Climate Change and Business: Science, outlook, action, opportunities Belgrade 19 th  March 2010 Toby Webb, Ethical Corpora...
Is this the future?
Climate change: The facts <ul><li>Climate change is  happening ! Slowly, but may accelerate fast </li></ul><ul><li>It's de...
Extreme weather incidences are likely to increase
Climate change: The predictions   <ul><li>If we stabilize at 400 PPM: 50/50 chance of  2 Degree  rise </li></ul><ul><li>BU...
Your insurance will cost more…
What will GHG's and global warming affect?   <ul><li>Temperatures / Rain Pattern / Sea Levels / Glaciers ( 60,000 retreati...
<ul><li>50% global reduction in CO2  by 2050 for 2 degree rise </li></ul><ul><li>Reality will be likely a  4 degree rise <...
McKinsey climate change scenarios :   <ul><li>No change in policy  = temp rise up to  7 degrees  / 1-2 billion people over...
Climate refugees are guaranteed
Business impacts:   <ul><li>Companies  directly responsible  for at least  40%  of all global greenhouse gas emissions </l...
Business and Climate Change:  The future agenda   <ul><li>Electric vehicles  and electrified transportation systems: Toyot...
Business and Govt action: <ul><li>Wal-Mart:  committed to being supplied 100% by renewable energy, creating zero waste and...
Business action: <ul><li>Tesco : £100 million climate technologies fund, pledged to cut energy usage per square foot by  5...
Business and Climate Change
Business and Climate Change  Marks and Spencer: Achievements, commitments, opportunities   <ul><ul><li>Plan A  launched Ja...
Business and Climate Change  Vodafone Group:  Plans and strategies:   <ul><ul><li>Climate change strategy  two key element...
Business and Climate Change
Can we make green cool for consumers?
Business and Climate Change  Resources:   Ethical Corporation website and briefings:  www.ethicalcorp.com IPCC :  http://w...
Business and Climate Change  Resources:   FC Business Intelligence websites: ClimateChangeCorp.com WindEnergyUpdate.com Nu...
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Business And Climate Change March 2010

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Presentation looking at climate science, business drivers, action and opportunities for leading company who are taking action to save money and minimise environmental damage around the world

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Business And Climate Change March 2010

