Toward a world leader e government in korea


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A summary of a 2 week training offered by the South Korean government to the Surinamese government. This presentation was given at the chamber of commerce in Paramaribo.

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Toward a world leader e government in korea

  1. 1. ICT Development Experiences in Korea Toward a World Leader Drs. Tino Lew Member E- Government Commission Suriname
  2. 2. Change Challenge Chance
  3. 3. Backgrounds• Invited by South Korean Government organized by KOICA• 12 participants from Suriname• Kookmin Institute for Strategic Governance• 2 weeks training on E- government
  4. 4. Lectures • History of Korea’s Economic Development (Sung Gul Hong , Professor, Kookmin University) • Korean e-government and ICT Policy (Sung Gul Hong , Professor, Kookmin University) • Policy of Information Protection Security in Korea (Wan Seok Yi, Vice president, Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA)) • Evaluation Korea e-Government (Jin W Mok, Professor, Kookmin University) • Broadband and Infras Building (Hyong Soon Kim, Director, National Information Society Agency) • Anti- corruption of e-government (Jin Wook Choi, Professor, Korea University) • Legislation related e-government (Hun Yeong Kwon , Associate Professor, Kwang woon University) • E-Government and ODA (Sang Joon Lee, Associate Professor, Kookmin University)
  5. 5. On Site Visits • Seoul Data Center • Seoul Data Center served whole data network system to each area in Seoul city. As Data center is committed to developing comprehensive digital data network system, the digital industry cluster of Seoul will become the global center of the digital based software industry. • Seoul Dasan Call-center • Seoul Dasan Call-center is a Seoul civil complaint solving system with phone call or web-site, mobile phone message service. The only phone number “120” can solve any civil problem • SK T.UM • see that Ubiquitous life service. In „Play Dream SK Telecoms‟ future technology to the customers dream will become a reality • POSCO ( • POSCO has been the most competitive steel company since its establishment in 1968.As a world-class company, it continues to grow and evolve. • Hyundai Motors ( • Hyundai Motors was established in December 1967 • Hyundai Heavy Industry ( Hyundai Heavy Industries story is one of challenges, pioneering, and trust in the • future. • Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co. Ltd ( • Khnp is the largest among the six power generating subsidiaries that separated from korea electric power corporation (kepco) in april 2001, accounting for approximately 25% of electricity producing facilities, hydro and nuclear combined.
  6. 6. Korean HistoryWhere did they come from
  7. 7. Leading the changes, rather than waiting for being changed!!A drama from an early telecom backlog to an ICT powerhouse! 7
  8. 8. When you hear about South Korea, what do youthink?You may think such as… But Korea was… 8
  9. 9. Korea’s Economic Transformation, 1945- 2010Sung Gul Hong, Kookmin University 9
  10. 10. UN Global E-Government Survey 2012  Starting from No.13 in 2003 when the UN published its first report on e- government, the Korean e-government kept holding a high rank of No.5 in 2004 and 2005 and No.6 in 2008 and finally ranked in No.1 in 2010 and so far out of 193 countries.  This indicates that the Korean e- government won a global recognition for its administrative foundation and national level as a foothold of advanced country, while securng public confidence as IT power recognized by the world.  Synergy arising from implementation of advanced information and communication network and digitalization of major basic information World No.1 e-Government -3-
  11. 11. * UN E-Government Survey 2012 -4-
  12. 12. 30,000,000  World No.6 in IPv4 possession (112,250,368 units) (RIR-APNIC, Sep. 2012) 26,000,000 10,000,000  World No. 9 in IPv6 possession (5,226(/32)4,420,000 units) (RIR-APNIC, Sep. 2012) Sep.‟10 Mar.‟11 Jul.‟11 Aug.‟12 Increase in smart phone users  The No. of high-speed internet subscribers accounts for 34% of the people; world No.5 Expansion of mobile (OECD, end of 2010) internet and infrastructure and increase in users Exceeds 50% in  The No. of internet users accounts for 83.7% of wireless internet the people; world No.12(ITU, end of 2010) utilization since (currently about 59%) Major Statistics of Internet Users -6-
  13. 13. ICT Journey in Korea Committee on e-Gov and  Act of Dissemination and e-Government Act(2001.7) Utilization  e-Government Special  Promotion Of Computer Committee(2001) Network(1985)  Act of Information  National Coordination Promotion(1995) Council  Informatization Completion of e-Gov 11 (1987) Promotion initiatives (2002.11) Committee(1996)National Basic National Cyber KoreaInformation e-KOREASystem Informatization 21(1999-2002) U-KOREA National ICT Vision (2002-Project Promotion Plan e-Gov 11 Master Plan Masterplan 2008 2006)(1987-1996) (1996-2000) initiatives (2006) (2001~2002) Korea Information Infrastructure Plan BcN/USN Master Plan (1995-2005) (2004~2010) 13
  14. 14. Phase III (2003 - 2007) Phase II (Mid 90s – 2002) Info. Resource Integration Phase I (Late 80s) Korea Information e-Government Infrastructure(KII) Roadmap to 2007 InitiativeNational Basic Process InformatizationInformation System “Better” Service e-Government InitiativeDatabase Building KII & e-Gov Initiative Ctizen-oriented e-Gov Development of E-Gov
