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  • 1. Database Related Jobs Gueorgui Gagov Karen Myers Shaoang Zhao Scott McQuistan
  • 2. Today’s Road Map
    • Certifications and Benefits
    • Examples
    • Job Titles and Salary Statistics
    • Local and Regional Career Examples
  • 3. Agenda
    • Value and Benefits of the Database Certified Professional Credential
    • Oracle Certified Professional Credential (OCP)
    • Microsoft Certified Database Administrator (MCDBA )
    • MySQL Certification
    • PostgreSQL Certification
  • 4. Value of the Database Certification Credential
    • Competitive edge, differentiation & credibility = Job Opportunities
    • Improved Efficiencies
      • Certified professionals handle more support calls
      • Companies advocating certification report less downtime
      • Employer ROI Payback in only nine months because of savings due to increased internal effectiveness
            • IDC
    • Quicker adoption of technology
    • Improved customer service
  • 5. What OCPs(Oracle Certified Professional) Have Said
    • Three out of four OCPs feel their certification gives them greater confidence.
    • Three out of five OCPs feel they have a competitive edge over their non-certified counterparts.
    • 70% feel the OCP process has helped them maintain skills.
    • Two thirds of OCPs working as consultants have benefited through:
      • New contracts
      • Client retention
      • Greater access to new opportunities
  • 6. Benefits of the Database Certification Credential
    • Use of Certificates for endorsement of your career by leveraging those established brand equity
    • Special event access
    • Ability to join the certification member community
  • 7. Certification Programs Overview
    • Oracle Certified Professional Credential (OCP)
    • Microsoft Certified Database Administrator (MCDBA )
    • MySQL Certification
    • PostgreSQL Certification
  • 8. Oracle Certification Program
    • Three tiers
    OCA Oracle Certified Associate OCP Oracle Certified Professional OCM Oracle Certified Master Answers the Demand for more Oracle Professionals Learn Online Test Online Get a Job Online Hiring Manager Approved Industry Benchmark Get Certified, Establish Credibility, Increase Opportunities Achieved by the Top Oracle Professionals
  • 9. Why Three Certification Tiers?
    • Provides a tool for IT managers to use in making hiring decisions
    • More closely aligned with job roles and skill levels
    • OCA can be used as the first step in a professional career and development path
    • OCP demonstrates professional commitment
    • OCM provides a performance based benchmark for hiring experts
  • 10. Oracle Certification Paths
    • OCA:
      • Oracle9 i DBA Certified Associate
      • Oracle9 i AS Web Administrator Certified Associate
      • Oracle9 i PL/SQL Developer Certified Associate
    • OCP:
      • Oracle8 i DBA Certified Professional
      • Oracle9 i DBA Certified Professional
      • Oracle6 i Internet Application Developer Certified Professional
      • Oracle9 i Forms Developer Certified Professional
    • OCM:
      • Oracle9 i Database Administrator Certified Master
  • 11.
    • Oracle Certified Associates (OCA) have foundational knowledge that will allow them to perform junior team member tasks working with database administrators and application developers.
    • Oracle Certified Professionals (OCP) have proven skills in managing a large-scale database or in developing robust applications that are deployed enterprise-wide.
