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Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning

Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning






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    Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 4 Information Systems Planning Presented by Aaron Brandon Jenna
    • Information systems planning model Organizational / External Environment Input Process Output Outcome Information Input Planning Process Resources Participant Education and Training Planning Output Planning Outcome
    • Types of Planning Project Management, meeting time and budget targets Resource allocation, project selection Vision architecture, business goals 6 months- 1 year 1-2 years 3-5 years Operational Tactical Strategic
    • 6 Planning Approaches
      • Stages of Growth
      • Critical Success Factors
      • Competitive Forces Model
      • Value Chain Analysis
      • E-Business Value Matrix
      • Linkage Analysis Planning
    • Stages of Growth
      • Early Successes
      • Contagion
      • Control
      • Integration
    • Critical Success Factors
      • Used to help companies identify information systems they need to develop
      • Should be listed in the company’s charter
      • Measurable performance factor: monitoring and building
      • Four sources for CSF
        • Industry
        • Company
        • Environment
        • Temporal
    • Competitive Forces Model Suppliers Substitutes Buyers New Entrants Industry Competitors
    • Value Chain Analysis
      • Five primary activities that form the sequence of the value chain:
      • Inbound logistics
      • Operations
      • Outbound logistics
      • 4 Marketing and sales
      • 5 Service
      Four supporting activities that underlie the entire value chain: 1 Organizational infrastructure 2 Human resources management 3 Technology development 4 Procurement
    • E-Business Value Matrix Newness of Idea Critical to Business High High Breakthrough Strategy High Low Rational Experimentation Low High Operational Excellence Low Low New Fundamentals
    • Linkage Analysis Planning
      • Examines the links organizations have with one another with the goal of creating a strategy for utilizing electronic channels
      • Methodology includes the following steps:
        • Define power relationships among the various players and stakeholders
        • Map out your extended enterprise to include suppliers, buyers, and strategic partners.
        • Plan your electronic channels to deliver the information component of products and services.
    • Traditional Strategy Making
      • Where is the business going and why? (Business Strategy)
        • Business decisions
        • Objectives and direction
        • Change
      • What is required? (Systems Strategy)
        • Business based
        • Demand oriented
        • Application focused
      • How can it be delivered? (IT Strategy)
        • Activity Based
        • Supply oriented
        • Technology focused
    • Why is Planning so Difficult?
      • Business Goals and systems plans need to align
      • Technologies are rapidly changing
      • Companies need portfolios rather than projects
      • Infrastructure development is difficult to fund