Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning

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Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Presented by Aaron Brandon Jenna
  2. 2. Information systems planning model Organizational / External Environment Input Process Output Outcome Information Input Planning Process Resources Participant Education and Training Planning Output Planning Outcome
  3. 3. Types of Planning Project Management, meeting time and budget targets Resource allocation, project selection Vision architecture, business goals 6 months- 1 year 1-2 years 3-5 years Operational Tactical Strategic
  4. 4. 6 Planning Approaches <ul><li>Stages of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Success Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive Forces Model </li></ul><ul><li>Value Chain Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>E-Business Value Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Linkage Analysis Planning </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stages of Growth <ul><li>Early Successes </li></ul><ul><li>Contagion </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul>
  6. 6. Critical Success Factors <ul><li>Used to help companies identify information systems they need to develop </li></ul><ul><li>Should be listed in the company’s charter </li></ul><ul><li>Measurable performance factor: monitoring and building </li></ul><ul><li>Four sources for CSF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporal </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Competitive Forces Model Suppliers Substitutes Buyers New Entrants Industry Competitors
  8. 8. Value Chain Analysis <ul><li>Five primary activities that form the sequence of the value chain: </li></ul><ul><li>Inbound logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Outbound logistics </li></ul><ul><li>4 Marketing and sales </li></ul><ul><li>5 Service </li></ul>Four supporting activities that underlie the entire value chain: 1 Organizational infrastructure 2 Human resources management 3 Technology development 4 Procurement
  9. 9. E-Business Value Matrix Newness of Idea Critical to Business High High Breakthrough Strategy High Low Rational Experimentation Low High Operational Excellence Low Low New Fundamentals
  10. 10. Linkage Analysis Planning <ul><li>Examines the links organizations have with one another with the goal of creating a strategy for utilizing electronic channels </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology includes the following steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define power relationships among the various players and stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Map out your extended enterprise to include suppliers, buyers, and strategic partners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan your electronic channels to deliver the information component of products and services. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Traditional Strategy Making <ul><li>Where is the business going and why? (Business Strategy) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives and direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is required? (Systems Strategy) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application focused </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can it be delivered? (IT Strategy) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity Based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology focused </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Why is Planning so Difficult? <ul><li>Business Goals and systems plans need to align </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies are rapidly changing </li></ul><ul><li>Companies need portfolios rather than projects </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure development is difficult to fund </li></ul>

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