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  1. 1. MIS Job Perspectives and Courses April 3, 2007 Mu Xia Ram Subramanyam
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>The job market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The IT job market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois MIS graduates job prospects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your preparation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Market <ul><li>The demand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outsourcing: IT job losses and gains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of IT in traditionally non-IT-intensive industries: gains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The supply: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower supply due to fear and other restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall effect: both IT job growth and salary increase </li></ul>
  4. 4. Effects of Outsourcing: Job Losses <ul><li>Entry level jobs lost due to offshoring to developing countries like India, Philippines, & Russia: 2-3% each year </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effects of Outsourcing: New Opportunities … <ul><li>Jobs incoming: Indian outsourcing companies set up shop in the US and other developed countries </li></ul><ul><li>While cost savings is one benefit, companies realize it gives them opportunities to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rethink and re-organize their business processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop IT solutions to improve business process efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer more products and services to its employees and customers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>higher productivity for US companies so more jobs overall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More IT jobs thanks to outsourcing </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Growth in Other Areas <ul><li>“ The World is Flat”: the world is one big market, both for the output (products and services) and the input (human capital) </li></ul><ul><li>More demand globally for IT jobs especially at the middle and high level </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in traditionally non-IT-intensive industries such as health care, retail, construction and services </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in jobs due to Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002) and opportunities in IT security </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lower Supply <ul><li>Belief of parents and students of poor job prospects in IT </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing number of foreign students in the US due to Visa and immigration restrictions: no longer the top choice for foreign students </li></ul><ul><li>Salary gains: 2-5% annually </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Market for UIUC Graduates <ul><li>Many opportunities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>145 MIS positions registered in the business career system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 35 students (including 18 interns) registered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High starting salary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mean: $50,143 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Median: $51,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second highest average salary of all UIUC business majors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signing bonus: average $1,916 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple offers </li></ul>
  9. 9. Salary Statistics by Major
  10. 10. Interns <ul><li>An internship is an important part of the curriculum and your career </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get to know the profession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let the future employer know about you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of mishire: recruiter fee, downtime, missed opportunities, severance pay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatly increase your value to future employers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand what knowledge learned in school can (and cannot) be applied to the industry and how </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Not to Mention the Cash… <ul><li>Monthly salary for MIS interns from UIUC in 2005: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average: $2,949 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Median: $2,880 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Again, second highest among all UIUC Business majors </li></ul>
  12. 12. Your Job Descriptions <ul><li>Based on Bureau of Labor Statistics job descriptions for MIS graduates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer system analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Support Specialists and Systems Administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer and Information Systems Managers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations Research Analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Scientists and Database Administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Software Engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Programmers </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Actual Job Titles of Our Graduates <ul><li>Managerial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Relationship Management Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Services Associate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Performance Services Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Programmer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… . many more… </li></ul>
  14. 14. Who Are the Employers ? <ul><li>Large corporations hire most graduates of the MIS program </li></ul><ul><li>Our primary employers include many that would be readily recognized as large, successful, and well-managed companies in a wide range of industries </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sample Employers … <ul><li>Consulting and service firms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hewitt Associates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accenture, Crowe Chizek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big Four: PwC, E&Y, KPMG, Deloitte </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitachi Consulting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protiviti </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corporate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nike, Abbott Labs, Caterpillar, John Deere, Eli Lilly, Kimberly-Clark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BankOne (now Chase), AllState, State Farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Electric </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IT companies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM, Microsoft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SBC (now AT&T) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 2007 Employers and Job Titles <ul><li>Consulting and service firms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protiviti: Tech Risk Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accenture: Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KPMG: IT Advisory Associate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant Thornton: IT Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corporate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbott Labs: IT Prof. Dev. Prog. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caterpillar: IT Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citigroup: Tech Leadership Prog. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Deere: Business Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freddie Mac: Bus. Tech Associate </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Now the Preparation <ul><li>Take suitable courses… </li></ul><ul><li>Read Technology-related news … </li></ul><ul><li>Know your strengths (as MIS majors) … </li></ul>Business Technology I