  1. 1. Climate Change and Business: Science, outlook, action, opportunities Belgrade 19 th March 2010 Toby Webb, Ethical Corporation [email_address] www.ethicalcorp.com
  2. 2. Is this the future?
  3. 3. Climate change: The facts <ul><li>Climate change is happening ! Slowly, but may accelerate fast </li></ul><ul><li>It's definitely man-made , whatever else nature is doing </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows accelerated warming since 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-industrial levels were around 280 PPM in 1750 (guesswork extrapolated from 1850) </li></ul><ul><li>Earth currently at 380-90 PPM CO2 . Needs to be below 350ppm </li></ul><ul><li>Top ten years (highest ever temperatures) since 1990 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Extreme weather incidences are likely to increase
  5. 5. Climate change: The predictions <ul><li>If we stabilize at 400 PPM: 50/50 chance of 2 Degree rise </li></ul><ul><li>BUT only pollution (aerosols reflecting solar radiation) is keeping us below 400 PPM now! </li></ul><ul><li>At 550 PPM there is a 50/50 chance of a 3 Degree rise, (which could be 4.5-5 if wrong) </li></ul><ul><li>Currently: Headed for 2-3.5 degree rise in next fifty or so years. Some think this could be higher </li></ul><ul><li>This could rise to 5-12 degrees by 2099 (different temps in </li></ul><ul><li>different areas, season and latitude dependent) </li></ul><ul><li>IPCC says &quot; peak carbon ' date is 2015 = Post Copenhagen negotiations in 2010/12 vital! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Your insurance will cost more…
  7. 7. What will GHG's and global warming affect? <ul><li>Temperatures / Rain Pattern / Sea Levels / Glaciers ( 60,000 retreating ) / Ice Caps / Sea Ice / Extreme Weather events </li></ul><ul><li>By 2080 UK could be seeing up to 4.5 degree rises in Summer months: Huge impact on agriculture, water, health </li></ul><ul><li>Increased risk of conflict : Bangladesh, climate refugees, Darfur, African agriculture, water shocks) </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean acidification : impact on coral, fish stocks, sea biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture will be hugely affected: Tropics and poles see more rain. Semi arid areas will see less (Mediterranean) </li></ul><ul><li>Global biodiversity will change, species will die out, natural resources will be affected </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>50% global reduction in CO2 by 2050 for 2 degree rise </li></ul><ul><li>Reality will be likely a 4 degree rise </li></ul><ul><li>OECD nations (the richest!) need to cut CO2 output by 80% by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>UK only country to have passed laws setting firm targets. 42% by 2020, 80% by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>2010 Copenhagen accord set aim of limiting global warming to maximum 2c over pre-industrial levels (280ppm) but not a binding treaty. Failure expected in Mexico, national/regional systems likely </li></ul><ul><li>European Union target is to cut emissions by 20/30% on 1990 levels by 2020 </li></ul>Climate change: The predictions
  9. 9. McKinsey climate change scenarios : <ul><li>No change in policy = temp rise up to 7 degrees / 1-2 billion people overwhelmed / 4 billion people at risk / Floods and water shortages / Total ice cap melt / Amazon may die </li></ul><ul><li>Developed nations lead the way, spend $350 bn per year by 2030 = sea levels rise / low level islands threatened / hunger increases slower than scenario 1 / Canada and Northern Europe become more productive / Major increase in extreme weather events </li></ul><ul><li>Global action , spend is $565 bn per year by 2030 = World warms only 2 degrees / hotter areas suffer on crop yields / some ice at poles remains / increase in bad weather and floods, but manageable / tropical disease spread is significant, but limited </li></ul>
  10. 10. Climate refugees are guaranteed
  11. 11. Business impacts: <ul><li>Companies directly responsible for at least 40% of all global greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>2009 PWC CEO survey: 40% of CEOs were not concerned about climate change . 7% of CEO’s extremely concerned. 42% extremely concerned about economic downturn </li></ul><ul><li>UN/Trucost study says if biggest companies held accountable for environmental costs, 1/3 of profits would be lost </li></ul><ul><li>Total corporate environmental damage cost estimated at $2.2 trillion in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Three billion cars expected on the roads by 2050. Prius sales represent 6.4% of Toyota’s total annual sales in 2009 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Business and Climate Change: The future agenda <ul><li>Electric vehicles and electrified transportation systems: Toyota, Nissan, GM, Hybrids, plug-in cars, fuel cell technology </li></ul><ul><li>Decarbonised electricity : power generating firms and CCS </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised power generation: renewable energy & feed in tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Solar technology ( concentrated solar power , photovoltaics ) </li></ul><ul><li>BIG Improvements to what we have: insulation , manufacturing, efficiency gains, design changes to buildings, improvements to existing infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Smarter communications technology: Traffic, energy management etc </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuels : second generation (non food crops, ethanol) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Business and Govt action: <ul><li>Wal-Mart: committed to being supplied 100% by renewable energy, creating zero waste and selling environmentally-friendly products </li></ul><ul><li>BT : 80% carbon emissions reduction target by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>ArcelorMittal , Corus and ThyssenKrupp : 1 billion Euro research project on gas recycling and CCS in EU </li></ul><ul><li>Interface: Aiming to be environmentally neutral by 2020. 60% achieved </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea: South Korea Green Growth Plan : $84bn five-year programme to develop green industry as growth engine for entire Korean economy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Business action: <ul><li>Tesco : £100 million climate technologies fund, pledged to cut energy usage per square foot by 50% by 2010, compared to 2000 levels </li></ul><ul><li>Iberdrola : World’s largest provider of renewable energy: 44GW of renewable assets at different stages of development, 95% of it wind power </li></ul><ul><li>Shell: Includes cost of carbon emissions when budgeting for all new projects </li></ul><ul><li>Unilever : Reduced CO2 emissions in manufacturing operations by more than 30% in a decade </li></ul><ul><li>Lafarge : 20% cut in net emissions per tonne of cement worldwide and a 10% cut in absolute emissions in industrialized countries by 2010, from 1990 levels </li></ul>
  15. 15. Business and Climate Change
  16. 16. Business and Climate Change Marks and Spencer: Achievements, commitments, opportunities <ul><ul><li>Plan A launched January 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stores 10% more energy efficient. Logistics 20% more fuel efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced food packaging by 16% and food carrier bag usage by 83%. Saved £50 million in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010: 80 new commitments . Complement the existing 100 which will still be delivered by 2012 (45 already achieved). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build Plan A into every one of the 2.7 billion individual M&S products sold each year by 2020 ( 50% of products by 2015 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help 1 million M&S customers develop their own personal Plan A by 2015 and 3 million by 2020. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>£100,000 prize (Your Green Idea) for the best customer idea to help green M&S </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering employees free loft insulation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Business and Climate Change Vodafone Group: Plans and strategies: <ul><ul><li>Climate change strategy two key elements : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut emissions by 50% by 2020 (from the 2006/07 baseline). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide products and services to help customers reduce their emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving energy efficiency, making greater use of renewably generated energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks account for more than 80% of the CO2 emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using more renewable energy . Exploring opportunities to install more on-site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help customers reduce carbon footprint. Reducing the need to travel and facilitating intelligent energy management systems . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research by the Global e-Sustainability Initiative suggests that ICT technology could help other industries and consumers avoid 7.8 gigatonnes of CO2-equivalent emissions – 15% of predicted total global emissions by 2020 </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Business and Climate Change
  19. 19. Can we make green cool for consumers?
  20. 20. Business and Climate Change Resources: Ethical Corporation website and briefings: www.ethicalcorp.com IPCC : http://www.ipcc.ch Tyndall Centre : http://www.tyndall.ac.uk YouTube science videos. Search for “ Potholer54 ” channel DailyClimate : http://www.dailyclimate.org The Climate Group : http://www.theclimategroup.org
  21. 21. Business and Climate Change Resources: FC Business Intelligence websites: ClimateChangeCorp.com WindEnergyUpdate.com NuclearEnergyInsider.com CspToday.com (solar) CpvToday.com (solar) ThinFilmToday.com (solar) Thank you! Toby.Webb@ethicalcorp.com +44 (0) 207 375 7561. Blog: www.ethicalcorp.blogspot.com
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