Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning
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Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning

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Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Presented by Aaron Brandon Jenna
  • Information systems planning model Organizational / External Environment Input Process Output Outcome Information Input Planning Process Resources Participant Education and Training Planning Output Planning Outcome
  • Types of Planning Project Management, meeting time and budget targets Resource allocation, project selection Vision architecture, business goals 6 months- 1 year 1-2 years 3-5 years Operational Tactical Strategic
  • 6 Planning Approaches
    • Stages of Growth
    • Critical Success Factors
    • Competitive Forces Model
    • Value Chain Analysis
    • E-Business Value Matrix
    • Linkage Analysis Planning
  • Stages of Growth
    • Early Successes
    • Contagion
    • Control
    • Integration
  • Critical Success Factors
    • Used to help companies identify information systems they need to develop
    • Should be listed in the company’s charter
    • Measurable performance factor: monitoring and building
    • Four sources for CSF
      • Industry
      • Company
      • Environment
      • Temporal
  • Competitive Forces Model Suppliers Substitutes Buyers New Entrants Industry Competitors
  • Value Chain Analysis
    • Five primary activities that form the sequence of the value chain:
    • Inbound logistics
    • Operations
    • Outbound logistics
    • 4 Marketing and sales
    • 5 Service
    Four supporting activities that underlie the entire value chain: 1 Organizational infrastructure 2 Human resources management 3 Technology development 4 Procurement
  • E-Business Value Matrix Newness of Idea Critical to Business High High Breakthrough Strategy High Low Rational Experimentation Low High Operational Excellence Low Low New Fundamentals
  • Linkage Analysis Planning
    • Examines the links organizations have with one another with the goal of creating a strategy for utilizing electronic channels
    • Methodology includes the following steps:
      • Define power relationships among the various players and stakeholders
      • Map out your extended enterprise to include suppliers, buyers, and strategic partners.
      • Plan your electronic channels to deliver the information component of products and services.
  • Traditional Strategy Making
    • Where is the business going and why? (Business Strategy)
      • Business decisions
      • Objectives and direction
      • Change
    • What is required? (Systems Strategy)
      • Business based
      • Demand oriented
      • Application focused
    • How can it be delivered? (IT Strategy)
      • Activity Based
      • Supply oriented
      • Technology focused
  • Why is Planning so Difficult?
    • Business Goals and systems plans need to align
    • Technologies are rapidly changing
    • Companies need portfolios rather than projects
    • Infrastructure development is difficult to fund