CHAPTER 8 SECTION 1
The Land of Latin
America
The Land
 Latin America covers 8 mil sq.
miles
 Covers 16% of the Earth’s
surface
 It extends from the US-Mexico
border...
Why is it called Latin America?
 The name “Latin America”
refers to the languages
spoken in this region.
(Spanish and Por...
How is it divided?
 Latin America is broken up
into 3 different regions:
1. Middle America (Mexico and
Central America)
2...
Landscape of Latin America
 LA’s rugged landscape is a
result of its location on the
Pacific Ring of Fire.
 The plates h...
Middle America Mountain Ranges
 All of LA’s mountains are an
extension of the Rockies.
They are…..
- The Sierra Madre in ...
Sierra Madre
 Consist of 2 mountain
ranges…..
- Sierra Madre Oriental
(Eastern)
- Sierra Madre Occidental
(Western)
 The...
Central Highlands
 Central Highlands are the
mountains in Central America.
 Many Caribbean islands are
also a apart of t...
The Andes
 The Andes mountain range
run along the western edge
of South America.
 It is the world’s longest
mountain ran...
Rivers of Latin America
 Rio Grande river forms the
border between the United
States and Mexico.
 The Amazon River is th...
The Amazon River
 Second longest river in the
world!
 The Amazon River extends
about 4,200 miles across South
America.
...
The Amazon River Basin
 Several counties and other
rivers drain into the Amazon
River.
 This is known as the Amazon
Rive...
Lakes in Latin America
 LA has few large lakes
 Lake Titicaca in the Andes of
Bolivia and Peru is the world’s
highest na...
Natural Resources
 LA’s most significant resources
are……
- Minerals
- Forests
- Farmlands
- Water
Resources Continued
 Venezuela and Mexico are rich in
oil
 Brazil is rich in gold
 Peru and Mexico have silver
deposits...
Resources Continued:
- Geographic inaccessibility
- Lack of capital
- Social and political
divisions
Hinder fuller develop...
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The Land of Latin America 8.1

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The Land of Latin America 8.1

  1. 1. CHAPTER 8 SECTION 1 The Land of Latin America
  2. 2. The Land  Latin America covers 8 mil sq. miles  Covers 16% of the Earth’s surface  It extends from the US-Mexico border to the southern tip of Argentina.
  3. 3. Why is it called Latin America?  The name “Latin America” refers to the languages spoken in this region. (Spanish and Portuguese are derived from Latin)
  4. 4. How is it divided?  Latin America is broken up into 3 different regions: 1. Middle America (Mexico and Central America) 2. The Caribbean 3. South America
  5. 5. Landscape of Latin America  LA’s rugged landscape is a result of its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire.  The plates have collided for millions of years, causing earthquakes and creating mountains and volcanoes.
  6. 6. Middle America Mountain Ranges  All of LA’s mountains are an extension of the Rockies. They are….. - The Sierra Madre in Mexico - Central Highland in Central America - Andes in South America
  7. 7. Sierra Madre  Consist of 2 mountain ranges….. - Sierra Madre Oriental (Eastern) - Sierra Madre Occidental (Western)  They meet near Mexico City to form the Sierra Madre del Sur (of the South)
  8. 8. Central Highlands  Central Highlands are the mountains in Central America.  Many Caribbean islands are also a apart of this mountain range.  The islands are volcanic peaks and many of them are active!
  9. 9. The Andes  The Andes mountain range run along the western edge of South America.  It is the world’s longest mountain range stretching 4,500 miles.  It is also the highest mountain range rising more than 20,000 feet.
  10. 10. Rivers of Latin America  Rio Grande river forms the border between the United States and Mexico.  The Amazon River is the longest and most important on Latin America.  Parana River is the 2nd largest in South America
  11. 11. The Amazon River  Second longest river in the world!  The Amazon River extends about 4,200 miles across South America.  Starts in the Andes and extends to the Atlantic Ocean.  It carries 10 time the water value of the Mississippi River.
  12. 12. The Amazon River Basin  Several counties and other rivers drain into the Amazon River.  This is known as the Amazon River Basin.  It drains Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, Venezuela and Brazil.
  13. 13. Lakes in Latin America  LA has few large lakes  Lake Titicaca in the Andes of Bolivia and Peru is the world’s highest navigable lake (12,500 ft above sea level)  Lake Maracaibo is South America’s largest lake but connects to the Caribbean  Lake Nicaragua is the largest in Central America
  14. 14. Natural Resources  LA’s most significant resources are…… - Minerals - Forests - Farmlands - Water
  15. 15. Resources Continued  Venezuela and Mexico are rich in oil  Brazil is rich in gold  Peru and Mexico have silver deposits.  Chile is the world’s leading exporter of copper.
  16. 16. Resources Continued: - Geographic inaccessibility - Lack of capital - Social and political divisions Hinder fuller development and distribution of resources in Latin America.

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