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Business And Climate Change March 2010

Business And Climate Change March 2010



Presentation looking at climate science, business drivers, action and opportunities for leading company who are taking action to save money and minimise environmental damage around the world

Presentation looking at climate science, business drivers, action and opportunities for leading company who are taking action to save money and minimise environmental damage around the world



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    Business And Climate Change March 2010 Business And Climate Change March 2010 Presentation Transcript

    • Climate Change and Business: Science, outlook, action, opportunities Belgrade 19 th March 2010 Toby Webb, Ethical Corporation [email_address] www.ethicalcorp.com
    • Is this the future?
    • Climate change: The facts
      • Climate change is happening ! Slowly, but may accelerate fast
      • It's definitely man-made , whatever else nature is doing
      • Research shows accelerated warming since 1950
      • Pre-industrial levels were around 280 PPM in 1750 (guesswork extrapolated from 1850)
      • Earth currently at 380-90 PPM CO2 . Needs to be below 350ppm
      • Top ten years (highest ever temperatures) since 1990
    • Extreme weather incidences are likely to increase
    • Climate change: The predictions
      • If we stabilize at 400 PPM: 50/50 chance of 2 Degree rise
      • BUT only pollution (aerosols reflecting solar radiation) is keeping us below 400 PPM now!
      • At 550 PPM there is a 50/50 chance of a 3 Degree rise, (which could be 4.5-5 if wrong)
      • Currently: Headed for 2-3.5 degree rise in next fifty or so years. Some think this could be higher
      • This could rise to 5-12 degrees by 2099 (different temps in
      • different areas, season and latitude dependent)
      • IPCC says " peak carbon ' date is 2015 = Post Copenhagen negotiations in 2010/12 vital!
    • Your insurance will cost more…
    • What will GHG's and global warming affect?
      • Temperatures / Rain Pattern / Sea Levels / Glaciers ( 60,000 retreating ) / Ice Caps / Sea Ice / Extreme Weather events
      • By 2080 UK could be seeing up to 4.5 degree rises in Summer months: Huge impact on agriculture, water, health
      • Increased risk of conflict : Bangladesh, climate refugees, Darfur, African agriculture, water shocks)
      • Ocean acidification : impact on coral, fish stocks, sea biodiversity
      • Agriculture will be hugely affected: Tropics and poles see more rain. Semi arid areas will see less (Mediterranean)
      • Global biodiversity will change, species will die out, natural resources will be affected
      • 50% global reduction in CO2 by 2050 for 2 degree rise
      • Reality will be likely a 4 degree rise
      • OECD nations (the richest!) need to cut CO2 output by 80% by 2050
      • UK only country to have passed laws setting firm targets. 42% by 2020, 80% by 2050
      • 2010 Copenhagen accord set aim of limiting global warming to maximum 2c over pre-industrial levels (280ppm) but not a binding treaty. Failure expected in Mexico, national/regional systems likely
      • European Union target is to cut emissions by 20/30% on 1990 levels by 2020
      Climate change: The predictions
    • McKinsey climate change scenarios :
      • No change in policy = temp rise up to 7 degrees / 1-2 billion people overwhelmed / 4 billion people at risk / Floods and water shortages / Total ice cap melt / Amazon may die
      • Developed nations lead the way, spend $350 bn per year by 2030 = sea levels rise / low level islands threatened / hunger increases slower than scenario 1 / Canada and Northern Europe become more productive / Major increase in extreme weather events
      • Global action , spend is $565 bn per year by 2030 = World warms only 2 degrees / hotter areas suffer on crop yields / some ice at poles remains / increase in bad weather and floods, but manageable / tropical disease spread is significant, but limited
    • Climate refugees are guaranteed
    • Business impacts:
      • Companies directly responsible for at least 40% of all global greenhouse gas emissions
      • 2009 PWC CEO survey: 40% of CEOs were not concerned about climate change . 7% of CEO’s extremely concerned. 42% extremely concerned about economic downturn
      • UN/Trucost study says if biggest companies held accountable for environmental costs, 1/3 of profits would be lost
