What is TIZEN?
Tizen is a Linux-based operating system for multiple device,
including smartphones, tablets, netbooks, smart TVs, and more.
Tizen is developed by a community of developers, under open
source governance, and is open to all members who wish to
Tizen is a project within the Linux Foundation and is governed by
a Technical Steering Group (TSG) and The Tizen Association.
The Tizen Association was formed to guide the industry role of Tizen. Members of the Tizen Association represent
every major sector of the mobility industry and every region of the world. Current members include
telecommunications network operators, OEMs and manufacturers: Fujitsu, Huawei, Intel, Orange S.A., Panasonic
Mobile Communications, Samsung, SK Telecom, Vodafone…
While the Tizen Association decides what needs to be done in Tizen, the Technical Steering Group determines
what code is actually incorporated into the operating system to accomplish those goals.
Tizen provides application development
jQuery and jQuery Mobile.
Since version 2.0, a native application
framework is also available, based on
Open Services Platform from the Bada
The software development kit (SDK)
allows developers to use HTML5 and
related Web technologies to write
applications that run on supported
Tizen roots back to the Samsung Linux Platform (SLP) and the LiMo Project and in 2013 Samsung merged its
homegrown Bada project into Tizen.
Samsung's collaboration with the EFL project was known as LiMo for years. It was renamed Tizen when Intel joined
the project in September 2011, after leaving the MeeGo project.
On January 1, 2012, the LiMo Foundation was renamed Tizen Association.
On April 30, 2012, Tizen released version 1.0, code-named Larkspur.
On February 18, 2013, Tizen released version 2.0, code-named Magnolia. It offered a Web-based framework with
more features, better HTML5/W3C API support and more device APIs, multi-process Webkit2-based Web Runtime,
better security for Web applications and support for OpenGL ES.
On June 3, 2014, Tizen released version 2.3 alpha.
Samsung Z and Galaxy Gear devices are the first
released with Tizen as their main OS.
In May 2013, Samsung released the firmware source
code for their NX2000 and NX300 cameras. The
architecture of this source code is based on Tizen.
On June 2014, at the Tizen Developer Conference
2014 Samsung showed a prototype of a Tizen based
On July, 2013, Samsung announced Tizen App Challenge,
with over $4 million in cash prizes.
The skills-based contest -- designed to
motivate and reward app developers using
the Tizen mobile platform to develop
innovative, creative, functional and original
applications in both "Game" and "Non-
Game" categories -- has accelerated the
Tizen mobile ecosystem and expanded the
Tizen Store. Submissions were evenly split
between native Tizen apps and HTML5 apps,
showing strong momentum for both
The operating system consists of many open source components. A number of components internally developed by
Samsung (e.g., boot animation, calendar, task manager, music player applications) are, however, released under the
Flora License, essentially a BSD- or Apache-style license except granting patents to "Tizen Certified Platform" only.
Flora is not approved by the Open Source Initiative. Therefore, it is unclear whether developers can legally use the
native application framework and its graphical components to make GPL applications. Source code access is
Its SDK is built on top of open source components, but the entire SDK has been published under a non-open-source
Tizen is an open and flexible operating system built from the ground up to
address the needs of all stakeholders of the mobile and connected device
Mobile operators can work with device partners to customize the operating
system and user experience to meet the needs of specific customer segments
Tizen breathes fresh air into the mobile market by enabling innovation from
both industry leaders and individual enthusiasts.
It is easy to get started with Tizen development. The main development
language is HTML5.