localised	
  deforesta)on	
  is	
  clearly	
  visible	...
Devasta)on	
  up	
  front,	
  oil	
  palm	
  	
  
at	
  the	
  back	
  
Legal	
  cuNng	
  of	
  an	
  acacia	
  planta)on	
  by	
  Sinar	
  Mas	
  forestry,	
  AKA	
  Asia	
  Pulp	
  &	
  Paper....
Protected	
  zone	
  in	
  
green	
  within	
  yellow	
  
buffer	
  zone	
  
Acacia	
  wood,	
  when	
  cut,	
  is	
  moved	
  by	
  canals	
  cut	
  into	
  the	
  forest	
  
Heading	
  into	
  the	
  forest	
  with	
  
Indonesian	
  ecologists	
  to	
  map	
  
species	
  
With	
  a	
  “high	
  conserva)on	
  value”	
  
assessment	
  team	
  in	
  the	
  forest	
  
Into	
  the	
  peat	
  forest:	
  Most	
  of	
  the	
  set	
  aside	
  forest	
  area	
  in	
  the	
  midst	
  of	
  a	
  ...
Despite	
  slim-­‐ish	
  trunks,	
  some	
  natural	
  forest	
  has	
  
trees	
  which	
  reach	
  over	
  sixty	
  meter...
On	
  a	
  recent	
  trip	
  the	
  author	
  saw	
  fish	
  eagles,	
  monitor	
  	
  
Lizards,	
  macaque	
  monkeys,	
  ...
This	
  forest	
  o]en	
  floods	
  more	
  than	
  three	
  meters	
  
above	
  this	
  level.	
  Crocs	
  lurk	
  somewhe...
Riau	
  Rubber	
  tapper	
  on	
  the	
  edge	
  
Of	
  protected	
  forest.	
  He	
  makes	
  	
  
80	
  US	
  cents	
  p...
Local	
  communi)es	
  like	
  this	
  one	
  in	
  Riau,	
  o]en	
  on	
  the	
  edge	
  of	
  protected	
  forest,	
  as...
Secondary	
  forest,	
  as	
  here	
  in	
  the	
  background,	
  protects	
  
carbon	
  locked	
  up	
  in	
  peat	
  fro...
Oil	
  palm	
  fruit:	
  Valuable	
  to	
  poor	
  villagers	
  who	
  are	
  o]en	
  migrant	
  communi)es	
  	
  
Village	
  life:	
  boat	
  building	
  
Village	
  oil	
  palm:	
  Seen	
  as	
  essen)al	
  
Protected	
  forest	
  viewed	
  from	
  a	
  helicopter.	
  APP/Sinar	
  Mas	
  works	
  to	
  conserve	
  this	
  with	
...
Just	
  as	
  the	
  scale	
  of	
  deforesta)on	
  is	
  shocking,	
  forest	
  
held	
  back	
  from	
  destruc)on	
  is...
Shows	
  the	
  contrast	
  between	
  what	
  was,	
  and	
  what	
  is	
  
Illegal	
  burning	
  of	
  peatland	
  to	
  clear	
  forest	
  for	
  oil	
  palm	
  in	
  a	
  protected	
  na)onal	
  ...
Lost	
  forest	
  is	
  very	
  hard,	
  if	
  not	
  impossible	
  to	
  restore.	
  APP/Sinar	
  Mas	
  has	
  commiged	...
APP	
  /	
  Sinar	
  Mas	
  seeks	
  to	
  improve	
  acacia	
  produc)vity	
  to	
  more	
  than	
  200	
  tonnes	
  per	...
Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection
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Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection

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A presentation in pictures, all taken by the author, on how sustainable forestry is evolving in Riau, Indonesia on the Bukit Batu concession area and how APP/Sinar Mas's work is evolving.

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Transcript of "Sustainable Forestry In Indonesia: Asia Pulp & Paper and Forest Protection"

