Growth Rates World pop is growing rapidly b/c birthrates have not declined as fast as death rates.
Death Rates Are the number of deaths per year in 1,000 people. Improved diet and health care have lowered the death rate in many industrialized nations.
Birthrate Is the number of births for every 1,000 people. In economically developing countries, the birthrate is high. In wealthy industrialized countries, the birthrate is low.
Challenges to Population Growth World food production has risen to meet the demands on every continent except Africa. However, rapidly growing populations are facing shortages of freshwater, housing, and clothing.
Negative population growth In some countries, the death rate is higher than the birthrate. Countries like this often recruit workers from other countries to supplement their workforce.
Population Density The Earth’s people are not evenly distributed over available land. Most live by freshwater sources and in temperate climates. Population density measures the average number of people living on a square mile of land.
Population Density Continued Population density formula: Population of a country Total land area of a country Canada: 8 ppl per sq. mi. Bangladesh: 2,401 ppl per sq. mi. Belgium and Niger both have a population of 10.3 mil. But, Belgium is smaller (872 ppl per sq. mi.) and Niger is larger (21 ppl per sq. mi.)
Population Movement (migration) More people are moving to urban areas looking for better jobs, education, and healthcare. ½ the world’s ppl live in urban areas. Ppl also migrate from other countries for greater economic opportunities and political freedom.