The Gettysburg AddressTim Trent, Ben Wagoner, Jaebong Lee, Carina Cho
Abraham Lincoln• Sixteenth president of the United States• Son of a Kentucky farmer, not very educated• Believed the secession of the confederate states to be illegal• Worked tirelessly to gain knowledge
Subject• The dedication of the Gettysburg battlefield• Lincoln used a theme of nationalism to convince the audience.
Info on Gettysburg• Did not win the war or have major aim for the north or the south, but did serve as a major battle in the war.• More than 51,000 confederate and union soldiers were wounded, missing or dead.• The dead had no place to be buried, so David Wills was commissioned to purchase land for a proper burial site for the deceased Union soldiers.• Wills acquired 17 acres for the cemetery, which was planned and designed by landscape architect William Saunders.
The state of the Civil War • Largest number of casualties in the war • A successful defense of Robert E. Lee’s Gettysburg campaign. • Leading up to the battle of Gettysburg general Lee had been making great headway to defeat the Union, but this battle served as a turning point, halting his invasion. • This battle sent general Lee’s troops into defense, as opposed to their dominant invasion.
Audience • The Citizens of the Union • The Union Soldiers fighting in the civil war • The rest of America part of the struggle
Purpose• Abraham Lincoln was worried about the upcoming election so he wanted to unify his party under his leadership. He wanted to gain support by appealing to as many different people as possible.• Lincoln was trying to motivate and honor the soldiers of the northern states to continue through the Civil War. He focused on the noble ambitions and ideals of the war and the reasons for fighting.• The consecration of the Gettysburg cemetery in Pennsylvania was a state event and Lincoln recognized the importance of it.• The ideals that Lincoln put forth in the Gettysburg Address were ideals that all Americans, no matter their political thoughts, could accept and rally behind.
Tone• Lincoln has a very passionate tone throughout the speech.• It allows him to fully convey his emotions.
Rhetorical Strategies• Pathos Appeals: – “The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract.” – “… that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain…”• Repetition: – “We can not dedicate – we cannot consecrate – we cannot hallow – this ground.” – “…that government of the people, by the people, and for the people…”
Effectiveness of Speech• Effective due to it’s timing – Occurred very soon after a huge war with numerous injuries and losses• Effective due to it’s powerful statements – “…that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion…” – Incredibly inspirational, and effectively converted the graveness of the battle into passion for the war.
Text Works Cited• http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents /abrahamlincoln/• http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash =true&doc=36• http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/linc oln/sites/gettysburg.htm• Rhetorical Strategies Handbook• American Lit Textbook
Picture Citations (In order of Appearance)• http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlin coln/• http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/gal/ichi11483.jpg• http://loyalkng.com/wp- content/uploads/2010/11/Abraham-Lincolns-Gettysburg- Address-Revisited-by-Adam-Gault-Read-by-Mitch- Rapoport.jpg• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gettysburg• http://a4cgr.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/robert-e-lee.jpg• http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_8dLGp7jLbio/SwYZrcu6JqI/AAA AAAAACE4/cK6ryfLqS3U/s400/getty.jpg• http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_n0kOLTsDBsw/SOts1brxCjI/AAA AAAAAAdc/yi4Bg9ewh4w/s400/angry+abe.jpg