  1. 1. Deforesta)on  and  Forest  Protec)on  in   Indonesia   A  presenta)on  in  pictures,  with  notes     All  photographs  taken  by  Tobias  Webb  from  Jan   30  to  Feb  4  2014  in  Sumatra,  Indonesia  on  a  trip   with  APP/Sinar  Mas  forestry     Author,  the  Smarter  Business  Blog  at:   Tobiaswebb.blogspot.com      
  2. 2. Just  a  few  kilometers  from  Pekanbaru,  Sumatra,  localised  deforesta)on  is  clearly  visible  from   the  roadside.  Indonesia  has  lost  nearly  half  its  forests  due  to  logging  and  palm  oil  plan)ng  
  3. 3. Devasta)on  up  front,  oil  palm     at  the  back  
  4. 4. Legal  cuNng  of  an  acacia  planta)on  by  Sinar  Mas  forestry,  AKA  Asia  Pulp  &  Paper.  These  trees   are  approximately  five  years  old,  and  produce  around  140  tonnes  of  wood  per  hectare.  This     Planta)on  also  serves  as  a  ‘buffer  zone’  to  protect  natural  forest  set  aside  by  the  company  
  5. 5. Protected  zone  in   green  within  yellow   buffer  zone  
  6. 6. Acacia  wood,  when  cut,  is  moved  by  canals  cut  into  the  forest  
  7. 7. Heading  into  the  forest  with   Indonesian  ecologists  to  map   species  
  8. 8. With  a  “high  conserva)on  value”   assessment  team  in  the  forest  
  9. 9. Into  the  peat  forest:  Most  of  the  set  aside  forest  area  in  the  midst  of  a  Sinar  Mas     concession  is  accessible  only  by  track,  canal,  river  or  helicopter.  This  forest   may  have  been  selec)vely  logged  in  the  past,  according  to  experts  
  10. 10. Despite  slim-­‐ish  trunks,  some  natural  forest  has   trees  which  reach  over  sixty  meters  in  height  
  11. 11. On  a  recent  trip  the  author  saw  fish  eagles,  monitor     Lizards,  macaque  monkeys,  hornbills  and  a  plethora   of  other  wildlife  in  this  reserve  now  protected  by     Asia  Pulp  &  Paper  /  Sinar  Mas  
  12. 12. This  forest  o]en  floods  more  than  three  meters   above  this  level.  Crocs  lurk  somewhere  beneath,     and  fish  eagles  and  hornbills  fly  above  
  13. 13. Riau  Rubber  tapper  on  the  edge   Of  protected  forest.  He  makes     80  US  cents  per  kilo  he  collects.     Oil  Palm  is  o]en  more  lucra)ve    
  14. 14. Local  communi)es  like  this  one  in  Riau,  o]en  on  the  edge  of  protected  forest,  as  here,  o]en   burn  secondary  forest  to  plant  oil  palm  
  15. 15. Secondary  forest,  as  here  in  the  background,  protects   carbon  locked  up  in  peat  from  being  released,  and    supports  biodiversity  
  16. 16. Oil  palm  fruit:  Valuable  to  poor  villagers  who  are  o]en  migrant  communi)es    
  17. 17. Village  life:  boat  building  
  18. 18. Village  oil  palm:  Seen  as  essen)al  
  19. 19. Protected  forest  viewed  from  a  helicopter.  APP/Sinar  Mas  works  to  conserve  this  with   the  help  of  local  communi)es:  But  when  migrant  communi)es  want  to  cut  forest,  what  then?  
  20. 20. Just  as  the  scale  of  deforesta)on  is  shocking,  forest   held  back  from  destruc)on  is  stunning  to  see.  The     haze  is  caused  by  illegal  forest  burning  across  Riau  
  21. 21. Shows  the  contrast  between  what  was,  and  what  is  
  22. 22. Illegal  burning  of  peatland  to  clear  forest  for  oil  palm  in  a  protected  na)onal  park,  next  to   an  APP  concession.  Government  protected  areas  lack  capacity  and  will  to  enforce  the  law.   When  APP  finds  encroachment,  they  seek  to  persuade  local  police  to  help  prevent  forest   destruc)on.  A  far  cry  from  recently,  when  the  company  was  responsible  for  much     deforesta)on  across  Indonesia.  Some  campaigners  say  as  much  as  half  the  past  losses  are  due     to  APP/Sinar  Mas.  Now  the  company  is  commiged  to  saving  what  is  le]  
  23. 23. Lost  forest  is  very  hard,  if  not  impossible  to  restore.  APP/Sinar  Mas  has  commiged  to     saving  what’s  le]  in  its  own  concessions  and  ‘sphere  of  influence’.  A  year  into  its  commitments   not  to  cut  down  any  more  natural  forest,  its  agreement  with  The  Forest  Trust  and  Greenpeace  is     holding  and  the  firm  is  star)ng  to  try  and  win  back  customers  lost  during  10  years  of  campaigning    against  it  
  24. 24. APP  /  Sinar  Mas  seeks  to  improve  acacia  produc)vity  to  more  than  200  tonnes  per  hectare   so  that  the  company  can  be  self-­‐sufficient  in  planta)on  fibre.  Meanwhile  rival  APRIL  says  it   will  use  natural  forest  fibre  un)l  2019  and  is  now  in  the  crosshairs  of  campaign  groups  
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