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  • Academic and early commercial adopters Some customer pull – interest Vendor-driven (lots of hype) We haven’t missed the boat, but need to act now to take leading role
  • Here, I’ve listed a few of the areas BiCs is looking into to achieve its vision. BiCS is looking at open systems (e.g. systems with standards-based interfaces, data and process, and semantic web technologies) to help with the systems integration task. Here we are working with standards bodies to validate and realise this approach. BiCS is looking at ways to reduce time-to-market and costs, for example, using MDA (increase system agility) & the open source software approach (lower costs) And, BiCS is learning from, working with and feeding into 21C and other mainstream BT projects.
  • The Web was designed to enable people to access documents stored on computers distributed across the globe. So it was designed for human-to-machine communication, rather than machine-to-machine interworking. Specifically, the free text nature of a web page makes it hard to automatically identify relevant information. HTML, the language of today’s web, specifies the layout of pages, it does not identify the meaning (semantics) of the information on the page. To take a simple example, HTML can specify that a given string should be displayed in bold font but cannot tell you that that string represents a product code. To take a specific example, we may wish to design an intelligent agent system which helps us select a new car, by visiting manufacturers’ web-sites, obtaining data, filtering on the basis of our stated preferences, and making comparisons. We will obviously want to know the price. However, every web-site will have price intermingled in the text in a haphazard way. We may be able to design software which is more-or-less successful in identifying the price information. But even if we can, it will never cope with the cost of extras etc. And other information, e.g. safety information, will be more complex still. In addition, the current web is difficult to search because of the lag of tagging. If we want a document written by John Davies we search for a document with the ‘John Davies’ string. But this may be about John Davies, written for John Davies, or may mention John Davies for any number of other reasons..

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