British Studies Class4

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Short overview of the British History from Henry VIII until Queen Victoria.

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British Studies Class4

  1. 1. Grade 10 September 25, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Battle of Hastings </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Beckett murdered </li></ul><ul><li>Robin Hood </li></ul><ul><li>Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>The Hundred Years’ War </li></ul><ul><li>The Black Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Wars of the Roses </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Francis Drake </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VIII, daughter </li></ul><ul><li>the Act of Supremacy </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Do you know these dates and people? </li></ul><ul><li>55 BC, AD 43, 61, 410, 1066, 1170, 1215, 1337, 1348, 1455, 1534, 1588 </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar, Boudicca, King Arthur, Thomas Beckett, Robin Hood, Sir Francis Drake, Henry VIII, </li></ul><ul><li>Did you choose one character or one place or one date in British History ? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Revision (done) </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth I (also 1588) </li></ul><ul><li>The seventeeth century (1605, The Civil War, Charles I executed, the Great Fire) </li></ul><ul><li>The eighteenth century (the Act of Union, Nelson, ) </li></ul><ul><li>The nineteenth century ( </li></ul><ul><li>The twentieth century </li></ul><ul><li>Revision of today’s class </li></ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul>
  5. 5. * 1491 – 1547 * on the throne 1509 -1547 * dies in 1547 and was succeeded by 9-year-old Edward III
  6. 6. * 7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603 * daughter of Henry VIII * never married, the “virgin queen” * skilful diplomacy * internal stability * state of Virginia named after her by Sir Walter Raleigh
  7. 9. 17th century 1605 Gunpowder plot 1642 Civil War began 1649 Charles I executed 1666 The Great Fire of London 18th century 1707 The Act of Union (Scottish parliament dissolved) 1782 James Watt invents the first steam engine 1788 the first British settlers arrive in Australia 19th century 1805 Br fleet defeats the French at the Battle of Trafalgar 1837-1901 Queen Victoria on the throne British Empire flourished 20th century 1916 “Easter Rising” in Ireland 1918 The Right to vote extended to women 1953 Coronation of Elizabeth II 1969 British troops are sent to Northern Ireland
  8. 10. <ul><li>The Gunpowder Conspiracy of 1605 or The Gunpowder Plot was a failed assassination a ttempt by a group of provincial English Catholics against King James I of England and VI of Scotland . The plot intended to kill the king, his family and most of the Protestant aristocracy by blowing up the Houses of Parliament during the State Opening on 5 November 1605 . </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>The &quot;English Civil War&quot; of the mid-17th c entury was part of a wider conflict that spanned the entire British Isles, involving Scotland and Ireland as well as England and Wales. Also called &quot;The Great Rebellion&quot;, &quot;The English Revolution&quot; and &quot;The Wars of the Three Kingdoms&quot;, the British Civil Wars and Commonwealth period witnessed the trial and execution of a king, the formation of a republic in England, a theocracy in Scotland and the subjugation of Ireland. The first attempt was made to unite the three nations under a single government, and the foundations of the modern British constitution were laid. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>aristocratic, royalist “Cavaliers” vs </li></ul><ul><li>puritanical parliamentarian “Roundheads”, who had won by 1645 </li></ul><ul><li>1642 – periodically up to 1649 </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>* one of the most famous events in Stuart England’s history and one of the most controversial </li></ul><ul><li>* the first of British monarchs to be put on trial for treason </li></ul><ul><li>* Charles was put on trial in London on January 1st 1649 . He was accused of being a  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;tyrant, traitor and murderer; and a public and implacable enemy to the Commonwealth of England.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>* led to his execution - death warrant being signed by Oliver Cromwell, who came to power </li></ul><ul><li>* lead to an eleven year gap in the rule of the Stuarts </li></ul><ul><li>(1649 to 1660) </li></ul><ul><li>* witnessed the rise to supreme power of Oliver Cromwell </li></ul><ul><li>* for the first and only time, Britain became a republic, called the Commonwealth </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>* destroyed most of the city’s old wooden buildings </li></ul><ul><li>* extensive rebuilding, incl. St Paul’s cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>* view the spreading of the fire </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/fire/map.html </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>James Watt invents the first steam engine </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>* United Kingdom of Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>* Scotland retained its own system of law </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>1805 A British fleet under the comman of Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats Napoleon’s French fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar. Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar Square in London commemorates this national hero, who died during the battle . </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>* reigned 1837 - 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>* hard-working, religious mother of ten children </li></ul><ul><li>* devoted to her husband, Prince Albert </li></ul><ul><li>* personification of contemporary morals – unknown before and problematic thereafter </li></ul><ul><li>* Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>* British Empire (Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, large parts odf Africa,teh Caribbean islands) </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Along with power went a set of values which emphasized hard work, thrift, religious observance, the family, an awareness of one’s duty, absolute honesty in public life, extreme respectability in sexual matters. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>* First law regulating factory working conditions limits the number of hours that children are allowed to work. </li></ul><ul><li>* Slavery made illegal thoughout the British Empire </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>1902 – Nationwide selective secondary education is introduced </li></ul><ul><li>1908 – The first old-age pensions are introduced </li></ul><ul><li>1911 – The power of the House of the Lords in severely reduced and sick pay for most workers introduced </li></ul><ul><li>1914 – Great Britain declares war on Germany. Until the 1940s, the First World War was known in Briatin as “The Great War” </li></ul><ul><li>1916 – The “Easter Rising” in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>1918 – The right to vote extended to women </li></ul><ul><li>1920 – Partition of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>1921 – Treaty between Britain and the Irish parliament in Dublin </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>What is Stonehenge? </li></ul><ul><li>What was Magna Carta? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is Hadrian’s Wall? </li></ul><ul><li>Who won the Civil War in the seventeenth century? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these place names is of partly Roman origin? (Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester) </li></ul><ul><li>Which people settled in large numbers on Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>In which century did England and Scotland first have the same monarch? </li></ul><ul><li>Which century saw the greatest extent of the British empire? </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>James O’Driscoll </li></ul><ul><li>Britain for Learners of English, </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford 2009 </li></ul>
  22. 25. <ul><li>* Revise everything so far (learn and KNOW it) </li></ul><ul><li>* Choose one character or one place or one date in British History (tell your class teacher on Monady or send an e-mail because one date/person/even per person) – prepare a short summary – be ready to present it in class (there will be a list on our blog this weekend with approx 50 items to choose from). </li></ul>

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