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Population Patterns of Latin America 9.1

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Population Patterns of Latin America 9.1 Population Patterns of Latin America 9.1 Presentation Transcript

  • Population Patterns of Latin America
    Chapter 9 section 1
  • Population
    Latin America current Population: 580 million.
    385 in million South America
    153 in million Middle America
    41 million in The Caribbean
  • First Immigrants
    1st immigrants to Latin America were from Asia.
    They came across the Bering Land Bridge millions of years ago and traveled South.
    They are known as Native Americans.
  • AncientCivilizations
    Aztecs in Mexico
    Incas in Peru
    Mayas is Yucatan
  • Languages
    Many languages are spoken in Latin America.
    The primary language is Spanish.
    Other languages spoken are
    • Portuguese
    • English
    • French
    • Native American dialects
    Most people of LA are bilingual
  • Population Growth
    Latin America has an very high growth rate.
    It is estimated that by 2050, the population will be 800 million.
    Brings challenges to settlements already present in Latin America.
  • Growth of Cities
    With rapid pop growth, many people are forced to live in poverty
    There is poor sanitation and sewage
    Many live in cardboard or metal shacks.
  • Population Distribution
    In South America, the people live in the “Populated Rim.”
    Inland SA makes it difficult to live in.
    In Middle America and the Caribbean, people are spread out.
  • Population Density
    Large countries like Brazil = 52 ppl/sq mi
    Small countries like Ecuador = 118 ppl/ sq mi
    Barbados = 1,807 ppl/ sq
    mi
    Mexico City = 30,150
    ppl/sq mi
  • Internal Migration
    Many people move within Latin America.
    Most move from the rural areas to the urban areas.
    Known as urbanization
  • External Migration
    Many move away from Latin America into areas like the United States.
    People come here legally and illegally.
    Settle in states like Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Florida.
  • External Migration
    Most immigrants come for…..
    • Higher income
    • More educational
    opportunities
    • Better housing
    • Healthcare
    • Political Freedom
  • Largest Metropolitan Cities in Latin America
    Mexico City: 21 million
    Sao Paulo: 19.8 mil
    Buenos Aires: 13 mil
    Rio de Janeiro: 11.5 mil
    Bogota: 8.49 mil
    Lima: 8.48 mil
    Santiago: 5.9 mil
    Belo Horizonte: 5.4 mil
    Guadalajara: 4.3 mil
    Caracas: 4.3 mil