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Who tries how? Quit attempts among Swedish smokers
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Who tries how? Quit attempts among Swedish smokers

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Oral presentation by Lars Ramström at the 6th Annual Conference of the SRNT Europe Tübingen, Germany, October 6 – 9, 2004

Oral presentation by Lars Ramström at the 6th Annual Conference of the SRNT Europe Tübingen, Germany, October 6 – 9, 2004

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  • 1. Who tries how? Quit attempts among Swedish smokers Lars M. Ramström Institute for tobacco studies Stockholm, Sweden 6th Annual Conference of the SRNT Europe T übingen, Germany, October 6 – 9, 2004
  • 2.
    • STUDY ON ATTEMPTS TO QUIT SMOKING
    • Purpose:
    • To investigate
    • use of particular cessation aids
    • rate of success
    • in different groups of the population
    • Material:
    • A nationwide sample of the Swedish population (3,900 men and 4,500 women)
  • 3. OVERVIEW OF CESSATION ACHIEVEMENTS Percentage of ever daily Men Women smokers who have … ● not made any attempt to quit 9% 8%
    • ● made one or more quit attemps but do stlll smoke daily 29% 41%
    • cut down to occasional smoking 7% 6%
    • quit completely 55% 45%
  • 4. At your latest attempt to quit smoking, did you use as an aid: (check all those which apply)  Nicotine gum  Nicotine patch  Zyban™ tablets  Snus  Other  No particular aid Question to all ever daily smokers who have made quit attempt(s):
  • 5. PROPORTION HAVING USED PARTICULAR AID AT LATEST QUIT APPEMPT
    • Age Men Women
    • All ages 18-79 41% 38%
    • 18-24 52% 26%
    • 25-44 49% 37%
    • 45-64 41% 40%
    • 65-79 27% 32%
  • 6. PROPORTION HAVING USED PARTICULAR AID AT LATEST QUIT APPEMPT…
    • … does not differ significantly between groups with different
    • residence area
    • level of education
    • income
    • type of occupation (blue or white collar)
  • 7. PROPORTION HAVING USED PARTICULAR AID AT LATEST QUIT APPEMPT
    • Nicotine dependence Men Women
    • Low 28% 19%
    • Medium 43% 43%
    • High 55% 61%
  • 8. OUTCOME OF LATEST QUIT ATTEMPT
    • Smoking status now: Dependence level
    • Low Medium High
    • MEN
    • Continue to smoke daily 24% 36% 51%
    • Smoke just occasionally 10% 6% 5%
    • Do not smoke at all 67% 56% 44%
    • WOMEN
    • Continue to smoke daily 26% 54% 64%
    • Smoke just occasionally 10% 4% 2%
    • Do not smoke at all 64% 42% 34%
  • 9. CHOICE OF AID AT LATEST QUIT ATTEMPT
    • Proportion of aid users Men Women
    • having used: 18-44 45-79 18-44 45-79
    • Combinations 12% 11% 20% 18%
    • Nicotine gum only 15% 20% 31% 36%
    • Nicotine patch only 9% 15% 17% 24%
    • Zyban only 1% 2% 4% 4%
    • Snus* only 59% 44% 17% 7%
    • Other single aid 3% 9% 10% 11%
    • * Swedish oral snuff
  • 10. CHOICE OF AID AT LATEST QUIT ATTEMPT…
    • … does not differ significantly between groups with different
    • residence area
    • level of education
    • income
    • type of occupation (blue or white collar)
  • 11. OUTCOME OF LATEST QUIT ATTEMPT
    • Smoking status now Used as single aid
    • Gum Patch Snus
    • MEN
    • Continue to smoke daily 57% 60% 16%
    • Smoke just occasionally 5% 4% 12%
    • Do not smoke at all 37% 36% 71%
    • WOMEN
    • Continue to smoke daily 57% 65% 33%
    • Smoke just occasionally 6% 3% 13%
    • Do not smoke at all 36% 32% 54%
  • 12.  
  • 13. Summary (1)
    • In Sweden 9 of 10 ever-daily-smokers have made one or more attempts to quit.
    • 4 of 10 triers have used some cessation aid.
    • Most commonly used aids are:
    • Among men, snus and nicotine gum.
    • Among women, nicotine gum and patch.
  • 14. Summary (2)
    • Over-all success rates are higher in men than in women.
    • Both in men and women sucess rates are highest among those using snus as cessation aid.
    • A reason for the higher efficacy of snus as cessation aid may be that nicotine uptake from snus does better than gum/patch mimic nicotine uptake from cigarettes.