  • 12. OCM Candidate Prerequisites
    • Must have Oracle9 i DBA Certified Professional credential
    • Minimum of 3 – 4 years of practical experience as an Oracle DBA
    • Knowledge of Oracle9 i database technology and features
  • 13. Oracle9 i DBA Certified Master Content Areas
    • Database Configuration
    • Oracle Network Configuration
    • Oracle Enterprise Manager
    • Data Management
    • Database Management
    • Performance Management
    • Database Availability
    • Standby Database and Data Guard
  • 14. Minimum Required OCM Participant Skills
    • Working knowledge of Linux:
      • Formatting and executing basic OS commands
      • Creating and navigating through directory structures
      • File management using copy, move, and remove
      • Linux environment text editors (Line Mode or GUI)
      • Setting environment variables
  • 15. Minimum Required OCM Participant Skills
    • Ability to locate and launch Oracle9 i executables:
      • Database Creation Assistant
      • Listener Utility
      • Oracle Net Manager
      • Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
      • OEM
      • OMS
      • Oracle Password Utility
      • RMAN Utility
      • SQLPLUS
  • 16. Minimum Required OCM Participant Skills
    • Proficient with working in a command line environment
    • Proficient with using Oracle Enterprise Manager
    • Advanced knowledge and use of Oracle9 i ( features and functionality
    • Familiarity with navigating through non-searchable Oracle documentation
    • Familiarity with navigating through and the functions of Konqueror browser software
    • Ability to employ “BEST PRACTICES” when working in an Oracle9 i database environment to solve complex technical problems
  • 17. Microsoft Certified Database Administrator (MCDBA )
    • Creation of the certification was fueled by the growing industry demand for skilled database administrators
    • and fueled by the availability of Microsoft SQL Server™ version 7.0.
  • 18. MCDBA Test Requirements
    • Need to pass three core exams
    • One SQL Server administration exam
    • One SQL Server design exam
    • Either one Windows 2000 Server or one Windows Server 2003 exam to fulfill the networking systems core requirement.
  • 19. SQL Server administration exam
    • Planning
    • -Develop a security strategy.
    • -Develop a SQL Server capacity plan.
    • -Develop a data availability solution.
    • -Develop a migration plan.
    • -Develop a replication strategy.
  • 20. SQL Server administration exam
    • Installation and Configuration
    • Configuring and Managing Security
    • Managing and Maintaining Data
    • -Create and manage databases.
    • -Load data by using various methods. Methods include the INSERT statement, the SELECT INTO statement, the bcp utility, Data Transformation Services (DTS), and the BULK INSERT statement.
  • 21. SQL Server administration exam
    • Restore system databases and user databases
    • Manage replication.
    • Automate administrative tasks.
    • Monitoring and Optimization
    • Troubleshooting
  • 22. SQL Server design exam
    • Developing a Logical Data Model
    • -Define entities. Considerations include entity composition and normalization.
    • - Design entity keys. Considerations include FOREIGN KEY constraints, PRIMARY KEY constraints, and UNIQUE constraints.
    • -Design attribute domain integrity. Considerations include CHECK constraints, data types, and null ability.
  • 23. SQL Server design exam
    • Implementing the Physical Database
    • -Create and alter databases. Considerations include file groups, file placement, growth strategy, and space requirements.
    • -Create and alter database objects. Objects include constraints, indexes, stored procedures, tables, triggers, user-defined functions, and views.
    • -Alter database objects to support replication and partitioned views.
  • 24. SQL Server design exam
    • Retrieving and Modifying Data
    • -Import and export data. Methods include the bulk copy program, the Bulk Insert task, and Data Transformation Services (DTS).
    • -Manipulate heterogeneous data. Methods include linked servers, OPENQUERY, OPENROWSET, and OPENXML.
    • -Retrieve, filter, group, summarize, and modify data by using Transact-SQL.
    • -Manage result sets by using cursors and Transact-SQL. Considerations include locking models and appropriate usage.
    • -Extract data in XML format. Considerations include output format and XML schema structure.
  • 25. SQL Server design exam
    • Programming Business Logic
    • -Manage data manipulation by using stored procedures, transactions, triggers, user-defined functions, and views.
    • -Enforce procedural business logic by using stored procedures, transactions, triggers, user-defined functions, and views.
  • 26. SQL Server design exam
    • Tuning and Optimizing Data Access
    • -Analyze the query execution plan.
    • -Capture, analyze, and replay SQL Profiler traces.
    • -Create and implement indexing strategies.
    • -Improve index use by using the Index Tuning Wizard.
    • Designing a Database Security Plan
    • -Use programming logic and objects. Considerations include implementing row-level security and restricting direct access to tables.
