Political and economic systems 4 3

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Political and economic systems 4 3

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Section 3<br />Political and Economic Systems<br />
  2. 2. What is a government?<br />Government is an institution that……..<br /><ul><li> Maintains social order
  3. 3. Provides public services
  4. 4. Ensures national security
  5. 5. Supports economic well- being.</li></li></ul><li>How is power divided?<br />Unitary System<br />Federal System<br />Confederation<br />Levels of Government<br />
  6. 6. Unitary System<br />A system where all key powers are given to the national or central government.<br />
  7. 7. Federal Government<br />A system in which powers are divided between the central and state governments.<br />
  8. 8. Confederation<br />A system in which the states have more power than the Central government.<br />
  9. 9. Types of Government<br />Who is in charge of the government?<br />Autocracy<br />Oligarchy<br />Democracy<br />
  10. 10. 1. Autocracy<br />Auto Krator<br />Self Rule<br />A government in which a single person possesses power and authority.<br />There are 2 major forms:<br /> Totalitarian Dictatorship<br /> Absolute Monarchy<br />
  11. 11. a.) Totalitarian Dictatorship<br />Dictator controls ALL aspects of social and economic life.<br />Usually come to power through a revolution.<br />Example: <br /> Adolf Hitler as dictator <br /> of Nazi Germany from<br /> 1933-1945.<br />
  12. 12. b.) Absolute Monarchy<br />King or Queen hold the supreme powers.<br />Usually inherit the throne.<br />Example:<br /> King Abdullah of Saudi <br /> Arabia<br />
  13. 13. Constitutional Monarchy<br />These countries have a King or Queen but they do not have absolute power.<br />Some share power w/ a legislature (Japan)<br />Others are ceremonial positions. (England)<br />
  14. 14. 2. Oligarchy <br />Oligosarcho<br /> Few Rule<br />A small group of people rule.<br />They may be distinguished by wealth, religion, social position, or military power.<br />Example: Ancient Sparta<br />
  15. 15. 3. Democracy<br /> Demos Kratia<br /> People Rule<br />Form of government where leaders rule w/ consent of the people.<br />The major forms are……<br /> Direct Democracy<br /> Representative <br /> Democracy<br />
  16. 16. a.) Direct Democracy<br />Form of government where ALL people are in control.<br />Very difficult to achieve successfully.<br />Example: Ancient Athens<br />
  17. 17. b.) Representative Democracy<br />Form of government where people elect representatives to stand up for them.<br />Example: The United <br /> States<br />
  18. 18. Economic Systems<br />What and how many goods are being produced?<br />How should they be produced?<br />Who gets the goods and services?<br />
  19. 19. 1. Traditional Economy<br />A system in which tradition and custom control all economic activity.<br />Exists in only a few parts in the world today.<br />Example: Inuit Tribes of<br /> Northern Canada <br />
  20. 20. 2. Market Economy<br />Based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned.<br />Production and prices are determined by supply and demand.<br />
  21. 21. 3. Command Economy<br />System in which economic decisions about production and distribution are made by the central government.<br />Known as socialism or communism, depending on level of govt. involvement.<br />

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