Political and economic systems 4 3
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Political and economic systems 4 3 Political and economic systems 4 3 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 4 Section 3
    Political and Economic Systems
  • What is a government?
    Government is an institution that……..
    • Maintains social order
    • Provides public services
    • Ensures national security
    • Supports economic well- being.
  • How is power divided?
    Unitary System
    Federal System
    Confederation
    Levels of Government
  • Unitary System
    A system where all key powers are given to the national or central government.
  • Federal Government
    A system in which powers are divided between the central and state governments.
  • Confederation
    A system in which the states have more power than the Central government.
  • Types of Government
    Who is in charge of the government?
    Autocracy
    Oligarchy
    Democracy
  • 1. Autocracy
    Auto Krator
    Self Rule
    A government in which a single person possesses power and authority.
    There are 2 major forms:
    Totalitarian Dictatorship
    Absolute Monarchy
  • a.) Totalitarian Dictatorship
    Dictator controls ALL aspects of social and economic life.
    Usually come to power through a revolution.
    Example:
    Adolf Hitler as dictator
    of Nazi Germany from
    1933-1945.
  • b.) Absolute Monarchy
    King or Queen hold the supreme powers.
    Usually inherit the throne.
    Example:
    King Abdullah of Saudi
    Arabia
  • Constitutional Monarchy
    These countries have a King or Queen but they do not have absolute power.
    Some share power w/ a legislature (Japan)
    Others are ceremonial positions. (England)
  • 2. Oligarchy
    Oligosarcho
    Few Rule
    A small group of people rule.
    They may be distinguished by wealth, religion, social position, or military power.
    Example: Ancient Sparta
  • 3. Democracy
    Demos Kratia
    People Rule
    Form of government where leaders rule w/ consent of the people.
    The major forms are……
    Direct Democracy
    Representative
    Democracy
  • a.) Direct Democracy
    Form of government where ALL people are in control.
    Very difficult to achieve successfully.
    Example: Ancient Athens
  • b.) Representative Democracy
    Form of government where people elect representatives to stand up for them.
    Example: The United
    States
  • Economic Systems
    What and how many goods are being produced?
    How should they be produced?
    Who gets the goods and services?
  • 1. Traditional Economy
    A system in which tradition and custom control all economic activity.
    Exists in only a few parts in the world today.
    Example: Inuit Tribes of
    Northern Canada
  • 2. Market Economy
    Based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned.
    Production and prices are determined by supply and demand.
  • 3. Command Economy
    System in which economic decisions about production and distribution are made by the central government.
    Known as socialism or communism, depending on level of govt. involvement.