  • 27. Exam on Microsoft server product
    • Creating User Services
    • - Create ASP.NET pages.
    • -Add Web server controls, HTML server controls, user controls, and HTML code to ASP.NET pages.
    • -Instantiate and invoke Web services or components.
    • Creating and Managing Components and .NET Assemblies
  • 28. Exam on Microsoft server product
    • Consuming and Manipulating Data
    • -Access and manipulate data from a Microsoft SQL Server™ database by creating and using ad hoc queries and stored procedures.
    • -Access and manipulate data from a data store. Data stores include relational databases, XML documents, and flat files. Methods include XML techniques and ADO.NET.
    • Testing and Debugging
    • Deploying, Maintaining and Supporting, Configuring and Securing a Web Application
  • 29. MySQL Certification
    • Two Tiers
    MySQL Core Certification MySQL Professional Certification
  • 30. MySQL Core Certification
    • Capable of creating and using databases and tables, inserting, modifying, deleting, and retrieving data from a MySQL database .
    • The job role will typically be to maintain data in company databases, performing data analysis, importing and exporting data, and so forth.
  • 31. MySQL Professional Certification
    • Proof that you master more complex issues, such as installing a server from scratch, keeping the server running smoothly at all times, using the new table types, using more advanced SQL, and analyzing the trouble spots of other users' queries.
    • The typical job role of a MySQL-Prof is in setting up and managing one or more MySQL servers in an organization, often managing a team of one or more users and programmers of MySQL products.
  • 32. What’s PostgreSQL
    • PostgreSQL is an enhancement of the POSTGRES database management system, a next-generation DBMS research prototype.
    • While PostgreSQL retains the powerful data model and rich data types of POSTGRES, it replaces the PostQuel query language with an extended subset of SQL. PostgreSQL is free and the complete source is available.
  • 33. PostgreSQL Certification
    • Three types of certification are provided: - "PostgreSQL Certified Administrator" - "PostgreSQL Certified Developer" - "PostgreSQL Certified Expert
  • 34. Advices:
    • If you seek career in the DB field:
      • Get initial certification
      • Company can pay for the next levels
    • DB and programming:
      • Not only SQL
      • Web/Programming language
  • 35. Examples:
    • Crashing a webpage demo:
      • The “apostrophe” bug
      • Wrong data/Wrong field type
      • Control users
  • 36. Last Tip:
    • Look for the free stuff!
  • 37. Database Administrator
    • Administers, maintains, develops and implements policies for ensuring security and integrity
    • Implements data models and database designs, data access and table maintenance codes
    • Resolves performance issues
    • Handles capacity and replication issues
    • Typically requires a bachelor’s degree
    • 2-4 years experience
    • Relies on limited experience and judgment
    • Works under supervision and typically reports to a manager
    • $68,591 – 79,126 – 91,657
    • For more prestigious positions, on average positions pay 44% higher salaries nationwide if the employee has an advanced degree
  • 38. Database Analyst I
    • Reviews, designs, evaluates, maintains and implements
    • Identifies data sources, constructs decomposition diagrams and provides data flow diagrams
    • Writes code for access, modifications, and construction
    • Bachelor’s degree
    • 0-2 years experience
    • Knowledge of commonly used concepts, practices, and procedures
    • Relies on instructions and pre-established guidelines
    • Works under immediate supervision directly under a project manager or projects leader
    • $40,860 – 46,087 – 53,088
  • 39. Database Analyst II
    • Very similar job duties as Analyst I
    • Bachelor’s degree
    • 2-4 years experience
    • Relies on limited experience and judgment to plan tasks
    • Works under general supervision
    • $52,281 – 59,715 – 67,469
  • 40. Database Analyst III
    • Similar duties to Analysts I and II
    • Bachelor’s degree
