Modern Systems Analyst


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Modern Systems Analyst

  1. 1. Modern Systems Analyst <ul><li>Topics to discuss: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role and responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do we partner end-users with the traditional systems analyst? What are their roles? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Career opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers and partners in development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business trends and drivers that affect the analyst’s career </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you need to be a systems analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what about the future? </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Information system <ul><li>Arrangement of people, data, processes, interfaces, networks and technology that interact for the purpose of supporting and improving both day-to-day operations in a business, as well as supporting the problem solving and decision making needs of management </li></ul><ul><li>Data processing </li></ul><ul><li>Information services </li></ul>
  3. 3. Computer application <ul><li>Computer-based solution to one or more business problems or needs </li></ul><ul><li>An information system normally contains one or more computer applications </li></ul>
  4. 4. Systems analysis and design <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the study of a business problem domain for the purpose of recommending improvements and specifying the business requirements for the solution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>specification or construction of a technical, computer-based solution for the business requirements identified in a systems analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the design may take the form of a working prototype </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Systems analyst <ul><li>Understand both business and computing </li></ul><ul><li>Sell services of information technology & change </li></ul><ul><li>Business analyst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>focus is on non-technical aspects of problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application analyst </li></ul><ul><ul><li>experts in translating requirements into technical design </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Life cycle <ul><li>Planning-identify scope and boundary of problem, plan development strategy & goals </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis-study and analyze the problems, causes and effects, identify and analyze requirements for any successful solution </li></ul><ul><li>Design- design solution if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Component testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration testing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support- system may later require improvements </li></ul>
  7. 7. When information technology is used a systems analyst is responsible for: <ul><li>Efficient capture of data </li></ul><ul><li>Flow of data to the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Processing and storage of the data </li></ul><ul><li>Flow of timely and useful information back to business and people </li></ul>
  8. 9. What does a systems analyst do? <ul><ul><li>System analysts are responsible for other aspects of a system including: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PEOPLE, including managers, users, and other developers – and including the organizational behaviors and politics that occur when people interact with one another. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DATA, including capture, validation, organization, storage, and usage. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROCESSES , both automated and manual, that combine to process data and produce information. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INTERFACES, both to other systems and applications, as well to the actual users (e.g., reports and display screens). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NETWORKS , which effectively distribute data, processes, and information to the people. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Systems analyst <ul><li>communicate with management and users </li></ul><ul><li>document </li></ul><ul><li>understand problems </li></ul><ul><li>think before they speak </li></ul><ul><li>facilitate, don’t originate </li></ul><ul><li>supportive of the organization </li></ul><ul><li>enjoy working with people </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Computer programming experience and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>General business knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal relations skills </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Character and ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis and design skills </li></ul>
  11. 12. Fundamentals of IS <ul><li>TPS </li></ul><ul><li>MIS </li></ul><ul><li>DSS </li></ul><ul><li>Expert systems </li></ul><ul><li>Office information systems </li></ul><ul><li>Personal and workgroup information systems </li></ul>
  12. 13. Underlying principles of system development <ul><li>Get owners and users involved </li></ul><ul><li>Use a problem-solving approach </li></ul><ul><li>Establish phases and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Establish standards for consistent development and documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Justify systems as capital investments </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to cancel or revises scope </li></ul><ul><li>Divide and conquer </li></ul><ul><li>Design for growth and change </li></ul>