      • Total corporate environmental damage cost estimated at $2.2 trillion in 2008
      • Three billion cars expected on the roads by 2050. Prius sales represent 6.4% of Toyota’s total annual sales in 2009
    • Business and Climate Change: The future agenda
      • Electric vehicles and electrified transportation systems: Toyota, Nissan, GM, Hybrids, plug-in cars, fuel cell technology
      • Decarbonised electricity : power generating firms and CCS
      • Decentralised power generation: renewable energy & feed in tariffs
      • Solar technology ( concentrated solar power , photovoltaics )
      • BIG Improvements to what we have: insulation , manufacturing, efficiency gains, design changes to buildings, improvements to existing infrastructure
      • Smarter communications technology: Traffic, energy management etc
      • Biofuels : second generation (non food crops, ethanol)
    • Business and Govt action:
      • Wal-Mart: committed to being supplied 100% by renewable energy, creating zero waste and selling environmentally-friendly products
      • BT : 80% carbon emissions reduction target by 2020
      • ArcelorMittal , Corus and ThyssenKrupp : 1 billion Euro research project on gas recycling and CCS in EU
      • Interface: Aiming to be environmentally neutral by 2020. 60% achieved
      • South Korea: South Korea Green Growth Plan : $84bn five-year programme to develop green industry as growth engine for entire Korean economy
    • Business action:
      • Tesco : £100 million climate technologies fund, pledged to cut energy usage per square foot by 50% by 2010, compared to 2000 levels
      • Iberdrola : World’s largest provider of renewable energy: 44GW of renewable assets at different stages of development, 95% of it wind power
      • Shell: Includes cost of carbon emissions when budgeting for all new projects
      • Unilever : Reduced CO2 emissions in manufacturing operations by more than 30% in a decade
      • Lafarge : 20% cut in net emissions per tonne of cement worldwide and a 10% cut in absolute emissions in industrialized countries by 2010, from 1990 levels
    • Business and Climate Change
    • Business and Climate Change Marks and Spencer: Achievements, commitments, opportunities
        • Plan A launched January 2007
        • Stores 10% more energy efficient. Logistics 20% more fuel efficient
        • Reduced food packaging by 16% and food carrier bag usage by 83%. Saved £50 million in 2009
        • 2010: 80 new commitments . Complement the existing 100 which will still be delivered by 2012 (45 already achieved).
        • Build Plan A into every one of the 2.7 billion individual M&S products sold each year by 2020 ( 50% of products by 2015 )
        • Help 1 million M&S customers develop their own personal Plan A by 2015 and 3 million by 2020.
        • £100,000 prize (Your Green Idea) for the best customer idea to help green M&S
        • Offering employees free loft insulation
    • Business and Climate Change Vodafone Group: Plans and strategies:
        • Climate change strategy two key elements :
        • Cut emissions by 50% by 2020 (from the 2006/07 baseline).
        • Provide products and services to help customers reduce their emissions
        • Improving energy efficiency, making greater use of renewably generated energy
        • Networks account for more than 80% of the CO2 emissions
        • Using more renewable energy . Exploring opportunities to install more on-site
        • Help customers reduce carbon footprint. Reducing the need to travel and facilitating intelligent energy management systems .
        • Research by the Global e-Sustainability Initiative suggests that ICT technology could help other industries and consumers avoid 7.8 gigatonnes of CO2-equivalent emissions – 15% of predicted total global emissions by 2020
    • Business and Climate Change
    • Can we make green cool for consumers?
    • Business and Climate Change Resources: Ethical Corporation website and briefings: www.ethicalcorp.com IPCC : http://www.ipcc.ch Tyndall Centre : http://www.tyndall.ac.uk YouTube science videos. Search for “ Potholer54 ” channel DailyClimate : http://www.dailyclimate.org The Climate Group : http://www.theclimategroup.org
    • Business and Climate Change Resources: FC Business Intelligence websites: ClimateChangeCorp.com WindEnergyUpdate.com NuclearEnergyInsider.com CspToday.com (solar) CpvToday.com (solar) ThinFilmToday.com (solar) Thank you! Toby.Webb@ethicalcorp.com +44 (0) 207 375 7561. Blog: www.ethicalcorp.blogspot.com