  15. 15. Major ICT Policies, 1978-1994 1st Basic Plan for Public Computerization (1978-82) • First effort to use computers in public administration • KT as a public corporation in 1982 2nd Basic Plan for Public Computerization (1983-87) • First mobile telephone service began in 1984 • TDX-1 serviced in 1986, but limited services 1st Basic Plan for National Backbone networks (1987-91) • Over 10 million telecom lines in 1987 • 5 backbone networks: research/education, public safety, defense, finance, and publi c services • TDX-10 serviced in 1991 2nd Basic Plan for National Backbone networks (1992-96) • Over 20 million telecom lines in 1993 , 1 million cell-phone subscribers in 1995 • Commercial internet service began in 1994 • Created MIC in Dec. 1994 • Made a master plan for KII, 1995 • Enacted the Basic Law to Promote National Informatization, 1995 15
  16. 16. Major ICT Policies, 1996-2007 1st Basic Plan for National Informatization (1996-2000) • 1st stage of national backbone network upgrading, 1995-97 (KII) • CDMA commercialization, 1996 • Informatization Promotion Committee, 1996 • Informatization Promotion fund, 1996 • High-speed internet service began, 1998 • 2nd stage of national backbone network upgrading, 1998-2000 (KII) • Over 10 million cell-phone subscribers, 1998 Cyber Korea 21 (1999-2002) • 10 million internet users, 1999, 20 million cell-phone subscribers, 1999 • Competition introduced in basic telecom services (local), 1999 • CDMA-2000 commercial service began, 2000 (1st in the world) • 11 projects for e-government, 2000; Special Committee for e-Governmen t established, 2001 • 20 million internet users, 2001 (named the world best by OECD) • 3rd stage of national backbone network upgrading, 2001-05 16
  17. 17. E-Korea Vision 2006 (2002-06), Broadband IT Korea Vision 2007(2003-07)• Over 10 million households for high-speed internet, 2002• Over 30 million cell phone subscribers, 2002• Over 30 million internet users, 2004• Official e-government portal opened, 2002• DMB service began, 2005• WiBro service began, 2006; designated as a world standard by ITU, 2007• 1st ranked by OECD in high-speed internet users per 100 persons, 2005• Over 40 million cell phone subscribers, 2006• Over 6 million DMB users, 2007Basic Plan for U-Korea (2006-10)• Basic plan for USN, 2004-10• Basic plan for BcN, 2004-10• Policies to develop a ubiquitous society• Convergence between telecom and broadcasting• Replaced by the new master plan for national informatization under the Lee Myung Bak government 17
  18. 18. Preventing Adverse Effect andFramework Forming Bases Activation and Advancement Maturing Information Culture - Electronic Government Act (Act on Promotion of Informatization of Administrative Duties, etc. for Implementing Electronic Government) - Regulations on Office Administration - Digital Signature Act - Act on Distribution - Framework Act on Electronic Commerce and Expansion of - Information and Communications Industry Computer Network Promotion Act and Promotion of the - Act on Protection of - Act on Internet Address Resource Use Personal Information by - Informatioin and Communication Works - Act on Research and Public Agency (Privacy Business Act (Telecommunications Work Development of Protection Act) Business Act) Information and - Act on Solving Information - Sound Records, Video Products and GameRelevant Communication Gap (Framework Act on Software Act (Game Industry Promotion Act) laws - Framework Act on National Informatization ) - Copyright Act Promotion of - Act on Promotion of - Act on Promotion of Contents Industry Informatization Information and - Act on the Construction, etc. of Ubiquitous - Framework Act on Communication Network City Telecommunications Utilization and Information - Internet, Multimedia and Broadcasting - Telecommunications Protection, etc. Business Act Business Act (Public - Framework Act on National Informatization Telecommunications (Knowledge Information Resource Business Act) Management Act) - National Spatial Data Infrastructure Act - Official Information Disclosure Act - Act on the Protection of Information and Communications InfrastructureRelevant Laws According toInformatization Promotion Framework -9-
  19. 19. Anti Corruption and E-Government Corruption = Monopoly + Discretion – Accountability Robert Klitgaard
  20. 20. Lessons from Korea Korea‟s ICT development experiences are … • Very impressive in comparative contexts • Due to combined efforts by the government and private sector • Based upon early adoption of the changing IT environment • Through aggressive public and private investments • By directly connecting demands and supply through a well-defined policy-making and implementing authority • By creating productive governance network between the government and businesses Korea‟s achievement in IT sectors would not be ther e in the first place were it not for the state • Though most investments are being made by private firms, the state has had clear visi on about the future, and stimulated private responses to the information revolution • Strong leadership from top level of government • Broadband construction as a major national policy • Presidential Information Promotion Council and Ministry of Information and Communication 20
  21. 21. Broadband is a social asset to be used by all members ofsociety• Collaborative deliberated and coordinated the relevant policies• Government secured the necessary funds for broadband construction• Prioritize broadband projects and concentrate countries competence into broadbandStimulation of telecom market• Government created an initial demand for broadband that led to private s ector investment in Korea• Low interest loan program to help build broadband in under-served areas• Allow some companies to go private• Removal of entry bariers to market for new telecom operators• Evaluation of broadband quality and publishing of results• Stimulation of quality competition through a broadband IT building certification system 21
  22. 22. Lessons from failures may be more important…•Too early adoption of new ser vices and products•Lack of standardization•Political factors are more important than anything else 22