    • 4-6 years experience
    • Familiar with a variety of the fields concepts
    • Relies on experience and judgment to plan tasks
    • Performs a variety of complicated tasks
    • May lead and direct the work of others
    • $66,150 – 74,472 – 84,093
  • 41. Database Analyst IV
    • Similar job duties to Analysts I, II, and III
    • Requires Bachelor’s degree in area of specialty
    • Typically has 6-8 years of experience
    • Relies on extensive experience to plan and accomplish goals
    • Leads and directs the work of others
    • Either reports to a manager or the department head
    • $71,753 – 80,045 – 89,400
  • 42. Database Analyst V
    • Similar duties as other Analysts
    • Requires a bachelor’s degree in area of specialty
    • At least 8-10 years of experience
    • Demonstrates expertise in a variety of the fields concepts, practices and procedures
    • Relies on extensive experience to accomplish goals
    • May provide consultation on complex projects
    • Considered a top level specialist
    • Reports to manager or head of department
    • $81,625 – 89,566 – 98,858
  • 43. Database Librarian
    • Designs, enters, audits and maintains databases
    • Responsible for verifying all data meets standards
    • May require an Associates degree
    • 3-5 years experience
    • Familiar with a variety of the fields concepts and procedures
    • Performs a variety of complicated tasks
    • May lead and direct the work of others
    • Reports to manager
    • $38,966 – 44,829 – 56,046
  • 44. Top Data Warehousing Executive
    • Oversees and coordinates the data warehouse / business intelligence group
    • Accountable for all data warehouse systems to ensure business objectives met
    • May require an advanced degree
    • At least 15 years experience
    • Familiar with a variety of concepts and relies on extensive experience
    • Leads and directs others
    • Reports to top management
    • $125,966 – 164,096 – 186,423
  • 45. Salary Comparison Des Moines vs. National Average with bonuses
    • Des Moines
    • Admin – $91,657
    • Analyst I – 53,088
    • Analyst II – 67,469
    • Analyst III – 84,093
    • Analyst IV – 89,400
    • Analyst V - 98,858
    • Librarian – 56,046
    • National Average
    • $1400-3300 higher
    • 900-1400 higher
    • 900-1400 higher
    • 1400-3000 higher
    • 1400-3000 higher
    • 2300-5000 higher
    • 1000 higher
  • 46. Salary Comparison Cedar Falls vs. National Average with bonuses
    • Cedar Falls
    • Admin - $85,614
    • Analyst I - 49,588
    • Analyst III - 78,550
    • Analyst V - 92,341
    • Librarian - 52,368
    • National Average
    • $1-3000 higher
    • 800-1000 higher
    • 1500-3000 higher
    • 2200-4500 higher
    • 1000 higher
  • 47. Database Administrator
    • Thousands of Job Postings
    • Geographically Disperse
    • Full- time permanent positions and contract work
    • Good range of salaries, mainly $75,000 - $100,000/year, more for contract work.
    • Range of organizations, from non-profit, to retail, to research to casinos.
    • Central Iowa examples:
      • IFMC
      • Ruan Transportation
      • Modis
      • State of Iowa
      • IRG Researchers
  • 48. Database Analysts
    • Thousands of Job Postings
    • Geographically Disperse
    • Full- time permanent positions and contract work
    • Good range of salaries, mainly $35,000 to $100,000/year, more for contract work.
    • Range of organizations, from non-profit, to retail, to research to casinos.
    • Central Iowa examples:
      • Wells Fargo
      • GeoLearning
      • ADP
      • Citi Cards
  • 49. Database Librarian
    • Limited Postings
    • Only a few locations
    • Mainly nonprofit – with this title
    • Functions encompassed within other IT Functions or Administrative Functions
    • No examples in central Iowa
  • 50. Top Data Warehousing Executive
    • Many postings, however, not many in central Iowa
    • Geographically disperse
    • Variety of industries
    • Wide variance in compensation packages, and structures
    • Examples:
      • Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
      • Global Executive Solutions
      • NetZero
      • The Regence Group