  18. 18. Academic Preparation <ul><li>Four focal points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General education requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>College requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Administration requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MIS requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you choose when scheduling? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Optimizing your selection <ul><li>End game involves getting a good job </li></ul><ul><li>For that to happen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete as many of the courses that would position you best for Fall of senior year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More MIS courses in Junior year for an intern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slack requirements in senior year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to participate in activities such as ISA events, Special Interest Groups (ACM) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Suggested Courses and Time to Take Them <ul><li>Introductory: Sophomore or junior year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BA350 (IT for Networked Organizations) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intermediary (basic knowledge): junior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BA352 (Database), 353 (IS Analysis and Design), 354 (Data Communications) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advanced/Applied: junior and senior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>454 (Java Programming), 395MS1(IT Governance), 453(Decision Support Systems), 395ESM (IT Project Management) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No BA432, BA391 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Course Offering Schedule <ul><li>For this year </li></ul><ul><li>Offered every semester: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>350, 352, 353, 354 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the fall only: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>454 (Java Programming) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the spring only: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>395 MS1(IT Governance) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. MIS Courses this Fall http://www.business.uiuc.edu/mis/courses/
  23. 23. BADM 350: IT for Networked Organizations <ul><li>This introductory course teaches how IT affects and transforms organizational and industry structures. This course is designed to make the students knowledgeable of the fundamentals underlying the design, implementation, control, evaluation and use of modern information systems While some of the effort will be devoted to hands-on work with software, the major emphasis will be on the understanding the managerial and strategic aspects of information technology. Case studies, simulations, hands-on work, and article discussions will be used throughout the course. </li></ul>
  24. 24. BADM 352: Database Design and Management <ul><li>Introduce the modern concepts, techniques and management practices when dealing with data and use of data in organizations. Topics include data modeling, database logical and physical designs, implementation, database administration and web-based database environment. Students will be involved in constructing a database and researching an advanced topic to solidify the learning. </li></ul>
  25. 25. BADM 353: Information Systems Analysis and Design <ul><li>Essential steps in developing a management information system, including preliminary planning, design, feasibility analysis, implementation schedule, and post implementation review of the system; includes a semester-long project which familiarizes students with methodology and techniques. </li></ul>
  26. 26. BADM 354: Management of Data Communications <ul><li>This course stresses a top-down, business oriented approach to evaluating and selecting data communications technology. Students who successfully complete this course gain practical knowledge of network telecommunications technology, including hardware and software. They learn enough to allow them to help design systems that include network components. </li></ul>
  27. 27. BADM 454: Enterprise Computing Management <ul><li>BADM 454 will help you understand how software designers develop software solutions to address real world problems. This course is designed with two main goals in mind: 1. To teach students the fundamental principles of object technology. 2. To teach students to design, implement and debug programs written in an object-oriented programming language (such as Java). </li></ul>
  28. 28. Now the Preparation <ul><li>Take suitable courses… </li></ul><ul><li>Read Technology-related news … </li></ul><ul><li>Know your strengths (as MIS majors) … </li></ul>Business Technology http://www.business.uiuc.edu/mis/courses/ I
  29. 29. Keeping Up to Date <ul><li>Read as much as you can online from IT resources </li></ul><ul><li>Every little tid-bit helps </li></ul>
  30. 30. Now the Preparation <ul><li>Take suitable courses… </li></ul><ul><li>Read Technology-related news … </li></ul><ul><li>Know your strengths (as MIS majors) … </li></ul>Business Technology I
  31. 31. Strengths of the MIS Program <ul><li>Goals of the program: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify how IT can bring value to firm and how it cannot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn how to design and build computer-based information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think critically about future technology and the future firm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When you leave here you will be well-rounded graduates who are ready to contribute to organizations as soon as you begin working. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Competitive Advantage of MIS Students <ul><li>Other computer-related academic programs, such as Computer Science and Software Engineering, focus exclusively on developing the technical skills of computer professionals and do not cover the functional areas of business that are supported by technology. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Getting Ready …
  34. 34. Getting Ready: Pre-seniors <ul><li>Find summer jobs related to MIS starting in your sophomore year. </li></ul><ul><li>The more MIS-related experience you can show on your résumé, the more interesting you will look to potential employers. </li></ul><ul><li>Get as much IT coursework done before senior year. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Getting Ready: Seniors <ul><li>The corporations that hire our graduates usually know their hiring needs a year in advance. They begin to recruit in September for positions they hope to fill by the following August </li></ul><ul><li>This means that students who expect to graduate from the program should begin interviewing with the employers who visit our campus in September of their senior year. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, it is neither foolish nor unwise to begin interviewing for a permanent placement ten months before you expect to graduate </li></ul>
  36. 36. Useful References … <ul><li>UIUC Business Career Services job salary survey: http://www.business.uiuc.edu/bcs/employers/placement_statistics/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>ACM survey on IT jobs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://money.cnn.com/2006/02/23/news/economy/jobs_it_offshoring/index.htm </li></ul></ul>